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See detailNeonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone concentrations in Belgium: a useful indicator for detecting mild iodine deficiency?
Vandevijvere, S; Coucke, W; Vanderpas, J et al

in PLoS ONE (2012)

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See detailMothflies (Diptera : Psychodidae) in hospitals: A guide to their identification and methods for their control
Verheggen, François ULiege; Mignon, Jacques ULiege; Louis, Josiane ULiege et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008), 63(4), 251-255

Repeated observation of "mothflies" at CHU Brugmann (Horta site hospital in Brussels) is not an isolated incident. Many public buildings have been infested by these Diptera of the Psychodidae Family ... [more ▼]

Repeated observation of "mothflies" at CHU Brugmann (Horta site hospital in Brussels) is not an isolated incident. Many public buildings have been infested by these Diptera of the Psychodidae Family. Although the species currently seen in Belgium is not a danger to human health, any infestation should be swiftly eradicated so as to limit the risks of a massive proliferation, source of hygiene problems and of potential bacterial dissemination. A good knowledge of adult and larval biology allows the potential sites of infestation to be quickly identified. The method to be envisaged to solve the problem will combine different approaches such as removing the risk factors (decomposing organic matter), monitoring egg-laying sites, applying caustic soda-based products and possibly treating with insecticide. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological support for a multifactorial aetiology of Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet
Suetens, C.; Moreno-Reyes, R.; Chasseur, C. et al

in International Orthopaedics (2001), 25(3), 180-187

We carried out a cross-sectional study in 12 rural villages in order to identify die risk factors for Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet. Children aged 5-15 years (n=575) were examined and their corresponding ... [more ▼]

We carried out a cross-sectional study in 12 rural villages in order to identify die risk factors for Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet. Children aged 5-15 years (n=575) were examined and their corresponding houses were visited. Samples were collected in order to study fungal contamination of stored grain and the organic matter content of drinking water. Multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression and population attributable fractions were computed to estimate the impact of each factor. The following variables were inde-pendendy associated with the disease: age, gender, low socio-economic status, indicators of a poorly diversified diet, iodine deficiency and small water container size (with higher organic matter levels in small containers). Selenium deficiency was severe in all study subjects. The degree of fungal contamination of barley grain was related to the highest percentage of cases (-5%) in a sample of the study population. Higher urinary iodine levels were not associated with decreasing prevalence rates when Alternaria sp. was isolated. The data that we report supports the hypothesis that Kashin-Beck disease occurs as a consequence of oxidative damage to cartilage and bone cells when associated wim decreased antioxidant defence. Another mechanism that may coexist is bone remodelling stimulated by thyroid hormones whose actions can be blocked by certain mycotoxins. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological support for a multifactorial etiology of Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet
Suetens, C.; Moreno, R.; Chasseur, C. et al

in Proceeding of International Symposium on Kashin-Beck disease and related disorders (1999)

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