References of "Dubois, Christophe"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailThe misfortunes of artificial intelligence solutions for accounting firms: The forgotten role of distribution channels in the diffusion of innovations
Jemine, Grégory ULiege; Puyou, François-Régis; Dubois, Christophe ULiege

Conference (2021, July 08)

Accounting firms have increasingly been depicted as subject to disruptive technological innovations, such as continuous reporting and artificial intelligence, which would supposedly cause profound ... [more ▼]

Accounting firms have increasingly been depicted as subject to disruptive technological innovations, such as continuous reporting and artificial intelligence, which would supposedly cause profound transformations in accountants’ work practices. Yet, there appears to be a widening gap between a managerial, prospective, and prescriptive literature increasingly underlining the “need” for accounting firms to embrace these technologies and the extent to which they actually disseminate among accountants. By emphasizing a basic yet overlooked mechanism of diffusion – sales –, the paper explores the market mechanisms that regulate and temper the diffusion of innovative accounting technologies. Results show that well-established sales channels are largely controlled by reselling firms, who act as gatekeepers between innovators and accountants, filtering technologies depending on their own business interests. Moreover, accountants themselves do not perceive technological innovations as a high strategic priority. In this picture, innovators struggle to disseminate their products among accounting firms and the prophesied transformation of the accounting profession through technological disruption appears to be more myth than reality, as innovations are first and foremost pressuring the sales channels through which technological innovations are sold, rather than accounting firms themselves. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow do lawyers engineer and develop legaltech projects? A story of opportunities, platforms, creative rationalities, and strategies
Dubois, Christophe ULiege

in Law, Technology and Humans (2021), 3(1), 68-81

Over the last fifteen years, the working context of lawyers has undergone many changes. Evolving in an increasingly competitive, deregulated and globalised market, they are subject to higher tax pressure ... [more ▼]

Over the last fifteen years, the working context of lawyers has undergone many changes. Evolving in an increasingly competitive, deregulated and globalised market, they are subject to higher tax pressure while being exposed to unbridled technological innovation. Indeed, a growing number of entrepreneurs are using digital solutions to provide online legal services that are supposed to be faster and cheaper. If many of them are non-lawyer legal entrepreneurs, many lawyers are also engineering innovative projects and launching their own start-up companies, known as “LegalTech” or “LawTech”. However, few studies – none to our limited knowledge – provide an empirically-grounded analysis of such projects, leaving some questions unanswered. Who are these entrepreneurial lawyers? How and why do they engineer and develop legaltech projects? And how do they challenge the legal profession? To answer these questions, this article draws on a qualitative study of three contrasted start-ups that have recently been developed by some Belgian lawyers. The research methodology combines grey and scientific literature reviews, web-documents (“Manifestos”, hereafter) analysis, and semi-directive interviews lead with the start-up’s founders (n = 5), the Bar association’s representatives (n = 3), and some members of the main Belgian legal tech network (n = 4). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailLe cas Jonas, une invitation au bégaiement
Dubois, Christophe ULiege

Scientific conference (2021, March 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeux projets legaltechs développés par des avocats en Belgique
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Dambly, Philippe ULiege

in Management et Datascience (2021), 5(3),

Depuis une quinzaine d’années, les avocats évoluent sur un marché des services juridiques de plus en plus concurrentiel, libéralisé et mondialisé (Bessy, 2015) et observent, avec inquiétude et excitation ... [more ▼]

Depuis une quinzaine d’années, les avocats évoluent sur un marché des services juridiques de plus en plus concurrentiel, libéralisé et mondialisé (Bessy, 2015) et observent, avec inquiétude et excitation, l’émergence de nouvelles technologies juridiques : les legaltechs. Cette notion est souvent utilisée comme un nom au pluriel – les legaltechs – désignant aussi bien des plates-formes, des start-ups, des logiciels ou des applications. Nous proposons ici de l’employer comme un adjectif qualifiant certains projets visant à fournir des services juridiques en ligne via un traitement digitalisé. Un nombre croissant d’entrepreneurs développent et commercialisent diverses solutions numériques pour fournir des services juridiques en ligne censés être plus rapides, plus accessibles et moins chers (Dubois & Schoenaers, 2019). Parmi eux, plusieurs avocats ont développé des plateformes de mise en relation avec des professionnels du droit, des outils d’aide à la rédaction de documents juridiques, des moteurs de recherche documentaire, des systèmes de gestion de l’information, etc. Malgré ce foisonnement d’innovations, rares sont les études proposant une analyse empirique de tels projets (Kirat & Sweeney, 2019). Leur rareté pose question. Qui sont ces avocats entrepreneurs ? Comment conçoivent et développent-ils leurs projets ? Quels défis posent-ils à leur profession ? Le présent article vise à répondre à ces questions en s’appuyant sur une étude empirique approfondie de deux petits projets conçus par de jeunes avocats belges au cours des cinq dernières années (Dubois, 2020)[1]. La méthodologie combine une revue de littérature, des analyses de sites Internet et des entretiens semi-directifs menés avec les avocats entrepreneurs (n = 5), des représentants du Barreau (n = 3) et certains membres du réseau belge de legaltechs (n = 4). Cette étude de cas propose également un cadre analytique permettant de rendre compte de quatre dimensions constitutives des projets legaltechs : les décisions préliminaires qui les autorisent, la plateforme qui les matérialise, les processus organisationnels ouverts qui les animent et les stratégies – marchandes, organisationnelles et professionnelles – qui les composent. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailDeux leviers sobres mais puissants pour équiper la Justice
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Montens, Pieterjan

Article for general public (2021)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe politics behind design projects: when space, organization, and technology collide
Jemine, Grégory ULiege; Pichault, François ULiege; Dubois, Christophe ULiege

in International Journal of Managing Projects in Business (2021), 14(3), 743-766

While more and more organizations commit to transformation projects with the aim of redesigning simultaneously their workspaces, work organization, and technologies, the design process supporting such ... [more ▼]

While more and more organizations commit to transformation projects with the aim of redesigning simultaneously their workspaces, work organization, and technologies, the design process supporting such projects remains largely understudied. This paper examines the political tensions that occur when such processes unfold as well as their implications for project management. By doing so, the paper counterbalances the prescriptive and normative literature on “New Ways of Working” which largely overlooks the political complexity of such projects. The analysis illustrates how space, organization, and technology are gradually designed and structured. Four interconnected and often concealed mechanisms that support triple design processes are identified: political tensions, unexpected twists, conflicting temporalities, and arbitration measures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (31 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQuand les applications de contact tracing font (la) peur
Dubois, Christophe ULiege

in Revue Nouvelle (2020), (5), 12-16

La pandémie de Covid-19 constitue un drame sanitaire et socioéconomique dont nous commençons à peine à mesurer l’ampleur. Comme toute crise, elle a notamment permis de questionner nos échelles de ... [more ▼]

La pandémie de Covid-19 constitue un drame sanitaire et socioéconomique dont nous commençons à peine à mesurer l’ampleur. Comme toute crise, elle a notamment permis de questionner nos échelles de production et de consommation, nos espaces de travail, notre modèle d’État (a)social, la surpopulation carcérale ou encore la place de nos droits fondamentaux [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailVrije toegang tot juridische informatie: een democratische én budgettaire kans
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Montens, Pieterjan; Vandendooren, Anne-Sophie et al

Article for general public (2020)

Iedere maand verspreiden een vierhonderdtal juridische tijdschriften honderden artikels over de Belgische en Europese rechtspraak en wetgeving. Deze artikels worden geschreven door of in samenwerking met ... [more ▼]

Iedere maand verspreiden een vierhonderdtal juridische tijdschriften honderden artikels over de Belgische en Europese rechtspraak en wetgeving. Deze artikels worden geschreven door of in samenwerking met specialisten uit de publieke (wetgever, rechters, professoren, onderzoekers en griffiers) en privésector (advocaten, notarissen, deurwaarders en bedrijfsjuristen) en behandelen kwesties van algemeen belang, zoals de rechtsactualiteit, de uitspraken van hoven en rechtbanken, maar ook onderwerpen uit de rechtsleer. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailInformation juridique : pourquoi est-il essentiel de pouvoir y accéder librement ?
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Rosic, Zorana

Article for general public (2020)

L’ouverture des informations juridiques aiderait les professionnels du droit dans leurs missions. Une des hautes juridictions belges montre l’exemple depuis plusieurs années : le Conseil d’État belge.

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOrganizing in the Shadow of Academic Entrepreneurship, Excellence and Omnipresence
Shaik, Farah Jeelani ULiege; Dubois, Christophe ULiege

in Advances in Sciences and Humanities (2020), 6(2), 70-81

Drawing on an empirical case study conducted in a Belgian University [1], this article proposes a framework to analyze how academic organizations are both structuring and structured by academics’ ... [more ▼]

Drawing on an empirical case study conducted in a Belgian University [1], this article proposes a framework to analyze how academic organizations are both structuring and structured by academics’ strategies. First, it accounts for three major logics of action – Entrepreneurship, Excellence and Omnipresence – percolating three organizational dimensions – namely managerial discourses, formal and parallel structures [2]. Moreover, this paper proposes that these organizational dimensions constitute three different and always temporary states that are constantly being shaped by three phases of organizing processes – namely translation, inscription, enactment [6]. Second, drawing on Gherardi et al.’s metaphor of “shadow organizing” [3], the article identifies some ideal-typical strategies developed by academics: sober stowing away, selecting the local candidate, and invisible caring. The identification of these strategies opens up to discussing how academics are (pretending to) playing and applying the rules of the game, while also disengaging from them. In doing so, academics contribute to preserving and reinforcing the managerial discourse and the formal structure of their organization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (8 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailLe libre accès à l’information juridique : une opportunité démocratique… et budgétaire
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Montens, Pieterjan; Vandendooren, Anne-Sophie et al

Article for general public (2020)

En l’absence d'éditeur juridique public, les auteurs n’ont longtemps eu d’autre choix que de passer par des intermédiaires marchands pour mettre en page, imprimer, relier et diffuser les sources ... [more ▼]

En l’absence d'éditeur juridique public, les auteurs n’ont longtemps eu d’autre choix que de passer par des intermédiaires marchands pour mettre en page, imprimer, relier et diffuser les sources législatives et jurisprudentielles. Aujourd’hui, l’encadrement juridique de ces pratiques pose question, de même que l’accès aux sources et leur prix prohibitif. Ces questions se posent d’autant plus à l’heure de l’Open Science et des réseaux sociaux. L’État belge peut-il avancer sur la voie du partage des communs, inscrite en germe dans le décret sur la Science Ouverte de mai 2018 et dans la révision de l’article 149 de la Constitution ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailToutes les décisions de justice seront bientôt publiées sur internet : pourquoi cette loi soulève des enjeux démocratiques importants
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Montens, Pieterjan; Vandendooren, Anne-Sophie

Article for general public (2020)

A partir du 1er septembre 2020, tous les arrêts et jugements rendus par les cours et tribunaux belges sont censés être publiés en ligne dans une banque de données accessible à tout citoyen. Ce droit ... [more ▼]

A partir du 1er septembre 2020, tous les arrêts et jugements rendus par les cours et tribunaux belges sont censés être publiés en ligne dans une banque de données accessible à tout citoyen. Ce droit fondamental s’entend au-delà de toutes considérations marchandes et est garanti par une loi publiée au Moniteur Belge le 16 mai 2019, modifiant l’article 149 de la Constitution. La publicité de la jurisprudence en version 2.0. RDTI, (74), 55-70.) Cette promesse à visée démocratique majeure soulève toutefois de nombreuses questions et inquiétudes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (2 ULiège)
See detailFear of going to prison, fear of leaving prison
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Curti, Sabina ULiege

Scientific conference (2020, March 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULiège)
See detailLegal Tech Projects: market, organizational, and professional strategies
Dubois, Christophe ULiege

Scientific conference (2020, February 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPredictors of Mortality and Effect of Drug Therapies in Mechanically Ventilated Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Multicenter Cohort Study
Lambermont, Bernard ULiege; Ernst, Marie ULiege; Demaret, Pierre et al

in Critical Care Explorations (2020), 2(12), 0305

We conducted a multicenter cohort study to determine the effect of drug therapies on survival in mechanically ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019. All consecutive adult patients admitted to ... [more ▼]

We conducted a multicenter cohort study to determine the effect of drug therapies on survival in mechanically ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019. All consecutive adult patients admitted to ICU for coronavirus disease 2019 from March 1, 2020, to April 25, 2020, and under invasive mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours were included. Out of 2,003 patients hospitalized for coronavirus disease 2019, 361 were admitted to ICU, 257 were ventilated for more than 24 hours, and 247 were included in the study. Simple and multiple time-dependent Cox regression models were used to assess the effects of factors on survival. Methylprednisolone administration during the first week of mechanical ventilation was associated with a decrease in mortality rate from 48% to 34% (p = 0.01). Mortality was significantly associated with older age, higher creatinine, lower lymphocyte count, and mean arterial pressure lower than 70 mm Hg on the day of admission. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (17 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom a new workplace to a New Way of Working: legitimizing organizational change
Jemine, Grégory ULiege; Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Pichault, François ULiege

in Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management (2020), 15(3), 257-278

Several studies have recently documented projects of organizational transformation and modernization which, commonly clustered under the umbrella term “New Ways of Working” (NWoW), simultaneously entail ... [more ▼]

Several studies have recently documented projects of organizational transformation and modernization which, commonly clustered under the umbrella term “New Ways of Working” (NWoW), simultaneously entail material, technological, cultural and managerial dimensions. Academic contributions, however, have paid little attention to the mechanisms allowing such projects to progressively become legitimized in organizational discourses and practices. The paper aims to investigate the distinctive features of the legitimation process underlying the implementation of NWoW projects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 246 (73 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen the Gallic Village Strikes Back: The Politics Behind ‘New Ways of Working’ Projects
Jemine, Grégory ULiege; Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Pichault, François ULiege

in Journal of Change Management (2020), 20(2), 146-170

In the last decade, the interest of managers and professionals for New Ways of Working (NWoW) has grown rapidly, as evidenced by multiple firms claiming to implement ‘NWoW workspaces’ in Belgium and in ... [more ▼]

In the last decade, the interest of managers and professionals for New Ways of Working (NWoW) has grown rapidly, as evidenced by multiple firms claiming to implement ‘NWoW workspaces’ in Belgium and in the Netherlands. NWoW is often used as a convenient umbrella term to designate a set of organizational adjustments that include open and ‘flexible’ workspaces, new IT tools, as well as cultural and managerial transformations believed to be ‘innovative’. While the academic literature has investigated several cases of NWoW workspaces through post-occupancy studies, there is at the present time no research available on the change process leading to these transformations. The ambition of the paper is to conceptualize NWoW as projects of organizational change subject to politics and power games. Through an empirical study of a multi-site media company implementing a NWoW project, the paper illustrates three implications of a political conception of NWoW. First, the ability of local actors to bargain and to twist the strategic intentions of the deciding authorities is highlighted. Second, the study underlines the crucial role of key intermediaries in designing NWoW projects. Third, participative approaches of change are critically discussed. The paper also provides recommendations for future research on NWoW. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (37 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes algorithmes dans le droit : illusions et (r)évolutions
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Schoenaers, Frédéric ULiege

in Droit et Société (2019), 3(103), 501-515

Rares ont été jusqu’ici les articles publiés dans Droit et Société prenant pour objet les interactions entre technologies numériques et droit . C’est pour cette raison que ce dossier propose aux lecteurs ... [more ▼]

Rares ont été jusqu’ici les articles publiés dans Droit et Société prenant pour objet les interactions entre technologies numériques et droit . C’est pour cette raison que ce dossier propose aux lecteurs de la revue des contributions empiriquement ancrées relatives à ce vaste phénomène, sans bien entendu prétendre le saisir dans sa totalité. Ce dossier s’inscrit ainsi dans le prolongement de diverses initiatives ayant récemment permis une meilleure compréhension des enjeux relatifs aux processus de digitalisation de la justice, d’algorithmisation du droit, de dématérialisation des procédures judiciaires ou encore d’automatisation du raisonnement juridique . Sans négliger les importantes contributions conceptuelles et critiques existantes , les articles rassemblés ici saisissent empiriquement les phénomènes concrets par lesquels les technologies algorithmiques influencent le processus de mise en œuvre du droit ou, plus simplement, le rendent possible. Ces articles permettent ainsi d’éclairer quatre des évolutions liées à l’introduction des algorithmes dans les activités juridiques : • une évolution technologique d’abord, basée sur la conception, le développement et l’usage d’algorithmes, d’applications, de plateformes, de logiciels, etc. ; • une évolution du marché des services juridiques ensuite, basée sur l’offre et la demande de services – automatisés ou non – de rédaction de contrats, d’avis et de documents juridiques divers et variés ; • une évolution du droit et des normes – juridiques ou non – liée, notamment, aux formes de régulation par le code informatique et aux formes de régulation par les données ; • une évolution des formes organisationnelles et des pratiques professionnelles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 303 (15 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEntre nécessité et opportunités : la digitalisation de la Justice belge par l’Ordre des avocats
Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Mansvelt, Valérie ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Droit et Société (2019), 103(3), 555-572

For twenty years, the public policies for the modernisation of the Belgian judicial system have essentially aimed to introduce managerial, IT and digital tools within the courts. Since 2016, a part of ... [more ▼]

For twenty years, the public policies for the modernisation of the Belgian judicial system have essentially aimed to introduce managerial, IT and digital tools within the courts. Since 2016, a part of this modernisation policy has been based on the cooperation of the legal professions. This is how French and Dutch-speaking Bar Associations are responsible for designing, developing and managing two platforms enabling the filing and exchange of documents. The article analyses how Bar Associations have gradually become the central and indispensable actors in a digitalisation process considered as “inevitable”. Our analysis sheds light on the interdependence of the strategies of the Bar Associations that, beyond the asymmetry of their resources, have managed to seize “windows of opportunity”. Finally, we highlight the triple position of political, financial and moral entrepreneurs that is shaping their legitimacy today. This triple posture characterizes the role and commitment of the Bar Associations in the digitalization policy of the judicial institution, which is part of the rise of discourse, tools and organizational and managerial practices presented as “necessary”. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (14 ULiège)