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See detailL'évolution des systèmes électoraux de la Belgique
Bouhon, Frédéric ULiege; Reuchamps, Min

Conference (2019, December 10)

Organisation et introduction d'une journée de colloque sur l'évolution des systèmes électoraux de la Belgique.

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See detailLe journalisme d'investigation, méthode et témoignages
Vanesse, Marc ULiege

Book published by PULg (2019)

Ouvrage de réflexion sur le journalisme d'investigation, proposant, d'une part, une méthode pratique d'enquête détaillée en dix étapes, d'autre part, une vingtaine de témoignages d'investigateurs renommés ... [more ▼]

Ouvrage de réflexion sur le journalisme d'investigation, proposant, d'une part, une méthode pratique d'enquête détaillée en dix étapes, d'autre part, une vingtaine de témoignages d'investigateurs renommés relatant leurs enquêtes emblématiques. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Christ dans un paysage de Jan Swart van Groningen : symboles, références et messages cachés
Vankan, Gaylen ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, November 14)

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See detailHormones, Neurotransmitters, and T-Cell Development in Health and Disease
Geenen, Vincent ULiege

Book published by Frontiers - Frontiers Research Topic (2019)

Thymus physiology and T-cell development are controlled by a large variety of soluble molecules and their corresponding receptors, which can target both lymphoid and the non-lymphoid compartments. Some of ... [more ▼]

Thymus physiology and T-cell development are controlled by a large variety of soluble molecules and their corresponding receptors, which can target both lymphoid and the non-lymphoid compartments. Some of these molecules include cytokines/chemokines, hormones and neurotransmitters. They modulate the functions of distinct microenvironmental cells, including their maturation, survival, and role in antigen presentation. Additionally, they influence thymocyte survival, migration and selection, determining the pool of mature T-cells in the periphery of the immune system. Importantly, some of these circuits can be affected in specific pathological states. In this context, the aim of this Research Topic is to discuss the control of thymus physiology and T-cell development by hormones and neurotransmitters in health and disease. The Topic will primarily focus on the following themes: • HPA axis, adrenal glands and T-cell development • Thymic adrenergic network • Sympathetic control of regulatory T-cells • Serotonin and intrathymic cytokine production • VIP/PACAP and T-cell development • Brain-derived growth factor and T-cell development • Eph/Ephrin interactions in T-cell development • Semaphorins and human T-cell development in health and disease • Ghrelin and T-cell development • Intrathymic production of glucocorticoids • Sex steroids, thymus ageing and regeneration • T-cell development, acethilcholine receptors and Myasthenia gravis • Hormones and thymus in parasitic diseases • Regulatory T-cells and hormones • T-cell development, diabetes, and insulin [less ▲]

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See detailAby Warburg, Textes & Fragments (1926-1929) suivi de "Plasticité du visuel. Montages et usages critiques de l'image chez A. Warburg" (M. Hagelstein)
Hagelstein, Maud ULiege; Letawe, Céline ULiege

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2019)

Assorti d’une série de textes inédits, cet ouvrage monographique vise à faire connaître dans le milieu francophone les écrits d’Aby Warburg (1866-1929), en particulier ceux rédigés dans les dernières ... [more ▼]

Assorti d’une série de textes inédits, cet ouvrage monographique vise à faire connaître dans le milieu francophone les écrits d’Aby Warburg (1866-1929), en particulier ceux rédigés dans les dernières années de sa vie. Peu connus, ces textes datent de la période d’élaboration de l’Atlas d’images Mnemosyne – Atlas dont le succès grandissant auprès des artistes et des théoriciens de l’art n’est plus à démontrer . Mais si Mnemosyne attire de plus en plus les spécialistes des images de tous horizons, on accorde encore peu d’intérêt aux textes et aux notes rédigées par son auteur dans les années 1926-1929. Ces textes auraient du accompagner les planches de l’Atlas si le projet avait abouti. Or, les manuscrits inédits conservés au Warburg Institute (Londres) montrent la portée philosophique des recherches tardives d’Aby Warburg. Il y développe une théorie culturelle de l’image pour le moins originale et qui a profondément influencé certaines démarches plus contemporaines (dans les domaines de l’histoire de l’art, de l’anthropologie du visuel, de la Bildwissenschaft allemande ou des Visual Studies anglo-saxonnes). À l’occasion d’un débat avec les pensées de Nietzsche et de Burckhardt, Warburg élabore une conception nouvelle de la Kultur. [less ▲]

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See detailA sharp floristic discontinuity revealed by the biogeographic regionalization of African savannas [presence data]
Fayolle, Adeline ULiege

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2019)

Aim. In tropical Africa, savannas cover huge areas, have high plant species richness, and are considered as a major natural resource for most countries. There is, however, little information available on ... [more ▼]

Aim. In tropical Africa, savannas cover huge areas, have high plant species richness, and are considered as a major natural resource for most countries. There is, however, little information available on their floristics and biogeography at the continental scale, despite the importance of such information for our understanding of the drivers of species diversity at various scales and for effective conservation and management. Here, we collated and analysed floristic data from across the continent in order to propose a biogeographic regionalization for African savannas. Location. We collated floristic information (specifically woody species lists) for 298 samples of savanna vegetation across Africa, extending from 18°N to 33°S and from 17°W to 48°E. Taxon. We focused on native woody species. Methods. We used ordination and clustering to identify the floristic discontinuities and gradual transitions across African savannas. Floristic relationships, specificity and turnover, within and between floristic clusters, were analysed using a (dis-)similarity-based approach. Results. We identified eight floristic clusters across African savannas which in turn were grouped into two larger macro-units. Ordinations at species and genus levels showed a clear differentiation in woody species composition between the North/West macro-unit and the South/East macro-unit. This floristic discontinuity matches to the High (i.e., N&W) and Low (S&E) division of Africa previously proposed by White (1983) and which tracks climatic and topographic variation. In the N&W savannas, the floristic gradient determined by rainfall was partitioned into the Sudanian (drier) and Guinean (wetter) clusters. Within the highly heterogeneous S&E savannas and woodlands, six clusters were identified: Ugandan, Ethiopian, Mozambican, Zambezian, Namibian and South-African. Main conclusions. The proposed pan-African classification of savannas and woodlands might assist the development of coordinated management and conservation policies. [less ▲]

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See detailSession: Presentation of self-peptides in the thymus as an essential event of life.
Geenen, Vincent ULiege

Conference (2019, September)

This session was organized within the framework of RegPep2018. Georg HOLLAENDER(Oxford University), Hiroyuki TAKABA (University of Tokyo) and Vincent GEENEN (University of Liège) presented the latest data ... [more ▼]

This session was organized within the framework of RegPep2018. Georg HOLLAENDER(Oxford University), Hiroyuki TAKABA (University of Tokyo) and Vincent GEENEN (University of Liège) presented the latest data about epigenetic, genetic and cellular mechanisms responsible for the programming of central self-tolerance of the adaptive immune system. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptive Facades Performance Assessment, interviews with facade experts
Attia, Shady ULiege; Bilir, Senem; Safy, Taha et al

Report (2019)

Adaptive facades can ensure step-change progresses in the energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy while improving the comfort of the occupants. Therefore, the purpose of this structured ... [more ▼]

Adaptive facades can ensure step-change progresses in the energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy while improving the comfort of the occupants. Therefore, the purpose of this structured interview is to assess advantages, disadvantages and future expectations considering the adaptive facades. This work is a part of actions of The COST Action TU1403 Adaptive Façade Network. The objective of this report is to gain an understanding of how experts currently define adaptive façade systems, which simulation tools they use, the major strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and treats of adaptive façade systems, key performance indicators they use and their vision for the future of adaptive facades. With this information gathered, it is anticipated that adaptive façade professionals will carry on assessment of adaptive facades. A qualitative study design was employed, using semi-structured interviews. Interviewees working in academia and practice were selected. The interviewees represented the range of possible adaptive facade professionals, from researchers and designers considered optimization in the assessment of adaptive facades. Also, every interviewed expert was asked to approve their responses and add any additional comment to their answers. [less ▲]

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See detailLa philosophie allemande comme rempart critique (1946-1949)
Franck, Thomas ULiege

Conference (2019, June)

Nous étudierons dans cette communication la manière dont se constitue, dès les premiers numéros de Critique, une théorie critique se positionnant par rapport à l’héritage de la philosophie allemande. Ce ... [more ▼]

Nous étudierons dans cette communication la manière dont se constitue, dès les premiers numéros de Critique, une théorie critique se positionnant par rapport à l’héritage de la philosophie allemande. Ce parti pris se justifie par le projet d’une mise en lumière des stratégies intellectuelles et discursives visant à renouer, après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, avec une philosophie politique allemande susceptible de fournir des outils théoriques à l’analyse des conflits nationaux et internationaux. Il apparaît en effet que plusieurs animateurs fondamentaux de la revue considèrent ce rapport comme l’un des enjeux majeurs pour le champ intellectuel français d’après-guerre . Le recours (souvent ambivalent) à des philosophes tels que Kant, Hegel, Feuerbach, Marx, Engels, Bloch, Lukács et Heidegger, à la musique de Schönberg, Berg, Wagner et Beethoven et aux interprétations de Eisler, Adorno et Schönberg lui-même ou encore les analyses des politiques et des idéologies allemandes de guerre et d’après-guerre constituent en effet une part non négligeable des articles parus dans les premiers numéros de la revue Critique. Par souci méthodologique, nous restreindrons notre étude aux années 1946 à 1949, cette date correspondant à l’émergence de nouvelles problématiques liées à l’avenir des deux Allemagne dans la continuité de la Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland signée en mai 1949 . [less ▲]

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See detailLa « réflexivité » : une compétence transversale dans la formation des enseignants ?
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULiege; Schneider, Maggy ULiege

in Recherches En Education (2019), 37

In French-speaking Belgium, a decree on the training of teachers specifies a set of objectives and of attitudes that must be aimed by any didactic device designed to prepare them for their future job ... [more ▼]

In French-speaking Belgium, a decree on the training of teachers specifies a set of objectives and of attitudes that must be aimed by any didactic device designed to prepare them for their future job. This set is largely dictated by the model of the "reflective practitioner" able to "have reflective regards to his practice" in order to adapt the way he teaches to the classroom circumstances by a "back and forth" between theory and practice. Two case studies at the upper secondary level, concerning the biological sciences and the mathematics, allow us to point out knowledge related to the epistemology of the concerned knowledge, whose lack of control, by the students-teachers in initial formation, prevents them to be reflexive in choosing a teaching method and especially feeding it appropriately. Looking at reflexivity, we examine here the concept of cross-curricular competence and its "sensitivity" to more strictly disciplinary knowledge, hoping to add elements into the current debate on this subject whether it is about disciplinary learning or teachers training. [less ▲]

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See detailSizing and Operation of an Isolated Microgrid with Cold Storage
Dakir, Selmane ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, June)

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See detailFranz Brentano
Boccaccini, Federico ULiege; Antonelli, Mauro

Book published by Carocci (2019)

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See detailConscience de soi et schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

Conference (2019, April 24)

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See detailNumérisation et responsabilité sociale des facultés de médecine
Jamoulle, Marc ULiege

in Boelen, C; Cauli, M; Ladner, L (Eds.) Dictionnaire francophone de responsabilité sociale en santé (2019)

La numérisation de toutes les activités humaines est galopante et va bien plus vite que notre culture permet de l’absorber. Numérique et digital sont maintenant interchangeables pour désigner les ... [more ▼]

La numérisation de toutes les activités humaines est galopante et va bien plus vite que notre culture permet de l’absorber. Numérique et digital sont maintenant interchangeables pour désigner les nouvelles technologies de l'information et de la communication qui ont bouleversé le monde à la fin du siècle passé [ ]. Nous nous occupons ici de la digitalisation de la connaissance qui remet en cause tous les fondamentaux de l’acquisition du savoir, de sa gestion et de son utilisation face à la vie humaine fragile. Fractures socio-économique, fracture sociocognitive, fracture Nord-Sud étaient déjà énoncées en 2007 dans les relations entre fracture numérique et culture par Jacques Perriault [ ]. Le descripteur du thésaurus MeSH est encore plus signifiant et exprime la division : « digital divide » contrairement à sa traduction française qui ne fait état que du fait : « fracture numérique ». [less ▲]

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See detailA hypnosis-based group intervention to improve quality of life in children with cancer and their parents.
Grégoire, Charlotte ULiege; Chantrain, Christophe; Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULiege et al

in International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (2019)

Many children with cancer and their parents suffer from distress, fatigue, and relational difficulties. Hypnosis is often used to decrease children’s procedure-related pain and distress in paediatric ... [more ▼]

Many children with cancer and their parents suffer from distress, fatigue, and relational difficulties. Hypnosis is often used to decrease children’s procedure-related pain and distress in paediatric oncology, and to improve the well-being of adults with cancer. This paper describes a pilot study assessing the acceptability and feasibility of a group intervention combining self-care and hypnosis for children with cancer and their parents, and a quasi-experimental protocol aimed at assessing the efficacy of this intervention to improve quality of life, distress, fatigue, and coping. The pilot study showed that the intervention was feasible and perceived positively. Future research is needed to test the efficacy of group interventions combining self-care and hypnosis to improve quality of life for children with cancer and their families. [less ▲]

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See detailLe concept de prévention quaternaire et la responsabilité sociétale des facultés de médecine.
Jamoulle, Marc ULiege; La Valle, Ricardo

in Cauli, M; Ladner, J; Boelen, C (Eds.) Dictionnaire francophone de responsabilité sociale en santé (2019)

La prévention organisée sur la maladie La prévention a d’abord été affaire de commerce. Il fallait transporter les biens sans les maladies . La prévention clinique ou prévention médicalisée est une ... [more ▼]

La prévention organisée sur la maladie La prévention a d’abord été affaire de commerce. Il fallait transporter les biens sans les maladies . La prévention clinique ou prévention médicalisée est une création de la moitié du 20eme siècle. Les termes de prévention primaire, secondaire et tertiaire ont été proposés par Leavell et Clark dans les années 50 à partir des phases de la Syphilis et sont devenus un standard dans le monde de la santé publique . Dans cette perspective, le patient est l'objet de procédures de soins le long de la ligne de temps. La maladie est au centre de l’organisation. Le terme prévention primaire est utilisé avant qu’un problème ne se pose. La place de la prévention secondaire n'est pas claire. Les cardiologues utilisent ce terme en tant que prévention après un événement, ce qui est en réalité la prévention tertiaire. Cette vision chronologique a incité Bury à utiliser le concept de prévention quaternaire pour définir les soins palliatifs . Toujours dans les années 50 les combats entre les industries du beurre, de la margarine et du sucre aux USA font émerger, après la découverte d’un nouveau processus rapide de fabrication de la margarine , la notion de facteur de risque et celle de prévention du risque cardiovasculaire. Le marché pharmaceutique y trouve une extension fantastique . La prévention organisée selon la relation Nous avons proposé une vision relationnelle de la prévention. Notre modèle, conçu en 1986, est construit sur un tableau à double entrée, sous influence de Illitch , Balint ou McWinney. La prévention y est résultante des relations entre patient et médecin au long du temps. Le croisement entre science et conscience délimite quatre nébuleuses, traduisant la limite floue entre santé et maladie. Cependant, dans la pratique au jour le jour, la distinction est utilisée et on représente quatre domaines d'activité. La ligne du temps y traverse la table en oblique. Patients et médecins se retrouvent à la fin et meurent ensemble (point Ω) (voir Figure 1) [less ▲]

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See detailQuels exemples (lexicographiques) pour le traducteur?
Belleflamme, Clémence ULiege

in Meta: Journal des Traducteurs (2019), 64 (1)

Despite its limitations, the bilingual dictionary remains the students' favourite tool when confronted with a translation task into their mother tongue. They refer to it mostly to understand a word or an ... [more ▼]

Despite its limitations, the bilingual dictionary remains the students' favourite tool when confronted with a translation task into their mother tongue. They refer to it mostly to understand a word or an expression, to check its meaning and to find an adequate equivalent, however, they do not always take full advantage of the different microstructural elements, such as the usage examples. While the semantic, grammatical or stylistic functions of the example are well-known, their translational functions are still rarely valued and acknowledged, and yet they have proven very useful to young translators. In this article, I shall expose the results of the analysis of examples taken from three German-French bilingual dictionaries. The analysis was based on the study of the divergences between the lexicographical examples and their translation. The aim was to investigate which type of example turns out to be the most useful to the apprentice translator. To reach this objective, I pursued two main lines of reflection. On the one hand, I sought to identify the contrastive linguistics' questions illustrated by the lexicographical examples and their translation, as well as to determine which solutions the dictionaries brought to the users. On the other hand, as a dictionary's usefulness is directly related to the quality of the provided translations, I looked into certain arguable translations in order to suggest possible measures to improve a dictionary intended for young translators. [less ▲]

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See detailTrouble psychotique et logiques relationnelles
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

Conference (2019, March 23)

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See detailEstimate of outdoor thermal comfort zones for different climatic regions of Iran
Roshan, GholamReza; Almomenin, HaniehSaleh; da Silveira Hirashima, Simone Queiroz et al

in Urban Climate (2019), 27

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (7 ULiège)