References of "Servais, Véronique"
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See detailLe projet Jonath: aménager un environnement autour d'un enfant porteur d'autisme
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Anthropologie et Santé (in press)

The text is a reflexive work on clinical care that was carried out by a team, to which the author belonged, with a child with autism, Jonathan. For three consecutive summers, Jonathan was taken to meet ... [more ▼]

The text is a reflexive work on clinical care that was carried out by a team, to which the author belonged, with a child with autism, Jonathan. For three consecutive summers, Jonathan was taken to meet captive dolphins on a daily basis. This old work is presented anew in the light of Fernand Deligny's writings, discovered long after the project was completed, which allowed me to see it in a new light and to formalize what seemed to me until then to be unspeakable. The key element of the work with Jonathan is identified as the development, around and with the child, of a material, relational and symbolic environment whose particularities are to accept uncertainty and multiple narratives, to refrain from imposing a priori knowledge and thus to allow Jonathan to take a place within our team. Based on the notes taken during the project and on the echo given by my reading of Deligny's writings, this narrative identifies the salient features of this work, leading me to qualify the way of acting with Jonathan, "to act together in the 'unwilling'", a way of acting that tries to avoid, as much as possible, conscious purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailRencontrer un animal par le corps. Comment ethnographier ?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2019, November 22)

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See detailPrésence animale et sentiment du soi. Exploration de l'expérience de la rencontre animale
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2019, November 21)

As early as the seventies, and the introduction of pets into psychiatric hospitals (Corson, O'Leary Corson & Gwynne, 1975), it was noted that the animal presence transforms human environments, that it ... [more ▼]

As early as the seventies, and the introduction of pets into psychiatric hospitals (Corson, O'Leary Corson & Gwynne, 1975), it was noted that the animal presence transforms human environments, that it humanizes hospitals , alters the emotional atmosphere, and alters the way of being in the world of patients. In her analysis of the clinical work with her dog Moogli, Nadine Fossier-Varney (2016) speaks of "psychic resuscitation" to describe what happens to a bedridden resident following her introduction of Moogli. Other works emphasize increasing self-confidence, sensory-motor development (Wuang & al, 2010) or the gradual transformation of the relationship to the other as it develops as patients encounter animals in a care setting. In our opinion, these "therapeutic effects" must be understood in relation to the mode of communication that is established with animals, that is to say the mode of feeling. Drawing on the work of Stern (2037) and Roustang (2014), as well as Neisser's (1988) notion of interpersonal self, we hypothesized that bodily communication with animals alters the experience of interpersonal self by mobilizing essentially bodily modalities of being-with others. To further our understanding of the "therapeutic effects" of animals, we have begun an empirical study of the experience of encounter with an animal. Conducted via interviews with microphenomenology, the study aims to explore the experience of encounter in its bodily dimension (how is my experience of my body affected by the presence of animals?) And intersubjective . The presentation will present the first results of this study. [less ▲]

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See detail"Ronronthérapie". Les bienfaits des animaux de compagnie sur la santé
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

For several decades, work has documented the benefits of companion animals on the health of human beings. The effects identified were initially physiological, notably the reduction of cardiovascular ... [more ▼]

For several decades, work has documented the benefits of companion animals on the health of human beings. The effects identified were initially physiological, notably the reduction of cardiovascular diseases. But the psychological effects are also important. A caring animal presence reduces the feeling of loneliness and provides a sense of security, reduces stress related to life difficulties, promotes a more optimistic view of the future, as well as confidence in one's abilities. John Bowlby's theory of attachment explains these effects, which are probably partly mediated by the touch and release of oxytocin. But the presence of an animal can also be read as a support to the "intermediate area of ​​experience" of psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott. In this perspective, the animal presence promotes a creative relationship with the world and can help very withdrawn patients to dare to exist "a little". By acting on the register of positive emotions, stress and touch, contact with pets can probably help reduce chronic pain. [less ▲]

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See detailBiodiversité et santé: Configurations inattendues des relations entre humains et non-humains
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, May 23)

The purpose of the paper is to document the sometimes unexpected configurations that human and nonhuman relations in the social sciences and humanities can take when the issue of health is at the center ... [more ▼]

The purpose of the paper is to document the sometimes unexpected configurations that human and nonhuman relations in the social sciences and humanities can take when the issue of health is at the center of attention. The presentation will discuss the issue of affect in human / non-human relationships. After a brief theoretical / methodological introduction to the social science approach used, presentation of two case studies. One in the field of the relations of the healers with their dolphins, and the other in the field of pet therapy (dogs, horses, ...). [less ▲]

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See detailL'animal de compagnie, une relation singulière
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Article for general public (2019)

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See detailDes animaux aidants aux animaux souffrants. Retour sur quelques études en anthropologie de la communication entre humains et animaux dans la société contemporaine
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

The conference was a return on my work, which I presented under three main categories: 1- research on the therapeutic effects of animals; 2 - research that proposes a "social animal science" and 3 ... [more ▼]

The conference was a return on my work, which I presented under three main categories: 1- research on the therapeutic effects of animals; 2 - research that proposes a "social animal science" and 3- studies that study the interactions between humans and animals in a specific context. [less ▲]

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See detailLa maternité est-elle une "pulsion instinctive"?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2019, March 21)

En s'appuyant sur l'histoire de l'éthologie et de la notion d'instinct, l'exposé montre que la notion d'instinct maternel est étrangère à l'éthologie.

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See detailLa question du tiers et de l'altérité dans la médiation animale. Un enjeu fondamental
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

The presentation proposes a definition of animal mediation in which the question of otherness is fundamental. It also revisits the question of situational identity and proposes a key to understand the ... [more ▼]

The presentation proposes a definition of animal mediation in which the question of otherness is fundamental. It also revisits the question of situational identity and proposes a key to understand the capacity of animals to to humanise places and human beings [less ▲]

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See detailLa psychologie animale : une psychologie sans sujet ?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Cahiers d'Anthropologie Sociale (2019)

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity ... [more ▼]

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity. The author then turns to the work of Buytendijk and other authors inspired by his phenomenological approach and concludes that animal subjects are always situated subjects that are engaged in a dynamic relationship with their milieu. The paper discusses the consequences of this conclusion in relation to the nature/culture debate and it questions the “true nature” of primates in this perspective. Finally, the author imagines how ethology and primatology would be changed if the animals were to be considered as subjects and briefly reviews how anthropology could contribute to it. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropomorphism in human-animal interactions: a pragmatist view
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Frontiers in Psychology (2018)

This paper explores anthropomorphism in human–animal interactions from the theoretical perspectives of pragmatism and anthropology of human–animal communication. Its aim is to challenge the conception of ... [more ▼]

This paper explores anthropomorphism in human–animal interactions from the theoretical perspectives of pragmatism and anthropology of human–animal communication. Its aim is to challenge the conception of anthropomorphism as the attribution/inference of human properties to a non-human animal – particularly as a special case of the theory of mind. The author’s goal is to articulate a plausible an alternative conception of anthropomorphism as a situated direct perception of human properties by someone who is engaged in a given situation and sensitive to what the animal is doing to them. Rooted in pragmatist theory as well as in contemporary anthropological studies, this paper offers an original perspective for in depth ethnographic and empirical studies of anthropomorphism-in-situation. Such studies could bring new insights in the study of how ordinary people make sense of animal behaviors in real-life situations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Projet Jonathan: agir ensemble dans le non vouloir
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, November 29)

The presentation will focus on a clinical work done by a team, including the author, taking a child with autism, Jonathan, meet captive dolphins daily in Cadaqués, Spain, for three consecutive summers ... [more ▼]

The presentation will focus on a clinical work done by a team, including the author, taking a child with autism, Jonathan, meet captive dolphins daily in Cadaqués, Spain, for three consecutive summers. One of the questions that will be addressed is how to create a space where the misunderstanding is tolerated, where one can exist alongside (and with) Jonathan, outside the language, and stay in the act without imposing the sense without locking up the other in our language? How to make common cause when one does not understand himself? For those around Jonathan, the daily challenge was to give up any hasty interpretation of his "aberrant" and "foolish" acts, to fight against a brutal and pathologizing meaning-setting, to let him take his place and guide us. which also supposed to accept to be transformed by him. Jonathan's mom, a stakeholder in this project, encouraged us to question our evidence. Through her permanent reinterpretations of Jonathan's behaviors, she has led us to transform the perceptual salience of the environment. All this was probably necessary for, as Deligny said, to give Jonathan "the impression that there can be something in what is happening". [less ▲]

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See detailFrom using to caring: can mindfulness support a more ethical behaviour towards animals?
Cué Rio, Miriam; Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2018, November 10)

Placing animals at the bottom of the pyramid and using them to satisfy human requirements is such an old and rooted behaviour that no amount of intellectual reasoning, empirical evidence or catastrophic ... [more ▼]

Placing animals at the bottom of the pyramid and using them to satisfy human requirements is such an old and rooted behaviour that no amount of intellectual reasoning, empirical evidence or catastrophic scenario seems to be persuasive enough to induce real change. Apart from the works of Joanna Macy (the Work That Reconnects) or Mathieu Ricard's Plea for the Animals (2016), Buddhist and/or mindfulness scholars rarely address the issue of the animal condition, even though this has become a great and pressing concern. This paper claims that the current flourishing of mindfulness - per se and linked to all realms of human life (health, leadership, education, etc.) – can and should be used to generate the understanding needed to promote alternative ways to relate to (production) animals. The central argument is that mindfulness - understood as both the Buddhadharma and the contemporary practices rooted in those teachings - is a relevant means to induce a more ethical behaviour towards animals. By focusing on production animals, the paper intends to capture more closely the case of those who are most directly exposed to human endeavours. It starts by exploring the confluences between three core Buddhist concepts and the field of animal ethics. It argues that i) presence (understood as introspective awareness and attention); ii) interconnectedness or non-duality/non separation; and iii) compassion are three basic understandings/qualities on which basis one can build a more caring relation to animals. It then describes the process and results of the Focus (semi-structured) interviews conducted amongst fifteen individuals enrolled in a training to become mindfulness teachers – and thus reputed to have consistent meditation practice and acceptable understanding of the Buddhist teachings. Based on both, the theoretical considerations and the analysis s of the interviews, the paper concludes by shedding some light on the process through which mindfulness (and, in particular, the cultivation of the three above mentioned qualities) is conducive to positive changes in our behaviour towards animals. [less ▲]

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See detailDépasser le soi dans la relation aux animaux et à la nature
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

Il ne s'agit pas ici du "dépassement de soi" comme on l’entend dans le milieu sportif, à savoir que l’on est amené à aller au-delà de ses limites d’endurance, de souffrance, etc. Le sens ici est un peu ... [more ▼]

Il ne s'agit pas ici du "dépassement de soi" comme on l’entend dans le milieu sportif, à savoir que l’on est amené à aller au-delà de ses limites d’endurance, de souffrance, etc. Le sens ici est un peu différent. Plutôt qu’un déplacement vertical, vers le haut, consistant à sortir de soi, ce serait un déplacement dans l’espace, « vers ce qui est différent de soi ». Ce que est proposé, c’est d’examiner l’idée d’une transformation du soi par la rencontre avec les animaux et/ou la nature. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche ethnographique de l'interaction avec l'animal: rencontres avec des dauphins
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, November 06)

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See detailPsychologie animale : les révolutions conceptuelles
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Article for general public (2018)

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See detailAnimal gaze and the feeling of being human
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2018, June 08)

When the first psychiatrists introduced pets in a psychiatric ward, in the seventies (Corson, O’Leary Corson et Gwynne, 1975), they mentioned that the dogs’ presence seemed to “humanize” the hospital ... [more ▼]

When the first psychiatrists introduced pets in a psychiatric ward, in the seventies (Corson, O’Leary Corson et Gwynne, 1975), they mentioned that the dogs’ presence seemed to “humanize” the hospital. Since then, animals (mainly pets) have been introduced in prisons, geriatric institutions, hospitals, etc., with the same effect. When there is a risk of de-humanization, pets seem to help counteract this tendency, keeping people and their micro-society on this side of the frontier of humanity. In this communication I would like to take this observation beyond its apparent triviality and examine how the gaze of a companion animal can make people (feel) more human. I will argue that because they have a gaze, animals have a presence, an anima. Their gaze is a call to be present, but the kind of presence that is called for is different from the presence that is demanded by a human gaze. One of the reasons is that animals cannot have an objective engagement with the world. They are always subjectively engaged in their umwelt (Uexküll). They cannot be detached and they are not able to perceive human bodies as things. This has many consequences, that will be examined with the help of the concepts of Leib and Körper, as they appear in phenomenological psychopathology (i.e. Bowden, 2012). Moreover, it can be argued, following the lines developed by D. Winnicott in his theory of intermediary spaces, that the gaze of a peaceful companion animals can help a fragile self to exist and develop a creative relationship with the world, thus becoming more human. [less ▲]

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See detailUn mode de présence qui affecte. Expérience corporelle et espace intersubjectif dans des rencontres avec des chevaux
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, January 18)

Il s'agit de la présentation d'un travail de recherche en cours, qui vise à interroger la manière dont la mise en présence du corps animal (en l'occurrence, ici, des chevaux) affecte la perception de mon ... [more ▼]

Il s'agit de la présentation d'un travail de recherche en cours, qui vise à interroger la manière dont la mise en présence du corps animal (en l'occurrence, ici, des chevaux) affecte la perception de mon propre corps. [less ▲]

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See detailAgir sur soi pour agir sur autrui. Le travail affectif dans les relations entre dauphins et soigneurs
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Tsantsa (2018), 23

Marinelands are entertainment companies whose main stars are marine mammals. Based on fieldwork conducted in a European aquatic park, this paper analyses how such a company deals with the many affects and ... [more ▼]

Marinelands are entertainment companies whose main stars are marine mammals. Based on fieldwork conducted in a European aquatic park, this paper analyses how such a company deals with the many affects and emotions that intersect there: the dolphins', the public's, the trainers' and the anti-captivity activists'. The first part of the paper shows that parks are engaged in a deliberate policy of affects that is used to legitimate captivity, in an international context that is globally unfavourable to it. The second part deals with trainers' interactions with dolphins and document the affective work that trainers operate on themselves and on their animals in order to "produce" a dolphin that is eager to work and which they can trust. [less ▲]

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See detailEnchanting Dolphins: An Analysis of Human-dolphin Encounters
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in McHugh, Suzan; Marvin, Garry (Eds.) Human-animal Studies, Vol III, Western (2018)

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