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See detailA review of the characteristics of black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) and their implications for silvicultural practices
Claessens, Hugues ULiege; Oosterbaan, Anne; Savill, Peter et al

in Forestry (2010), 83(2), 163-175

Black alder is a scattered, widespread and short-lived species that thrives in low-lying damp and riparian places. It has a use in flood control, stabilization of riverbanks and in functioning of the ... [more ▼]

Black alder is a scattered, widespread and short-lived species that thrives in low-lying damp and riparian places. It has a use in flood control, stabilization of riverbanks and in functioning of the river ecosystems. To thrive, precipitation must exceed 1500 mm if access to groundwater is not possible. Alders are unusual among European trees in that they fix nitrogen. To regenerate naturally, alder requires high levels of both light and moisture, usually achievable only on disturbed sites. Growth rates up to ages 7–10 are very fast but then slow rapidly. Sixty to seventy years is the maximum rotation for growing timber if heart rot is to be avoided. Maximum mean annual increments range from 4 to 14 m3 ha21 year21. Alder wood is used for energy, as fibre for paper and particle board and, most profitably, in joinery as solid wood or veneer. Logs must be at least 3 m long and ideally 50–60 cm diameter. Aspects of plantation silviculture are discussed with emphasis on thinning, which needs to be started early and to be heavy and frequent around selected final crop trees to achieve marketable timber before heart rot sets in. [less ▲]

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See detailEcology and silviculture of black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.)
Claessens, Hugues ULiege; Oosterbaan, Anne; Savill, Peter

Poster (2008, October)

Black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) is widespread across Europe, both in forest and on open land along the watercourses. It plays a major role in nature conservation, thanks to its relation with ... [more ▼]

Black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) is widespread across Europe, both in forest and on open land along the watercourses. It plays a major role in nature conservation, thanks to its relation with the river ecosystems and its network distribution on open land. [less ▲]

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