References of "Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSuivre ou guider son public ? Le rapport aux lecteurs dans le Journal historique et littéraire de l’antiphilosophe François-Xavier de Feller
Teicher, Elie ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (in press), 95

In the eighteenth century, literary journals have set a specific relationship with their readers. By publishing letters from the public and by answering to their demands (or not), the journalists have ... [more ▼]

In the eighteenth century, literary journals have set a specific relationship with their readers. By publishing letters from the public and by answering to their demands (or not), the journalists have established a readers’ community that share a common cultural universe. This article aims at analyzing the relationship between the antiphilosophe François-Xavier de Feller and the readership of his Journal historique et littéraire. The journalist, who wishes to fight against the philosophes and to spread his own radical ideas above all, has however taken his public’s capacity of reaction into account. This article will question the mechanisms of this relationship by considering the letters from the public to the editor but also Feller’s own addresses to his readership published in the journal. Even if he refuses the idea that every man is able to use his own critical reason, the journalist has been influenced by his readership but, more importantly, he has maintained in his public a new form of criticism, radically opposed to the ideas of Enlightenment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPaul-F. Smets, 1865-1941. Paul Hymans. Un authentique homme d’État, Bruxelles, Racine, 2015, 486 p.
Genin, Vincent ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2016), 94(2), 521-524

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail'Le lion enfin couronné’. Pensée politique et imaginaire royal au cours des premiers voyages espagnols des princes de la Maison de Bourgogne-Habsbourg
Dumont, Jonathan ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2016), 94

In the beginning of the 16th century, the princes of the House of Burgundy-Habsburg, Philip the Fair and his son Charles, travelled several times to Spain. These travels radically transformed the scope of ... [more ▼]

In the beginning of the 16th century, the princes of the House of Burgundy-Habsburg, Philip the Fair and his son Charles, travelled several times to Spain. These travels radically transformed the scope of their political possibilities. Philip became king consort of Castile, along with his spouse Joanna, while Charles, as heir to the Catholic Kings, seized the crowns of all the Spanish Kingdoms. At least since the second half of Philip the Good’s reign, the main political objective of the rulers of the Low Countries was the acquisition of a royal title, dignity, and power. This paper examines how, at a time when such a crown was in their reach, the courtly authors of Philip the Fair and Charles of Habsburg wrote elaborate travel accounts of their masters’ journeys to Spain. In their narrations, they created a royal figure and image that legitimated their masters’ place in their new function. They also established a new distinctive model of monarchy, which they inscribed at the crossroads of the political actions of the Dukes of Burgundy and those of the Catholic Kings. Furthermore, they connected this type of kingship to what they considered to be the main political forces of Spain: the Grandees and the Spanish Cortes. Lastly, their narratives capture a time of intense reflection on monarchical politics in the Low Countries shortly before the Imperial Election of Charles v redesigned the political landscape. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa France et le Congo ex-belge (1961-1965). Intérêts et influences en mutation
Genin, Vincent ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 91(2013/4), 1057-1110

The history of decolonization is inseparable from that of Western interests in the newly independent states. The special case of Franco-Belgian Relations offers a rich and unexplored perspective ... [more ▼]

The history of decolonization is inseparable from that of Western interests in the newly independent states. The special case of Franco-Belgian Relations offers a rich and unexplored perspective. Ostracized by the United Nations in the summer of 1960 in the context of the Congolese crisis, Belgium has, however, been able to count on the support of France, itself immobilized by the Algerian case. Based on unpublished archives, it seems instructive to study the evolution of the Franco-Belgian relations, in terms of Central African Affairs from 1961 to 1965. France, the overseas influence policy is a fundamental factor, she will devote as much energy to develop and defend its interests in Congo former Belgian (on which she claimed in Brussels its preemptive right, dating back to 1884, spring 1960) as former territories of the French Community? What are the forms, the protagonists and channels (formal and informal) of this influence; how is she fits the postcolonial context and she has an impact on Franco-Belgian relations ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (19 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEique victoria provenit in omnibus. De Charlemagne à Henri IV : appropriations analogiques des exploits militaires des Pippinides et des Carolingiens par Sigebert de Gembloux durant la Querelle des Investitures
Goderniaux, Alexandre ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 93(3-4), 753-769

Eique victoria provenit in omnibus. From Charlemagne to Henry IV : Analog Appropriation of the Military Exploits of the Pippinides and Carolingians by Sigebert of Gembloux during the Investiture ... [more ▼]

Eique victoria provenit in omnibus. From Charlemagne to Henry IV : Analog Appropriation of the Military Exploits of the Pippinides and Carolingians by Sigebert of Gembloux during the Investiture Controversy. In full Investiture controversy, the Benedictine monk Sigebert of Gembloux writes a chronicle to support the claims of the emperor against the pope. This Chronicle is an excellent example of construction of the past. The article aims to show how and why the Benedictine monk appropriated the narrative of the Pippinid and Carolingian conquests to provide an original version of the story, personal but also very political. Focused on the period from 723 to 814, this article offers a close reading of the sources before proposing interpretations based on the context of the Investiture controversy and the intentions of Sigebert and ultimately demonstrating how all writing from the past is the result of its time and its author. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPater europae ou premier anticommuniste ? Charlemagne, les pays du Benelux et l'Europe au regard des discours de remise du Prix Charlemagne (1950-2014)
Brüll, Christoph ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 93(3-4), 843-861

Historical Research has long shown the at the times important role the Carolingian imaginiry has played in conservative discourses of the French-German Reconciliation after 1945. By instituting the ... [more ▼]

Historical Research has long shown the at the times important role the Carolingian imaginiry has played in conservative discourses of the French-German Reconciliation after 1945. By instituting the Charlemagne Prize in 1949, the town of Aachen wanted to assume a preponderant place in this movement. This contribution shows that these observations also apply to the relations between the young Federal Republic and its small Benelux neighbours. By analysing the award speeches by Laureates or Laudatories of Charlemagne Prize's from Benelux, we propose a typology of references to the Carolingian imaginary. This typology will notably demonstrate that the references and their actualisations have not changed that much since the 1950's. The Emperor still appears to be the "father of Europe", founder of a Christian Empire the values of which have to be defended against the Soviet ideology, while the European integration since 1945 is presented as reparation for their fragility which became clear as early as the Tretay of Verdun in 843. On the political side, little to no interest exists for the state of historical research on Charlemagne and his time and those employing his image hesitate to raise the question of what meaning the Emperor, as the incarnation of a historical moment, could still carry for today's world. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlexandre Ier de Liège et Raoul de Saint-Trond : une alliance de circonstance ?
Schmidt, Kevin ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 93(3-4), 647-668

While Rudolf, the abbot of Sint-Truiden (1108-1138) was forced to abandon his monastery in 1121 after having opposed the claim to power of the future prince-bishop of Liège, Alexandre I (1128-1135), both ... [more ▼]

While Rudolf, the abbot of Sint-Truiden (1108-1138) was forced to abandon his monastery in 1121 after having opposed the claim to power of the future prince-bishop of Liège, Alexandre I (1128-1135), both men hastily set out for Rome on the eve of 1129, in order to meet Pope Honorius the Second. The Gesta abbatum Trudonensium have preserved this colorful account of the perilous circumstances under which they crossed the Great St. Bernard Pass together in full winter. Starting from this particular anecdote, the document, which recounts the evolving personal relationship between the bishop of Liège, Alexandre I and abbot Rudolf of Sint-Truiden, returns to the circumstances surrounding this surprising rapprochement, which came to pass against all expectations. It seeks to demonstrate that Rudolf of Sint-Truiden’s motivations to accompany his former enemy to Italy were political rather than spiritual. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (12 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa figure de Charlemagne dans la vulgarisation historique belge. Exemples choisis
Lanneau, Catherine ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 93(2015/3-4), 771-789

Common ancestor of the Belgians, civilizing Christian emperor, father of Europe: these are some of the political (polemical) ways used to describe Charlemagne in the Belgium. This contribution seeks to ... [more ▼]

Common ancestor of the Belgians, civilizing Christian emperor, father of Europe: these are some of the political (polemical) ways used to describe Charlemagne in the Belgium. This contribution seeks to decipher and interpret these descriptions. What do we remember, or want to remember, from the origins and actions of the Carolingian emperor to show to the Belgians? Without pretending to be complete, certain marked tendencies and manifest evolutions are pointed out, found in the popular historical books for adults and children. Two key periods are defined: the first decades of the Belgian independence and the period after 1945. The final results are mixed: Charlemagne was certainly an icon, but in each of his avatars, failed to convince or win the majority support. His best enduring memory seems to be found today in the Euregion Meuse-Rhine, mostly because of the commercial and touristic value. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUne légation au coeur des réseaux de la Monarchie de Philippe II. La légation des Pays-Bas espagnols et de la Franche-Comté près le Saint-Siège au temps de l'agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598)
Regibeau, Julien ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2014), 92(2),

The Southern Netherlands and Franche-Comté Legation to the Holy See at the time of agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598) has never truly received interest from the historians. Most probably this is due to ... [more ▼]

The Southern Netherlands and Franche-Comté Legation to the Holy See at the time of agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598) has never truly received interest from the historians. Most probably this is due to its apparent lack of stature. Indeed, at that time, it is subjected to Philippe II’s ambassador to Rome, and the freedom and flexibility allowed to its agent seems very limited. In this paper, this institution is studied under a socio-political perspective to point out the place that it would take up within the Monarchía’s romans networks of power. It appears from this research work that the legation is far to be marginalised. Quite at the opposite, the legation is able to use, maintain and increase the royalty influence on the city. Knowing how to use efficiently the many available exogenous resources, the institution does not appear anymore like an image of the Southern Netherlands diplomatic decline. On the contrary, it find its own place in thePhilippe II’s logic about composite Monarchy incorporation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (13 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’Histoire de Saint sacrement de Miracle d’Étienne Ydens (1605), œuvre de dévotion ou œuvre polémique ?
Adam, Renaud ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2014), 92(2), 413-433

During his research on the printed tradition of the history of the Miracle of Blessed Sacrament written in the seventeenth century by canon Étienne Ydens († 1615), Renaud Adam not only studied the ... [more ▼]

During his research on the printed tradition of the history of the Miracle of Blessed Sacrament written in the seventeenth century by canon Étienne Ydens († 1615), Renaud Adam not only studied the personality of the author, but also the way the story of the Eucharistic miracle in Brussels had been adopted for politico-religious purposes. The canon of Saint Gudule used the text on the profanation of the hosts dating from the last third of the fourteenth century, to attack Protestantism and the - according to him equally dangerous - witchcraft. The study of the seventeenth century editions showed that the tone of the work gradually became less controversial, proving that Protestantism and witchcraft were considered a less significant threat than at the time of the redaction of the story by Ydens. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (20 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa Meuse comme "Barrière" ? Regards croisés sur une frontière stratégique entre la France et l'Allemagne (1870-1914)
Bechet, Christophe ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), XCI(4), 1155-1186

In the margins of the London Treaty of 1831, a secret provision – regarding the defence of the Belgian fortresses in case of a war against France by the other Powers was maintained, putting the strategic ... [more ▼]

In the margins of the London Treaty of 1831, a secret provision – regarding the defence of the Belgian fortresses in case of a war against France by the other Powers was maintained, putting the strategic burden of the old « Low Countries Barrier » of 1815 on the frail shoulders of the newly-formed Kingdom of Belgium. To the full satisfaction of the Belgian Government, this « Fortress agreement » was practically forgotten afterwards. Nevertheless, after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, a march of the French and German armies through the Meuse valley became more and more a nightmarish eventuality. As a consequence, the towns of Liège and Namur were surrounded with modern forts to check any invasion attempt by belligerents. This shift in defensive paradigm led to numerous diplomatic and military commentaries in Belgium and abroad. Meanwhile, the new railways established between Meuse and Rhin increased the strategic value of the Ardennes-Eifel area. Finally, these modifications to the border area distorted the French and German war plans. At the beginning of the twentieth century, war-planners had started to look at the Belgian Meuse valley from a completely new perspective. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailCompte rendu d'Étienne de Fougères, Le Livre des Manières, éd., trad. et notes par Jacques T.E. Thomas. Paris-Louvain, Peeters, 2013
Dumont, Jonathan ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), 91(4), 1388

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailÉvoquer le "mythe médian". Les imaginaires carolingien et lotharingien dans les revendications territoriales belges à l'égard de l'Allemagne après 1945
Brüll, Christoph ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), (4), 1285-1301

The reference to historical imaginaries and legitimizations for territorial settlements after a military conflict can be considered « classical ». This contribution aims to show how Carolingian and ... [more ▼]

The reference to historical imaginaries and legitimizations for territorial settlements after a military conflict can be considered « classical ». This contribution aims to show how Carolingian and Lotharingian imaginaries influenced certain actors of expansionist movements in Belgium after 1945, the continued existence of which constituted an echo of 1918. Even if the Belgian territorial demands at the expense of Germany were, after all, hardly grounded in such discourses, this contribution highlights the fact that the discourse aiming to transform Aix-la-Chapelle and Cologne into “Belgian” cities, insisting on the kinship between “Belgians” and “Rhinelanders”, would serve as base for the rapprochement between old enemies in the 1950s. From then on, the historical landscape between Meuse and Rhine was integrated in the discourse on the “Occident” (the West) the political organization of which was considered as of utmost necessary, given the impending Soviet menace. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVAN DER WEE H. et VERBREYT M., A Small Nation in the Turmoil of the Second World War
Geerkens, Eric ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), 91(2), 490-493

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKurgan-van Hentenryk, Ginette, Max-Léo Gérard: un ingénieur dans la cité (1879-1955)
Geerkens, Eric ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), 91(2), 487-490

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (5 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de M. Ghéret-Laferté, C. Poulouin (éds) : Accès aux textes médiévaux de la fin du Moyen Âge au XVIIIe siècle,
Adam, Renaud ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2012), 90(4), 1454-1457

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULiège)