References of "Pastoret, Paul-Pierre"
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See detailGeographical distribution of domestic animals: a historical perspective.
Moutou, François; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Revue Scientifique et Technique. Office International des Epizooties (2010), 29(1), 95-10287-94

Our understanding of the history of animal domestication has been built on regular input from archaeozoology. This fast-expanding discipline uses increasingly sophisticated and specialised tools to ... [more ▼]

Our understanding of the history of animal domestication has been built on regular input from archaeozoology. This fast-expanding discipline uses increasingly sophisticated and specialised tools to enhance our knowledge of phenomena dating back, for the oldest species, to the Neolithic Revolution. This article takes three examples, those of the domestic dog, domestic goat and European rabbit, to illustrate the history of three different domestication processes using the contemporary means available. In each of the three cases, the authors define the location of original domestication, analyse the principal routes of species movements following domestication, discuss the possible reasons for domestication and suggest a few likely epidemiological impacts. [less ▲]

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See detailDefining an invasive species
Moutou, François; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Revue Scientifique et Technique. Office International des Epizooties (2010), 29(1), 27-3537-4547-56

The definition of an invasive species will depend on the viewpoint of the observer, who in some cases may be responsible for introducing the species. History has taught us that humans are the species that ... [more ▼]

The definition of an invasive species will depend on the viewpoint of the observer, who in some cases may be responsible for introducing the species. History has taught us that humans are the species that has invaded the largest surface area of the planet. So, before going on to propose a few definitions, this article describes three different examples or types of example in which domestic animal species, wild animal species and microorganisms (for biological pest control) have been transported intentionally. By doing so, this paper uses a variety of situations to support the definitions. A contemporary argument would counter a strictly biogeographical definition with a more ecological definition. The two are probably complementary. In any case, these definitions should remain practical. The consequences of species movements vary. However, their health impacts should not be underestimated. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiology and animal disease control programmes - Bluetongue in northern Europe: appearance of new serotypes within an enzootic ground
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Bulletin de l'OIE (2009)

Due to its significant socio-economic impact and its major repercussions on international trade in animals and animal products, bluetongue is a disease that must be notified to the World Organisation for ... [more ▼]

Due to its significant socio-economic impact and its major repercussions on international trade in animals and animal products, bluetongue is a disease that must be notified to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) (7, 8). In August 2006, the unexpected emergence of bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) in northern Europe caused an unprecedented epizootic of bluetongue, which affected cattle more than previously (exacerbated virulence with the appearance of severe clinical signs including reproductive disorders) and was carried by culicoid vectors indigenous to northern Europe. New elements dating from 2008 are described in this update, which postdates the publication by the World Organisation for Animal Health of ‘Bluetongue in northern Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailEssential veterinary education in infectious diseases of livestock and related scientific disciplines.
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege; Vallat, Bernard

in Revue Scientifique et Technique. Office International des Epizooties (2009), 28(2), 537-44

The World Organisation for Animal Health (commonly referred to bythe acronym of its original French name Office International des Epizooties [OIE]) was created in 1924 with the aim of controlling the ... [more ▼]

The World Organisation for Animal Health (commonly referred to bythe acronym of its original French name Office International des Epizooties [OIE]) was created in 1924 with the aim of controlling the international spread of infectious animal diseases. The OIE mandate has broadened since then, but the prevention and control of infectious and parasitic diseases are still at the heart of OIE activities. To plan and implement effective disease control strategies the Veterinary Services of OIE Member Countries need well-educated veterinarians who have extensive knowledge of how and why outbreaks of infectious animal diseases occur and spread and how they can be prevented and controlled. The teaching of fundamental scientific disciplines - virology, bacteriology, parasitology, epidemiology, risk analysis, immunology and vaccinology--is therefore a vital component of all veterinary education programmes. [less ▲]

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See detailLa vaccination vétérinaire
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Biofutur (2009), (296), 46-49

Les vaccins vétérinaires ont la particularité de n'être pas uniquement employés pour prévenir des maladies infectieuses ou parasitaires, mais aussi pour couvrir un large éventail d'autres besoins.

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See detailReconstitution du virus influenza responsable de la pandemie de grippe espagnole en 1918/1919.
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (2009), 164(10), 242-3

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See detailThe role and mandate of the World Organisation for Animal Health in veterinary education.
Vallat, Bernard; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Revue Scientifique et Technique. Office International des Epizooties (2009), 28(2), 503-10

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), which was created in 1924 under the name Office International des Epizooties, is in charge of setting international standards and guidelines for animal ... [more ▼]

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), which was created in 1924 under the name Office International des Epizooties, is in charge of setting international standards and guidelines for animal health and welfare. The original aim of the Organisation was to control the international spread of infectious animal diseases, but this aim has expanded over the years and now the OIE has a global mandate to 'improve animal health worldwide' for both terrestrial and aquatic animals. A vital factor in successfully fulfilling this mandate is the quality and performance of both the public and private components of national Veterinary Services, which are increasingly working at the interface between human, animal and environmental health. The OIE considers global veterinary education to be key in maintaining and improving the quality of these Veterinary Services. Consequently, the competencies and continuing education of veterinarians are a priority in the assessment tool that the Organisation has developed to evaluate the performance of Veterinary Services (PVS). Evaluating the abilities and training of veterinarians is an important part of a PVS evaluation, as well-educated veterinarians with appropriate training are essential in improving Veterinary Services worldwide and in helping the OIE to fulfil its mandate. [less ▲]

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See detailLengua azul en el norte de Europa
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Reviriego-Gordejo, Francisco; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

Book published by OIE - Office International des Epizooties [Organisation Mondiale de la Santé Animale = World Organisation for Animal Health] (2009)

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See detailFièvre catarrhale ovine en Europe du Nord
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Reviriego-Gordejo, Francisco; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

Book published by OIE - Office International des Epizooties [Organisation mondiale de la santé animale = World organisation for animal health] (2009)

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See detailFièvre catharrale ovine en Europe du Nord : apparition de nouveaux sérotypes sur fond d’enzootie
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Bulletin de l'Office International des Epizooties (2009)

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See detailBluetongue in northern Europe
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Reviriego-Gordejo, F.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

Book published by World Organization for Animal Health and the University of Liege (2008)

Bluetongue (BT) is an infectious, viral and vector-borne disease of improved breeds of sheep and some species of deer that is of major international importance. The infection is usually unapparent in ... [more ▼]

Bluetongue (BT) is an infectious, viral and vector-borne disease of improved breeds of sheep and some species of deer that is of major international importance. The infection is usually unapparent in cattle, which acts as reservoir for the virus. However, some serotypes such as serotype 8 (BTV-8), which recently caused a severe epizootic of BT in northern Europe, exhibit a more important virulence in cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailAnimal genomics for animal health
Gay, Cyril G.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege; Dodet, B. et al

Book published by Karger (2008)

Genomics is a rapidly evolving field of research that provides radical approaches to understanding the links between the genetic code and diseases. Significant breakthroughs in the last decade have now ... [more ▼]

Genomics is a rapidly evolving field of research that provides radical approaches to understanding the links between the genetic code and diseases. Significant breakthroughs in the last decade have now positioned the animal health research community to capitalize on the infrastructure built by the human genome project. Major milestones include the draft genome sequences for several animal species, including the chicken, dog, cattle, and horse, while the sequencing of the cat, pig, and sheep genomes has been initiated. [less ▲]

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See detailEmerging Diseases, Zoonoses and Vaccines to Control Them
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

Report (2008)

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See detailForeword : Chickens are not mice with feathers
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Avian Immunology (2008)

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See detailBluetongue: General introduction
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Revieriego-Gordejo, F.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Bluetongue in northern Europe (2008)

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See detailConclusion: Lesson learning on bluetongue
Saegerman, Claude ULiege; Revieriego-Gordejo, F.; Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Bluetongue in northern Europe (2008)

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See detailSequence-optimised E2 constructs from BVDV-1b and BVDV-2 for DNA immunisation in cattle
Couvreur, B.; Letellier, C.; Olivier, Fabrice ULiege et al

in Veterinary Research (2007), 38(6, NOV-DEC), 819-834

We report DNA immunisation experiments in cattle using plasmid constructs that encoded glycoprotein E2 from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 (E2.1) and BVDV-2 (E2.2). The coding sequences were ... [more ▼]

We report DNA immunisation experiments in cattle using plasmid constructs that encoded glycoprotein E2 from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1 (E2.1) and BVDV-2 (E2.2). The coding sequences were optimised for efficient expression in mammalian cells. A modified leader peptide sequence from protein gD of BoHV1 was inserted upstream of the E2 coding sequences for efficient membrane export of the proteins. Recombinant E2 were efficiently expressed in COS7 cells and they presented the native viral epitopes as judged by differential recognition by antisera from cattle infected with BVDV-1 or BVDV-2. Inoculation of pooled plasmid DNA in young cattle elicited antibodies capable of neutralising viral strains representing the major circulating BVDV genotypes. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction : Vaccination animale Partie 1 : développement, production et utilisation des vaccins Partie 2 : aspects scientifiques, économiques, réglementaires et socio-éthiques
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege; Lombard, M.; Schudel, A. A. et al

in Revue Scientifique et Technique. Office International des Epizooties (2007), 26(1), 17-28

La vaccination est sans aucun doute le moyen le plus efficace de se prémunir contre les maladies infectieuses. Les avantages de la vaccination sont nombreux. Elle est le seul moyen de prévenir, voire de ... [more ▼]

La vaccination est sans aucun doute le moyen le plus efficace de se prémunir contre les maladies infectieuses. Les avantages de la vaccination sont nombreux. Elle est le seul moyen de prévenir, voire de traiter certaines infections virales chez les animaux, alors qu’il n’existe pas d’antiviraux à large spectre. Les vaccins ne sont pas nuisibles pour l’environnement et ils améliorent le bien-être des animaux en leur épargnant la souffrance liée à la maladie ou aux traitements curatifs en cas d’infection. Ces traitements curatifs peuvent induire une résistance aux antibiotiques ou faire subsister des résidus de médicaments dans les denrées alimentaires. Les vaccins sont le meilleur outil pour une gestion durable de la santé du bétail. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges and issues of early life vaccination in animals and humans.
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULiege

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (2007), 137(Suppl 1), 2-3

This overview considers the major issues related to successful neonatal vaccination of domestic animals. A major factor is the balance between the essential protection provided by maternally derived ... [more ▼]

This overview considers the major issues related to successful neonatal vaccination of domestic animals. A major factor is the balance between the essential protection provided by maternally derived immunity and the potential inhibitory effects of this immunity on generation of the neonatal vaccinal immune response. The design of vaccine programs should also take into account the predicted life expectancy and husbandry of the animal species concerned. Relatively short-lived production animals or wildlife species may have different vaccination requirements from long-lived companion animals. The purpose of vaccination also differs depending upon the animals concerned, and may range from the establishment of protective immunity in the individual animal or herd, through to programs designed to eliminate an infectious agent from a specific geographical area. [less ▲]

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See detailAdvances in immunology and vaccine discovery report of the United States-European Commission workshop
Gay, Cyril G.; Richie, Thomas L.; Goddeeris, Bruno et al

in Vaccine (2007), 25(41), 7007-7011

As the 21st century unfolds, infectious diseases remain one of the most significant threats to our economy, our food animal production systems, animal welfare, and most importantly, the lives of people ... [more ▼]

As the 21st century unfolds, infectious diseases remain one of the most significant threats to our economy, our food animal production systems, animal welfare, and most importantly, the lives of people worldwide, regardless of their economic standing. The potential use of biological threat agents for terrorism or biowarfare further undermines the security of our society. Arguably, vaccines represent the single most cost-effective, medically delivered strategy for confronting these challenges. The workshop "Advances in Immunology and Vaccine Discovery" was organized to address these challenges, based on the conviction that the interface between immunology and vaccinology offers the best prospects for major breakthroughs in vaccine discovery and development. Six focus areas were identified by workshop organizers: (1) pathogen immune evasion; (2) innate immunity; (3) mucosal immunity; (4) immunogenetics; (5) comparative immunology; and (6) genomics. These areas provided opportunities to elucidate how protective immunity may relate to the disruption of the molecular mechanisms that underlie host-pathogen interactions. A report generated by workshop organizers and participants provides key recommendations and identifies important research gaps, needs, future steps, and potential strategic US-EU collaborations. [less ▲]

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