References of "Teller, Jacques"
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See detailOnline communities and their contribution to local heritage knowledge
Ginzarly, Manal; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development (in press)

The purpose of this study is to explore the potential of social media as a framework for people-centered heritage. With a focus on the interpretation and display of heritage by online communities, this ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to explore the potential of social media as a framework for people-centered heritage. With a focus on the interpretation and display of heritage by online communities, this paper aims at providing insights into the social production of heritage —the social co-construction of meanings of everyday landscape and the making of the collective and local identity. [less ▲]

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See detailAn incremental approach to service co-production: unfolding the co-evolution of the built environment and water and sanitation infrastructures
Rosati, Federica Natalia ULiege; Moretto, Luisa; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development (2020)

The literature is increasingly approaching the participation of households in the delivery of urban services through the lens of co-production. However, there has been no in-depth exploration of the ... [more ▼]

The literature is increasingly approaching the participation of households in the delivery of urban services through the lens of co-production. However, there has been no in-depth exploration of the relationship between incremental changes in the urban fabric (urban typologies and morphologies) and the forms of adaptations of co-produced water and sanitation services. The paper draws on three planned neighbourhoods in Hanoi to examine these incremental changes by considering the transformation of the neighbourhood at different scales and the consequent evolution of the sociotechnical arrangements for the delivery of water and sanitation services. By exploring forms of reconfiguration of the built environment and embedded water infrastructures, the paper outlines the possibility of an alternate reading of service co-production initiatives as incremental spatial practices, with an emphasis on the role of technology in allowing transformation processes. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic through Changes in Outbound Tourism on Water Demand: The Case of Liège (Belgium)
Nguyen, Bich Ngoc ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Water (2020), 12(10), 2820

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to many countries closing their borders, and numerous people spending their holidays at home instead of traveling abroad. This sudden reduction in travel activities, and ... [more ▼]

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to many countries closing their borders, and numerous people spending their holidays at home instead of traveling abroad. This sudden reduction in travel activities, and other ‘new normals’, might have influenced people’s water usage. Hence, using Liège as a case study, this study aims to address the potential effect of outbound tourism on water consumption and how the current situation might affect the total water demand. Statistical models were developed and validated using the total daily volume of 23 municipalities in the Liège conurbation, the monthly total number of outbound trips, and other meteorological data. Results suggest significantly lower water demand in the months with high numbers of outbound travel activities. Though the projected risk of increased water needs due to fewer people traveling is moderate, the threat becomes much higher during long periods of dry and hot weather. [less ▲]

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See detailShared housing for students and young professionals: evolution of a market in need of regulation
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; van Bueren, Ellen; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Journal of Housing and the Built Environment (2020)

This research addresses the shared housing market, that is, large-scale developments targeting students and ‘young professionals’, equipped with shared spaces and services for the residents. This housing ... [more ▼]

This research addresses the shared housing market, that is, large-scale developments targeting students and ‘young professionals’, equipped with shared spaces and services for the residents. This housing segment has emerged in response to young adults’ demand for flexible and affordable housing. It has developed in cities that concentrate students and young single professionals, plan densification strategies and face housing commodification. We specifically explore the production side of this market, through the comparison of two projects in Amsterdam. Our objective is to understand the institutional context in which these projects were developed and their outcomes. Consequently, the research questions are: which actors develop these projects, what instruments do they use, and what are the outcomes in a commodifying housing market? From our analysis, the actors need to collaborate on shared housing developments and receive support from local governments, through the strategic use of planning instruments and tenure regulations. However, the shared facilities seem to merely serve to commercialize small housing production, while housing affordability and accessibility are threatened. We, thus, recommend local and national authorities to regulate the provision of shared spaces and suggest further research on the effects of the shared housing market in cities facing housing commodification. [less ▲]

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See detailProcedural generation of flood-sensitive urban layouts
Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed El Saeid ULiege; Zhang, Xiao Wei; Aliaga et al

in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science (2020), 47(5), 889-911

Aside from modeling geometric shape, three-dimensional (3D) urban procedural modeling has shown its value in understanding, predicting and/or controlling effects of shape on design and urban planning. In ... [more ▼]

Aside from modeling geometric shape, three-dimensional (3D) urban procedural modeling has shown its value in understanding, predicting and/or controlling effects of shape on design and urban planning. In this paper, instead of the construction of flood resistant measures, we create a procedural generation system for designing urban layouts that passively reduce water depth during a flooding scenario. Our tool enables exploring designs that passively lower flood depth everywhere or mostly in chosen key areas. Our approach tightly integrates a hydraulic model and a parameterized urban generation system with an optimization engine so as to find the least cost modification to an initial urban layout design. Further, due to the computational cost of a fluid simulation, we train neural networks to assist with accelerating the design process. We have applied our system to several real-world locations and have obtained improved 3D urban models in just a few seconds. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of urban forms on surface flow in urban pluvial flooding
Bruwier, Martin ULiege; Maravat, Claire; Mustafa, Ahmed et al

in Journal of Hydrology (2020), 582

This paper presents a systematic analysis of the influence of nine urban characteristics (distance be-tween buildings, mean building size, building coverage, etc.) on surface flow in case of pluvial ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a systematic analysis of the influence of nine urban characteristics (distance be-tween buildings, mean building size, building coverage, etc.) on surface flow in case of pluvial flooding. Time dependent stored volumes, outflow discharges and mean water depths were comput-ed for a set of 2,000 synthetic urban forms, considering various terrain slopes and return periods of the rainfall. An efficient porosity-based surface flow model was used to compute the 2D flow varia-bles. Statistical analysis of the relationship between the flow and urban variables highlights that the flooding severity is mostly influenced by the building coverage. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential for urban greening with green roofs: A way towards smart cities
Joshi, Mitali ULiege; Selmi, Wissal ULiege; Binard, Marc ULiege et al

Scientific conference (2020)

Cities are experiencing increased pressure on social, economic, and environmental sectors due to the rapid urbanisation and increasing risk owing to climate change affecting the urban environment ... [more ▼]

Cities are experiencing increased pressure on social, economic, and environmental sectors due to the rapid urbanisation and increasing risk owing to climate change affecting the urban environment. Solutions such as green roofs are often discussed in the context of smart and sustainable cities as they present a multi-functional and solution-oriented approach to address these challenges. Green roofs become extremely relevant in the context of highly urbanised and compact cities where impervious surfaces are abundant. Therefore, in this paper, we analyse the potential of green roofs at a city scale with the help of parameters such as area and slope of the roof and structure of the building. We also identify the priority zones based on environmental and socio-economic parameters. The study is carried out in the city of Liege, Belgium. The results suggest that around 20% (350 hectares) of the total buildings in the city have the potential for developing green roofs. Moreover, the potential of green roofs is quite significant in terms of roof area in the priority zone. Due to significant socio-economic deprivation in high priority zones, implementation of green roofs might not be affordable. Buildings with larger roof sizes are mostly owned by ompanies or commercial establishments, thus, making larger roofs more relevant for retrofitting green roof. Thus, our approach can act as a preliminary decision-making tool for urban planners to analyse the potential of green roofs and prioritize them in deprived areas. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilt area in Belgium in 1950, 1960, 1970, 1990, 2000, 2010
Teller, Jacques ULiege

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2020)

Built area in Belgium for years 1950, 1960, 1970, 1990, 2000, 2010.

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See detailA comprehensive framework for analyzing co-production of urban water and sanitation services in the Global South
Faldi, Giuseppe; Rosati, Federica Natalia ULiege; Moretto, Luisa et al

in Water International (2019), 44(8), 886918

Co-production of water and sanitation services has become a widely discussed option for equitable and efficient service delivery, especially for cities of the Global South. Theoretical conceptualizations ... [more ▼]

Co-production of water and sanitation services has become a widely discussed option for equitable and efficient service delivery, especially for cities of the Global South. Theoretical conceptualizations of service co-production mainly refer to the public management and governance dimension, while the techno- environmental and spatial dimensions are often disregarded in the literature. This paper proposes a comprehensive framework for analyzing water and sanitation co- production based on cross-cutting literature, from public service management/governance to urban, socio-ecological and socio-technical fields. The proposed framework highlights the categories and factors to be considered when analyzing the background conditions and outcomes of unorthodox service delivery. [less ▲]

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See detailA multi-level, multi-scenario perspective on the interplay between urban planning and flood risk management
Dewals, Benjamin ULiege; Bruwier, Martin ULiege; Mustafa, Ahmed et al

Conference (2019, September 19)

Worldwide, urban planning has a prevailing influence on the evolution of flood risk. At the municipal and regional levels, bans (or restrictions) on new developments in flood-prone areas enable mitigating ... [more ▼]

Worldwide, urban planning has a prevailing influence on the evolution of flood risk. At the municipal and regional levels, bans (or restrictions) on new developments in flood-prone areas enable mitigating increases in vulnerability. At the local level, flood-sensitive urban design contributes to lowering the residual risk, by acting on both the hazard and the vulnerability. The risk-reduction potential of various urban planning policies may strongly depend on the type of flooding (e.g. riverine vs. pluvial). In recent research, we shed light on the effects of contrasting urban planning policies at the regional and local levels, considering both riverine and pluvial floods. First, at the regional level, we looked at the effect of “sustainable urban planning” compared to a “business-as-usual” approach for the case of riverine floods. While the latter is characterized by substantial urban sprawl, the former tends to promote more compact developments, such as densification of already-urbanized areas. We used a combination of agent-based and cellular automata models to simulate urbanization and densification over the next decades in the southern part of Belgium [1]. For this case study, all scenarios based on “sustainable urban planning” lead to values of future flood risk comparatively higher than in the “business-as-usual” scenarios. This results from the concentration of existing urbanized areas in the lower part of the valleys, given the historical appeal of the rivers for economic activities and transportation. At the local level, we used procedural modelling to compare thousands of different layouts of buildings in terms of their influence on flood hazard. Focusing on the case of riverine floods typical of lowland rivers (mild slope, relatively long flood waves), we found that maximizing connectivity throughout the urbanized area enables mitigating to some extent the detrimental effects of developments on the upstream areas [2]. Again, this contrasts with overarching principles of sustainable urban planning, which recommend avoiding voids in-between buildings, hence hampering flow connectivity. The analysis was recently extended to pluvial flooding, for which the conclusions drawn for riverine floods are not directly transferable. Overall, these results suggest that sustainable urban planning is certainly the way to go; but some of the underlying principles need to be modulated when it comes to developments in flood-prone areas. This emphasizes the strongly interdisciplinary nature of sustainable urban design and of building resilience into urban systems. While the results so far were harvested by coupling advanced computational approaches in urbanization modelling and inundation modelling, a next stage in the research will consist in observation-based verification of the findings. References [1] Mustafa, A. et al. (2018). Effects of spatial planning on future flood risks in urban environments. J. Environ. Manage. 225, 193–204. [2] Bruwier, M. et al. (2018). Influence of urban pattern on inundation flow in floodplains of lowland rivers. Sci. Total Environ. 622-623, 446–458. [less ▲]

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See detailNew ways of working, new ways of living...new housing issues ?
Uyttebrouck, Constance ULiege; van Bueren, Ellen; Teller, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2019, August 29)

Our working life has become increasingly flexible, so have our housing needs. The housing market has very well understood this paradigm shift and the private sector has started developing innovative ... [more ▼]

Our working life has become increasingly flexible, so have our housing needs. The housing market has very well understood this paradigm shift and the private sector has started developing innovative housing concepts emphasizing new urban “live-work” lifestyles. In particular, housing developments delivering small dwellings with shared spaces and services for the residents have been supported by local governments. Such projects often target students and so-called “young professionals”, possibly with an intergenerational mix. Originally a niche market, the development of shared spaces and services as a compensation for small housing dwellings has become significant in global cities with a high market pressure. The latter is not only related to the concentration of small households and young, highly-skilled people in cities, but also to housing deregulation, increased labour flexibility, and land use policies oriented to urban densification and mixed-use development. Our purpose is to explore the processes behind this growing phenomenon in Amsterdam and Brussels, two cities creating a favorable context for live-work mix developments. Our objective is to understand the influence of each local context on the governance and further outcomes of these developments. Consequently, the research questions addressed in both cities are: which coalitions of actors develop housing with shared spaces and services, what are the mechanisms influencing affordability and quality outcomes, and is there a need for further regulation of this housing segment? Through the discussion of exemplary developments completed in both cities, we discuss the difficult balance between affordability and quality as opposed to profitability and quantity. We finally stress our concern regarding the risk of self-segregation (irrespective of a defined target public) and ever smaller housing units. [less ▲]

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See detailClaiming a role for controversies in the framing of local heritage values
Ginzarly, Manal ULiege; Farah, Jihad; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Habitat International (2019)

This study focuses on the role of controversies in heritage management, considering more specifically cities characterized by tensions between community groups. In such cities, the regulatory and ... [more ▼]

This study focuses on the role of controversies in heritage management, considering more specifically cities characterized by tensions between community groups. In such cities, the regulatory and institutional systems are challenged by highly structured community-based initiatives and organizations. Using an analytical framework that assesses the regulatory system, urban conservation, and development practices, we compared two heritage management projects in Tripoli (Lebanon). Our results highlight the dichotomy between decision makers’ and communities’ approaches to the definition and management of heritage and to the struggle over the use of public spaces to reclaim heritage values. The discussion highlights how controversies emerge from the physical assets that are claimed as heritage, the range of values associated with tangible assets, and how local communities may coproduce heritage knowledge and actively contribute to the democratization of heritage values. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistical life cycle assessment of residential buildings in a temperate climate of northern part of Europe
Kameni Nematchoua, Modeste ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege; Reiter, Sigrid ULiege

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2019), 229(Winter),

Nowadays, with the new technology, the explosion of new products and the implementation of the new construction rules, it is important to evaluate the effect of the strong human pressure on nature. Thus ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, with the new technology, the explosion of new products and the implementation of the new construction rules, it is important to evaluate the effect of the strong human pressure on nature. Thus, the analysis of the life cycle of a product (i.e., building) makes it possible to evaluate its main environmental impacts (energy demand, greenhouse gas emissions, product waste, water consumption, etc.) from raw materials manufacturing to its end of life (demolition).The purpose of this research is to carryout a meticulous statistical analysis aimed to better understand and to discern better the impact of sustainable buildings and old buildings on the environment. In addition, this research identifies the main elements that affect the environment during the construction, operation, renovation, and demolition of buildings.59 residences were analyzed (29 durable residences and 30 old residences), distributed in two districts of the Liege city. Several software tools were used(IBM SPSS statistical, ALCYONE, COMFIE-PLEIADES, and nova-EQUER) to statistically evaluate the 12 environmental impacts considered in this study .The results showed that the impacts of sustainable buildings and old buildings on the environment are very significant. Despite that, it is difficult to identify a clear difference between the environmentalimpact from old and sustainable buildings .The total lifecycle greenhouse gas(LCGHG) and energy of the whole the residential buildings represents 17.225 ktCO2-e and 362.8TJ, respectively, over 100 years. The building operation phase (or use phase) consume significant amount of life cycle energy (from 81.0 to 94.3%), but also, the largest contribution to the life cycle greenhouse gas (between 75.6% and 91.3%). [less ▲]

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See detailColour in the city: a chromatic typology for the quantitative analysis of spatial coherence
Nguyen, Ngoc Luan ULiege; Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULiege; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Landscape Research (2019)

This paper presents the implementation of a tool that can be used to characterise chromatic attributes of an urban area. The challenge is to provide statistical and quantitative answers to these questions ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the implementation of a tool that can be used to characterise chromatic attributes of an urban area. The challenge is to provide statistical and quantitative answers to these questions: how is colour organised, how does it develop its own structure in the city? How can colour appear as an indicator of homogeneity and spatial coherence? We use a K-means statistical clustering technique to produce chromatic types of building façades. Once the chromatic catégories are defined, the question of spatial coherence is investigated using the Shannon entropy value as an indicator. Our method was tested through an application to 18 urban fragments of the city of Liège (Belgium). The research highlights the differences between compact urban areas (historic centre, nineteenth century developments) and new urban configurations (city entrances, commercial and peri-urban zones). [less ▲]

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See detailL’accessibilité spatiale comme indice de fragmentation urbaine dans les villes coloniales. Le cas de la ville d’Annaba
Laouar, Dounia; Mazouz, Said; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Cybergeo: Revue Européenne de Géographie (2019)

La morphologie des villes coloniales au Maghreb se caractérise par certaines similarités liées à leur histoire commune. On y trouve une Médina, ayant souvent subi quelques altérations, une ville coloniale ... [more ▼]

La morphologie des villes coloniales au Maghreb se caractérise par certaines similarités liées à leur histoire commune. On y trouve une Médina, ayant souvent subi quelques altérations, une ville coloniale établie selon un tracé haussmannien, et des extensions nouvelles constituées de grands ensembles. Cette agrégation de trois types de tissus urbains bien distincts contribue au caractère discontinu et fragmenté de ces villes. Notre étude vise à analyser cette configuration urbaine dans le contexte spécifique d’une ville algérienne, la ville d’Annaba (située dans l’Est algérien), en termes d’accessibilité spatiale. Notre objectif sera d’évaluer le degré de fermeture et d’ouverture des différentes parties de la ville. Cette analyse de l’accessibilité est basée sur la méthode de la Space Syntax et exploite les indicateurs suivants : l’intégration spatiale, l’intelligibilité, et la contrôlabilité. Nous avons également introduit un paramètre d’observation lié aux flux piétons, afin de confronter notre lecture du rapport de la configuration spatiale à celle de la coprésence dans l’espace public. [less ▲]

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See detailMapping historic urban landscape values through social media
Ginzarly, Manal ULiege; Pereira Roders, Ana; Teller, Jacques ULiege

in Journal of Cultural Heritage (2019)

Social media provides big data for researchers to perform real-time analytics, as digital ethnographers, on what places and attributes people value in the historic urban landscapes they live or visit ... [more ▼]

Social media provides big data for researchers to perform real-time analytics, as digital ethnographers, on what places and attributes people value in the historic urban landscapes they live or visit, enough to share with their social network. However, the use of these data to further our knowledge on heritage and their values, or to support heritage planning and management is still very limited. This article proposes a methodology for the analysis of viewpoints location-view scenes-tags data for photos posted on Flickr to provide insights into all facets of the perceived landscape character that identifies people-centered heritage at the city level. The analysis visualizes convergence and divergence between locals’ and tourists’ preferences. It also reveals heritage concerns in the context of daily-life practices and everyday landscape, as well as political and religious concerns in post-conflict areas. Additionally, the analysis questions the limits of heritage areas and categories used for identifying cultural values. Results showed that the different analyses complement one another to eventually provide insights into everyday encounters with the historic urban landscape. They also show the difference between experts’ and users’ documentation and characterization languages when defining heritage. When the first apply domain-specific classification models, the latter express personal reflections without following a specific hierarchy or a closed categorical system. It is believed that the outcome can help heritage scholars to further our understanding for the diversity of heritage places and attributes, as well as, heritage professionals, to inform decision-making processes in heritage planning and management on both experts’ and users’ understanding of heritage. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating the Impact of Urban Layout Geometry on Urban Flooding
Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed El Saeid ULiege; Zhang, Xiao Wei; Aliaga, Daniel G. et al

in Proceedings of GEOProcessing 2019 (2019)

In this paper, we use a procedural generation system to design urban layouts that passively reduce water depth during urban floods. The tool enables designing cities that passively lower flood depth ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we use a procedural generation system to design urban layouts that passively reduce water depth during urban floods. The tool enables designing cities that passively lower flood depth everywhere or in chosen key areas. Our approach integrates a porosity-based hydraulic model and a parameterized urban generation system with an optimization engine so as to find the least cost modification to an initial urban layout. In order to investigate the relationship between urban layout design parameters and flood inundation depth, correlation coefficient method is used. This paper concludes that the most influential urban layout parameters are average road length and the mean parcel area. Keywords-inverse procedural modeling; urban layout design; porosity-based hydraulic model; Pearson correlation; urban flooding. [less ▲]

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See detailSmart City appropriation by local actors: An instrument in the making
Desdemoustier, Jonathan ULiege; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Cools, Mario ULiege et al

in Cities (2019), 92

The Smart City became a dominant discourse as a new approach to mitigate and remedy to current urban and societal problems. Numerous cities are engaged in a Smart City process to address their local ... [more ▼]

The Smart City became a dominant discourse as a new approach to mitigate and remedy to current urban and societal problems. Numerous cities are engaged in a Smart City process to address their local challenges. But different actor’s appropriations and styles of implementation produce particular territorial and societal developments. This paper questions in an innovative way the actors’ appropriation of the Smart City: the phenomenon is considered as an instrument, following the theory of Lascoumes and Le Galès (2007). On basis of an online survey with 193 Belgian respondents, the results of several statistical treatments validate an appropriation of the Smart City between a public policy instrument in one side and a functional instrument in the other side. But across the five categories of actors (Elected politician (1), administrations and public organizations (2), private companies (3), research centers & universities (4) and associations (5)), the Belgian respondents do not fit into one or the other instrument in a monolithic way. The actor’s appropriation does not follow a homogeneous trend based on a technical and holistic direction, like it is represented in the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomatic design of flood-resilient urban layouts
Dewals, Benjamin ULiege; Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed El Saeid ULiege; Bruwier, Martin ULiege et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2019)

Urban planning is central to flood risk prevention. Flood-sensitive urban planning pursues two goals: reducing flood exposure and vulnerability [1]; but also addressing the influence of urban ... [more ▼]

Urban planning is central to flood risk prevention. Flood-sensitive urban planning pursues two goals: reducing flood exposure and vulnerability [1]; but also addressing the influence of urban characteristics on flood flow severity (flow depths and velocities) [2]. Focusing on the latter, we present here a unique software which automatically optimizes the geometry of urban layouts to enhance flood resilience [3]. The optimized parameters describe the arrangement of the road network, the blocks, the parcels, and the buildings. The proposed approach is particularly innovative since, so far, such automatic urban design tools were developed only for totally different objectives (e.g. optimizing sun exposure or distance to parks); but not in the context of flood risk management. Our automatic urban design system consists of three components: (i) a procedural urban model, (ii) a surrogate for a hydraulic model and (iii) an optimization engine. • Starting from a set of input parameters pi (typical road length, width, curvature …) the procedural urban model generates urban layouts which mimic fairly realistically real-world urban patterns [3]. • To achieve interactive feedback (i.e. getting the results within a few seconds), the system uses a neural network (NN) to approximate the relationship between urban layout and flood flow characteristics. The NN was trained using a relatively fast 2D porosity-based hydraulic model [4], which in turn was calibrated against a detailed shallow-water model [2]. • A Markov Chain Monte Carlo optimization is used to adjust iteratively the procedural model parameters pi so as to yield the desired urban layout. The system was tested for optimizing the layout of an urban district of 1 km by 1 km subject to river flooding. The system runs about one minute to find the optimal urban layout. The system tends to improve the flow conveyance through the urban area by increasing the voids in-between the buildings (e.g., increase road width) and by promoting a more “fragmented” urban pattern (e.g., decrease road length). The optimization reduces the flood water depths in the district by up to 20 to 25%. Several real-world examples showcase the operationality of the system for improving flood resilience through flood-sensitive urban design [3]. In practice, such an interactive digital tool can valuably assist urban planners and architects to assess the implications of various design decisions on flooding and end up with improved flood-sensitive urban layouts. The approach should be further developed to accommodate more diverse flooding scenarios (e.g. pluvial floods, coastal floods, etc.). References [1] Mustafa, A. et al. (2018). Effects of spatial planning on future flood risks in urban environments. J. Environ. Manage. 225, 193–204. [2] Bruwier, M. et al. (2018). Influence of urban pattern on inundation flow in floodplains of lowland rivers. Sci. Total Environ. 622-623, 446–458. [3] Mustafa, A. et al. (2019). Procedural Generation of Flood-Sensitive Urban Layouts. Environ Plan B Urban Anal City Sci. In press. [4] Bruwier, M. et al. (2017). Shallow-water models with anisotropic porosity and merging for flood modelling on Cartesian grids. J. Hydrol. 554, C, 693–709. [less ▲]

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