References of "Servais, Véronique"
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See detailDécouvrir le soi dans la rencontre avec un animal
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Deslandes, Charles; Giroux, Dalie (Eds.) Parler avec les animaux (in press)

La question posée dans cet article est celle de la découverte de soi via la rencontre avec un animal. Les réflexions qui y sont développées constituent l’armature théorique d’un projet de recherche en ... [more ▼]

La question posée dans cet article est celle de la découverte de soi via la rencontre avec un animal. Les réflexions qui y sont développées constituent l’armature théorique d’un projet de recherche en cours sur les rencontres animales. Ce texte ne présent pas de résultats définitifs, mais il rassemble des éléments issus d’interviews préliminaires ainsi que des travaux théoriques relevant de la phénoménologie, de la psychologie clinique et de l’énactivisme, afin d’essayer d’apporter des éléments de réponse à ce que G. Bateson (1996) formulait ainsi : « Comment l’observation de ce qui se trouve "là dehors" – les animaux, les plantes, les étoiles et le temps – peut-elle nous aider à corriger, du moins en partie, ce qui ne va pas "ici dedans" ? » (p. 364). Nous partirons donc de l’énigme des « effets thérapeutiques » des animaux sur les êtres humains pour formuler une série d’hypothèses qui mettront en avant les spécificités de la communication humains-animaux dans le contexte thérapeutique. [less ▲]

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See detailMédiation animale : prendre soin avec des animaux
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2021)

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See detailEmotions, relations sociales et métacommunication. Une perspective relationnelle pour désanthropiser les émotions
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Baratay, Eric (Ed.) Concepts animaux désanthropisés, décloisonnés (2021)

Dans la mesure où l’on avait admis leur existence, les émotions animales ont longtemps été considérées comme des manifestations physiologiques inscrites dans des programmes innés, des réactions utiles à ... [more ▼]

Dans la mesure où l’on avait admis leur existence, les émotions animales ont longtemps été considérées comme des manifestations physiologiques inscrites dans des programmes innés, des réactions utiles à la survie et à la vie sociale et dont la dimension subjective restait, par définition, inconnaissable sinon douteuse. La question de la continuité entre émotions animales et humaines a toujours été problématique. Notre objectif dans cet article est de contribuer à une désanthropisation du concept d’émotion en l’examinant à partir des travaux de l’anthropologie contemporaine des émotions et des affects. Après avoir montré l’impasse constituée par le courant traditionnel de l’anthropologie des émotions, nous nous attardons sur trois approches contemporaines : l’anthropologie sociale et pragmatique , le « tournant affectif » et l’approche relationnelle de Gregory Bateson. Quoique le travail de ce dernier soit ancien, il est justifié de l’évoquer car il n’influence que de nos jours la réflexion des anthropologues. Chacun de ces courants propose des pistes de désanthropisation ; il existe entre eux des convergences certaines ; ils dessinent ensemble ce qu’on peut appeler un point de vue relationnel ; s’ils ont également des divergences, elles ne sont pas traitées en profondeur ici, notre but n’étant pas de proposer un système cohérent mais d’ouvrir des pistes de réflexion. Le point de vue relationnel de ces approches permet de rapatrier la notion de métacommunication dans la communication animale d’où elle avait été créée mais où elle n’a jamais été réintroduite. Nos conclusions questionnent les conséquences de ce point de vue relationnel sur la question de l’agentivité animale. [less ▲]

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See detailAffective regulations. Insight from dolphin-human interactions in confined environments
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Levain, Alix; Artaud, Hélène (Eds.) Marine species in the Humanities (2021)

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See detailEngager son corps vivant. Expériences artistiques et pédagogiques
Servais, Véronique ULiege; Varasso, Pietro

Scientific conference (2020, February 06)

Cette intervention à deux voix propose, dans un premier temps, de revenir sur le récit d’une rencontre et d’une collaboration, qui a débuté autour de l’enchantement et des pratiques artistiques ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention à deux voix propose, dans un premier temps, de revenir sur le récit d’une rencontre et d’une collaboration, qui a débuté autour de l’enchantement et des pratiques artistiques développées par Pietro Varasso avec ses étudiants à l’Ecole Supérieure d’Arts Dramatiques de Liège. Dans un second temps, Véronique Servais et Pietro Varasso exposeront le projet de collaboration qu’ils ont mis en place en faisant se rejoindre d’une part les pratiques artistiques développées aujourd’hui par Pietro Varasso, où il s’agit de rencontrer la nature, les éléments et les animaux via des exercices reposant sur un engagement corporel, sensible et émotionnel dans la nature, et d’autre part le souhait de proposer à des étudiants en anthropologie la possibilité de descendre « des cimes imaginaires de la raison abstraite pour (se) resituer dans une relation active et dynamique avec (leur) environnement » (Ingold, 2013, p. 31). [less ▲]

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See detailPratiques de médiation animale et espaces intermédiaires
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2020, January 23)

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See detailLe projet Jonathan: aménager un environnement autour d'un enfant porteur d'autisme
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Anthropologie et Santé (2020), 20

The text is a reflexive work on clinical care that was carried out by a team, to which the author belonged, with a child with autism, Jonathan. For three consecutive summers, Jonathan was taken to meet ... [more ▼]

The text is a reflexive work on clinical care that was carried out by a team, to which the author belonged, with a child with autism, Jonathan. For three consecutive summers, Jonathan was taken to meet captive dolphins on a daily basis. This old work is presented anew in the light of Fernand Deligny's writings, discovered long after the project was completed, which allowed me to see it in a new light and to formalize what seemed to me until then to be unspeakable. The key element of the work with Jonathan is identified as the development, around and with the child, of a material, relational and symbolic environment whose particularities are to accept uncertainty and multiple narratives, to refrain from imposing a priori knowledge and thus to allow Jonathan to take a place within our team. Based on the notes taken during the project and on the echo given by my reading of Deligny's writings, this narrative identifies the salient features of this work, leading me to qualify the way of acting with Jonathan, "to act together in the 'unwilling'", a way of acting that tries to avoid, as much as possible, conscious purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnographier les animaux, avec les éthologistes
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2019, November 22)

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See detailPrésence animale et sentiment du soi. Exploration de l'expérience de la rencontre animale
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2019, November 21)

As early as the seventies, and the introduction of pets into psychiatric hospitals (Corson, O'Leary Corson & Gwynne, 1975), it was noted that the animal presence transforms human environments, that it ... [more ▼]

As early as the seventies, and the introduction of pets into psychiatric hospitals (Corson, O'Leary Corson & Gwynne, 1975), it was noted that the animal presence transforms human environments, that it humanizes hospitals , alters the emotional atmosphere, and alters the way of being in the world of patients. In her analysis of the clinical work with her dog Moogli, Nadine Fossier-Varney (2016) speaks of "psychic resuscitation" to describe what happens to a bedridden resident following her introduction of Moogli. Other works emphasize increasing self-confidence, sensory-motor development (Wuang & al, 2010) or the gradual transformation of the relationship to the other as it develops as patients encounter animals in a care setting. In our opinion, these "therapeutic effects" must be understood in relation to the mode of communication that is established with animals, that is to say the mode of feeling. Drawing on the work of Stern (2037) and Roustang (2014), as well as Neisser's (1988) notion of interpersonal self, we hypothesized that bodily communication with animals alters the experience of interpersonal self by mobilizing essentially bodily modalities of being-with others. To further our understanding of the "therapeutic effects" of animals, we have begun an empirical study of the experience of encounter with an animal. Conducted via interviews with microphenomenology, the study aims to explore the experience of encounter in its bodily dimension (how is my experience of my body affected by the presence of animals?) And intersubjective . The presentation will present the first results of this study. [less ▲]

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See detailEthologie clinique: le regard entre l'homme et l'animal.
Servais, Véronique ULiege; Follet, Valérie

Scientific conference (2019, October 04)

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See detail"Ronronthérapie". Les bienfaits des animaux de compagnie sur la santé
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

For several decades, work has documented the benefits of companion animals on the health of human beings. The effects identified were initially physiological, notably the reduction of cardiovascular ... [more ▼]

For several decades, work has documented the benefits of companion animals on the health of human beings. The effects identified were initially physiological, notably the reduction of cardiovascular diseases. But the psychological effects are also important. A caring animal presence reduces the feeling of loneliness and provides a sense of security, reduces stress related to life difficulties, promotes a more optimistic view of the future, as well as confidence in one's abilities. John Bowlby's theory of attachment explains these effects, which are probably partly mediated by the touch and release of oxytocin. But the presence of an animal can also be read as a support to the "intermediate area of ​​experience" of psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott. In this perspective, the animal presence promotes a creative relationship with the world and can help very withdrawn patients to dare to exist "a little". By acting on the register of positive emotions, stress and touch, contact with pets can probably help reduce chronic pain. [less ▲]

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See detailBiodiversité et santé: Configurations inattendues des relations entre humains et non-humains
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, May 23)

The purpose of the paper is to document the sometimes unexpected configurations that human and nonhuman relations in the social sciences and humanities can take when the issue of health is at the center ... [more ▼]

The purpose of the paper is to document the sometimes unexpected configurations that human and nonhuman relations in the social sciences and humanities can take when the issue of health is at the center of attention. The presentation will discuss the issue of affect in human / non-human relationships. After a brief theoretical / methodological introduction to the social science approach used, presentation of two case studies. One in the field of the relations of the healers with their dolphins, and the other in the field of pet therapy (dogs, horses, ...). [less ▲]

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See detailL'animal de compagnie, une relation singulière
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Article for general public (2019)

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See detailDes animaux aidants aux animaux souffrants. Retour sur quelques études en anthropologie de la communication entre humains et animaux dans la société contemporaine
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

The conference was a return on my work, which I presented under three main categories: 1- research on the therapeutic effects of animals; 2 - research that proposes a "social animal science" and 3 ... [more ▼]

The conference was a return on my work, which I presented under three main categories: 1- research on the therapeutic effects of animals; 2 - research that proposes a "social animal science" and 3- studies that study the interactions between humans and animals in a specific context. [less ▲]

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See detailLa maternité est-elle une "pulsion instinctive"?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2019, March 21)

En s'appuyant sur l'histoire de l'éthologie et de la notion d'instinct, l'exposé montre que la notion d'instinct maternel est étrangère à l'éthologie.

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See detailLa question du tiers et de l'altérité dans la médiation animale. Un enjeu fondamental
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

The presentation proposes a definition of animal mediation in which the question of otherness is fundamental. It also revisits the question of situational identity and proposes a key to understand the ... [more ▼]

The presentation proposes a definition of animal mediation in which the question of otherness is fundamental. It also revisits the question of situational identity and proposes a key to understand the capacity of animals to to humanise places and human beings [less ▲]

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See detailAgir sur soi, produire un dauphin
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, January 29)

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See detailManifeste du Muséum. Humains et autres animaux
Servais, Véronique ULiege; Artaud, Hélène; Boissy, Alain et al

Book published by Reliefs (2019)

L'ouvrage a pour vocation de proposer la conception du MHNH de Paris sur les relations de l'humain aux autres animaux.

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See detailLa psychologie animale : une psychologie sans sujet ?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Cahiers d'Anthropologie Sociale (2019)

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity ... [more ▼]

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity. The author then turns to the work of Buytendijk and other authors inspired by his phenomenological approach and concludes that animal subjects are always situated subjects that are engaged in a dynamic relationship with their milieu. The paper discusses the consequences of this conclusion in relation to the nature/culture debate and it questions the “true nature” of primates in this perspective. Finally, the author imagines how ethology and primatology would be changed if the animals were to be considered as subjects and briefly reviews how anthropology could contribute to it. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropomorphism in human-animal interactions: a pragmatist view
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Frontiers in Psychology (2018)

This paper explores anthropomorphism in human–animal interactions from the theoretical perspectives of pragmatism and anthropology of human–animal communication. Its aim is to challenge the conception of ... [more ▼]

This paper explores anthropomorphism in human–animal interactions from the theoretical perspectives of pragmatism and anthropology of human–animal communication. Its aim is to challenge the conception of anthropomorphism as the attribution/inference of human properties to a non-human animal – particularly as a special case of the theory of mind. The author’s goal is to articulate a plausible an alternative conception of anthropomorphism as a situated direct perception of human properties by someone who is engaged in a given situation and sensitive to what the animal is doing to them. Rooted in pragmatist theory as well as in contemporary anthropological studies, this paper offers an original perspective for in depth ethnographic and empirical studies of anthropomorphism-in-situation. Such studies could bring new insights in the study of how ordinary people make sense of animal behaviors in real-life situations. [less ▲]

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