References of "Schmitz, Serge"
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See detailRural Transformations: Globalization and its Implications for Rural People, Land, and Economies
Barcus, Holly; Jones, Roy; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Book published by Routledge (in press)

Migration, global economic restructuring and climate change are rapidly transforming rural places across the globe.This book scrutinizes the continuing and changing roles of rural people and places both ... [more ▼]

Migration, global economic restructuring and climate change are rapidly transforming rural places across the globe.This book scrutinizes the continuing and changing roles of rural people and places both within and beyond the urban shadow. Organized around the three core themes of landscape change, demographic change, and rural-urban partnerships and innovations, the case studies included in this volume represent both the Global North and Global South and underscore the complexity and multi-scalar nature of these contemporary challenges facing rural development, planning, and sustainability. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a development model of local cultural tourism through the involvement of local actors (Province of Constantine, Algeria)
Boulhila, Sabrina; Alouat, Mohamed; Rezzaz, Mohamed A. et al

in Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites (2022), 40(1), 9-19

Since the nineties, cultural tourism is considered as a form of tourism that is carried out by groups of people or institutions, whose main motive is the fulfillment of an interest and knowledge on the ... [more ▼]

Since the nineties, cultural tourism is considered as a form of tourism that is carried out by groups of people or institutions, whose main motive is the fulfillment of an interest and knowledge on the culture, the history and the heritage. The city of Constantine, located in northeastern Algeria, is one of the oldest cities in the Mediterranean basin. It was elected "Capital of Arab Culture 2015". The aim of this study is to examine the influences of cultural tourism on local development, to highlight the perception of local actors' roles in the development of tourism and to determine their involvement in the preservation of Constantine's cultural heritage. The paper points out a misunderstanding of cultural tourism among local residents hence the need to develop a model of categorization of the objectives of the study (SPIP) which proposes four key principles for the development of local cultural tourism in the city of Constantine. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing mobile data to evaluate unobserved tourist overnight stays
Nyns, Symi ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Tourism Management (2022), 89

Tourist overnight stays are difficult to estimate properly due to the substantial gaps in the official data and the multiple types of accommodation. This trend has been accentuated with the emergence of ... [more ▼]

Tourist overnight stays are difficult to estimate properly due to the substantial gaps in the official data and the multiple types of accommodation. This trend has been accentuated with the emergence of new forms of accommodation resulting from the development of information and communication technologies and collaborative economies. Several studies have highlighted the importance of quantifying these accommodations because of their social, economic and environmental consequences for tourism destinations. This article explores the use of mobile data analysis as a complementary approach to official statistics to quantify the tourist overnight stays in the Walloon region. The mobile data highlight several aspects of tourism that are ignored by official statistics and raise questions about the underestimation and the current definition of a tourist. However, important limitations to this approach have been identified and are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLe métier d’agent de développement rural en Wallonie
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in POUR (2021), 240-242(2-3), 453-459

Combien existe-t-il d’agents de développement rural en Wallonie ? Dans quelles structures travaillent-ils ? Comment sont-ils formés ? Les réponses à ces questions ne sont pas aisées à traiter et prêteront ... [more ▼]

Combien existe-t-il d’agents de développement rural en Wallonie ? Dans quelles structures travaillent-ils ? Comment sont-ils formés ? Les réponses à ces questions ne sont pas aisées à traiter et prêteront de toute façon à interprétation. Beaucoup de professionnels sont effectivement chargés d’accompagner des projets de développement en milieu rural sans nécessairement être perçus comme agent de développement rural. À travers les témoignages glanés auprès de ces animateurs territoriaux au détour de rencontres et de diverses recherche-action, cet article propose un premier état des lieux de ce métier riche en contacts et en expériences. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecariousness of the agricultural landscape at the edge of Walloon cities
Pepe, Lauriano ULiege; Hendrickx, Sébastien ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2021, September 29)

Since 1985, Walloon agricultural lands have decreased steadily, reflecting their vulnerability. Regarding the increasing needs for residential and economic developments but also for the improvement of the ... [more ▼]

Since 1985, Walloon agricultural lands have decreased steadily, reflecting their vulnerability. Regarding the increasing needs for residential and economic developments but also for the improvement of the living environment, for food and energy productions, we should reflect on the areas that should be preserved from artificialization. The research focuses on the precarious situation of agricultural lands on the edge of cities. Considering the Regional Policy Declaration of the Walloon Government that promote the development of quality and proximity food belts, the coexistence of human and economic activities with nature and the elimination of new land artificialization by 2050, these landscapes have and may play important roles in the urban metabolism, which are still unsuspected by numerous actors. After identifying and locating periurban agricultural lands in Wallonia, several case studies were selected in order to carry out a complete analysis. Based on satellite images, agricultural parcel data, field observations and interviews with stakeholders, we identified the services provided by these agricultural lands and the different pressures that they face. The research improves our understanding of the role(s) played by the agriculture within, or at the edge of, cities, underlines the thorny issue of land ownerships, points out the diversity of situations encountered, and propose adaptations and ways to sustain peri-urban agricultural activity while preserving environment and developing their social and educational roles. [less ▲]

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See detailGeographical and cultural limitations in the post-mining development strategy. Case study from the Jiu Valley coal basin, Romania
Nicola, Sanda-Elena ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Scientific conference (2021, September 04)

Coal mining regions traditionally offer limited access to other industries, and the transition from coal may lead to significant social dislocation in some of the affected regions, partly due to the lack ... [more ▼]

Coal mining regions traditionally offer limited access to other industries, and the transition from coal may lead to significant social dislocation in some of the affected regions, partly due to the lack of an anticipatory policy to accompany the transition. To achieve ‘just transitions’ it is important to identify which, and understand why, some regions will need special attention from government interventions. In this regard, perspectives from geography and political economy can contribute to the development of more insightful and richer understandings of the state, as we need to understand not only the role of a state but also to deepen the nature of the state in different contexts. Geographical location plays a decisive role in economic diversification, influencing the presence, absence and mixture of enterprises and industries. At the same time, the potential to attract highly qualified employees depends on the attractiveness of a region, hence several limitations when imagining post-mining scenarios. Anchored in lessons learned from the experience of other regions with similar features described in the literature, based on data collected from official reports as well as our own mixed methods of qualitative research, this paper delivers a case study in Jiu Valley, where Romania's largest coal resources are located, seeking to anticipate whether this region has the capacity to absorb the shocks caused by the impending coal phase-out. [less ▲]

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See detailFactors driving utilization patterns of marshlands in the vicinity of South-Kivu urban agglomerations based on Rapid Assessment of Wetland Ecosystem Services (RAWES)
Chuma Basimine, Géant; Mubalama Mondo, Jean; Karume, Katcho et al

in Environmental Challenges (2021), 5

Marshlands are vulnerable ecosystems; being disturbed for several decades as the population density rises. These disturbances, due to anthropogenic activities, impact their ability to deliver important ... [more ▼]

Marshlands are vulnerable ecosystems; being disturbed for several decades as the population density rises. These disturbances, due to anthropogenic activities, impact their ability to deliver important ecosystem services (ES). This study analyzed the current state of marshes in the vicinity of South-Kivu urban agglomerations, (DRC). The methodology combined both remote sensing and household surveys. Results showed that marshes' ecosystem utilization patterns in South-Kivu comprised of unsustainable farming practices, clay extraction for brick making, dwelling and settlement expansion, and aquaculture for fish production. [less ▲]

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See detailInformal tourist accommodation, Airbnb and much more, in Wallonia : an approach via mobile telephony data
Nyns, Symi ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2021, August 16)

Tourism is undergoing major changes because of the volume of innovations that are intended for it. Approached as a vector of development, tourism sets off many questions as to how it is redesigned and ... [more ▼]

Tourism is undergoing major changes because of the volume of innovations that are intended for it. Approached as a vector of development, tourism sets off many questions as to how it is redesigned and decided. The sharing economy is part of these innovations. This research focuses on the implications of the sharing economy for tourism and destinations. While several researches highlight the economic and social impacts related to the “new” accommodation, the knowledge of the distribution of overnight stays is currently falsified because national organisms fail to consider the huge diversity of less formal accommodation. Wallonia, as case study, allows to analyse informal tourist accommodation in small and medium cities as well as in rural areas that are, or are not, considered as tourist destinations. To understand the influences of the development of “new” accommodation on host communities, a first step consists in studying their location and spatial expansion schemes using data from mobile telephony and to conceptualize and give the green light to the data. The second step is to consult databases relating to exchange platforms as well as official statistics of tourism. These data are compared with the location data from mobile telephony. In accordance with the General Data Protection Regulations and technological limits, we developed with the mobile operator, Proximus, the definitions required to generate the algorithm to obtain tourists’ overnight stays and arrivals data. It results that tourist overnight stays would be 3 to 4 times more numerous than what is reported in official statistics and that the distributions are localised throughout Wallonia. The paper presents and discusses the methodology used to analyse tourist accommodation from mobile data and the results from the comparison with official and exchange platforms databases. [less ▲]

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See detailA Food Relocation Strategy for Everyone, Everywhere? Reflections on Walloon Inititatives (Belgium)
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

Conference (2021, August)

A process of food relocation is developing in Wallonia, especially in Liege, where the first “Food Belt” is born. This innovative concept tends to bring consumers closer to producers. Initiated by groups ... [more ▼]

A process of food relocation is developing in Wallonia, especially in Liege, where the first “Food Belt” is born. This innovative concept tends to bring consumers closer to producers. Initiated by groups of citizens, regional and local authorities have recently paid attention to this dynamic and want to support this revival of food belts. Based on the PhD research of Antonia Bousbaine who, during five years, followed the emerging of two food belts in Wallonia, the paper analyses the governance and spatial issues of Food Belt creation. In addition to participating in public meetings, she conducted 33 semi-structured interviews with key players, like mayors and local development agencies. She also surveyed 98 farmers and 399 citizens. This information enabled us to list agri-urban projects in both urban areas, to analyse the conditions of emergence, and the economic, political, cultural and geographical constraints of their implementation. If a Walloon food strategy based on the relocation of production and consumption is underway, it was initiated by small groups of citizens concerned not only about the quality of their food but also about the impact of current agricultural systems on both environment and rural societies. The political world was slow to react and many local politicians are still not aware of the issue. Yet, if the idea of food relocation and territorial food gov-ernance is based on commendable motivations, implementation addresses, on one side, the path dependency of farms and agricultural lands and, on the other side, a necessary reversal in values. The comparison of the municipalities within the two urban areas points out the places where people are concerned about the local origin of their food and areas that are more suitable, depending to agricultural structure, to supply local communities. [less ▲]

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See detailThe increase in desertification by agro-sylvo-pastoral practices in the high algerian steppe plains: the ways of living in the wilaya of djelfa
Boussaid, Adel; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Poster (2021, August)

This study analyses the ways of inhabiting and the agro-sylvo-pastoral practices of 188 families in a steppe region of the Saharan Atlas in Algeria. The rural population is henceforth sedentary. The case ... [more ▼]

This study analyses the ways of inhabiting and the agro-sylvo-pastoral practices of 188 families in a steppe region of the Saharan Atlas in Algeria. The rural population is henceforth sedentary. The case of the District of Djelfa allows scrutinizing how these ways of inhabiting are anchored in the local environment and their potential impact on desertification. Based on field observations, oral survey and statistical analyses, this study points out that the householders in the four different environments (forest, mattoral, steppe, dunes and chott) utilize supplementation to feed their herd. Consequently, this practice increases the size of the herds and contributes to overgrazing. Similarly, the access to water is no more traditional; while some overexploit the aquifers; most agro-pastoralists utilize tanker trucks. The adaptation of the way of inhabiting and exploitation are greatly determined by the capital of the household, which allows compensating local shortages Nevertheless, these practices cause important damage and increase desertification. [less ▲]

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See detailPuzzling out the deriving forces of desertification in the high Algerian steppe plains
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Boussaïd, Adel

Conference (2021, August)

The sedentarisation of shepherds at the margins of the dessert and the introduction of private land ownership in the high Algerian Steppe plains has led to deep transformations of the way of dwelling that ... [more ▼]

The sedentarisation of shepherds at the margins of the dessert and the introduction of private land ownership in the high Algerian Steppe plains has led to deep transformations of the way of dwelling that increase desertification. There is an urgent need to understand this process of transformation and its drivers, which are more anthropogenic than natural. Based on field observations, an oral survey with 188 household heads and statistical analyses, the paper describes the process of desertification where short term economic strategies and political misunderstanding are the key elements. [less ▲]

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See detailSuitability for agroforestry implementation around Itombwe Natural Reserve (RNI), eastern DR Congo: Application of the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach in geographic information system tool
Chuma Basimine, Géant; Cirési, Nadège; Mondo, Jean et al

in Trees, Forests and People (2021), 6(December), 100125

Different land use suitability assessment approaches exist and have been applied for agroforestry systems, natural or semi-natural ecosystems. In this paper, different land use suitability levels for ... [more ▼]

Different land use suitability assessment approaches exist and have been applied for agroforestry systems, natural or semi-natural ecosystems. In this paper, different land use suitability levels for agroforestry were assessed around the Itombwe Natural Reserve (DRCongo). Information related to soil unity, topography, climate, road infrastructures, rivers, villages, land use and land cover were analyzed using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Moreover, spatial analyses were conducted for determining the matrix that confronts adopted variables and their corresponding weights. Results allowed identifying four agroforestry suitability zones, ranging from very high, high, moderate and low suitable zones. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Memoriam Ana Firmino (1954-2020)
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dulce, Pimentel

in Belgeo (2021), 2021(2), 48349

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See detailDiscords around heritage landscapes: A comparative study of Apulia and Wallonia
Pepe, Lauriano ULiege; Ciervo, Margherita ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2021, May 28)

The preamble of European Landscape Convention mentions that “the landscape is a key element of individual and social well-being and that its protection, management and planning entail rights and ... [more ▼]

The preamble of European Landscape Convention mentions that “the landscape is a key element of individual and social well-being and that its protection, management and planning entail rights and responsibilities for everyone”. Considering the multiple functions that landscapes fulfil and the multiple representations they reflect, it is not uncommon for inequities and conflicts to arise in the development of landscape policies. What are the real rights and responsibilities of the population in the landscape protection? Our communication proposes a comparison between landscape and heritage policies in Apulia (Italy) and in Wallonia (Belgium). Through two case studies (Boucle de l'Ourthe and Valle d'Itria), we question the actors involved in landscape protection, the roles of the population in the decision-making process as well as the intentions of those who make decisions and the way people who “use” the landscape experience these intentions. While the “Code Wallon du Patrimoine” considers citizens as actors of heritage and the “Piano Paesaggistico Territoriale Regionale” promote a social management of the landscape, some inhabitants remain perplexed about their influence in decision-making process, question the future of their landscape and perceive sometimes the restrictive directives as a “violation of their freedom” and their heritage. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Romanian white-collar immigrants in Brussels: a transnational community under construction
Nicola, Sanda-Elena ULiege; Zickgraf, Caroline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Belgeo (2021), 2021(1),

Focusing on a population of white-collar immigrants who chose to move from Romania to Brussels-Capital Region between 2014 and 2019, this article signals the formation of a third wave of Romanian ... [more ▼]

Focusing on a population of white-collar immigrants who chose to move from Romania to Brussels-Capital Region between 2014 and 2019, this article signals the formation of a third wave of Romanian migration. The participants in the study are Romanians residing in Brussels, corresponding to the features of the European Man (Homo Europaeus) and they belong to the "middle class" leaving Romania at an accelerated pace motivated by the desire to achieve a transnational lifestyle and an improvement of subjective well-being. We draw our findings from both quantitative data on mobility in the EU and qualitative research that reveals what are the elements that push, attract, and retain RWCIs to Brussels. It is also an opportunity to reflect upon the notion of sense of place experienced by a population that, despite having only recently moved to Brussels, already shows a high degree of attachment. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation of soil erosion using RUSLE modeling and geospatial tools in a tea production watershed (Chisheke in Walungu), eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Chuma Basimine, Géant; Bora, Safina; Byamungu Ndeko, Adrien et al

in Modeling Earth Systems and Environment (2021), 7

Soil erosion is a major concern for agricultural practices leading to topsoil losses and decreased soil fertility. Walungu’s Chisheke watershed (RD Congo) supports the staple food and industrial tea ... [more ▼]

Soil erosion is a major concern for agricultural practices leading to topsoil losses and decreased soil fertility. Walungu’s Chisheke watershed (RD Congo) supports the staple food and industrial tea production, which are the basis for the food and income security in the region. The Chisheke watershed’s soil loss estimate is, therefore, vital for its sustainable management. To facilitate the implementation of an erosion management plan, this study estimated soil losses in the Chisheke watershed using the Revised Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE). [less ▲]

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See detailUne stratégie wallonne de relocalisation alimentaire : Pour tous? Partout?
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2021, March)

Depuis quelques années, un processus de relocalisation alimentaire a pris forme en Wallonie, en particulier dans la province de Liège qui a vu naître la première Ceinture Aliment-Terre. Ce concept ... [more ▼]

Depuis quelques années, un processus de relocalisation alimentaire a pris forme en Wallonie, en particulier dans la province de Liège qui a vu naître la première Ceinture Aliment-Terre. Ce concept innovant tend à structurer une nouvelle filière économique locale où les consommateurs et les producteurs sont les acteurs principaux. Cette dynamique alimentaire est nouvelle dans cette région dominée par les grandes cultures. Initiée par les citoyens, elle a, depuis peu, attiré l’attention des pouvoirs publics locaux et surtout des instances politiques régionales. Une gouvernance alimentaire territoriale naissante vise à reconfigurer les rapports à l’alimentation au sein des villes wallonnes en s’appuyant avant tout sur des initiatives citoyennes dont les Ceintures Aliment-Terre. La communication analyse ces initiatives alimentaires wallonnes et pointe les contraintes notamment liées à la géographie (agraire, économique, politique, culturelle et sociale) de leur mise en œuvre. [less ▲]

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See detailLa revalorisation des produits de terroir au Maroc : la construction d'un patrimoine alimentaire favorise-t-elle l'émancipation des productrices ?
M'barki, Rayyane ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2021, March)

Le terroir est considéré comme un vecteur de développement local vu sa qualité patrimoniale distinctive et sa capacité d’imbriquer des facteurs naturels avec des facteurs humains et historiques. En créant ... [more ▼]

Le terroir est considéré comme un vecteur de développement local vu sa qualité patrimoniale distinctive et sa capacité d’imbriquer des facteurs naturels avec des facteurs humains et historiques. En créant un nouveau lien au local, les produits de terroir ont contribué à la redéfinition des relations ville-campagne. De nombreuses initiatives ont conduit à la revalorisation de produits de terroir au Maroc. Dans bien des cas, les femmes rurales jouent un rôle important dans la fabrication et la valorisation de ces produits. Elles détiennent et conservent des savoir-faire liés à la production agricole et, de produits de terroir auxquels s’ajoute la transmission d’un patrimoine alimentaire et identitaire. Toutefois, l’un des risques et des enjeux serait qu’elles participent à valoriser le terroir sans que cela ne se reflète positivement sur leur statut social. Cette recherche propose une contribution à la réflexion sur la promotion des produits de terroir et ses incidences sur la justice sociale et spatiale. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes local rural heritage still matter in a global urban world?
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Pepe, Lauriano ULiege

in Geographical Review (2021), 111

The paper discusses important changes in rural communities, including other perspectives on the local heritage. It documents the apparent loss of sense of local heritage among inhabitants of the Belgian ... [more ▼]

The paper discusses important changes in rural communities, including other perspectives on the local heritage. It documents the apparent loss of sense of local heritage among inhabitants of the Belgian countryside. Based on interviews with the staff of the NGO “Qualité village Wallonie” and on an e-survey, the research presents a number of explanations for the findings. While the notion of heritage is evolving from something from the past that requires protection to things, sometimes intangible, that could be useful, people claim that local heritage matters for the bonding and wellbeing of rural people. [less ▲]

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