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See detailA road map for explorative scenario creation on Belgian rail freight transport development
Troch, Franck; Vanelslander, Thierry; Sys, Christa et al

in Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (in press)

The starting point of this article is the weak usage of rail freight in Belgium and Europe, both as a sustainable mode of land transportation in itself as well as a part of the intermodal chain. The ... [more ▼]

The starting point of this article is the weak usage of rail freight in Belgium and Europe, both as a sustainable mode of land transportation in itself as well as a part of the intermodal chain. The results are obtained by transversal research on rail freight transport in Belgium, taking into account the European context. This interdisciplinary research develops a road map for the creation of three integrated scenarios: a best case, medium case and worst case scenario for rail freight development, based on a detailed SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunities, threats) analysis. It includes the most probable future developments for rail freight transport and hinterland connections. These developments are obtained from literature review and discussions with a heterogeneous panel of experts in the fields of (i) optimal corridor and hub development, (ii) macroeconomic impact, (iii) sustainability, (iv) effective market regulation and (v) governance and organization for a well-functioning intermodality. The Delphi approach is used in combination with a survey analysis. Frequency tables and the H-index allow defining a ranking and selection of SWOT elements. The obtained scenarios allow future research to quantify and measure the impact of future developments and decisions towards the Belgian rail freight market. [less ▲]

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See detailL’activité éditoriale comme démarche de représentation de la connaissance: l’exemple de la ponctuation médiévale
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULiege

in Diachroniques: Revue de linguistique française diachronique (in press)

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See detailEpidermodysplasia Verruciformis–like HPV infection of the Vulva in Immunosuppressed Women
Pohthipornthawat, Natkrita; Feldman, Sarah; Granter, Scott et al

in International Journal of Gynecological Pathology : Official Journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists (in press)

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See detailHydraulic determination of dam releases to generate warning waves in a mountain stream: performance of an analytical kinematic wave model
Stilmant, Frédéric; Pirotton, Michel ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (in press)

In this case study, we study the generation of warning waves with prescribed characteristics in a mountain stream. We determine which dam release will generate the desired warning wave. We solve this ... [more ▼]

In this case study, we study the generation of warning waves with prescribed characteristics in a mountain stream. We determine which dam release will generate the desired warning wave. We solve this inverse problem following a two-model approach. An analytical kinematic model is used for a preliminary design of the dam release and a detailed two-dimensional (2D) fully dynamic model is used to converge to the final solution. Although the presented case study is far from an idealized academic case, the analytical model performs well and, beyond its role for preliminary design, turns out to be of prime interest for both understanding and discussing the results of the detailed 2D model. The complex interactions between the release hydrograph, the geometry of the river and the friction formula are brought to light by the analytical model, which highlights the complementarity of both models and the usefulness of such a two-model approach. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathologie et monde social : les limites de l'empathie et de la sympathie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Philosophie (in press)

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See detailCharleroi, the 'placerelle'
Bianchi, Michaël ULiege

in Masterclass Bridges (in press)

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See detailInducible promoter for gene expression and synthetic biology
Nicaud, Jean-Marc; Trassaert, Marion; Thomas, Stéphane et al

Patent (in press)

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See detailInvestigating the impact of river floods on travel demand based on an agent-based modeling approach: The case of Liège, Belgium
Saadi, Ismaïl ULiege; El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege et al

in Transport Policy (in press)

In Belgium, river floods are among the most frequent natural disasters and they may have important consequences on travel demand. In order to better understand how the travel patterns vary, we propose to ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, river floods are among the most frequent natural disasters and they may have important consequences on travel demand. In order to better understand how the travel patterns vary, we propose to set up a large scale scenario based on MATSim for guarantying an accurate assessment of the impact of river floods on the transportation system. As inputs, the current agent-based model requires a base year population. A synthetic population with respective set of attributes is generated as a key input. Afterwards, agents are assigned activity chains through an activity-based generation process. Finally, the synthetic population and the transportation network are integrated into MATSim. Regarding data, households travel surveys, OD matrix of Belgium have been used to set up the demand. For simulating river floods effects, a steady-state inundation map has been integrated within MATSim. In the current study, five scenarios have been tested where critical links are associated various levels of service, i.e. 10%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (base case scenario). They are systematically compared to the standard scenario to estimate the deviations in terms of traffic patterns and travel times. The results suggest that compared to the standard scenario, the average trip travel time increased by 16.36%, 44.44%, 126.77% and 144.44% with respect to scenarios 75%, 50%, 25% and 10% respectively. Also, the traffic flows have been re-distributed more uniformly across the transportation network. Roads with important traffic volumes are subjected to a decrease of activity on the contrary of roads with low traffic volumes. A very few studies have focused on how river floods affect transportation systems, this paper provided new insights in term of methodology and traffic patterns analysis under disruptions. [less ▲]

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See detailQuality of life perception by inmates in the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republique of Congo
Kalonji, Muasa Patoka ULiege; Okenge Ngongo, Leon; Ilunga Ilunga, Félicien et al

in International Journal of Medecal Research & Health Sciences (in press)

Summary Introduction: In developing countries, quality of prison life remains a challenge in public health. The present study aimed at determining the quality of life as perceived by inmates during their ... [more ▼]

Summary Introduction: In developing countries, quality of prison life remains a challenge in public health. The present study aimed at determining the quality of life as perceived by inmates during their imprisonment at the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out over a 3-month period (between December 2015 and February 2016) at the Central Prison of Mbuji-Mayi. Three hundred inmates participated to the survey. The World Health Organisation Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to estimate health and problems affecting inmates’ everyday life. Results: Mean age of inmates was 33 ± 10 years (range: 18-70 years) and most of them were male (88.7%). The quality of life score they estimated was below 50, on the WHOQOL-BREF scale weighted over 100 points (average overall score: 26±7). When considering each WHOQOL-BREF domain, the lowest scores (0-100 normalised scale) were registered for: perception of physical health (24±11), psychological health (18±8), social relationship (39±15) and environmental relationships (24±8). Overall, inmates aged over 30 years old presented an average score slightly lower than younger inmates (25±6 vs. 27±7; p=0.005). Depending on the length of incarceration, the average score was lower for inmates imprisoned for more than 6 months compared to others (26±6 vs. 28 ± 8; p= 0.015). Correlations between domain scores were low but statistically significant; no correlation was highlighted between environment and mental health domains. Conclusion: Most inmates considered their quality of life as negative, regardless of the WHOQOL-BREF domain. Efforts to improve quality of life should remain a priority for political authorities. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential contributions of default and dorsal attention networks to remembering thoughts and external stimuli from real-life events
Stawarczyk, David ULiege; Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege

in Cerebral Cortex (in press)

Episodic memories are typically composed of perceptual information derived from the external environment and representations of internal states (e.g., one’s thoughts during prior episodes). To date ... [more ▼]

Episodic memories are typically composed of perceptual information derived from the external environment and representations of internal states (e.g., one’s thoughts during prior episodes). To date, however, research has mostly focused on the remembrance of external stimuli, such that little is known about how internal mentation is represented within episodic memory. In the present fMRI study, we examined the neural correlates of these two components of episodic memories using a novel method of cuing memories from photographs taken during real-life events. We found that, compared to corresponding semantic memory tasks, memories for internal thoughts and external elements were associated with activity in brain areas supporting episodic recollection. Most importantly, however, the two kinds of memories also showed differential activation in large-scale brain networks: the remembrance of external elements was associated with greater activity in the dorsal attention network, whereas memories of internal thoughts mainly recruited default network areas. These findings shed new light on the representation of internal and external aspects of prior experience within episodic memory. The default network may contribute to the reinstatement of thoughts experienced during past events, whereas the dorsal attention network may support the allocation of attention to visuo-spatial features within episodic memory representations. [less ▲]

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See detailLouise de Savoie. The King's Mother
Fagnart, Laure ULiege; Winn, Mary Beth

in Broomhall, Susan (Ed.) Women and Power at the French Renaissance Court (in press)

Louise de Savoie occupies a singular place at the French royal court : neither queen nor queen-mother, but mother of the King, she nonetheless played a prominent role in the political and cultural affairs ... [more ▼]

Louise de Savoie occupies a singular place at the French royal court : neither queen nor queen-mother, but mother of the King, she nonetheless played a prominent role in the political and cultural affairs of France. Daughter of Philippe de Bresse, duc de Savoie, she was raised at the court of her aunt, Anne de France, and married in 1488 at age 11 to Charles d’Angoulême, head of a cadet branch of the royal house of Valois. At Cognac where the couple resided, she gave birth to her illustrious children, Marguerite in 1492, and François in 1494. After the sudden death of her husband in 1496, she was herself still too young to be appointed their official guardian. Obliged to share that responsibility with Louis d’Orléans who became king in 1498, the young widow nonetheless asserted her authority in their education. How she succeeded in establishing her place at court, while her son, at first a distant heir to the throne, rose to be king in 1515, can be viewed through her astute patronage of arts and letters. Keenly aware of the power of books and images, Louise multiplied commissions that would reinforce her own position and that of her family and entourage, striving to align herself with illustrious women, past and present. Identified with “Dame Prudence” as she overcame obstacles and rivals, Louise de Savoie’s tenacious devotion to her children culminated in power that was fully recognized in the appointment of « Madame » as Regent of France. [less ▲]

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See detailWorking memory for serial order and numerical cognition: What kind of association?
Majerus, Steve ULiege; Attout, Lucie ULiege

in Henik, Avishai; Fias, Wim (Eds.) Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition (in press)

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See detailAttentes des pouvoirs publics en matière de formation des musulmans. Réflexions sur la base du cas belge
Husson, Jean-François ULiege

in Messner, Francis; Abou Ramadan, Moussa (Eds.) L'enseignement universitaire de la théologie musulmane (in press)

This chapter reviews expectations and initiatives from Belgian public authorities regarding Islamic clerics' education and training.

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See detailNeuro-functional correlates of the protective effects of exercise against cocaine sensitization and dopamine D2 receptors density: a [18F]Fallypride microPET study.
Becker, Guillaume ULiege; Lespine, Louis-Ferdinand ULiege; Serrano Navacerrada, Maria Elisa ULiege et al

in Molecular Imaging & Biology (in press)

Preclinical studies suggest that free access to a running wheel can attenuate behavioural effects of addictive drugs such as psychomotor sensitization to cocaine in rodents. This phenomenon has an ... [more ▼]

Preclinical studies suggest that free access to a running wheel can attenuate behavioural effects of addictive drugs such as psychomotor sensitization to cocaine in rodents. This phenomenon has an integral role in the process of drug addiction in craving and relapse (Steketee and Kalivas, 2011). Free wheel-running was recently shown to be efficacious at preventing the initiation or the long-term expression of psychomotor sensitization to cocaine in mice or rats (Diaz et al., 2013; Geuzaine and Tirelli, 2014). In the present study, we investigated the neuro-functional correlates of the protection against psychomotor sensitization to cocaine afforded by free wheel-running on dopaminergic neurotransmission, using microPET imaging with [18F]Fallypride, a Dopamine 2 receptor (D2R) antagonist. Sixty-four 28-day-old female C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned to one of the two housing conditions, defined by the presence or the absence of a running wheel in the cage over a 6-week pre-testing period. Since mice from the two types of housing received either saline (controls) or cocaine (8 mg/kg, i.p.) during testing (9 once-daily sessions to establish sensitization plus 1 single session to test its expression), a basic 2x2 randomized blocks design was generated (2-way ANOVA and planned comparisons; n=10). Experimentation lasted 85 days, with a 42-day period of pre-testing and a 3-week interval preceding the test for long-term expression of sensitization (LTES). All mice underwent a microPET (Focus 120, Siemens) the day after the LTES. The microPET protocol consisted of a 60 min. dynamic acquisition after the injection of 10 MBq of [18F]Fallypride in the tail vein. Wheel-running strongly and significantly attenuated LTES (interaction) to cocaine (Cohen’s d=1.63; t(21)=3.75, p<.001) and cocaine-treated mice exhibited a clear-cut and significant increase (main effect) of the [18F]Fallypride BP (d=0.88, t(31)=2.45, p =.02). Wheel-running induced an overall moderate-sized decrease (main effect) of the [18F]Fallypride BP, but without achieving statistical significance (d=0.64, t(31)=1.79, p =.08). These findings suggest that LTES is associated with an increase of the [18F]Fallypride BP in the mouse striatum, probably reflecting an increase in postsynaptic D2R density in this region. Also, the protecting effect of free running on psychomotor sensitization goes together with a decrease in D2R density in the striatum of exercised mice. We intend to complement the present study with an identical experiment to reach a total number of 80 mice (n=20). This will confer to our study a sufficient power (80%) for the main effect of wheel-running exercise on [18F]Fallypride BP to be detected at an alpha-level of 5%. Finally, autoradiography studies, performed on the same mice with [18F]Fallypride, will strengthen our in vivo results. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle du gymnase : espace, rituels et acteurs sociaux dans une perspective comparatiste
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

in Lenzo, Giuseppina; Nihan, Christophe (Eds.) Les cultes aux rois et aux héros dans l’antiquité : continuités et changements à l’époque hellénistique (in press)

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See detailSuivre ou guider son public ? Le rapport aux lecteurs dans le Journal historique et littéraire de l’antiphilosophe François-Xavier de Feller
Teicher, Elie ULiege

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (in press), 95

In the eighteenth century, literary journals have set a specific relationship with their readers. By publishing letters from the public and by answering to their demands (or not), the journalists have ... [more ▼]

In the eighteenth century, literary journals have set a specific relationship with their readers. By publishing letters from the public and by answering to their demands (or not), the journalists have established a readers’ community that share a common cultural universe. This article aims at analyzing the relationship between the antiphilosophe François-Xavier de Feller and the readership of his Journal historique et littéraire. The journalist, who wishes to fight against the philosophes and to spread his own radical ideas above all, has however taken his public’s capacity of reaction into account. This article will question the mechanisms of this relationship by considering the letters from the public to the editor but also Feller’s own addresses to his readership published in the journal. Even if he refuses the idea that every man is able to use his own critical reason, the journalist has been influenced by his readership but, more importantly, he has maintained in his public a new form of criticism, radically opposed to the ideas of Enlightenment. [less ▲]

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See detailIllness perceptions explain the variance in functional disability, but not habitual physical activity, in patients with chronic low back pain: A cross-sectional study
Leysen, Marijke; Nijs, Jo; Van Wilgen, Paul et al

in Pain Practice (in press)

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See detailBeliefs in the population about cracking sounds produced during spinal manipulation
Demoulin, Christophe ULiege; Baeri, Damien; TOUSSAINT, Geoffrey ULiege et al

in Joint Bone Spine (in press)

Objectives: To examine beliefs about cracking sounds heard during highvelocity lowamplitude (HVLA) thrust spinal manipulation in individuals with and without personal experience of this technique. Methods ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To examine beliefs about cracking sounds heard during highvelocity lowamplitude (HVLA) thrust spinal manipulation in individuals with and without personal experience of this technique. Methods: We included 100 individuals. Among them, 60 had no history of spinal manipulation, including 40whowereasymptomatic with or without a past history of spinal pain and 20whohad nonspecific spinal pain. The remaining 40 patients had a history of spinal manipulation;amongthem, 20 were asymptomatic and 20 had spinal pain. Participants attended a oneonone interview during which they completed a questionnaire about their history of spinal manipulation and their beliefs regarding sounds heard during spinal manipulation. Results: Mean age was 43.5±15.4 years. The sounds were ascribed to vertebral repositioning by 49% of participants and to friction between two vertebras by 23% of participants; only 9% of participants correctly ascribed the sound to the release of gas. The sound was mistakenly considered to indicate successful spinal manipulation by 40% of participants. No differences in beliefs were found between the groups with and without a history of spinal manipulation. Conclusions: Certain beliefs have documented adverse effects. This study showed a high prevalence of unfounded beliefs regarding spinal manipulation. These beliefs deserve greater attention from healthcare providers, particularly those who practice spinal manipulation. [less ▲]

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See detailLes prestataires belges et suisses à l’épreuve de l’accompagnement des demandeurs d’emploi. Prédominance des jeux d’acteurs ou du cadre de collaboration ?
Remy, Céline ULiege

in Revue Internationale des Sciences Administratives (in press), 86(1),

Les services publics de l’emploi ont délégué leur mission d’accompagnement des chômeurs aux prestataires de service. L’article s’intéresse au déroulement des collaborations entre services publics et ... [more ▼]

Les services publics de l’emploi ont délégué leur mission d’accompagnement des chômeurs aux prestataires de service. L’article s’intéresse au déroulement des collaborations entre services publics et opérateurs privés d’emploi, en Belgique et en Suisse. Ces partenariats sont confrontés à deux épreuves qui sont le recrutement des candidats dans les projets de formation et la mesure des résultats de la prestation. Notre hypothèse initiale soutient l’idée que les jeux d’acteurs ont plus d’effet dans la résolution des situations critiques que le cadre de collaboration. La comparaison internationale nous permet de faire varier les modalités de création des partenariats et de montrer une articulation particulière entre jeux d’acteurs et cadre de collaboration. [less ▲]

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See detailAdjectives and adverbs
Parisse, Christophe; Maillart, Christelle ULiege

in Damico, Jack; Ball, Martin (Eds.) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Sciences and Disorders (in press)

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