References of "Santander, Sébastian"
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See detailL’Union européenne, un inépuisable objet d’étude
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

in Cahiers de Science Politique de l’Université de Liège (2021)

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See detailThe EU in Search of Autonomy in the Era of Chinese Expansionism and COVID-19 Pandemic
Santander, Sébastian ULiege; Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

in Global Policy (2021), 12(1), 149-156

Given the global changes created by China's expanding international influence, increasingly intense Sino–American competition and the growing multi‐polarisation of the international political economy, is ... [more ▼]

Given the global changes created by China's expanding international influence, increasingly intense Sino–American competition and the growing multi‐polarisation of the international political economy, is there any specific place that the European Union can hope to occupy? For tentative answers to this question, this analysis of Chinese economic expansionism aims to highlight the rationale behind the EU's foreign policy action and to explore how this expansionism has impacted on the preservation of the European unity and whether Chinese economic power has undermined integration and triggered disunity within the EU. We look at the period starting in 2013, the year when China launched its ‘New Silk Road’ initiative, right up to the global lockdown due to the COVID‐19 pandemic. [less ▲]

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See detailPostface
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

in Alix, Yann; Baizakova, Kuraly; Chabal, Pierre (Eds.) Evolving regional values and mobilities in global contexts. The emergence of new (Eur)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe (2021)

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See detailL’Union européenne, objet ou sujet du basculement du monde ?
Santander, Sébastian ULiege; Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

in Arès, Mathieu; Boulanger, Eric; Mottet, Eric (Eds.) La guerre par d'autres moyens. Rivalités économiques et négociations commerciale au XXIe siècle (2021)

La place et le rôle de l’UE dans la mondialisation sont aujourd’hui bousculés par essentiellement trois facteurs politiques majeurs : la montée en force de nouvelles puissances, la politique néo ... [more ▼]

La place et le rôle de l’UE dans la mondialisation sont aujourd’hui bousculés par essentiellement trois facteurs politiques majeurs : la montée en force de nouvelles puissances, la politique néo-mercantiliste américaine et les divisions politiques internes. Pris conjointement, ces trois facteurs externes et internes peuvent constituer des accélérateurs de crise pour l’UE. La notion de crise est ici appréhendée au sens chinois du terme où les périodes incertaines sont vues comme autant d’opportunités de reconsidérer l’avenir autrement. Dès lors, la question qui se pose est de savoir dans quelle mesure l’UE est à même d’être acteur de son destin dans cette période tumultueuse. Pour ce faire la présente contribution a fait le choix de se focaliser essentiellement sur les actions entreprises en matière de politique commerciale. [less ▲]

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See detailLe régionalisme à l’épreuve des grandes puissances L’Union européenne face à la Chine et aux États-Unis
Santander, Sébastian ULiege; Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

in Fédéralisme - Régionalisme (2020), 20

L’article s’intéresse à la place du régionalisme dans les relations internationales et plus particulièrement dans une économie politique internationale marquée par une diffusion croissante du pouvoir ... [more ▼]

L’article s’intéresse à la place du régionalisme dans les relations internationales et plus particulièrement dans une économie politique internationale marquée par une diffusion croissante du pouvoir doublée d’une mondialisation qui exacerbe la compétition entre grandes puissances. Ainsi, la place et le rôle de l’Union européenne dans la mondialisation sont aujourd’hui bousculés par les actions des puissances internationales, telles que les États-Unis et la Chine, la compétition entre celles-ci et par une remise en question de l’ordre international libéral auquel elle s’identifie. L’article se penche dès lors sur une question majeure : le monde est-il en train de se construire ailleurs qu’en Europe ou l’Union européenne parvient-elle à s’affirmer comme un des pôles principaux de l’ordre international ? Pour tenter d’apporter quelques éléments de réponse à ces questions, l’article fait le choix de se focaliser essentiellement sur les actions entreprises par l’Union en matière de politique commerciale. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Atlantic Triangle in the era of China’s rising power in Latin America
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

in Telò, Mario (Ed.) China and the EU in the Era of Regional and Interregional Cooperation (2020)

This chapter focuses on the relations that the European Union (EU), United States (US) and China have developed with the continent of Latin America in the post-Cold War period. It looks at the evolution ... [more ▼]

This chapter focuses on the relations that the European Union (EU), United States (US) and China have developed with the continent of Latin America in the post-Cold War period. It looks at the evolution of each of them, the various different influences they have and their impact on Latin American stakeholders. US policy on Latin America was for a long time governed by the Monroe Doctrine, based on the mantra of ‘America for the Americans’. This explains why for decades Washington had considered Latin America (LA) as its own back- yard. Hence the US had a policy that allowed the country to exercise an almost discretionary authority over the continent for most of the 20th century. Starting in the 1980s, the EU and its Member States took initiatives enabling them to project themselves into the sphere of influence traditionally dominated by the USA. They began to play a role there and to develop their presence there. From the 1990s onwards, this resulted in the establishment of an interregional association between the EU and LA based on institutional and multidimensional relations – which they were quick to describe as ‘strategic’� The EU rolled out a strategy that was aimed, for instance, at supporting regional organisations in LA to develop regional group-to-group relations. This strategy was intended to en- able the EU to increase its international visibility and recognition, to consolidate its economic and commercial interests and thus to build and establish its role as an actor on the Latin American scene in the face of US power there. US authorities were aware of this growing European presence in their hemi- sphere, and developed initiatives in response. Fearing that its companies would lose markets in a context of increased globalisation, the US rethought its strategy towards the continent. The aim was to enhance US trade alliances and to further diversify the country’s free trade agreements (FTAs) with LA states. There emerged what could be called a triangular game in the Atlantic area, where the actors’ strategies influenced each other. However, over the past 20 years, the world’s pace has accelerated, power has become more diffuse and new powers are emerging and making their presence felt on the international stage. This has only served to increase global competition. Latin America has watched this new expansion and this increased interna- tional rivalry stemming from the new and extra-regional actors taking root on the ground in LA. China is the biggest of these actors, which raises the ques- tion as to whether its deployment will likely induce the traditional (the EU and USA) regional actors in the Atlantic Triangle to adapt their own behaviour and strategies. Are China’s presence and its appeal to LA transforming the Atlantic Triangle into a strategic space with a quadrilateral rivalry? [less ▲]

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See detailEU in Global Affairs: Constrained Ambition in an Unpredictable World?
Santander, Sébastian ULiege; Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

in European Foreign Affairs Review (2020), 25(1), 5-22

The European Union (EU) has a number of different powers in its toolbox. One of these policies lies at the core of the EU’s external competences – the common commercial policy (CCP) or common trade policy ... [more ▼]

The European Union (EU) has a number of different powers in its toolbox. One of these policies lies at the core of the EU’s external competences – the common commercial policy (CCP) or common trade policy. This enables the EU to ‘speak as one voice’ in multilateral bodies and with third parties. The CCP, which has become stronger over the years, has developed into one of the bloc’s key international projection levers. However, the EU’s place and role in globalization are today being shaken chiefly by three major political factors: the rise of new powers, the United States (US)’ neo-mercantilist policies, and political divisions within the EU. Together, these three external and internal factors may be hastening a crisis for the EU. This raises the question: to what extent can the bloc influence its own destiny during this stormy period? [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Relations of the European Union 4th edition
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Learning material (2020)

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See detailIntroduction aux relations internationales 13e édition
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Learning material (2020)

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See detailRégionalisme dans la politique mondiale, 8e édition
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Learning material (2020)

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See detailL’Amérique du Sud au cœur du bras de fer entre grandes puissances. Le cas du Venezuela.
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

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See detailLes États-Unis face à l’essor de la puissance chinoise: jeux et enjeux d’une compétition mondiale
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2020)

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See detailThe EU in the global club of powers: the case of the EU in the G20
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Scientific conference (2020, January 15)

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See detailThe EU as an international actor from a theoretical perspective
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Scientific conference (2020, January 14)

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See detailThe EU and the interregional diplomacy
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Scientific conference (2020, January 13)

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See detailThe EU in the global trading system
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Scientific conference (2020, January 13)

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See detailLa crise au Venezuela : champ de rivalité entre grandes puissances ?
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

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See detailCrise migratoire vénézuélienne: quelle(s) destination(s) et réponse(s)?
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

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See detailContexte économique et géopolitique de la crise au Venezuela
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

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See detailInternational Relations of the European Union
Santander, Sébastian ULiege

Learning material (2019)

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