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See detailNew ways of working, new ways of living...What housing and planning implications? Ontologies and governance of live-work mix. A comparison of Amsterdam, Brussels and Stockholm
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2020)

The ‘flexibilisation’ of labour markets has led to the blurring of the work and home spheres, which has had implications on housing and planning. This thesis addresses the ‘live-work mix’, that is, the ... [more ▼]

The ‘flexibilisation’ of labour markets has led to the blurring of the work and home spheres, which has had implications on housing and planning. This thesis addresses the ‘live-work mix’, that is, the renewed intertwining of living and working activities in new housing production and urban development. This phenomenon is related to the focus on new target groups, the restructuring of housing provision and changes in urban agendas. Three research questions are addressed in this research: (i) what are the different ontologies of live-work mix in contrasting institutional frameworks, (ii) what kind of governance arrangements are used to implement live-work mix and (iii) how do institutional frameworks influence the nature and governance of live-work mix. An embedded, comparative case-study analysis was conducted to tackle these questions, with three cities as main cases (Amsterdam, Brussels and Stockholm) and a typology of live-work mix as embedded cases. The analytical framework draws on path dependency and an institutionalist approach to collaborative governance. The first part of the thesis compares the housing and planning regimes as well as live-work mix strategies of the case-study cities. The analysis confirms the impact of early planning directions and shows how factors such as historically dominant actors impact local ontologies of live-work mix. Nevertheless, current issues conditioning live-work mix, such as the flexibilisation of tenure, apply across contexts. The governance of live-work mix is explored in the second part. The results indicate that local governments’ intervention is essential in live-work development, whereas market parties remain focused on residential development. Live-work mix also requires new instruments and strategic uses of existing tools. Although the actors share interests to enhance the attractiveness of a specific location for target demographics, their collaboration can be affected by divergent views, for instance, about the nature of live-work mix. As a result, the projects delivered are likely to favour housing, and affordability and accessibility issues can arise. A comprehensive discussion reconnects the empirical findings to the conceptual framework. It confirms that live-work mix is purposed for specific groups and draws on the emergence of new (commodified) housing forms in locations prioritised in urban agendas. Although institutional frameworks affect several variables of live-work mix, the implementation of live-work goals is not always more effective in more regulated frameworks. The discussion closes with suggestions for the regulation and governance of live-work mix that will inform planners and decision-makers on a phenomenon that is likely to expand in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailShared housing for students and young professionals: evolution of a market in need of regulation
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; van Bueren, Ellen; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Journal of Housing and the Built Environment (2020)

This research addresses the shared housing market, that is, large-scale developments targeting students and ‘young professionals’, equipped with shared spaces and services for the residents. This housing ... [more ▼]

This research addresses the shared housing market, that is, large-scale developments targeting students and ‘young professionals’, equipped with shared spaces and services for the residents. This housing segment has emerged in response to young adults’ demand for flexible and affordable housing. It has developed in cities that concentrate students and young single professionals, plan densification strategies and face housing commodification. We specifically explore the production side of this market, through the comparison of two projects in Amsterdam. Our objective is to understand the institutional context in which these projects were developed and their outcomes. Consequently, the research questions are: which actors develop these projects, what instruments do they use, and what are the outcomes in a commodifying housing market? From our analysis, the actors need to collaborate on shared housing developments and receive support from local governments, through the strategic use of planning instruments and tenure regulations. However, the shared facilities seem to merely serve to commercialize small housing production, while housing affordability and accessibility are threatened. We, thus, recommend local and national authorities to regulate the provision of shared spaces and suggest further research on the effects of the shared housing market in cities facing housing commodification. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ville demain
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege

Speech/Talk (2020)

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See detailMixité logement-travail à Bruxelles et à Amsterdam
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

Comment adapter les projets de logement avec des stratégies économiques visant la proximité ? Résultats d’une recherche académique comparative entre 2 villes : Amsterdam et Bruxelles A découvrir le mardi ... [more ▼]

Comment adapter les projets de logement avec des stratégies économiques visant la proximité ? Résultats d’une recherche académique comparative entre 2 villes : Amsterdam et Bruxelles A découvrir le mardi 05 novembre à 12h15 L’économie bruxelloise est fortement imprégnée de la fonction internationale, rappelle-t-on dans notre Plan Régional de Développement Durable (PRDD). Néanmoins, notre modèle de développement se tourne vers la ville de proximité (par exemple, grâce au déploiement des noyaux d’identité locale) et des projets immobiliers fonctionnellement mixtes. Cette approche encourage l’économie résidentielle de proximité, via des politiques de l’emploi adaptées à la situation des Bruxellois, ou encore le soutien/développement d’un tissu important de PME liées à l’économie urbaine (par exemple, la construction et la rénovation). Travail et logement, des thématiques urbaines de plus en plus liées pour résoudre notre situation socio-économique compliquée et l’exiguïté de notre territoire, vu le manque de disponibilité foncière et la ‘concurrence’ entre fonctions. Activités productives, économie de service, économie circulaire, … quelques notions au service de la politique résidentielle bruxelloise, qui visent à soutenir l’approfondissement de la mixité fonctionnelle des projets ou des territoires. Les ZEMU ne sont-elles pas l’essence même de cette stratégie, en recherchant l’équilibre entre développement économique, qualité de vie en ville, activités économiques pourvoyeuses d’emplois, services et biens à destination du territoire et de ses habitants ? Constance Uyttebrouck, Ph.D. Candidate au FNRS pour l’Université de Liège, viendra nous exposer le contexte amstedallois et bruxellois afin de mettre en évidence les acteurs, instruments et visions de la mixité travail-logement. Un focus sera ensuite pointé sur une typologie précise de projets de logements : · denses de petits logements avec espaces partagés et services, · mixtes implantés dans des zones en redéveloppement, · menés par les futurs habitants et intégrant des espaces partagés et/ou de travail. [less ▲]

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See detailNew ways of working, new ways of living...new housing issues ?
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; van Bueren, Ellen; Teller, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2019, August 29)

Our working life has become increasingly flexible, so have our housing needs. The housing market has very well understood this paradigm shift and the private sector has started developing innovative ... [more ▼]

Our working life has become increasingly flexible, so have our housing needs. The housing market has very well understood this paradigm shift and the private sector has started developing innovative housing concepts emphasizing new urban “live-work” lifestyles. In particular, housing developments delivering small dwellings with shared spaces and services for the residents have been supported by local governments. Such projects often target students and so-called “young professionals”, possibly with an intergenerational mix. Originally a niche market, the development of shared spaces and services as a compensation for small housing dwellings has become significant in global cities with a high market pressure. The latter is not only related to the concentration of small households and young, highly-skilled people in cities, but also to housing deregulation, increased labour flexibility, and land use policies oriented to urban densification and mixed-use development. Our purpose is to explore the processes behind this growing phenomenon in Amsterdam and Brussels, two cities creating a favorable context for live-work mix developments. Our objective is to understand the influence of each local context on the governance and further outcomes of these developments. Consequently, the research questions addressed in both cities are: which coalitions of actors develop housing with shared spaces and services, what are the mechanisms influencing affordability and quality outcomes, and is there a need for further regulation of this housing segment? Through the discussion of exemplary developments completed in both cities, we discuss the difficult balance between affordability and quality as opposed to profitability and quantity. We finally stress our concern regarding the risk of self-segregation (irrespective of a defined target public) and ever smaller housing units. [less ▲]

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See detailWorking – living mix: from urban development strategy to market initiatives
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; Remoy, Hilde; Teller, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2018, June 27)

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See detailMixing working and living spaces in buildings: implementation and upscaling
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; van Bueren, Ellen; Teller, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2018, May 18)

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See detailSpatial hybridization and its implications on housing in Brussels and Amsterdam
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2017, September 04)

This paper aims to address the effects of labour market mutations on housing through an analysis of “spatial hybridization”, focusing on the qualitative comparison of Brussels and Amsterdam. The objective ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to address the effects of labour market mutations on housing through an analysis of “spatial hybridization”, focusing on the qualitative comparison of Brussels and Amsterdam. The objective is to provide first elements of context, methodology and results of a wider on-going research. In the first section, we highlight underlying trends, in particular the emergence of NWoW in a context of new economy, and current issues on the housing market (flexibilisation, commodification, gentrification). Then, we discuss the relevance of applying path dependence in our research, before presenting our two case-study cities from a historical perspective and pointing out innovative practices and the current public discourse. Finally, we discuss differences and similarities through four elements of comparison: functional mix at the block level, service-oriented housing, economic and housing paths. The discussion is based on our literature review, early policy analysis and interviews with key-stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailHome Sweet Home : Quatre fenêtres ouvertes sur le logement
Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Quintart, Aurélie ULiege; Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Malgré des parcours de vie très variés, nous sommes tous confrontés à la nécessité de nous loger. La majorité des ménages belges fait le choix d’acheter un logement plutôt que de le louer. Quatre ... [more ▼]

Malgré des parcours de vie très variés, nous sommes tous confrontés à la nécessité de nous loger. La majorité des ménages belges fait le choix d’acheter un logement plutôt que de le louer. Quatre doctorants feront le point sur quatre étapes clés du parcours du citoyen pour un logement. [less ▲]

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See detailLes lieux hybrides dans la ville : essai de cartographie
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege

Conference (2017, May 11)

Les « lieux hybrides », associant activités résidentielles et professionnelles dans un même espace, et dont le développement s’inscrit dans l’évolution de l’habitat et du monde du travail, nécessitent la ... [more ▼]

Les « lieux hybrides », associant activités résidentielles et professionnelles dans un même espace, et dont le développement s’inscrit dans l’évolution de l’habitat et du monde du travail, nécessitent la mise en place de dispositifs régulateurs, au regard des dynamiques de cohésion sociale et de développement urbain. Une production non régulée de tels lieux comporte des incertitudes liées à la mobilité, qui pourraient entraîner un nouveau mouvement d’urbanisation vers la périphérie. La mixité de fonctions qui les caractérise pourrait en outre fragiliser l’accès au logement dans des quartiers soumis à une forte pression immobilière. L’article met en évidence la possibilité de cartographier le parc actuel de lieux hybrides à l’échelle de la région bruxelloise, voire de la métropole, pour visualiser les dynamiques spatiales en jeux. L’objectif est ensuite de mener une étude comparative avec Amsterdam et Stockholm, afin de dégager les facteurs de convergence et de divergence liés à des dynamiques urbaines propres ou à des instruments de régulation spécifiques. Le caractère innovant, et parfois informel, du phénomène complexifie également l’établissement de la cartographie. [less ▲]

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See detailHybrid places : a conceptual framework
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege

Poster (2017, April 27)

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