References of "Vanrykel, Fanny"
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See detailLe contrôle de la conformité aux droits fondamentaux des lois d’assentiment à un Traité international ou de transposition d’une norme de droit européen
Vandenbosch, Sofia ULiege; Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege; Feron, Laurane ULiege

in Velandia, Canosa; Eduardo, Andres (Eds.) Proceedings and Works of the Third Wold Congress of International Justice (in press)

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See detailCommentaire de l'article 2 du Protocole facultatif à la Convention sur l'élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l'égard des femmes, fait à New York le 6 octobre 1999
Behrendt, Christian ULiege; Vandenbosch, Sofia ULiege; Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

in Hertig Randall, Maya; Hottelier, Michel; Lempen, Karine (Eds.) Convention sur l'élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l'égard des femmes, Commentaire article par article de la Convention et de son Protocole facultatif (in press)

Commentaire international, article par article, de la Convention et de son Protocole facultatif, publié sous la direction scientifique de l'Université de Genève (Profs. Maya HERTOG RANDALL, Michel ... [more ▼]

Commentaire international, article par article, de la Convention et de son Protocole facultatif, publié sous la direction scientifique de l'Université de Genève (Profs. Maya HERTOG RANDALL, Michel HOTTELIER et Karin LEMPEN). [less ▲]

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See detailA legal and economic analysis of B2C carsharing models
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege; Bourgeois, Marc ULiege; De Borger, Bruno

Conference (2019, May 28)

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See detailShould autonomous vehicles be liable for the payment of taxes ?
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, May 16)

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See detailFiscalité automobile et droit de l'Union européenne
Traversa, Edoardo; Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

in Picod, Fabrice; Martucci, Francesco (Eds.) La circulation des automobilistes en Europe (2019)

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See detailThe Strong, the Weak and the Law - Proceedings of the 6th ACCA Conference held in Liege on June 23, 2017
Miny, Xavier ULiege; Cordier, Quentin ULiege; Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege et al

Book published by Larcier (2018)

The relations between the law, the weak and the strong have given rise to considerable debates for centuries. Father Henry Lacordaire once eloquently observed : « Between the strong and the weak, between ... [more ▼]

The relations between the law, the weak and the strong have given rise to considerable debates for centuries. Father Henry Lacordaire once eloquently observed : « Between the strong and the weak, between the rich and the poor, between master and servant, it is freedom that is oppressive and the law that sets free ». This inspiring sentence supposes that the law allows to restore equality between the weak and the strong, by protecting the weaker one. But is it always the case ? Does the law necessarily act in favour of the weak ? Although individuals may have de iure the same rights, de facto the situation can be that only the stronger ones may exercise their rights over the weaker ones, which are therefore deprived of their freedom. Besides can we consider that the law still can resist to the will of the mighty ? « While the strong relies on strength, the weak relies on the law » wrote Thucydides. The present issue raises many questions relating to the interaction between the weak and the strong and how this interaction is grasped by the law. How does the law answer to differences in terms of (commercial, military, social, financial, etc.) power, or to situations in which there is no real equality between the parties? Of course, this subject is broad and can encompass various topics such as fundamental rights, consumer protection, social law, international relations, protection of the environment and rules of procedure. During the Sixth ACCA Conference held on June 23rd 2017 at the University of Liège, researchers and academics from all Belgian universities were invited to make their observations on this particular topic. This book, gathering more than twenty texts from this national Conference, has been published in order to share their research findings. [less ▲]

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See detailFostering Share&Charge through proper regulation
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege; Ernst, Damien ULiege; Bourgeois, Marc ULiege

in Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (2018)

This article studies the emergence of Share&Charge, a German platform that organizes the sharing of charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) and the billing for the energy transactions. Share&Charge ... [more ▼]

This article studies the emergence of Share&Charge, a German platform that organizes the sharing of charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) and the billing for the energy transactions. Share&Charge follows a peer-to-peer fashion, enabling direct transactions between charging station owners and EV drivers. On the demand side, the platform, with its interactive map, makes it possible for EV owners to find a charging station in the most suitable location, for instance, at their place of work or where they live. On the offer side, Share&Charge enables station operators (private individuals or companies) to rent their charging stations and eventually to sell the electricity they produce. Charging tariffs within the charging station network are determined by the charging station operators themselves, but the platform provides indicative tariffs. Launched in September 2017, Share&Charge follows other initiatives, such as the French platforms Wattpop and ChargeMap, and the Swedish Elbnb. Share&Charge’s network is already proven to be successful with German citizens. Share&Charge adds certain elements of value at different stages of EV utilization. First, this model allows for a co-financing of charging infrastructures by individuals and businesses in the private sector by sharing the infrastructure costs among EV drivers. Besides the purchase price of EVs, the implementation of charging infrastructures and their financing represent a significant barrier to the rise of e-mobility. Share&Charge helps remove this obstacle without adding a further burden on the governmental budget. In addition, this approach follows the ‘‘user pays principle,’’ which engages in fair and effective financing. Second, the platform increases decentralized production value and facilitates its expansion. It also helps in avoiding grid congestion and energy loss, as well as increasing flexibility within the electricity market. Third, data use enables the optimization of energy demand and supply, and the optimal determination of tariffs, although these remain facultative. Models like Share&Charge could thus positively impact energy policy by tackling several upcoming obstacles associated with the development of EVs and decentralized energy production capacities. However, new forms of network structures (decentralized networks, sharing economy) and new actors (prosumers, platforms, etc.) also raise regulatory challenges. This article presents some of the legal issues associated with the development of models like Share&Charge. In particular, we study the tax framework applicable to this model, assuming that as such, it would be introduced into the Belgian market. [less ▲]

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See detailSharing car: a legal and economic analysis of the taxation of B2C car sharing models
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege; Bourgeois, Marc ULiege; De Borger, Bruno

Conference (2018, September 27)

Recently, shared mobility has become a hot topic in urban mobility discussions. Shared transportation models, like Ofo in Paris and Car2go in Madrid, affects people’s travel behaviour, generating social ... [more ▼]

Recently, shared mobility has become a hot topic in urban mobility discussions. Shared transportation models, like Ofo in Paris and Car2go in Madrid, affects people’s travel behaviour, generating social, environmental and land-use impacts. Notably, they can reduce car ownership, increase the use of alternative transportation modes, diminish fuel consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and the number of kilometres driven by car, and raise environmental awareness. Through a multidisciplinary approach combining law and economics, this contribution aims to analyse how business to consumer (B2C) carsharing models defy a number of selected taxes: motor vehicle taxes – mainly the registration tax and the annual circulation tax – and (future) road charges. We depart from the observation that these taxes and charges have been conceived in a context of car ownership, whereas new carsharing models are based on providing access to cars for personal use. The first part of this contribution provides a literature review on carsharing. It briefly points at the rise of new consumption models, it highlights carsharing’s main features, and it summarizes its potential benefits for sustainable mobility. The second part explores the recent policy shift in the use of motor vehicle taxes and road charges in Europe, with particular emphasis on Belgium. Finally, the third part gives an overview of the challenges posed by B2C carsharing to these tax instruments. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rapport du groupe d’experts sur la fiscalité des véhicules en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

in Revue de Fiscalité Régionale et Locale (2018), 1

La Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, désireuse de rendre son parc auto- mobile plus performant sur le plan environnemental a décidé, au début de la législature 2014-2019, de réformer ses taxes de circulation ... [more ▼]

La Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, désireuse de rendre son parc auto- mobile plus performant sur le plan environnemental a décidé, au début de la législature 2014-2019, de réformer ses taxes de circulation. À cette fin, une Taskforce composée d’experts en fiscalité et en sciences de l’environnement a été mise en place, en vue d’élaborer une proposition de réforme sur le verdissement des taxes de circulation et de mise en circulation en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale3. Le rapport rendu, qui fait l’objet de cet exposé, a été présenté au Parlement bruxellois le 4 juin 20184. En particulier, la présente contribution s’attache à introduire les élé- ments de contexte sous-tendant la réforme (1.), pour ensuite exposer le contenu du rapport final de la Task- force (2.). Enfin, plusieurs éléments de discussion et de conclusion sont présentés (3.). [less ▲]

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See detailRegulatory Challenges for Share&Charge Models
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege; Ernst, Damien ULiege; Bourgeois, Marc ULiege

in Network Industries Quarterly (2018), 20(3), 17-21

The platform Share&Charge provides an innovative solution to the lack of electric vehicles charging infrastructure, lying at the crossroad of the electricity market, the transport market and ... [more ▼]

The platform Share&Charge provides an innovative solution to the lack of electric vehicles charging infrastructure, lying at the crossroad of the electricity market, the transport market and digitalisation. This paper presents the functioning of Share&Charge and its potential, before assessing the tax treatment of operations involved in the use of the platform. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (18 ULiège)
See detailTaxation, a driver of mobilities ?
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, August 30)

Taxes and mobilities are closely related. Tax instruments can affect mobilities in a space dimension, by favoring or deterring spatial movements, but also in a time-based dimension, by encouraging or ... [more ▼]

Taxes and mobilities are closely related. Tax instruments can affect mobilities in a space dimension, by favoring or deterring spatial movements, but also in a time-based dimension, by encouraging or discouraging innovation. Conversely, mobilities also impact taxation, as taxes apply within a limited territorial scope. In this presentation, I study the nexus between taxation, mobilities, justice and empowerment, by attempting to determine whether taxes are driver of mobilities, social/technological empowerment and justice, or whether they foster immobilities and social exclusion. Tax instruments can influence different aspects of particular mobility practices such as who moves, how and why. Taxes can be used as a specific instrument of mobility policy, as a form of the so-called “fiscal interventionism”, or simply affect mobility behaviors, regardless whether the objective pursued is actually related to mobility. Taxation also connects to mobilities through the phenomenon of tax avoidance, which induces inter- or intra-States displacements. Taxes govern individuals’ behaviors by impacting the type of vehicle they buy, its environmental performance (vehicle taxes), the number of kilometer they drive (fuel and kilometer taxes), when and where (congestion taxes), the mode of transport they choose (commuting taxation) and even where they live (property tax). Taxation of digital platforms and services also affects the development of new mobility patterns and how future mobilities will be shaped. Depending on their specific features, taxes will crystallize existing inequalities or strive to remove them, taxes will foster technological evolution or cultivate stagnation. According to political choices and struggles for power, taxation will be an instrument of social and technological empowerment, or a factor of social exclusion and immobilities. [less ▲]

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See detailNavigating into innovative solutions towards sustainable mobility - Presentation of my PhD thesis
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, June 29)

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See detailFostering Share&Charge through Proper Regulation
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege; Ernst, Damien ULiege; Bourgeois, Marc ULiege

Conference (2018, June 22)

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See detailSolutions innovantes en faveur de la mobilité durable sous l’angle du droit fiscal: contraintes limites et possibilités
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

in Actes du Symposium Hera (2018, May 03)

Le présent projet de recherche interroge comment le recours à la fiscalité pourrait contribuer la mobilité durable, partant de l’hypothèse que pour assurer une telle transition, une plus grande ... [more ▼]

Le présent projet de recherche interroge comment le recours à la fiscalité pourrait contribuer la mobilité durable, partant de l’hypothèse que pour assurer une telle transition, une plus grande utilisation des taxes est nécessaire, plutôt que de recourir à des incitants. Il vise participer l’avancement de la science juridique selon une approche interdisciplinaire et s’oriente autour de plusieurs cas d’étude, représentant des solutions innovantes en faveur de la mobilité durable. This research project addresses the question how taxation can support sustainable transports, departing from the hypothesis that in order to ensure such a transition, it is preferable to focus on taxes, instead of the use incentives. It aims to contribute to the advancement of legal science based on an interdisciplinary approach as well as on several case studies, which represent innovative solution in favor of sustainable mobility. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental Protection and Tax Law: Belgian approach to the development of renewable energy and sustainable transport
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, June)

In the relation between human kind and nature, humans are often the strong and the environment the weak. Humans destroy animals’ habitat, affect biodiversity and cause climate change. By their behaviors ... [more ▼]

In the relation between human kind and nature, humans are often the strong and the environment the weak. Humans destroy animals’ habitat, affect biodiversity and cause climate change. By their behaviors, they also threaten future generations. Progressively, the law has started to regulate this relation and environmental law has emerged. Quickly, taxes and tax incentives have been considered a useful mean to achieve environmental protection. This contribution tells the story of how taxes and tax incentives have been used in Belgium to influence human behaviors towards a greater protection of the environment. In particular, it addresses the issue of climate change, by focusing on two aspect of this question: the development of renewable energy and sustainable transport. It is divided in two parts. The first one presents the current tax measures in relation with this question while the second one deals with their ability to achieve their goal. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainable Transport through Taxation. Analysis of Road Passenger Transport: Constraints, Limits and Prospects
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, April)

Présentation du projet de thèse "La fiscalité au service d’un transport durable. Analyse du transport routier de personnes: contraintes, limites et perspectives"

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULiège)
See detailRapport d'expertise portant sur diverses questions afférentes à la mise en place d'une commission d'enquête parlementaire au sein du Parlement wallon
Behrendt, Christian ULiege; Pironnet, Quentin ULiege; Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

Report (2017)

Rapport d'expertise non public, rédigé à la demande du bureau du Parlement wallon, 8 février 2017.

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See detailLa politique belge en matière de climat, entre autonomie et coopération. Quelle place pour une vision commune à l’échelle natio- nale ?
Vanrykel, Fanny ULiege

in Revue Belge de Droit Constitutionnel (2017), 3

La présente contribution étudie les tensions qui existent, au niveau interne, entre les facteurs d’autonomie, d’une part, et d’harmonisation, d’autre part, de la politique climatique en Belgique. Elle ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution étudie les tensions qui existent, au niveau interne, entre les facteurs d’autonomie, d’une part, et d’harmonisation, d’autre part, de la politique climatique en Belgique. Elle vise également à mettre en exergue les éventuels dysfonctionnements des institutions dotées d’un rôle en matière de changement climatique et à en tirer les conclu- sions sur le plan de l’établissement d’une politique cohérente à l’échelle nationale. Dans ce contexte, la première section est consacrée aux fac- teurs d’autonomie de la politique climatique en Belgique (I), tandis que la seconde porte sur les facteurs d’harmonisation (II). Chacune de celles-ci aborde, d’un point de vue critique, le cadre institutionnel et les législations et accords qui en découlent. [less ▲]

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