References of "Rondia, Pierre"
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See detailLe marc de pomme en post-sevrage améliore-t-il les performances et la santé digestive du porcelet ?
Dufourny, Sandrine ULiege; Antoine, Nadine; Pitchugina, Elena et al

Poster (2020, February)

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See detailStrategies of the Walloon dairy producersfaced to the uncertain dairy future
Dalcq, Anne-Catherine ULiege; Dogot, Thomas ULiege; Soyeurt, Hélène ULiege et al

Conference (2020, January 31)

This study observes the strategies, and their determinants, of the Walloon dairy producersfaced to the post quota perspective through the realisation of 245 surveys, conducted from November 2014 to ... [more ▼]

This study observes the strategies, and their determinants, of the Walloon dairy producersfaced to the post quota perspective through the realisation of 245 surveys, conducted from November 2014 to February 2015. It highlights how dairy production companies plan to evolve to cope with this great change in the sector and so how will move the production of our dairy products. Three kinds of strategical variables were defined and related to the evolution of milk production (MP) [the producerswho increase MP (HighMP) vs. keep constant MP (ConstantMP) vs. stop MP]; the valorisation of MP [alternative (ValMP)vs. classical] and the diversification of activities [with (DivMP) vs. without such activities]. The relationships between the chosen strategies and the quantitative technical variables were studied using generalised linear models. The independence between qualitative technical variables and the strategical variables was tested using Chi Square test. HighMP and ConstantMP producersrepresent 38.4% and 53.9% of respondents, respectively. HighMP producerswere significantly more declared as legal entity (p-value = 0.03), had more family members on the farm (p-value<0.01), larger agricultural area in property (p-value = 0.03) and higher MP quota(p-value = 0.01)compared to ConstantMP producers. Only 9.8% of respondents decide to valorise differently MP. ValMP producerstend to have more employees (p-value = 0.08) and an agricultural area less fragmented (p-value = 0.07)than classical producers. A total of 7.8% of respondents decide to develop other activities. DivMP producerstend to have more employees (p-value = 0.10), more agricultural area in property (p-value = 0.03) and a more recent year of installation (p-value < 0.01). Finally, 44.9% of ConstantMP producersdo not want to start an alternative valorisation of MP and diversify their activities. In conclusion, a relationship exists between, amongst others, the legal status, workforce available, characteristics of the agricultural area, the dairy production and the strategy chosen by the Walloon dairy producers. [less ▲]

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See detailBaby-SPIME: A dynamic in vitro piglet model mimicking gut microbiota during the weaning process.
Dufourny, Sandrine ULiege; Everaert, Nadia ULiege; Lebrun, Sarah ULiege et al

in Journal of microbiological methods (2019), 167

The study aimed to adapt the SHIME(R) model, developed to simulate human digestion and fermentation, to a baby-SPIME (baby Simulator of Pig Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem). What constitutes a unique ... [more ▼]

The study aimed to adapt the SHIME(R) model, developed to simulate human digestion and fermentation, to a baby-SPIME (baby Simulator of Pig Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem). What constitutes a unique feature of this model is its twofold objective of introducing an ileal microbial community and mimicking a dietary weaning transition. This model should then be ideally suited to test the dietary weaning strategies of piglets in vitro. Regarding the microbiota, the main phyla making up the model were Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria although Bacteroidetes decreased after inoculation (p=0.043 in ileum, p=0.021 in colon) and Delta-Proteobacteria were favoured (p=0.083 in ileum, p=0.043 in colon) compared to Gamma-Proteobacteria. The designed model led to a low representation of Bacilli - especially Lactobacillus sp. in the ileum and a weak representation of Bacteroidia in the proximal colon. However, Mitsuokella and Prevotella were part of the major genera of the model along with Bifidobacterium, Fusobacterium, Megasphaera and Bacteroides. As a result of weaning, two major changes - normally occurring in vivo - were detected in the system: firstly, Firmicutes diminished when Bacteroidetes increased particularly in the proximal colon; secondly, Bacteroides decreased and Prevotella increased (mean value for four runs). In terms of metabolite production, while a ratio acetate: propionate: butyrate of 60:26:14 was obtained in post-weaned colon, the expected inversion of the ratio propionate: butyrate in the post-weaned ileum was unfortunately not observed. To conclude, the so-called baby-SPIME model meets expectations regarding the resident microbiota of the proximal colon bioreactor and the metabolites produced thereof. In terms of the evolution of major groups of bacteria, the in vitro weaning process appeared to be successful. However, higher concentration of butyric acid would have been expected in ileum part of newly weaned piglets, as observed in vivo. The microbiota in the ileum bioreactor seemed in fact to act like a pre-colon. This suggests that microbial profile in ileum bioreactor had to be improved. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of an analytical method to detect short-chain fatty acids by SPME-GC–MS in samples coming from an in vitro gastrointestinal model
Douny, Caroline ULiege; Dufourny, Sandrine ULiege; Brose, François ULiege et al

in Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences (2019), 1124

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See detailIdeal future dairy farm: a Walloon breeders’ point of view
Dalcq, Anne-Catherine ULiege; Soyeurt, Hélène ULiege; Dogot, Thomas ULiege et al

Conference (2017, August 30)

This research aims to characterize the dairy breeders regarding their idea of the ideal future farm ensuring them an income, in order to highlight their present situation and the ways to advise them ... [more ▼]

This research aims to characterize the dairy breeders regarding their idea of the ideal future farm ensuring them an income, in order to highlight their present situation and the ways to advise them towards their wished dairy model. The 245 answers to a survey of breeders, conducted between November 2014 and February 2015 provided information about, amongst others, their wishes concerning the intensification, the specialization, the technological innovation, the kind of workforce, structure, market and milk production (standard vs. differentiated quality milk). Based on this information, a Multiple Correspondence Analysis allowed to create 4 groups of breeders with a similar view of their ideal farm: global-based intensive (GBIb), local-based extensive (LBEb), intermediate and no-opinion breeders. The relationships between these groups and the other recorded qualitative variables as formation needed, obstacles and advantages of breeders organization, of diversification and so forth w ere studied using Chi Square tests and Correspondence Canonical Analysis. A moderate link was observed between the ideal future farm and the current situation of the respondent. This suggested that not all the breeders were in the production system that they considered as most profitable. As a brake to the transformation and diversification, GBIb tended to be more numerous to speak about the uncertainty of the customer loyalty (p-value = 0.07) and LBEb pointed out the size of the investments (p-value = 0.05). LBEb asked more for administrative (p-value = 0.04) and transformation and diversification formations (p-value = 0.03) while GBIb looked more for finance and management formation (p-value = 0.02). In conclusion, there were different ideal dairy farm models considered by the breeders. Their needs were not similar and indicated which tools must be developed and which domain must be studied to support them. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement d’un modèle in vitro dynamique et continu de digestion chez le porcelet – le baby-SPIME – simulant le processus de sevrage en réacteurs
Dufourny, Sandrine ULiege; Lallemand, Françoise; Taminiau, Bernard et al

in Mainil, Jacques (Ed.) Compte-rendu du 7è Colloque International francophone de Microbiologie Animale (2017, March)

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See detailStrategies of the Walloon dairy breeders faced to the uncertain dairy future
Dalcq, Anne-Catherine ULiege; Dogot, Thomas ULiege; Soyeurt, Hélène ULiege et al

Conference (2016, September 01)

This study observes the strategies, and their determinants, of the Walloon dairy breeders faced to the post quota perspective through the realization of 245 surveys, conducted from November 2014 to ... [more ▼]

This study observes the strategies, and their determinants, of the Walloon dairy breeders faced to the post quota perspective through the realization of 245 surveys, conducted from November 2014 to February 2015. Three kinds of strategical variables were defined and related to the evolution of milk production (MP) [the breeders who increase MP (HighMP) vs. keep constant MP (ConstantMP) vs. stop MP]; the valorisation of MP [alternative (ValMP) vs. classical] and the diversification of activities [with (DivMP) vs. without such activities]. The relationships between the chosen strategies and the quantitative technical variables were studied using generalized linear models. The independence between qualitative technical variables and the strategical variables was tested using Chi Square test. HighMP and ConstantMP bredeers represent 38.4% and 53.9% of respondents, respectively. HighMP breeders were significantly more declared as legal entity (p-value = 0.03), had more family members on the farm (p-value<0.01), larger agricultural area in property (p-value = 0.03) and higher MP quota (p-value = 0.01) compared to ConstantMP breeders. Only 9.8% of respondents decide to valorise differently MP. ValMP breeders tend to have more employees (p-value = 0.08) and an agricultural area less fragmented (p-value = 0.07) than classical breeders. A total of 7.8% of respondents decide to develop other activities. DivMP breeders tend to have more employees (p-value = 0.10), more agricultural area in property (p-value = 0.03) and a more recent year of installation (p-value < 0.01). Finally, 44.9% of ConstantMP breeders do not want to start an alternative valorisation of MP and diversify their activities. In conclusion, a relationship exists between, amongst others, the legal status, workforce available, characteristics of the agricultural area, the dairy production and the strategy chosen by the Walloon dairy breeders. [less ▲]

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See detailLes herbivores, transformateurs de produits fourragers et de coproduits issus de l'agro-industrie en aliments nobles pour l'homme
Decruyenaere, Virginie; Lessire, Françoise ULiege; Beckers, Yves ULiege et al

in CRA-W (Ed.) La viande bovine remise en question: De sa production à sa consommation (2014, February 19)

Les prairies recouvrent près de 50% de la surface agricole utile en Wallonie. Dans certaines régions, la prépondérance des prairies dans le paysage wallon se justifie par des contraintes climatiques. Pour ... [more ▼]

Les prairies recouvrent près de 50% de la surface agricole utile en Wallonie. Dans certaines régions, la prépondérance des prairies dans le paysage wallon se justifie par des contraintes climatiques. Pour celles-ci bien souvent, les sommes de température et la durée de végétation active sont faibles et limitent considérablement le choix des cultures susceptibles d’atteindre la maturité avant récolte avec certitude. Dans d’autres régions, les prairies s’imposent davantage en raison de contraintes agronomiques : nature du sol, disposition des parcelles, relief du territoire, intérêt dans la rotation pour les prairies temporaires… Ainsi, la grande majorité des prairies de notre Région ne peut pas être remplacée par des cultures ; elles doivent dès lors être perçues comme une bonne alternative à la valorisation du territoire. Grâce à la présence du rumen en amont de l’estomac, les ruminants ont la capacité de transformer des productions non éligibles pour l’homme, tels que les fourrages et les co-produits des industries agro-alimentaires. Ces aliments, de nature essentiellement fibreuse mais pas pour autant pauvres en protéine et en énergie, sont largement fermentés par les micro-organismes du rumen qui les dégradent en composés plus simples, valorisables ensuite par l’animal. Par ce mécanisme, les ruminants contribuent à transformer ces aliments grossiers en produits nobles, tels que le lait et la viande. On comprend dès lors aisément que la présence des ruminants est étroitement liée aux superficies enherbées, elles-mêmes dépendantes des conditions pédo-climatiques d’une région. Malgré des systèmes de production intensifs et l’amélioration continue du potentiel génétique des animaux, les bovins restent peu dépendants des aliments du commerce comparativement aux autres spéculations animales. Ainsi, selon l’APFACA, de l’ordre de 16% des aliments composés produits en Belgique et importés sont utilisés pour les bovins, dont seulement 1/3 est écoulé dans la filière viande bovine. L’herbe, les produits herbagers et les aliments produits sur l’exploitation tels que le maïs restent donc majoritaires dans la ration des bovins élevés pour la production de viande. La valorisation de l’herbe et des produits herbagers dépend fortement des performances zootechniques recherchées. Les objectifs de croissance sont établis, en autre, sur base des prix offerts par la cheville variant avec les catégories d’âge et de poids d’abattage. Ces dernières années, il semble que les animaux abattus un peu plus tardivement soient moins dépréciés qu’auparavant, facilitant la formulation de rations à base de matières premières herbagères. A l’inverse, l’intensification dans le but de produire des animaux abattus plus jeunes ou à un poids supérieur, implique une croissance plus soutenue, et de ce fait la distribution de rations plus denses en énergie. Pour la formulation de telles rations, certains coproduits disposent de valeurs nutritionnelles intéressantes, permettant de satisfaire des besoins nutritionnels élevés, tout en conservant une certaine autonomie alimentaire. Leur valorisation au niveau local représente en outre un intérêt considérable pour la rentabilité des industries agro-alimentaires qui, sans la présence de l’animal, devraient trouver d’autres débouchés pour les coproduits sous peine d’être dans l’obligation de financer leur élimination. Cet exposé a pour objectif d’illustrer les potentiels, mais aussi les limites, des aliments produits localement pour les bovins viande, que ce soit selon leur type (vache de réforme- taurillon…), leur race et leurs performances zootechniques, mais aussi l’intérêt de ces aliments en termes d’efficiences alimentaire et économique. Il analyse les atouts et faiblesses de la spéculation viande bovine en ne se limitant pas à l’échelle de l’animal seul, mais en le replaçant en tant que véritable maillon de la chaîne agro-alimentaire. Ce positionnement permet non seulement de mieux cerner les enjeux de ces élevages au niveau de la production primaire, mais aussi leur importance dans les secteurs amont et aval. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de l'alimentation des vaches laitières sur la fromageabilité du lait
Grelet, Clément ULiege; Froidmont, Eric; Rondia, Pierre et al

Poster (2013)

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See detailEtude comparative des performances de production laitiere de brebis de race Mouton Laitier Belge avec celles de brebis de race Lacaune.
Gillon, Alain ULiege; Rondia, Pierre; Gengler, Nicolas ULiege et al

in 14ièmes Recontres Recherches Ruminants, Paris, les 5 et 6 Décembre 2007 (2007, December)

La Wallonie compte une dizaine de producteurs de lait de brebis avec un cheptel variant de 30 à 250 individus par exploitation, pour la plupart de race « Mouton Laitier Belge » (MLB). Il s’agit d’un ... [more ▼]

La Wallonie compte une dizaine de producteurs de lait de brebis avec un cheptel variant de 30 à 250 individus par exploitation, pour la plupart de race « Mouton Laitier Belge » (MLB). Il s’agit d’un animal de type exclusivement laitier qui s’apparente fortement au mouton laitier frison dont l’effectif s’élève à un millier de têtes. La présence simultanée de brebis Lacaune (LAC) et de brebis MLB sur une même exploitation a permis la comparaison de leurs performances respectives grâce à une maîtrise du facteur « mode de conduite ». L’effectif restreint des populations étudiées constitue une limite à une extrapolation des résultats à l’ensemble des individus des races concernées mais donne néanmoins une certaine indication de leur potentiel de production respectif en région wallonne. [less ▲]

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See detailFormulation d'un additif alimentaire contenant les premiers acides aminés limitants chez le taurillon BBBc nourri avec de l'ensilage de maïs : quelle incidence sur ses performances zootechniques
Rondia, Pierre; Froimont, Eric; Decruyenaere, Virginie et al

in CRA-W; FUSAG (Eds.) 12ème Carrefour des productions animales, "Le marché de la viande bovine : enjeux et perspectives" (2007, January 24)

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See detailDifférenciation et fonctionnalité des produits agricoles
Rondia, Pierre; Dehareng, Frédéric ULiege; Beckers, Yves ULiege et al

in CRA-W; FUSAGx (Eds.) 10ème Carrefour des Productions animales : L’élevage : hier, aujourd’hui, demain quelles attentes pour quels enjeux ? (2005, January 26)

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See detailLa diversification en productions animales
Wavreille, José; Rondia, Pierre; Decruyenaere, Virginie et al

in CRA-W; FUSAGx (Eds.) 10ème Carrefour des Productions animales : L’élevage : hier, aujourd’hui, demain quelles attentes pour quels enjeux ? (2005, January 26)

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See detailIncidence d'una dditif alimentaire contenant les premiers acides aminés limitants sur les performances zootechniques du taurillon BBBc nourri avec de l'ensilage de maïs
Rondia, Pierre; Froidmont, Eric; Decrueyenaere, Virginie et al

in Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants (2005), 12

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See detailRumen bypass of free methionine and lysine for double-muscled Belgian Blue bull.
Froidmont, Eric; Rondia, Pierre; Beckers, Yves ULiege et al

(2002, August)

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See detailRumen Escape Of Methionine And Lysine Administered Intraruminally To Growing Double-Muscled Belgian Blue Bulls
Froidmont, Eric; Rondia, Pierre; Thewis, André ULiege et al

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (2002), 42(6), 537-544

In many dietary conditions, methionine (Met) and lysine (Lys) are the most limiting amino acids (AA) for ruminants. The AA protected from ruminal fermentation are not commercially available, with the ... [more ▼]

In many dietary conditions, methionine (Met) and lysine (Lys) are the most limiting amino acids (AA) for ruminants. The AA protected from ruminal fermentation are not commercially available, with the exception of Met which is not always economical, especially for meat production. This study measured ruminal escape of free Met and Lys supplemented intraruminally to fast growing bulls. Six double-muscled Belgian Blue bulls, fed a high concentrate diet and fitted with a rumen cannula, received free Met (40 g.d–1) and free Lys (60 g.d–1), individually or simultaneously, in a duplicated Latin square design. The mean ruminal escape of Met and Lys reached 37 and 45% respectively, and did not differ if administered separately or together. Plasma Lys and Met concentrations were increased by 504 and 126%, respectively. Substantial proportions of free AA escaped ruminal fermentation and were available for absorption from the small intestine when they were administered at physiologically high levels. [less ▲]

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See detailMesure du by-pass ruminal d'un supplément de lysine et de méthionine libres chez le taurillon Blanc Bleu Belge culard.
Froidmont, Eric; Rondia, Pierre; Beckers, Yves ULiege et al

in 7èmes Rencontres autour de la Recherche sur les Ruminants, Paris, France, 6-7 décembre 2000 (2000)

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