References of "Zeppezauer, M"
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See detailKinetic and spectroscopic characterization of native and metal-substituted beta-lactamase from Aeromonas hydrophila AE036.
Hernandez Valladares, M.; Kiefer, M.; Heinz, U. et al

in FEBS Letters (2000), 467(2-3), 221-5

Two metal ion binding sites are conserved in metallo-beta-lactamase from Aeromonas hydrophila. The ligands of a first zinc ion bound with picomolar dissociation constant were identified by EXAFS ... [more ▼]

Two metal ion binding sites are conserved in metallo-beta-lactamase from Aeromonas hydrophila. The ligands of a first zinc ion bound with picomolar dissociation constant were identified by EXAFS spectroscopy as one Cys, two His and one additional N/O donor. Sulfur-to-metal charge transfer bands are observed for all mono- and di-metal species substituted with Cu(II) or Co(II) due to ligation of the single conserved cysteine residue. Binding of a second metal ion results in non-competitive inhibition which might be explained by an alternative kinetic mechanism. A possible partition of metal ions between the two binding sites is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailMono- and binuclear Zn2+-beta-lactamase. Role of the conserved cysteine in the catalytic mechanism.
Paul-Soto, R.; Bauer, R.; Frère, Jean-Marie ULiege et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1999), 274(19), 13242-9

When expressed by pathogenic bacteria, Zn2+-beta-lactamases induce resistance to most beta-lactam antibiotics. A possible strategy to fight these bacteria would be a combined therapy with non-toxic ... [more ▼]

When expressed by pathogenic bacteria, Zn2+-beta-lactamases induce resistance to most beta-lactam antibiotics. A possible strategy to fight these bacteria would be a combined therapy with non-toxic inhibitors of Zn2+-beta-lactamases together with standard antibiotics. For this purpose, it is important to verify that the inhibitor is effective under all clinical conditions. We have investigated the correlation between the number of zinc ions bound to the Zn2+-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus and hydrolysis of benzylpenicillin and nitrocefin for the wild type and a mutant where cysteine 168 is replaced by alanine. It is shown that both the mono-Zn2+ (mononuclear) and di-Zn2+ (binuclear) Zn2+-beta-lactamases are catalytically active but with different kinetic properties. The mono-Zn2+-beta-lactamase requires the conserved cysteine residue for hydrolysis of the beta-lactam ring in contrast to the binuclear enzyme where the cysteine residue is not essential. Substrate affinity is not significantly affected by the mutation for the mononuclear enzyme but is decreased for the binuclear enzyme. These results were derived from kinetic studies on two wild types and the mutant enzyme with benzylpenicillin and nitrocefin as substrates. Thus, targeting drug design to modify this residue might represent an efficient strategy, the more so if it also interferes with the formation of the binuclear enzyme. [less ▲]

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See detailPreference of Cd(II) and Zn(II) for the two metal sites in Bacillus cereus beta-lactamase II: A perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays spectroscopic study.
Paul-Soto, R.; Zeppezauer, M.; Adolph, H. W. et al

in Biochemistry (1999), 38(50), 16500-6

Cd-substituted forms of the Bacillus cereus metallo-beta-lactamases (BCII) were studied by perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays (PAC) spectroscopy. At very low [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios, two ... [more ▼]

Cd-substituted forms of the Bacillus cereus metallo-beta-lactamases (BCII) were studied by perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays (PAC) spectroscopy. At very low [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios, two nuclear quadrupole interactions (NQI) were detected. For [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios between 0.8 and 3.0, two new NQIs appear, and the spectra show that up to 2 cadmium ions can be bound per molecule of apoenzyme. These results show the existence of two interacting Cd-binding sites in BCII. The relative populations of the two NQIs found at low [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios yielded a 1:3 ratio for the microscopic dissociation constants of the two different metal sites (when only one cadmium ion is bound). X-ray diffraction data at pH 7.5 demonstrate that also for Zn(II) two binding sites exist, which may be bridged by a solvent molecule. The measured NQIs could be assigned to the site with three histidines as metal ligands (three-His site) and to the site with histidine, cysteine, and aspartic acid as metal ligands (Cys site), respectively, by PAC measurements on the Cys168Ala mutant enzyme. This assignment shows that cadmium ions preferentially bind to the Cys site. This is in contrast to the preference of Zn(II) in the hybrid Zn(II)Cd(II) enzyme, where an analysis of the corresponding PAC spectrum showed that Cd(II) occupied the Cys site, whereby Zn(II) occupied the site with three histidines. The difference between Zn(II) and Cd(II) in affinity for the two sites is combined with the kinetics of hydrolysis of nitrocefin for different metal ion substitutions (Zn(2)E, ZnE, Cd(2)E, CdE, and ZnCdE) to study the function of the two metal ion binding sites. [less ▲]

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See detailMono- and binuclear Zn-beta-lactamase from Bacteroides fragilis: catalytic and structural roles of the zinc ions.
Paul-Soto, R.; Hernandez-Valladares, M.; Galleni, Moreno ULiege et al

in FEBS Letters (1998), 438(1-2), 137-40

The Bacteroides fragilis Zn-beta-lactamase is active with a mono- and a binuclear zinc site. The apoenzyme produced by removal of both Zn ions does not recover full activity upon readdition of Zn2+ in ... [more ▼]

The Bacteroides fragilis Zn-beta-lactamase is active with a mono- and a binuclear zinc site. The apoenzyme produced by removal of both Zn ions does not recover full activity upon readdition of Zn2+ in contrast to an active mono-Zn form prepared at pH 6.0. Differences in k(cat) values observed are substrate-dependent implying distinct mechanisms for the mono- and binuclear species. The substrate profile of a Zn,Cd hybrid obtained by selective exchange of one zinc ion is different from that of the Zn2 enzyme with a remarkable 15-fold increased activity with cefoxitin as substrate. [less ▲]

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See detailZn(Ii) Dependence of the Aeromonas Hydrophila Ae036 Metallo-Beta-Lactamase Activity and Stability
Hernandez Valladares, M.; Felici, A.; Weber, Georges ULiege et al

in Biochemistry (1997), 36(38), 11534-41

Two Zn2+ binding sites were found in the Aeromonas hydrophila AE036 metallo-beta-lactamase. The affinity of the first binding site for Zn2+ ions is so high that the dissociation constant could not be ... [more ▼]

Two Zn2+ binding sites were found in the Aeromonas hydrophila AE036 metallo-beta-lactamase. The affinity of the first binding site for Zn2+ ions is so high that the dissociation constant could not be determined, but it is significantly lower than 20 nM. The mono-Zn2+ form of the enzyme exhibits a maximum activity against its carbapenem substrates. The presence of a Zn2+ ion in the second lower affinity binding site results in a loss of enzymatic activity with a Ki value of 46 microM at pH 6.5. The kinetic analysis is in agreement with a noncompetitive inhibition mechanism. The Zn content of the A. hydrophila enzyme is also strongly pH-dependent. With an external Zn2+ ion concentration of 0.4 microM, occupancy of the higher affinity site by metal ions is lower than 10% at pH 5 and 10. The affinity for the second binding site seems to increase from pH 6 to 7.5. Fluorescence emission and circular dichroism spectra revealed slight conformational changes upon titration of the apoenzyme by Zn2+ ions, resulting in the successive saturation of the first and second binding sites. Differential scanning calorimetry transitions and intrinsic fluorescence emission spectra in the presence of increasing concentrations of urea demonstrate that the catalytic zinc strongly stabilizes the conformation of the enzyme whereas the di-Zn enzyme is even more resistant to thermal and urea denaturation than the mono-Zn enzyme. The Zn2+ dependency of the activity of this metallo-beta-lactamase thus appears to be very different from that of the homologous Bacteroides fragilis enzyme for which the presence of two Zn2+ ions per molecule of protein appears to result in maximum activity. [less ▲]

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