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See detailAltshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations of coherent bosonic matter-wave beams in the presence of interaction
Chrétien, Renaud ULiege; Rammensee, Josef; Dujardin, Julien et al

Scientific conference (2018, May 17)

We theoretically study the propagation of a guided atom laser across an Aharonov-Bohm ring which is exposed to a synthetic gauge field. The presence of disorder within the ring gives rise to Al’tshuler ... [more ▼]

We theoretically study the propagation of a guided atom laser across an Aharonov-Bohm ring which is exposed to a synthetic gauge field. The presence of disorder within the ring gives rise to Al’tshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations [1], seen in the disorder-averaged of the transmission as a function of the effective gauge flux that is contained within the ring. Those oscillations are induced by coherent backscattering and represent a manifestation of weak localisation. Through analytical and numerical calculations that are based on the mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii approximation for the propagating Bose-Einstein condensate, we show that the presence of a weak atom-atom interaction within the ring leads to an inversion of the Al’tshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations, in a very similar manner as for the coherent backscattering of Bose-Einstein condensates within two-dimensional disorder potentials [2]. Numerical simulations based on the Truncated Wigner method reveal that this signature of weak antilocalisation becomes washed out if the interaction strength is increased, which is in qualitative agreement with the findings of the diagrammatic study undertaken in Ref. [3]. [1] B. L. Al’tshuler, A. G. Aronov and B. Z. Spivak, JETP Lett. 33, 94 (1981). [2] M. Hartung, T. Wellens, C. A. Müller, K. Richter, and P. Schlagheck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 020603 (2008). [3] T. Geiger, A. Buchleitner and T. Wellens, New J. Phys. 15, 115015 (2013). [less ▲]

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See detailAltshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations of coherent bosonic matter-wave beams in the presence of interaction
Chrétien, Renaud ULiege; Rammensee, Josef; Dujardin, Julien et al

Scientific conference (2018, March 07)

We theoretically study the propagation of a guided atom laser across an Aharonov-Bohm ring which is exposed to a synthetic gauge field. The presence of disorder within the ring gives rise to Al’tshuler ... [more ▼]

We theoretically study the propagation of a guided atom laser across an Aharonov-Bohm ring which is exposed to a synthetic gauge field. The presence of disorder within the ring gives rise to Al’tshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations [1], seen in the disorder-averaged of the transmission as a function of the effective gauge flux that is contained within the ring. Those oscillations are induced by coherent backscattering and represent a manifestation of weak localisation. Through analytical and numerical calculations that are based on the mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii approximation for the propagating Bose-Einstein condensate, we show that the presence of a weak atom-atom interaction within the ring leads to an inversion of the Al’tshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations, in a very similar manner as for the coherent backscattering of Bose-Einstein condensates within two-dimensional disorder potentials [2]. Numerical simulations based on the Truncated Wigner method reveal that this signature of weak antilocalisation becomes washed out if the interaction strength is increased, which is in qualitative agreement with the findings of the diagrammatic study undertaken in Ref. [3]. [1] B. L. Al’tshuler, A. G. Aronov and B. Z. Spivak, JETP Lett. 33, 94 (1981). [2] M. Hartung, T. Wellens, C. A. Müller, K. Richter, and P. Schlagheck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 020603 (2008). [3] T. Geiger, A. Buchleitner and T. Wellens, New J. Phys. 15, 115015 (2013). [less ▲]

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See detailInteraction of two walkers: Perturbed vertical dynamics as a source of chaos
Tadrist, Loïc ULiege; Sampara, Naresh; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege et al

in Chaos (2018)

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See detailMany-body spin echo
Engl, Thomas; Urbina, Juan Diego; Richter, Klaus et al

in Physical Review. A (2018), 98

We show that quantum coherence produces an observable many-body signature in the dynamics of few-fermion Hubbard systems (describing cold atoms in optical lattices, coupled quantum dots, or small ... [more ▼]

We show that quantum coherence produces an observable many-body signature in the dynamics of few-fermion Hubbard systems (describing cold atoms in optical lattices, coupled quantum dots, or small molecules) in the form of a revival in the transition probabilities echoing a flip of the system's itinerant spins. Contrary to its single-particle (Hahn) version, this many-body spin echo is not dephased by strong interactions or spin-orbit coupling, and constitutes a benchmark of genuine many-body coherence. A physical picture that allows for the analytical study of this nonperturbative effect is provided by a semiclassical approach in Fock space, where coherence arises from interfering amplitudes associated with multiple chaotic mean-field solutions with action degeneracies due to antiunitary symmetries. The analytical predictions resulting from our semiclassical approach are in excellent quantitative agreement with corresponding numerical simulations. The latter, moreover, confirm that the shape of the echo profile is independent of the interaction, while its amplitude and sign universally depend only on the number of flipped spins and the spin-orbit coupling phase. [less ▲]

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See detailPost-Ehrenfest many-body quantum interferences in ultracold atoms far out of equilibrium
Tomsovic, Steven; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege; Ullmo, Denis et al

in Physical Review. A (2018), 97

Far out-of-equilibrium many-body quantum dynamics in isolated systems necessarily generates interferences beyond an Ehrenfest timescale, where quantum and classical expectation values diverge. Of great ... [more ▼]

Far out-of-equilibrium many-body quantum dynamics in isolated systems necessarily generates interferences beyond an Ehrenfest timescale, where quantum and classical expectation values diverge. Of great recent interest is the role these interferences play in the spreading of quantum information across the many degrees of freedom, i.e., scrambling. Ultracold atomic gases provide a promising setting to explore these phenomena. Theoretically speaking, the heavily-relied-upon truncated Wigner approximation leaves out these interferences. We develop a semiclassical theory which bridges classical and quantum concepts in many-body bosonic systems and properly incorporates such missing quantum effects. For mesoscopically populated Bose-Hubbard systems, it is shown that this theory captures post-Ehrenfest quantum interference phenomena very accurately, and contains relevant phase information to perform many-body spectroscopy with high precision. [less ▲]

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See detailFaraday instability and subthreshold Faraday waves: surface waves emitted by walkers
Tadrist, Loïc ULiege; Shim, Jeong -Bo ULiege; Gilet, Tristan ULiege et al

in Journal of Fluid Mechanics (2018), 848

A walker is a fluid entity comprising a bouncing droplet coupled to the waves that it generates at the surface of a vibrated bath. Thanks to this coupling, walkers exhibit a series of wave–particle ... [more ▼]

A walker is a fluid entity comprising a bouncing droplet coupled to the waves that it generates at the surface of a vibrated bath. Thanks to this coupling, walkers exhibit a series of wave–particle features formerly thought to be exclusive to the quantum realm. In this paper, we derive a model of the Faraday surface waves generated by an impact upon a vertically vibrated liquid surface. We then particularise this theoretical framework to the case of forcing slightly below the Faraday instability threshold. Among others, this theory yields a rationale for the cosine dependence of the wave amplitude to the phase shift between impact and forcing, as well as the characteristic time scale and length scale of viscous damping. The theory is validated with experiments of bead impact on a vibrated bath. We finally discuss implications of these results for the analogy between walkers and quantum particles. [less ▲]

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See detailPhase transition kinetics for a Bose Einstein condensate in a periodically driven band system
Michon, E.; Cabrera-Gutiérrez, C.; Fortun, A. et al

in New Journal of Physics (2018), 20

The dynamical transition of an atomic Bose–Einstein condensate from a spatially periodic state to a staggered state with alternating sign in its wavefunction is experimentally studied using a one ... [more ▼]

The dynamical transition of an atomic Bose–Einstein condensate from a spatially periodic state to a staggered state with alternating sign in its wavefunction is experimentally studied using a one-dimensional phase modulated optical lattice. We observe the crossover from quantum to thermal fluctuations as the triggering mechanism for the nucleation of staggered states. In good quantitative agreement with numerical simulations based on the truncated Wigner method, we experimentally investigate how the nucleation time varies with the renormalized tunneling rate, the atomic density, and the driving frequency. The effective inverted energy band in the driven lattice is identified as the key ingredient which explains the emergence of gap solitons as observed in numerics and the possibility to nucleate staggered states from interband excitations as reported experimentally. [less ▲]

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See detailCoherent backscattering of bosonic matter-wave in the presence of disorder and interaction
Chrétien, Renaud ULiege; Dujardin, Julien; Petitjean, Cyril ULiege et al

Poster (2017, June 09)

Coherent backscattering, which is an enhancement of the backscattered intensity of a light going through a medium made of point-like scatterers, is known as one of the most robust interference effects. It ... [more ▼]

Coherent backscattering, which is an enhancement of the backscattered intensity of a light going through a medium made of point-like scatterers, is known as one of the most robust interference effects. It has been shown, although it is nowadays not fully understood yet, that in the presence of non-linearities, this enhancement turns to an inhibition. We propose to study that effect by means of a system in which we study the transport of a Bose-Einstein condensate through Aharonov-Bohm rings in the presence of interaction and disorder. We find that our system is indeed a good candidate to observe the coherent peak’s inversion and is also suitable for more feasible theoretical calculations than in the original case. [less ▲]

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See detailAharonov-Bohm oscillations of bosonic matter-wave beams in the presence of disorder and interaction
Chrétien, Renaud ULiege; Dujardin, Julien; Petitjean, Cyril ULiege et al

Poster (2017, May 17)

We study the one-dimensional (1D) transport properties of an ultracold gas of Bose-Einstein condensed atoms through Aharonov-Bohm (AB) rings. Our system consists of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that ... [more ▼]

We study the one-dimensional (1D) transport properties of an ultracold gas of Bose-Einstein condensed atoms through Aharonov-Bohm (AB) rings. Our system consists of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that is outcoupled from a magnetic trap into a 1D waveguide which is made of two semi-infinite leads that join a ring geometry exposed to a synthetic magnetic flux φ. We specifically investigate the effects both of a disorder potential and of a small atom-atom contact interaction strength on the AB oscillations. The main numerical tools that we use for this purpose are a mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) description and the truncated Wigner (tW) method. We find that a correlated disorder suppress the AB oscillations leaving thereby place to weaker amplitude, half period oscillations on transmission, namely the Aronov-Al’tshuler-Spivak (AAS) oscillations. The competition between disorder and interaction leads to a flip of the transmission at the AB flux φ = π. This flip could be a possible preliminary signature of an inversion of the coherent backscattering (CBS) peak. Our study paves the way to an analytical description of the inversion of that peak. [less ▲]

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See detailWalking droplets in linear channels
Filoux, Boris ULiege; Hubert, Maxime ULiege; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege et al

in Physical Review Fluids (2017), 2

When a droplet is placed onto a vertically vibrated bath, it can bounce without coalescing. Upon an increase of the forcing acceleration, the droplet is propelled by the wave it generates and becomes a ... [more ▼]

When a droplet is placed onto a vertically vibrated bath, it can bounce without coalescing. Upon an increase of the forcing acceleration, the droplet is propelled by the wave it generates and becomes a walker with a well-defined speed. We investigate the confinement of a walker in different rectangular cavities, used as waveguides for the Faraday waves emitted by successive droplet bounces. By studying the walker velocities, we discover that one-dimensional confinement is optimal for narrow channels of width of D≃1.5λF. Thereby, the walker follows a quasilinear path. We also propose an analogy with waveguide models based on the observation of the Faraday instability within the channels. [less ▲]

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See detailCoherent backscattering in the Fock space of ultracold bosonic atoms
Schlagheck, Peter ULiege; Dujardin, Julien

in Annalen der Physik (2017), 529

We present numerical evidence for the occurrence of coherent backscattering in the Fock space of a small disordered Bose-Hubbard system consisting of four sites and containing five particles. This many ... [more ▼]

We present numerical evidence for the occurrence of coherent backscattering in the Fock space of a small disordered Bose-Hubbard system consisting of four sites and containing five particles. This many-body interference phenomenon can most conveniently be seen in time evolution processes that start from a Fock state of the Bose-Hubbard system. It manifests itself in an enhanced detection probability of this initial state as compared to other Fock states with comparable total energy. We argue that coherent backscattering in Fock space can be experimentally measured with ultracold bosonic atoms in optical lattices using state-of-the-art single-site detection techniques. A synthetic gauge field can be induced in order to break time-reversal symmetry within the lattice and thereby destroy coherent backscattering. While this many-body interference effect is most prominently visible in the presence of eigenstate thermalization, we briefly discuss its significance in the opposite regime of many-body localization. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental observation of the Poincaré-Birkhoff scenario in a driven many-body quantum system
Tomkovic, Jiri; Muessel, Wolfgang; Strobel, Helmut et al

in Physical Review. A (2017), 95

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See detailNonlinear dynamical tunneling of optical whispering gallery modes in the presence of a Kerr nonlinearity
Shim, Jeong -Bo ULiege; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege; Hentschel, Martina et al

in Physical Review. A (2016), 94

The effect of a Kerr nonlinearity on dynamical tunneling is studied, using coupled whispering gallery modes in an optical microcavity. The model system that we have chosen is the “add-drop filter,” which ... [more ▼]

The effect of a Kerr nonlinearity on dynamical tunneling is studied, using coupled whispering gallery modes in an optical microcavity. The model system that we have chosen is the “add-drop filter,” which is comprised of an optical microcavity and two waveguides coupled to the cavity. Due to the evanescent fields scattering on the waveguide, the whispering gallery modes in the microcavity form doublets, which manifest themselves as splittings in the spectrum. As these doublets can be regarded as a spectral feature of dynamical tunneling between two different dynamical states with a spatial overlap, the effect of a Kerr nonlinearity on the doublets is numerically investigated in the more general context of the relationship between cubic nonlinearity and dynamical tunneling. Within the numerical realization of the model system, it is observed that the doublets show a bistable transition in their transmission curve as the Kerr nonlinearity in the cavity is increased. At the same time, one rotational mode becomes dominant over the other one in the transmission, since the two states in the doublet have uneven linewidths. By using coupled-mode theory, the underlying mode dynamics of the phenomena is theoretically modeled and clarified. [less ▲]

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See detailWalking droplets in confined geometries
Filoux, Boris ULiege; Hubert, Maxime ULiege; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege et al

Poster (2016, October 12)

When gently placing a droplet onto a vertically vibrated bath, under specific conditions, coalescence may be avoided. The drop bounces permanently. Upon increasing the forcing acceleration, the drop ... [more ▼]

When gently placing a droplet onto a vertically vibrated bath, under specific conditions, coalescence may be avoided. The drop bounces permanently. Upon increasing the forcing acceleration, the drop interacts with the wave it generates, and becomes a walker [1,2]. Recently, some 2D confining systems for walking droplets have been developed: cylindrical cavity, harmonic potential or the use of Coriolis force [3,4]. In addition, the interactions between two identical walkers have been studied in a 2D case [5]. Nevertheless, no study focuses on 1D dynamics and their properties. In this work, we show it is possible to confine a walker in a quasi mono-dimensional geometry by using a submerged annular cavity. We focus on the interactions between droplets, and show the interdistance quantization. Then, we study the speed of pairs of walkers and show that the distance between the drops affects the group speed: the closer the drops are, the faster they move. We also propose a numerical model to characterize the distance quantization, and the evolution of the speed of a string of droplets. Finally, we investigate the case of a string of droplets. We discuss the influence of the number of droplets and the distance between droplets on the string speed. 1. Y. Couder, S. Protière, E. Fort, and A. Boudaoud, Nature 437, 208 (2005).
 2. S. Protière, A. Boudaoud, and Y. Couder, J. Fluid Mech. 554, 85 (2006).
 3. S. Perrard, M. Labousse, M. Miskin, E. Fort, and Y. Couder, Nat. Commun. 5, 3219 (2014).
 4. M. Labousse and S. Perrard, Phys. Rev. E 90, 022913 (2014).
 5. C. Borghesi, J. Moukhtar, M. Labousse, A. Eddi, E. Fort, and Y. Couder, Phys. Rev. E 90, 063017 (2014). [less ▲]

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See detailAharonov-Bohm oscillations of bosonic matter-wave beams in the presence of disorder and interaction
Chrétien, Renaud ULiege; Dujardin, Julien; Petitjean, Cyril ULiege et al

Poster (2016, July 27)

We study the one-dimensional (1D) transport properties of an ultracold gas of Bose-Einstein condensed atoms through Aharonov-Bohm (AB) rings. Our system consists of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that ... [more ▼]

We study the one-dimensional (1D) transport properties of an ultracold gas of Bose-Einstein condensed atoms through Aharonov-Bohm (AB) rings. Our system consists of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that is outcoupled from a magnetic trap into a 1D waveguide which is made of two semi-infinite leads that join a ring geometry exposed to a synthetic magnetic flux φ. We specifically investigate the effects both of a disorder potential and of a small atom-atom contact interaction strength on the AB oscillations. The main numerical tools that we use for this purpose are a mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) description and the truncated Wigner (tW) method. We find that a correlated disorder suppress the AB oscillations leaving thereby place to Aronov-Al’tshuler-Spivak (AAS) oscillations. The competition between disorder and interaction leads to a peak inversion at Φ = π, that is a signature of a coherent backscattering (CBS) peak inversion. This is confirmed by truncated Wigner simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailMany-Body Spin Echo
Engl, Thomas; Urbina, Juan Diego; Richter, Klaus et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We predict a universal echo phenomenon present in the time evolution of many-body states of interacting quantum systems described by Fermi-Hubbard models. It consists of the coherent revival of transition ... [more ▼]

We predict a universal echo phenomenon present in the time evolution of many-body states of interacting quantum systems described by Fermi-Hubbard models. It consists of the coherent revival of transition probabilities echoing a sudden flip of the spins that, contrary to its single-particle (Hahn) version, is not dephased by interactions or spin-orbit coupling. The many-body spin echo signal has a universal shape independent of the interaction strength, and an amplitude and sign depending only on combinatorial relations between the number of particles and the number of applied spin flips. Our analytical predictions, based on semiclassical interfering amplitudes in Fock space associated with chaotic mean-field solutions, are tested against extensive numerical simulations confirming that the coherent origin of the echo lies in the existence of anti-unitary symmetries. [less ▲]

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See detailCoherent backscattering in the Fock space of Bose- and Fermi-Hubbard systems
Engl, Thomas; Dujardin, Julien; Tisserond, Emilie et al

Poster (2016, July)

Coherent backscattering generally refers to a significant and robust enhancement of the average backscattering probability of a wave within a disordered medium, which from a semiclassical point of view ... [more ▼]

Coherent backscattering generally refers to a significant and robust enhancement of the average backscattering probability of a wave within a disordered medium, which from a semiclassical point of view arises due to the constructive interference between backscattered trajectories and their time-reversed counterparts. We recently investigated the manifestation of this wave interference phenomenon in the Fock space of a disordered Bose-Hubbard system of finite extent [1], which can potentially be realized using ultracold bosonic atoms within optical lattices. Preparing the atoms in a well-defined Fock state of the lattice and letting the system evolve for a finite time will, for suitable parameters of the system and upon some disorder average over random on-site energies of the lattice, generally give rise to an equidistribution of the occupation probability within the energy shell of the Fock space that corresponds to the initial energy of the system, in accordance with the quantum microcanonical ensemble. We find, however, that the initial state is twice as often encountered as other Fock states with comparable total energy, which is a consequence of coherent backscattering [1]. Most recently, we showed that this phenomenon also arises in spin 1/2 Fermi-Hubbard rings that involve Rashba hopping terms (which combine inter-site hoppings with spin flips and arise from spin-orbit coupling), for which a newly developed semiclassical theory [2] correctly predicts a coherent enhancement of the occupation probabilities of the initial state and its spin-flipped counterpart. Moreover, performing a global spin flip within this Fermi-Hubbard system will give rise to significant spin echo peaks on those two Fock states, which is again a consequence of quantum many-body interference [3]. The semiclassical predictions of these enhancements and peaks are found to be in very good agreement with numerical findings obtained from the exact quantum time evolution within this Fermi-Hubbard system. [1] T. Engl, J. Dujardin, A. Argüelles, P. Schlagheck, K. Richter, and J. D. Urbina, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 140403 (2014). [2] T. Engl, P. Plößl, J. D. Urbina, and K. Richter, Theoretical Chemistry Accounts 133, 1563 (2014). [3] T. Engl, J. D. Urbina, and K. Richter, arXiv:1409.5684. [less ▲]

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See detailWaveguides for walking droplets
Filoux, Boris ULiege; Hubert, Maxime ULiege; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

When gently placing a droplet onto a vertically vibrated bath, a drop can bounce without coalescing. Upon increasing the forcing acceleration, the droplet is propelled by the wave it generates and becomes ... [more ▼]

When gently placing a droplet onto a vertically vibrated bath, a drop can bounce without coalescing. Upon increasing the forcing acceleration, the droplet is propelled by the wave it generates and becomes a walker with a well defined speed. We investigate the confinement of a walker in different rectangular cavities, used as waveguides for the Faraday waves emitted by successive droplet bounces. By studying the walker velocities, we discover that 1d confinement is optimal for narrow channels of width of D≃1.5λF. We also propose an analogy with waveguide models based on the observation of the Faraday instability within the channels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (9 ULiège)