References of "Dienst, Simon"
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See detailCeramica comune da mensa e da dispensa di Roma
Dienst, Simon ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2020)

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See detailCeramica da cucina di Roma
Dienst, Simon ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 ULiège)
See detailLa terre sigillée africaine - productions A, A/D et D
Dienst, Simon ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (4 ULiège)
See detailLa terre sigillée africaine - productions C, C/E et E
Dienst, Simon ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (4 ULiège)
See detailLa céramique à vernis noir
Dienst, Simon ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUnderstanding exchange networks in the basin of the Garigliano during mid-Republican period: evidences from Artena and Alba Fucens
Dienst, Simon ULiege; Mainet, Grégory ULiege; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULiege

Conference (2019, November 13)

Our knowledge of economic trade in Central Italy during the mid-Republican era is fairly limited. Pottery and terracotta, however, offer some opportunities to further our understanding of these exchanges ... [more ▼]

Our knowledge of economic trade in Central Italy during the mid-Republican era is fairly limited. Pottery and terracotta, however, offer some opportunities to further our understanding of these exchanges, but, so far, scholars have focused to a great extent on chronological aspects, such as the chronology of black-glazed ware, or on oversea trade through the study of amphorae. Nevertheless, few studies have considered common ware, whereas it is very helpful to grasp regional exchanges, as the preliminary results of our enquiries on two mid-Republican deposits in Artena (Province of Rome) and Alba Fucens (Province of L’Aquila) suggest. These cities, located in Central Italy, are 60 kilometres away from each other and offer pottery in contexts which can be traced back to the 4th – 3rd century BC. On one hand, the “Piano della Civita” in Artena, a town dated between the 4th and the 2nd century BC, is situated at the beginning of the Sacco river valley, near Rome. On the other hand, Alba Fucens is a Latin colony founded at the end of the 4th century BC near lake Fucino, immediately north of the spring of the Liri river and abandoned during Late Antiquity. The contexts of both these cities are currently under study. Our observations result from a multiproxy approach combining typological study, fabric observations with binocular loupe and pXRF (PIXE/PIGE, XRD and thin sections analysis forthcoming). The obtained information is then compared to other pertinent data from and vicinity to the Garigliano Basin. In a nutshell, this paper will begin with a short overview of the current assertions about Republican ware in Central Italy, centred on black-glazed production with a long-distance circulation. Then the results of our study on these unpublished contexts, focused on common ware, will discussed. The pertinence of considerate the hydrographical network of the Garigliano basin as a vector of medium-scale trade will be examined in detail, considering the different approaches carried out. The conclusion will open the problematic on other networks that could have existed during the mid-Republican era and the connectivity between these areas on a larger scale. [less ▲]

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See detailRegional Ware Around Rome Between the 4th and the 7th c. A.D.: Typology and Seriation
Dienst, Simon ULiege

Conference (2019, October 15)

Despite some important publications on late antique ware in the area of Rome, study of local ware (both cooking and tableware) is mostly based on comparisons with a few published assemblages, without any ... [more ▼]

Despite some important publications on late antique ware in the area of Rome, study of local ware (both cooking and tableware) is mostly based on comparisons with a few published assemblages, without any overview of the pottery. Until now, there is no global typology, only focuses on single excavations. This approach unfortunately led to numerous mistakes about typological identifications and do not allow a complete chronological review of the local ware. My poster will be a presentation of the principal forms noticed on Late Antique assemblages around Rome. This work is based on the study of numerous assemblages at Rome and some excavations around the city, still poorly published. It is supported by a seriation of well-published contexts by statistic tools with classification into regional horizons (as defined by X. Deru in its paper “Chronologie, céramique et statistique”, in SFECAG-Congrès de Langres, 2007, pp. 49-60). This communication is part of a more important work on typologies for the ONICer software, currently designed by Xavier Deru with the support of the University of Lille. This software is dedicated to the inventory of archaeological ware, using relational database and a collaborative work on standardized typologies to assist archaeologists in the classification of pottery and to improve comparison with similar designations. At the same time of the poster presentation, the typologies concerned will be uploaded on the software. [less ▲]

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See detailLate Roman Ware at Artena, Latium (3rd-7th c.): Archaeological Evidence and Archaeometric Data
Dienst, Simon ULiege; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULiege; Chene, Grégoire ULiege et al

Conference (2019, October 15)

This contribution aims to present the particularities of the assemblages from the Piano della Civita at Artena, near Rome, during Late Antiquity. Excavated since 1978 by a Belgian then Franco-American ... [more ▼]

This contribution aims to present the particularities of the assemblages from the Piano della Civita at Artena, near Rome, during Late Antiquity. Excavated since 1978 by a Belgian then Franco-American team under the supervision of Roger Lambrechts, then Cécile Brouillard and Jan Gadeyne, the artificial terrace of this Middle Republican settlement was later occupied by a complex succession of buildings. The Late Antique occupation, consisting mainly of farming and storage edifices, was followed by an early medieval structure with four golden solidi dated to 654-659 CE in the foundation. The study of the pottery from the Late Antique layers gives us valuable information about the economy and culture of this region. Very few assemblages from this time period around Artena have been published and the material culture seems clearly different from Rome. Our paper will present the characteristics of the pottery from Artena, using both typology, quantifications and archaeometry (XRF, PIXE/PIGE, CPAA). These data will then be compared to other assemblages from this period around Artena and at Rome. Lastly, they will be discussed in the light of regional connectivity, changes in the food practices and esthetical choices. Special attention will be paid to the question of the changes in the choice and the preparation of the clays for certain uses (cooking, tableware), as well as to the provenance of a great amount of cooking ware that in their forms and fabric is very different from the Roman ware as well as from the local ware of the valle del Sacco. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistical approach to pottery quantification as ways to explore chronology, economy and culture of Roman and Late Antique settlements: the case of Artena (province of Rome)
Dienst, Simon ULiege

Poster (2019, September 18)

Since 1995, Roger Lambrechts then Cécile Brouillard and Jan Gadeyne investigate the artificial terrace of the Piano della Civita at Artena, near Rome. The excavations have revealed a complex succession of ... [more ▼]

Since 1995, Roger Lambrechts then Cécile Brouillard and Jan Gadeyne investigate the artificial terrace of the Piano della Civita at Artena, near Rome. The excavations have revealed a complex succession of different phases of occupation that span from the 4th century BC to the 7th century AD. The study of the ceramic assemblages from this site is an integrative part of my PhD dissertation. An important part of the common ware has scarce parallels. Despite the identification of the phases of occupation, the stratigraphy and chronological sequence of the material is difficult to read due to multiple occupations and refurbishments of some buildings as well as soil erosion. These difficulties encountered on the field call for the application of different techniques to apprehend the chronology of the ceramic finds. Therefore, the assemblages (about sixty thousand sherds in stratigraphy) have few usable evidences outside themselves. This paper discusses chronological, cultural and economic data that was extracted from these contexts, based on the assertions of contemporaneity of assemblages with similar features. Our methodology uses statistical tools such as the chi-squared tests and the linked correspondence analyses on types and fabrics to help refine the chronology of these wares. These methods are then used to do comparisons between the ware from Artena and other assemblages to further our knowledge of pottery traditions around Artena, which were fairly different from Rome and other well-known sites in Roman and Late Antique times in terms of economic and cultural patterns. Statistical approaches are rare in studies on Italian ware; even quantifications are uncommon in the recent studies (except for amphora). Therefore, through the case-study of Artena, this paper aims to encourage the development of such techniques as a tool to provide further insights into pottery studies in Central Italy in the Roman and Late Antique periods. [less ▲]

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See detail12 MeV Proton Activation Analysis combined to IBA techniques for compositional studies of various archeological artefacts from Roman and Merovingian sites (Ostia Antica, Artena, Nevers)
Chene, Grégoire ULiege; Defeyt, Catherine ULiege; Dienst, Simon ULiege et al

Poster (2019, September 18)

A combination of 3MeV proton PIXE-PIGE, MA-XRF and 10-15 MeV proton activation analysis has been recently applied on the external beam line of the cyclotron of IPNAS/CEA laboratory from the University of ... [more ▼]

A combination of 3MeV proton PIXE-PIGE, MA-XRF and 10-15 MeV proton activation analysis has been recently applied on the external beam line of the cyclotron of IPNAS/CEA laboratory from the University of Liège, and thus, to a wide variety of archaeological specimens (glass, pottery, mortars and pigments) all provided by on-going studies and excavations of housing materials, wall decorations, and vessels led on two remarkable Roman sites and one Medieval site: First, from an important agricultural complex excavated on an artificial terrace from a republican town, Artena, located, 40 km South-East from Rome, near the Via Latina and the Campania; second, from the Domus dei bucrani, a house dating from the end of the Republican era discovered on the site of the Schola of the Trajan at Ostia Antica and third, from the sixth-century glass mosaic from Saint Etienne church in Nevers, France. The aim of the present work is to explore and report the specific analytical interests of Charge Particle Activation Analysis implemented with protons ranging from 10 to 15 MeV, as a non-invasive analytical technique for the detection of elements with Z = 11–40 and beyond, and to address its suitability to solve questions raised by archaeologists. We present in this paper the preliminary results obtained following methodologies reported in recent pioneering and more recent works and emphasize on the achieved sensitivities (Limits of Detections) for elements as Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Sr, Y, Zr and Sb ranging from percentage to parts per million (ppm) levels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (17 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPIXE-PIGE and Proton Activation Analysis of Analysis of Roman archeological artefacts
Strivay, David ULiege; Chene, Grégoire ULiege; Dienst, Simon ULiege et al

Poster (2019, June 11)

A combination of 3MeV proton PIXE-PIGE, MA-XRF and 10-15 MeV proton activation analysis has been recently applied on the external beam line of the cyclotron of IPNAS/CEA laboratory from the University of ... [more ▼]

A combination of 3MeV proton PIXE-PIGE, MA-XRF and 10-15 MeV proton activation analysis has been recently applied on the external beam line of the cyclotron of IPNAS/CEA laboratory from the University of Liège, and thus, to a wide variety of archaeological specimens (glass, pottery (terra sigillata), mortars and pigments) all provided by on-going studies and excavations of housing materials, wall decorations, and vessels led on two remarkable Roman sites: First, from an important agricultural complex excavated on an artificial terrace from a republican town, Artena, located, 40 km South-East from Rome, near the Via Latina and the Campania and second, from the Domus dei bucrani, a house dating from the end of the Republican era discovered on the site of the Schola of the Trajan in Ostia. The aim of the present work is to explore and report the specific analytical interests of Charge Particle Activation Analysis implemented with protons ranging from 10 to 15 MeV, as a non-invasive analytical technique for the detection of elements with Z = 11-40 and beyond, and to address its suitability to solve questions raised by archaeologists. We present in this paper the preliminary results obtained following methodologies reported in recent pioneering and more recent works1-4 and emphasize on the achieved sensitivities (Limits of Detections) for elements as Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Sr, Y, Zr and Sb ranging from percentage to parts per million (ppm) levels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (13 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailONICer, une application au service de la céramique
Deru, Xavier ULiege; Dienst, Simon ULiege

Conference (2019, June 01)

L’application ONICer constitue un outil d’inventaire de la céramique, pour l’identification des techniques et des formes et de leur représentation statistique ; il sert également à leur archivage. Il ... [more ▼]

L’application ONICer constitue un outil d’inventaire de la céramique, pour l’identification des techniques et des formes et de leur représentation statistique ; il sert également à leur archivage. Il permet d’intégrer des référentiels techniques, typologiques et graphiques. Par une suite d’écrans, les référentiels sont interrogés afin de construire l’inventaire. L’application présente également des fonctionnalités de raccourcis, qui évitent les tâches redondantes. Ce logiciel sera disponible sur le serveur HUMA-NUM (09/19), ainsi que les typologies des catégories rencontrées dans le nord de la Gaule. D'autres typologies seront rajoutées prochainement, notamment pour l'étude de la céramique en Italie centrale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (8 ULiège)
See detailOsservazioni preliminari sulle fasi anteriori alla costruzione della villa romana sul terrazzamento artificale della civita di Artena
Brouillard, Cécile; Gadeyne, Jan; Dienst, Simon ULiege

Conference (2019, May 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULiège)
See detailApports d'une approche pluridisciplinaire pour l'étude de la vaisselle antique
Dienst, Simon ULiege

Conference (2019, April 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailI pavimenti della Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 16) nel contesto ostiense tra l’età augustea e l’età severiana
Morard, Thomas ULiege; Dienst, Simon ULiege; Mainet, Grégory ULiege et al

Conference (2019, March 14)

La Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 16) est l’une des rares maisons à atrium d’Ostie qui ont été fouillées récemment de manière exhaustive. Les investigations conduites sur cette parcelle par l’Université ... [more ▼]

La Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 16) est l’une des rares maisons à atrium d’Ostie qui ont été fouillées récemment de manière exhaustive. Les investigations conduites sur cette parcelle par l’Université Lumière Lyon 2 entre 2002 et 2010 ont permis de poser un regard nouveau sur cette forme architecturale et de poser de nouvelles questions à propos de cet type d’habitat qui, jusqu’à présent, est resté en marge des études sur l’architecture domestique d’Ostie depuis les dégagements des années 1938-42. L’étude des sols et des pavements en particulier a livré de nouvelles données. Les fouilles stratigraphiques menées sur cette parcelle ont mis en évidence les différentes composantes des sols de cet édifice construit au début de l’empire. Notre communication se proposera dans un premier temps d’étudier les différentes couches qui composent ces sols, qui se rapprochent de la description du sol type proposée par Vitruve lui-même (statumen, rudus, nucleus), et de montrer leur particularité par rapport aux sols postérieurs mis en évidence à Ostie. En effet, les fouilles conduites à l’embouchure du Tibre depuis les années 60-70 sous les niveaux de sols impériaux ont permis de mieux caractériser la composition de nombreux sols aménagés à partir du IIe s. de notre ère et la mission de la Schola del Traiano ne fait pas exception, puisque plusieurs sols construits au IIIe siècle ont été documentés. Cette première partie posera ainsi des jalons essentiels pour appréhender l’histoire des techniques adoptées pour la constructions des sols à l’embouchure du Tibre, avant que ne soient réaliser des analyses archéométriques. Dans un second temps, cette communication s’intéressera plus particulièrement aux divers pavements qui recouvraient les sols de la Domus a Peristilio, parmi lesquels un des plus anciens opus sectile du port de Rome. Cette étude prendra à la fois en compte le style de ces pavements et les matériaux utilisés pour les réaliser. Certains d’entre eux témoignent de réaménagements, voire de restaurations, opérés dans cette maison au cours de son histoire qui prit fin sous les Sévères. La stratigraphie des sols montrent par exemple que les pavements de l’atrium et du péristyle ont été refait, au moins en partie. Ces nouveaux pavements, qu’il s’agisse de mosaïques ou de béton de sol avec incrustations de marbre, contrastent avec les pavements des nouvelles demeures construites à Ostie à partir du IIe siècle ap. J.-C., comme l’Insula delle Muse (III, IX, 22). Cette situation n’est pas isolée à Ostie et un constat similaire semble s’imposer dans la Domus di Giove Fulminatore (IV, IV, 3) [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of archeological artefacts from Ostia and Arena Roman sites by PIXE-PIGE and Proton Activation Analysis
Strivay, David ULiege; Chene, Grégoire ULiege; Dienst, Simon ULiege et al

Conference (2019, March)

A combination of 3MeV proton PIXE-PIGE, MA-XRF and 10-15 MeV proton activation analysis has been recently applied on the external beam line of the cyclotron of IPNAS/CEA laboratory from the University of ... [more ▼]

A combination of 3MeV proton PIXE-PIGE, MA-XRF and 10-15 MeV proton activation analysis has been recently applied on the external beam line of the cyclotron of IPNAS/CEA laboratory from the University of Li`ege, and thus, to a wide variety of archaeological specimens (glass, pottery (terra sigillata), mortars and pigments) all provided by on-going studies and excavations of housing materials, wall decorations, and vessels led on two remarkable Roman sites: First, from an important agricultural complex excavated on an artificial terrace from a republican town, Artena, located, 40 km South-East from Rome, near the Via Latina and the Campania and second, from the Domus dei bucrani, a house dating from the end of the Republican era discovered on the site of the Schola of the Trajan in Ostia. The aim of the present work is to explore and report the specific analytical interests of Charge Particle Activation Analysis implemented with protons ranging from 10 to 15 MeV, as a non-invasive analytical technique for the detection of elements with Z = 11-40 and beyond, and to address its suitability to solve questions raised by archaeologists. We present in this paper the preliminary results obtained following methodologies reported in recent pioneering and more recent works [1-4] and emphasize on the achieved sensitivities (Limits of Detections) for elements as Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Sr, Y, Zr and Sb ranging from percentage to parts per million (ppm) levels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (6 ULiège)
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See detailONICer : un outil numérique pour l'inventaire de la céramique
Deru, Xavier ULiege; Dienst, Simon ULiege

in Rivet, Lucien (Ed.) Actes de la Société française d’étude de la céramique en Gaule, Maubeuge-Bavay, 2019 (2019)

ONICer vise la simplification, la systématisation et l’automatisation à la fois de l’identification et de la quantification de la céramique, ainsi que l’archivage de la céramique. En effet, ONICer permet ... [more ▼]

ONICer vise la simplification, la systématisation et l’automatisation à la fois de l’identification et de la quantification de la céramique, ainsi que l’archivage de la céramique. En effet, ONICer permet la consultation des typologies sur un support numérique, de constituer rapidement son inventaire sous forme d’une base de données exportable dans tous les systèmes personnels, de créer des étiquettes pour les échantillons et le matériel isolé. L’application est participative, chaque chercheur peut soit utiliser les typologies déjà disponibles, soit ajouter ces propres référentiels. Elle est disponible à l'adresse suivante : https://www.onicer.org/ [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (4 ULiège)