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See detailA scheduler for delay-based service differentiation among AF classes
Tufail, Mudassir; Jennes, Geoffroy; Leduc, Guy ULiege

in Tsang, D.; Kühn, P. (Eds.) Broadband Communications - Convergence of Network Technologies (1999, November)

In the Differentiated Services (DS) framework, service differentiation is performed among the aggregates (collection of one or more microflows) rather than among the microflows (data stream pertaining to ... [more ▼]

In the Differentiated Services (DS) framework, service differentiation is performed among the aggregates (collection of one or more microflows) rather than among the microflows (data stream pertaining to a single connection). We analyse three quality metrics namely bandwidth, loss and delay (that might be used for defining a service differentiation at a DS node) on two criteria 1) service differentiation should be respected at all loads and 2) service provision at aggregate level should scale down to microflow level without being microflow aware. We find that bandwidth requires microflow aware management, loss lacks in simplicity (though it satisfies the criterion # 2), and delay is the right candidate. Ensuring better delays at an aggregate level also means ensuring better delays for all the included micro flows, and additionally it is easier to define a scheduler that can adapt itself to the relative loads of the aggregates so that relative delays between aggregate are preserved at all loads. Our objective is to provide relative quantification service in DiffServ by a delay-based scheduler while satisfying both criteria. Delay is also a meaningful QoS parameter for both interactive real-time applications and TCP applications, since the mean TCP throughput is roughly inversely proportional to the RTT. We, therefore, develop a scheduler for Assured Forwarding (AF) PHB where service differentiation among aggregates is based on delays. We provide simulation results that prove that relative delays among aggregates are perfectly respected at all loads. [less ▲]

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See detailLa “culture médiatique” au XIXe siècle. Essai de définition-périodisation
Durand, Pascal ULiege

in Quaderni : la Revue de la Communication (1999)

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See detailEtude des contaminations alimentaires des produits de transformation du mil (farine et couscous) au niveau des marchés de Dakar.
Totte, A.; Mbacke Fall, S.; Bikos, A. et al

in Actes de l'Atelier International : "Les petites industries agro-alimentaire pour une nutrition saine en afrique de l'Ouest". (1999, November)

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See detailL'astronomie dans le monde - 11/1999
Manfroid, Jean ULiege

Article for general public (1999)

Tempête tardive sur Mars;Une nébuleuse Papillon livre ses secrets sur la naissance des étoiles massives; L'ESA dévoile sa nouvelle sonde d'exploration cométaire; Des planètes dans tout l'univers; La ... [more ▼]

Tempête tardive sur Mars;Une nébuleuse Papillon livre ses secrets sur la naissance des étoiles massives; L'ESA dévoile sa nouvelle sonde d'exploration cométaire; Des planètes dans tout l'univers; La nébuleuse du Crabe; Eta Carina; Centaurus A [less ▲]

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See detailCinétique d’acidification de la farine de mil par 2 souches de Lactobacillus plantarum, une souche de Lactobacillus fermentum et Pediococcus sp.
Tine, E.; Takedam, P.; Mane, P. L. et al

in Actes de l'Atelier International : "Les petites industries agro-alimentaire pour une nutrition saine en afrique de l'Ouest" (1999, November)

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See detailLa transformation semi-industrielle des produits fermentés à base de mil au Sénégal : procédés qualité et contraintes au développement industriel.
Leite, N.; Totte, A.; Diop, M. et al

in Actes de l'Atelier International : "Les petites industries agro-alimentaire pour une nutrition saine en afrique de l'Ouest". (1999, November)

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See detailAntiplatelet Activity of Clopidogrel in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients
David, Jean-Louis ULiege; Limet, Raymond ULiege

in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (1999), 82(5), 1417-21

Clopidogrel is a recently introduced platelet ADP receptor antagonist, belonging to the thienopyridine derivatives, like its analogue ticlopidine. Its potential advantage is to be safer than ticlopidine ... [more ▼]

Clopidogrel is a recently introduced platelet ADP receptor antagonist, belonging to the thienopyridine derivatives, like its analogue ticlopidine. Its potential advantage is to be safer than ticlopidine. At 75 mg/od clopidogrel significantly inhibits platelet aggregation in ambulatory patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic disease and it prevents the recurrence of ischemic events more efficiently than aspirin. Its adequate dose in more acute situations remained to be determined. Therefore, sixty two patients with coronary artery disease were randomly assigned in four groups treated, within 24 h after coronary artery bypass graft, by clopidogrel 50 mg/od, 75 mg/od or 100 mg/od or by ticlopidine 250 mg/bid which was considered as the reference. The tolerance of clopidogrel was fairly good during the whole period of the study. Bleeding time and ex-vivo platelet aggregation induced by ADP 2 microM and 5 microM were performed at day -1, +9 and +28 after surgery. Like ticlopidine, the three dose levels of clopidogrel significantly inhibited ex-vivo platelet activity and prolonged the bleeding time at day 28. However, unlike ticlopidine, the inhibitory effects of clopidogrel were not significant at day 9, especially with 75 mg/od, a dose which was found to significantly protect patients in a chronic situation. Hence, although the clinical outcome for patients included in this limited study was the same in the four groups, these results suggest that the dose regime of clopidogrel should be more extensively investigated during the early period following coronary artery bypass graft, facing an overproduction of young and hyperreactive platelets. By analogy, the dose regime should be also investigated in other situations with an acute risk of arterial thrombotic occlusion. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of frequency and type of errors detected by a computerized record and verify system during radiation treatment
Barthelemy, Nicole ULiege; Sabatier, Jacques; Dewé, Walthère ULiege et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (1999), 53(2), 149-54

Background: Computerized record and verify systems (RVS) have been introduced to improve the precision of radiation treatment delivery. These systems prevent the delivery of ionizing radiations when the ... [more ▼]

Background: Computerized record and verify systems (RVS) have been introduced to improve the precision of radiation treatment delivery. These systems prevent the delivery of ionizing radiations when the settings of the treatment machine do not match the intended parameters within some maximal authorized deviation. Purpose: To assess the potential alteration of the frequency of errors associated with the use of RVS during radiation treatment delivery. Materials and methods: The software of the RVS was altered in order to record the settings actually used for radiation treatment delivery whereas the verification function was suppressed. At the end of the study period, the settings used during daily administration of radiation treatment were compared to the parameters recorded in the RVS using the computer. They were also compared with the planned ones written in the patient treatment chart. Results: Out of the 147 476 parameters examined during the study period, 678 (0.46%) were set erroneously. At least one error occurred in 628 (3.22%) of the 19 512 treated fields. An erroneous parameter was introduced in the RVS memory in 22 (1.17%) of the 1885 fields. Conclusions: RVS has the potential to improve precision of radiation treatment delivery by detecting a significant number of setting errors. However, excessive confidence in RVS could lead to repeated errors as there is a potential for the entry of erroneous parameters into the RVS memory. [less ▲]

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See detailLe sain du Sein
Focant, Jean-François ULiege

Article for general public (1999)

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See detailMid-term follow-up after multiple system organ failure following cardiac surgery in children.
Heying, R.; SEGHAYE, Marie-Christine ULiege; Grabitz, R. G. et al

in Acta Paediatrica (1999), 88(11), 1238-43

Multiple system organ failure after cardiac surgery in children is a severe complication with unknown mid- and long-term sequelae. We therefore evaluated 11 children (aged 20-126 mo, median: 67 mo) having ... [more ▼]

Multiple system organ failure after cardiac surgery in children is a severe complication with unknown mid- and long-term sequelae. We therefore evaluated 11 children (aged 20-126 mo, median: 67 mo) having survived multiple system organ failure after cardiac operations for congenital cardiac defects in a cross-sectional follow-up study 12-76 mo (median: 32 mo) after surgery. Clinical and laboratory examinations included cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, neurological and psychological function tests. All patients had adequate cardiac function. Lung mechanics were abnormal in three children and glomerular renal function was abnormal in two patients. Slight elevation of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and coagulation factor deficiency was present in six and seven patients, respectively (five of whom had undergone the Fontan operation). Severe neurological sequelae such as diplegia (n = 1) and mental retardation (n = 1) were observed in two patients. In addition, five children presented delayed motor, graphomotor and/or speech development. Two children were found to have abnormal intelligence. We conclude that with the exception of neurological impairment, mid-term sequelae of multiple system organ failure after cardiac surgery in children are mild. However, longer follow-up using an appropriate control group is mandatory. [less ▲]

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See detailLa "culture médiatique" au XIXe siècle
Durand, Pascal ULiege

in Les Dossiers de l'ORM (1999), 6

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See detailInfluence of Silicon and Aluminium Contents on the Phase Transformations During the Heat-Treatment of TRIP-assisted Multiphase Steels
Jacques, Pascal; Girault, Etienne; Mertens, Anne ULiege et al

in Mideat, S. J.; Pfaffmann, G. D. (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Symposium in honor of Prof. G. Krauss, 19th Heat Treating Society Conference (1999, November)

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See detailProthèses articulaires et médecine dentaire
MAINJOT, Amélie ULiege

Scientific conference (1999, November)

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See detailApproche cognitive de la mémoire de travail
Collette, Fabienne ULiege

Scientific conference (1999, November)

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See detailCrise familiale et tribunal : quelle urgence pour l'expert?
Malchair, Alain ULiege

in Revue Française et Francophone de Psychiatrie et de Psychologie Médicale (1999), 32

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See detailHigh Concentrations of Histamine Stimulate Equine Polymorphonuclear Neutrophils to Produce Reactive Oxygen Species
Benbarek, H.; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULiege; Deby-Dupont, G. et al

in Inflammation Research (1999), 48(11), 594-601

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Because high concentrations of histamine are locally released in inflammation, we investigated the effects of supraphysiological doses of histamine on the production of reactive ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Because high concentrations of histamine are locally released in inflammation, we investigated the effects of supraphysiological doses of histamine on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by neutrophils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolated equine neutrophils were activated by 10(-4) to 5 x 10(-3) M histamine. The production of ROS and free radicals was estimated by luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence (CL) and electron spin resonance (ESR) with spin trapping technique. In this model of histamine-stimulated neutrophils, we tested the antagonists of H1 and H2 histamine receptors, the role of Ca2+ and Mg2+, the role of staurosporine and pertussis toxin (inhibitors of protein kinase C and proteins G) and the effects of superoxide dismutase, catalase, hydroxyl radical scavengers (phenylalanine and mannitol) and N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), inhibitor of NO-synthase. RESULTS: Histamine (from 10(-5) to 10(-3) M) stimulated neutrophils to produce CL and ESR signals characterized by spin adducts of superoxide anion and/or hydroxyl radicals. The CL response was inhibited by 10(-4) and 10(-3) M H1 receptor antagonists (promethazine, pyrilamine, and diphenhydramine), by Ca2+ and Mg2+ depletion and by 10 nmoles staurosporine. CL was partially inhibited by pertussis toxin (4 microg/ mL). The ESR signals were practically suppressed by pyrilamine (an H1 receptor antagonist) and superoxide dismutase, and partially inhibited by catalase, hydroxyl radical scavengers and L-NMMA (respectively 59, +/- 30% and 68% inhibition). CONCLUSIONS: High concentrations of histamine stimulated the neutrophils to product ROS and free radicals via H1 receptors and the NADPH-oxidase pathway. [less ▲]

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