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See detailGlobalization and Deindustrialization in Advanced Countries
Van Neuss, Leif ULiege

in Structural Change and Economic Dynamics (in press)

A strand of empirical research on deindustrialization seeks to quantify the relative importance of the economic forces behind deindustrialization, and especially of the internal and external factors, i.e ... [more ▼]

A strand of empirical research on deindustrialization seeks to quantify the relative importance of the economic forces behind deindustrialization, and especially of the internal and external factors, i.e. those linked to globalization and trade. The results of this literature are highly fragile, arguably because the commonly used indicators of trade are not well defined to capture the contribution of globalization to deindustrialization. While this empirical study does not necessarily contradict the widespread belief that the internal factors are quantitatively more important in accounting for deindustrialization in the OECD taken as a whole, our empirical results – based on panel data for 15 OECD advanced countries from 1970 to 2006 – nevertheless show that global exchanges have the potential to affect significantly and substantially a country’s sectoral patterns of employment. They also suggest that the contribution of globalization, and especially of growing North-South integration, to deindustrialization in advanced countries may be revised upwards when resorting to better-suited indicators of trade. [less ▲]

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See detailProductivity and Convergence in OECD Service Industries
Gouyette, Claudine; Perelman, Sergio ULiege

in Structural Change and Economic Dynamics (1997), 8

The objective of this paper is threefold. First, to estimate the productivity performances realized in service and manufacturing industries by 13 OECD countries over the period 1970-1987. Secondly, to ... [more ▼]

The objective of this paper is threefold. First, to estimate the productivity performances realized in service and manufacturing industries by 13 OECD countries over the period 1970-1987. Secondly, to compare the productivity indicators computed under the alternative frontier analysis and Divisia index approaches. Thirdly, to test the convergence phenomenon in both industries, focusing on the catching-up process and on the interaction between productivity changes and capital intensity variations. The main results show that, contrary to the manufacturing sector and in spite of very low growth rates, productivity levels converge in services. Moreover, new investments in capital appear to exert an unexpected depressive effect on total factor productivity growth in service activities, while having a positive influence in manufacturing industries. [less ▲]

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