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See detailDevelopment of an essential oil-based new tool for pest-management in orchards : research methodology
Werrie, Pierre-Yves ULiege; Jean Le Goff, Guillaume; Hance, Thierry et al

Poster (2019, February 04)

The rosy apple aphid (Disaphys plantaginea) and the pear psylla (Cacopsylla pyri) are responsible for large yield decreases in both apple and pear orchads through sap sucking and desease spreading. To ... [more ▼]

The rosy apple aphid (Disaphys plantaginea) and the pear psylla (Cacopsylla pyri) are responsible for large yield decreases in both apple and pear orchads through sap sucking and desease spreading. To manage them, farmers use a range of phytosanitary products, that are sometimes very damaging to the environment/health. TREE INJECTION aims to propose an alternative technique based on an essential oil formulation that will be injected directly in the tree vascular system. Essential oils are natural insecticides developed by some plants through evolution, by injecting them directly in the tree, we hope to increase their persistence and avoid negative impact in the environment. The first objective is to select the essential oil (or the blend) presenting the strongest insecticidal and/or harmful properties (antifeedant, repellent, oviposition deterent) by rearing insects on artificial diets. Secondly, the possible phytotoxicity of these essential oils on trees will then be evaluated along with their translocation and impact within the plant. This will be monitored by designing a Gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry method to detect essential oil components within different organs of the tree (leaves, fruits) as well as phloem and xylem saps. Thirdly, the impact of formulation techniques such as micro-emulsion or other encapsulation techniques on the biodisponibility and persistence will be under investigation. Finally, the efficiency of these treatments will be evaluated under laboratory and field conditions. [less ▲]

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