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See detailRoman Street and Urban Economy
Morard, Thomas ULiege; Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Book published by Propylaeum-EBOOKS (in press)

The streets played a key role in shaping the ancient economic townscape. Usually, we just consider the street as a way for traffic, but this conception is presumably wrong as a reading of ancient authors ... [more ▼]

The streets played a key role in shaping the ancient economic townscape. Usually, we just consider the street as a way for traffic, but this conception is presumably wrong as a reading of ancient authors like Martial or Juvenal suggests. The “space of the street” was built in three dimensions and was an important place for the social and economic interactions constituting the urban sociability during Antiquity. Such a function clearly appears in the architecture of the street shaped by numerous tabernae built within atrium houses, rows of shops or multi-storey buildings and by the activities which happened there. In other words, the economy of ancient cities was not confined to specific buildings such as macella. On the contrary, economic activities extended beyond the walls of such buildings and invaded the whole urban fabric along the streets. The papers of the panel “Ancient Streets and Urban Economy” intend to shed new light on the role of the space of the street in the urban economy in ancient societies between the 2nd century BC and the 3rd century AD in particular. To further our understanding, the different authors propose to examine some case studies such as Alba Fucens, Athens, Lugdunum, Norba, Ostia or Pompeii. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Raisings of the Eastern Decumanus at Ostia: a New Reading of Archival Evidence (1908-1924)
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

in Mainet, Grégory; Graziano, Maria Stella (Eds.) Ad Ostium Tiberis Proceedings of the Conference Richerche Archeologiche alle Foce del Tevere (2021)

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See detailAd Ostium Tiberis Proceedings of the Conference Richerche Archeologiche alle Foce del Tevere (Rome – Ostia, December 2018, 18-20th)
Mainet, Grégory ULiege; Graziano, Maria Stella

Book published by Peeters (2021)

This book presents the results of the colloquium “Ricerche Archeologiche alla Foce del Tevere” which was held on 18-20 December 2018 in Rome and Ostia. It provided young researchers with the opportunity ... [more ▼]

This book presents the results of the colloquium “Ricerche Archeologiche alla Foce del Tevere” which was held on 18-20 December 2018 in Rome and Ostia. It provided young researchers with the opportunity to present their own research on ancient Ostia and the surrounding territory to the scientific community. The collection of papers presented here shows new evidence, new analysis tools, new approaches and new questions. The contributors have used the latest technologies and scrutinized archival records which are a valuable source of information that remain often unpublished. The scale and range of the analyses are impressive, from the molecular identification of pigments, to the remote-sensing study of broad swathes of the Ostian landscape. The chronological spread is also notable, from the late 6th-5th centuries BC to the 5th-early 6th centuries AD. These proceedings are divided into four parts showing broad-ranging subjects: the first part tackles Ostian urbanism and territory; the second building activities from designing to decorating; the third religion; and the fourth archaeological finds. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic Activities and the Streetscape of Roman Cities in Central Italy (Lazio and Abruzzo)
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

in Bentz, Martin; Heinzelmann, Michael (Eds.) Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology (2021)

The imperial streets of Ostia and Rome – as they appear on the severian Forma Urbis Romae – were edged by many shops, which shaped the streetscape of these cities. This situation is common in modern ... [more ▼]

The imperial streets of Ostia and Rome – as they appear on the severian Forma Urbis Romae – were edged by many shops, which shaped the streetscape of these cities. This situation is common in modern downtown, but it was not in Antiquity. In greek cities such as Priene or Olynthus, the space of the street is so different : since there is few doorways in the buildings façades, the frontages are more simple and the buildings more segregated from the thoroughfares. We observe the same characteristics in some italian cities, like Norba, destroyed at the begining of the 1st century BC. Indeed, the streetscape seems to change from the Late-Republic in Italy : at Ostia for instance, we observe late-republican tabernae along the Decumanus, under the Horrea of Hortensius. The progressive development of shops along urban thoroughfares shows evidence of the economic facilities offered by the space of the street, made up of building façades, roadway and street furnitures. This built framework hosts shopkeepers and their commercial activities, because it gave some market opportunities to them, just as a macellum, but far and wide throughout the city. So far, this architectural environment has been neglected in favor of the street network and the traffic. This paper would consider the evolution of the architecture of the streets in Italy, between the Mid-Republican time and the Severian period, and highlight the role played by the “street-as-market” in the organisation of urban economy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa sistemazione delle strade urbane di Ostia
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Article for general public (2020)

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See detailA new reading of Ostia’s shops and urban economy
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

in Journal of Roman Archaeology (2020), 32

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See detailLes rehaussements du Decumanus dans le contexte des « quartiers » occidentaux d'Ostie
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, April 11)

The western section of the decumanus and the neighbourhoods it crosses, as we can see them today, offer a landscape deeply marked by the reworking and restoration work carried out following the ... [more ▼]

The western section of the decumanus and the neighbourhoods it crosses, as we can see them today, offer a landscape deeply marked by the reworking and restoration work carried out following the excavations carried out by Guido Calza in 1938-1942. These works are part of the staging that was carried out at the time in response to the imperialist ideology of the Mussolini regime, which sought to highlight the "golden age" of the first colony of Rome, which was attributed to the 2nd century AD. However, this kind of scenography conceals from the layman's eye the complexity of the evolution of the urban fabric of Ostia. To date, only the didactic area below the Domus sul decumano (III, II, 3) bears witness to this complexity. This survey, carried out after the Second World War by Italo Gismondi, shows that these "districts" have gone through several major phases since their creation during the Republican period. These phases can be clearly seen in the successive raising of the decumanus and the gradual raising of the level of the peripheral buildings. These increases in levels were accompanied by a continuous widening of the street, which had significant repercussions on the urban fabric of the area. Likewise, these transformations affected the roads leading to this axis, such as the Cardo degli Aurighi. Up to now, the problems related to the raising of the levels have been mainly dealt with on individual plots of land. This approach presupposes that the stratigraphy of a single plot accurately reflects the stratigraphy of the surrounding urban fabric. My paper aims to clarify these issues by avoiding this methodological bias. With this in mind, this reflection will focus on the space of the street and will be based on data collected since 1938. These include the documentation of ancient excavations preserved at the Parco Archeologico di Ostia Antica and the Archivio Centrale dello Stato, as well as the results of recent excavations, in particular the results of investigations carried out in the Tempio dei Fabri Navales (III, II, 1-2), the Schola del Traiano (IV, V, 15-16) and its annex, the Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate (IV, V, 18). This documentation will allow me first of all to restore the archaeological landscape as it was before the remodelling carried out in 1938-42. I will then highlight the evolution of the urban fabric of these "quarters" between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD, using the heightening of the decumanus as a guiding thread. However, the transformations of this space cannot be understood in isolation from the buildings with which it interacted. I will illustrate the close link between these components of the urban fabric by presenting a longitudinal section of the plots of the Schola del Traiano and the Tempio dei Fabri Navales (III, II, 1-2), one opposite the other on either side of the decumanus. This dialectical approach between the road system and the built environment, which is new to Ostia, will shed new light on this area of the city and will be a new milestone in our knowledge of these "districts" after the publication of the proceedings of the symposium held at the Academia Belgica in 2014. [less ▲]

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See detailLa rue au fil du temps. L'exemple du decumanus occidental à Ostie
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, March 06)

The western section of the Ostia decumanus offers a landscape that is deeply marked by the reshaping and restoration work carried out following the excavations conducted by Guido Calza between 1938 and ... [more ▼]

The western section of the Ostia decumanus offers a landscape that is deeply marked by the reshaping and restoration work carried out following the excavations conducted by Guido Calza between 1938 and 1942, so much so that the scenography set up at that time conceals from the layman's eye the complexity of the urban evolution of this area. Only the didactic area at the foot of the Domus sul decumano (III, II, 3) still bears witness to the complexity of the evolution of the western districts of Ostia. This survey shows unambiguously that this area underwent several major urban phases from its creation during the Republican period to its abandonment at the end of Antiquity. Each of these phases is characterised by a different urban landscape, which this presentation proposes to highlight through the analysis of the façades that make up the volume of this street, in order to successively draw the contours of this space in the Severian period, at the end of Hadrian's reign, and then in the Augustan period. To this end, this process will be based on the documentation of the ancient excavations kept at the Parco Archeologico di Ostia Antica. These documents will first of all make it possible to deconstruct the archaeological landscape as we see it today and to reconstruct the archaeological landscape as it was before the remodelling carried out in 1938-42. [less ▲]

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See detailRehausser la cité. Les transformations du réseau viaire de la région II à la lumière des « archives Vaglieri »
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, December 20)

The stratigraphic excavations carried out in Ostia by Dante Vaglieri at the beginning of the 20th century first highlighted the several raisings of the city levels. Since then, many sondages have provided ... [more ▼]

The stratigraphic excavations carried out in Ostia by Dante Vaglieri at the beginning of the 20th century first highlighted the several raisings of the city levels. Since then, many sondages have provided new evidence about this phenomenon which was broadly discussed during a conference organized in 1998 at Rome. However, the papers proposed during this meeting focused mainly on the raising of levels identified within a few buildings. In other words, these studies presented evidence from excavations isolated and scattered across the urban fabric, from the Terme del Nettuno (II, IV, 2) until the Schola del Traiano (IV, V, 15-16) or from the Campo della Magna Mater (IV, I) until the Insula di Giove e Ganimede (I, IV, 2). In contrast, none of these papers dealt with the raisings of the street roadbed although they are very informative about this vexed question. This talk aims to fill this gap by taking into account the archival materials as well as the latest stratigraphic evidence. Obviously, this paper cannot consider every street of Ostia and focuses on the eastern and western decumanus. The earliest data provide much information about the stratigraphy of these streets, but little dating evidence was available. In other words, the digging of the trenches carried out before the publication of the Topografia Generale in 1953 provided no more than a relative chronology. As a result, my enquiry seeks to connect the different levels of the street with these one of the adjacent buildings dated by stamps or stratigraphic evidence. This enquiry assumes that the ground level of a new building cannot be built beneath the roadbed, so much so that this reading can be seen as a proxy to further understand the transformation of the urban fabric of Ostia. [less ▲]

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See detailLa céramique issue des contextes augustéens de la parcelle de la Schola del Traiano (IV, V, 15-16)
Deru, Xavier ULiege; Desbat, Armand; Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Poster (2014, September 23)

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