References of "Reginster, Jean-Yves"
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See detailFrailty but not sarcopenia nor malnutrition increases the risk of developing COVID-19 in older community-dwelling adults.
Lengele, Laetitia ULiege; Locquet, Médéa ULiege; Moutschen, Michel ULiege et al

in Aging clinical and experimental research (in press)

BACKGROUND: The identification of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) risk factors is requested to implement prevention strategies. AIM: To explore the associations between the COVID-19 incidence and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The identification of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) risk factors is requested to implement prevention strategies. AIM: To explore the associations between the COVID-19 incidence and malnutrition, sarcopenia, and frailty, identified as potential risk factors in previous cross-sectional studies. METHODS: Malnutrition, sarcopenia, and frailty were assessed at the last available follow-up from the Sarcopenia and Physical Impairments with Advancing Age (SarcoPhAge) cohort (i.e., the fifth year that ended in 2019) according to the Mini-Nutritional Assessment short-form, the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2), and the Fried criteria, respectively. Information regarding the COVID-19 was gathered by phone calls interviews in April 2021 to measure its self-declared incidence. Adjusted Cox regressions and Kaplan-Meier curves were performed. RESULTS: The present study included 241 participants [median age 75.6 (73.0-80.6) years, 63.1% women]. Among them, 27 participants (11.2%) developed the non-fatal Covid-19. No significant increased risks of COVID-19 were observed in patients with malnutrition [adjusted HR 1.14 (0.26-5.07)] and sarcopenia [adjusted HR 1.25 (0.35-4.42)]. Nevertheless, the incidence of COVID-19 was significantly higher in frail (44.4%) than in robust participants (8.5%) [Adjusted HR 7.01 (2.69-18.25)], which was confirmed by the Kaplan-Meier curves (p < 0.001). Among the frailty syndrome components, a low physical activity level was the only one significantly associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 [adjusted HR 5.18 (1.37-19.54)]. CONCLUSION: Despite some limitations in the methodology of this study (i.e., limited sample size, COVID-19 incidence self-reported and not assessed systematically using objective measurements) requiring careful  consideration, an increased risk to develop COVID-19 was observed in the presence of the frailty syndrome. Further investigations are needed to elaborate on our findings. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-Effectiveness Assessment of Different Glucosamines in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Simulation Model Adapted to Germany
Bruyère, Olivier ULiege; Detilleux, Johann ULiege; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege

in Current Aging Science (in press)

Abstract: Background: The use of symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (OA) (e.g., glucosamine, chondroitin) is largely debated in the scientific literature. Indeed, multiple formulations of ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Background: The use of symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (OA) (e.g., glucosamine, chondroitin) is largely debated in the scientific literature. Indeed, multiple formulations of these agents are available, both as pharmaceutical-grade products and as nutritional supplements, but while all preparations may claim to deliver a therapeutic effect, not all are supported by clinical evidence. Moreover, few data are available regarding the cost-effectiveness of all these formulations. Usually, access to individual patient data is required to perform economic evaluations of treatments, but it can be challenging to obtain. We previously developed a model to simulate individual health utility scores from aggregated data obtained from published OA trials. Objective: In the present study, using our new simulation model, we investigated the costeffectiveness of different glucosamines used in Germany. Methods: We used our validated model to simulate the utility scores of 10 published trials that used different glucosamine preparations. Using the simulated utility scores, the quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were calculated using the area-under-the-curve method. We used the 2018 public costs of glucosamine products available in Germany to calculate the Incremental Cost/Effectiveness Ratio (ICER). We performed analyses for pharmaceutical-grade Crystalline Glucosamine Sulfate (pCGS) and other formulations of glucosamine (OFG). A cost-effectiveness cut-off of 30,000 €/QALY was considered. Results: Of 10 studies in which utility was simulated, four used pCGS, and six used OFG. The ICER analyses showed that pCGS was cost-effective compared to a placebo, with an ICER of 4489 €/QALY at month 3, 4112 €/QALY at month 6, and 9983 €/QALY at year 3. The use of OFG was not cost-effective at any of the time points considered. Conclusion: Using our previously published model to simulate the individual health utility scores of patients, we showed that, in the German context, the use of pCGS could be considered costeffective, while the use of OFG could not. These results highlight the importance of the formulation of glucosamine. [less ▲]

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See detail2021 revised algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis-the Chinese viewpoint.
Zhang, Zhiyi; Huang, Cibo; Cao, Yongping et al

in Aging clinical and experimental research (in press)

AIM: The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is available ... [more ▼]

AIM: The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is available worldwide from 2014, but in 2019 an update was published. Based on this algorithm, a Working Group (WG), including ESCEO members and Chinese experts, wished to see how the new ESCEO algorithm was perceived by Chinese experts in knee OA and how it was integrated into their clinical practice. METHODS: A WG was held between members of the international ESCEO task force and a group of Chinese experts. RESULTS: Non-pharmacological approach should be combined with pharmacological interventions. In step 1, symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (SYSADOA) are the most important background drugs. Evidence, supported by high-quality research, is available only for crystalline glucosamine sulfate (pCGS) and chondroitin sulfate. Topical NSAIDs could be used as an additional option. In step 2, oral NSAIDs could be useful, but cardiovascular/renal/gastrointestinal profiles of the patients should be considered. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid and corticosteroids are alternative to oral NSAIDs, but the evidence is still limited. If steps 1 and 2 are not sufficient, weak opioids could be used. Overall, the conclusions of the ESCEO algorithm are accepted in China for products available in this country. The WG suggests the importance of economic studies, specifically made in China. CONCLUSION: This work provides evidence-based advice to establish a treatment algorithm in knee OA, for practical implementation in clinical practice in China. [less ▲]

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See detailOdanacatib for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis: results of the LOFT multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and LOFT Extension Study
McClung, M.R.; O'Donoghue, M.L.; Papapoulos, S.E. et al

in Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology (in press)

Background: Odanacatib, a cathepsin K inhibitor, reduces bone resorption while maintaining bone formation. Previous work has shown that odanacatib increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women ... [more ▼]

Background: Odanacatib, a cathepsin K inhibitor, reduces bone resorption while maintaining bone formation. Previous work has shown that odanacatib increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with low bone mass. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of odanacatib to reduce fracture risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Methods: The Long-term Odanacatib Fracture Trial (LOFT) was a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebocontrolled, event-driven study at 388 outpatient clinics in 40 countries. Eligible participants were women aged at least 65 years who were postmenopausal for 5 years or more, with a femoral neck or total hip bone mineral density T-score between –2·5 and –4·0 if no previous radiographic vertebral fracture, or between –1·5 and –4·0 with a previous vertebral fracture. Women with a previous hip fracture, more than one vertebral fracture, or a T-score of less than –4·0 at the total hip or femoral neck were not eligible unless they were unable or unwilling to use approved osteoporosis treatment. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to either oral odanacatib (50 mg once per week) or matching placebo. Randomisation was done using an interactive voice recognition system after stratification for previous radiographic vertebral fracture, and treatment was masked to study participants, investigators and their staff, and sponsor personnel. If the study completed before 5 years of double-blind treatment, consenting participants could enrol in a double-blind extension study (LOFT Extension), continuing their original treatment assignment for up to 5 years from randomisation. Primary endpoints were incidence of vertebral fractures as assessed using radiographs collected at baseline, 6 and 12 months, yearly, and at final study visit in participants for whom evaluable radiograph images were available at baseline and at least one other timepoint, and hip and non-vertebral fractures adjudicated as being a result of osteoporosis as assessed by clinical history and radiograph. Safety was assessed in participants who received at least one dose of study drug. The adjudicated cardiovascular safety endpoints were a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke, and new-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter. Individual cardiovascular endpoints and death were also assessed. LOFT and LOFT Extension are registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (number NCT00529373) and the European Clinical Trials Database (EudraCT number 2007-002693-66). Findings: Between Sept 14, 2007, and Nov 17, 2009, we randomly assigned 16 071 evaluable patients to treatment: 8043 to odanacatib and 8028 to placebo. After a median follow-up of 36·5 months (IQR 34·43–40·15) 4297 women assigned to odanacatib and 3960 assigned to placebo enrolled in LOFT Extension (total median follow-up 47·6 months, IQR 35·45–60·06). In LOFT, cumulative incidence of primary outcomes for odanacatib versus placebo were: radiographic vertebral fractures 3·7% (251/6770) versus 7·8% (542/6910), hazard ratio (HR) 0·46, 95% CI 0·40–0·53; hip fractures 0·8% (65/8043) versus 1·6% (125/8028), 0·53, 0·39–0·71; non-vertebral fractures 5·1% (412/8043) versus 6·7% (541/8028), 0·77, 0·68–0·87; all p<0·0001. Combined results from LOFT plus LOFT Extension for cumulative incidence of primary outcomes for odanacatib versus placebo were: radiographic vertebral fractures 4·9% (341/6909) versus 9·6% (675/7011), HR 0·48, 95% CI 0·42–0·55; hip fractures 1·1% (86/8043) versus 2·0% (162/8028), 0·52, 0·40–0·67; non-vertebral fractures 6·4% (512/8043) versus 8·4% (675/8028), 0·74, 0·66–0·83; all p<0·0001. In LOFT, the composite cardiovascular endpoint of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 273 (3·4%) of 8043 patients in the odanacatib group versus 245 (3·1%) of 8028 in the placebo group (HR 1·12, 95% CI 0·95–1·34; p=0·18). New-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter occurred in 112 (1·4%) of 8043 patients in the odanacatib group versus 96 (1·2%) of 8028 in the placebo group (HR 1·18, 0·90–1·55; p=0·24). Odanacatib was associated with an increased risk of stroke (1·7% [136/8043] vs 1·3% [104/8028], HR 1·32, 1·02–1·70; p=0·034), but not myocardial infarction (0·7% [60/8043] vs 0·9% [74/8028], HR 0·82, 0·58–1·15; p=0·26). The HR for all-cause mortality was 1·13 (5·0% [401/8043] vs 4·4% [356/8028], 0·98–1·30; p=0·10).When data from LOFT Extension were included, the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in significantly more patients in the odanacatib group than in the placebo group (401 [5·0%] of 8043 vs 343 [4·3%] of 8028, HR 1·17, 1·02–1·36; p=0·029, as did stroke (2·3% [187/8043] vs 1·7% [137/8028], HR 1·37, 1·10–1·71; p=0·0051). Interpretation: Odanacatib reduced the risk of fracture, but was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, specifically stroke, in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Based on the overall balance between benefit and risk, the study’s sponsor decided that they would no longer pursue development of odanacatib for treatment of osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailNeurofilament light chain concentration in an aging population.
Ladang, Aurélie; Kovacs, Stéphanie; Lengele, Laetitia ULiege et al

in Aging clinical and experimental research (2022)

BACKGROUND: Neurofilament light chain (NF-L) concentration is recognized to be modified in neurological diseases and traumatic brain injuries, but studies in the normal aging population are lacking. It is ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Neurofilament light chain (NF-L) concentration is recognized to be modified in neurological diseases and traumatic brain injuries, but studies in the normal aging population are lacking. It is, therefore, urgent to identify influencing factors of NF-L concentration in the aging population. METHOD: We assessed NF-L concentration in sera of a large cohort of 409 community-dwelling adults aged over 65 years. We studied the association between NF-L and various physiological factors but also with self-reported comorbidities or life-style habits. RESULTS: We showed that NF-L concentration in serum was tightly associated with cystatin C concentration (r = 0.501, p < 0.0001) and consequently, to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (r = - 0.492; p < 0.0001). Additionally, NF-L concentration was dependent on age and body mass index (BMI) but not sex. Among the self-reported comorbidities, subjects who reported neurological disorders, cardiovascular diseases or history of fracture had higher NF-L concentration in univariate analysis, whereas it was only the case for subjects who reported neurological disorders in the multivariate analysis. NF-L concentration was also increased when Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was decreased (≤ 25 points) but not when geriatric depression score (GDS) was increased (> 5 points) in both univariate and multivariate analysis. Finally, we are providing reference ranges by age categories for subjects with or without altered renal function. CONCLUSION: NF-L concentration in the aging population is not driven by the increasing number of comorbidities or depression. Yet, NF-L blood concentration is dependent on kidney function and NF-L interpretation in patients suffering from renal failure should be taken with caution. [less ▲]

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See detailHow can the orthopedic surgeon ensure optimal vitamin D status in patients operated for an osteoporotic fracture?
Chevalley, T; Brandi, ML; Cavalier, Etienne ULiege et al

in Osteoporosis International (2021), 32(10), 1921-1935

In this narrative review, the role of vitaminD deficiency in the pathophysiology, healing of fragility fractures, and rehabilitation is discussed. Vitamin D status can be assessed by measuring serum 25(OH ... [more ▼]

In this narrative review, the role of vitaminD deficiency in the pathophysiology, healing of fragility fractures, and rehabilitation is discussed. Vitamin D status can be assessed by measuring serum 25(OH)-vitamin D level with standardized assays. There is a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency (25(OH)D < 50 nmol/l (i.e., 20 ng/mL)) or deficiency (25(OH)D < 25 nmol/l (i.e., 10 ng/mL)) in patients with fragility fractures and especially in those with a hip fracture. The evidence on the effects of vitamin D deficiency and/or vitamin D supplementation on fracture healing and material osseointegration is still limited. However, it appears that vitamin D have a rather positive influence on these processes. The fracture liaison service (FLS) model can help to inform orthopedic surgeons, all caregivers, and fractured patients about the importance of optimal vitamin D status in the management of patients with fragility fractures. Therefore, vitamin D status should be included in Capture the Fracture® program as an outcome of FLS in addition to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and specific antiosteoporosis medication. Vitamin D plays a significant role in the pathophysiology and healing of fragility fractures and in rehabilitation after fracture. Correction of vitamin D deficiency should be one of the main outcomes in fracture liaison services. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermining individual trajectories of joint space loss: improved statistical methods for monitoring knee osteoarthritis disease progression
Parsons, C.M.; Judge, A.; Meyer, R et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2021), 29(1), 59-67

Objectives: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) progression is frequently monitored by calculating the change in knee joint space width (JSW) measurements. Such differences are small and sensitive to measurement ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) progression is frequently monitored by calculating the change in knee joint space width (JSW) measurements. Such differences are small and sensitive to measurement error.We aimed to assess the utility of two alternative statistical modelling methods for monitoring KOA. Material and methods: We used JSW on radiographs from both the control arm of the Strontium Ranelate Efficacy in Knee Osteoarthritis trial (SEKOIA), a 3-year multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase three trial, and the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI), an open-access longitudinal dataset from the USA comprising participants followed over 8 years. Individual estimates of annualised change obtained from frequentist linear mixed effect (LME) and Bayesian hierarchical modelling, were compared with annualised crude change, and the association of these parameters with change in WOMAC pain was examined. Results: Mean annualised JSW changes were comparable for all estimates, a reduction of around 0.14 mm/y in SEKOIA and 0.08 mm/y in OAI. The standard deviation (SD) of change estimates was lower with LME and Bayesian modelling than crude change (SEKOIA SD ¼ 0.12, 0.12 and 0.21 respectively; OAI SD ¼ 0.08, 0.08 and 0.11 respectively). Estimates from LME and Bayesian modelling were statistically significant predictors of change in pain in SEKOIA (LME P-value ¼ 0.04, Bayes P-value ¼ 0.04), while crude change did not predict change in pain (P-value ¼ 0.10). Conclusions: Implementation of LME or Bayesian modelling in clinical trials and epidemiological studies, would reduce sample sizes by enabling all study participants to be included in analysis regardless of incomplete follow up, and precision of change estimates would improve. They provide increased power to detect associations with other measures. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effectiveness of FRAX®-based intervention thresholds for management of osteoporosis in Singaporean women
Chandran, M.; Ganesan, G.; Tan, K. B. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2021), 32(1), 133-144

Summary: Cost-effectiveness analysis of FRAX® intervention thresholds (ITs) in Singaporean women > 50 years of age showed that generic alendronate was cost-effective at age-dependent major osteoporotic ... [more ▼]

Summary: Cost-effectiveness analysis of FRAX® intervention thresholds (ITs) in Singaporean women > 50 years of age showed that generic alendronate was cost-effective at age-dependent major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) IT from the ages of 65 years for both full and real-world adherence whilst hip fracture (HF) ITs were cost-effective from the ages of 60 and 65 years. Alendronate was cost-effective irrespective of age only at fixed MOF IT of 14% and HF IT of 3.5%. Introduction: FRAX®-based intervention thresholds (ITs) were recently identified for osteoporosis management in Singapore. This study aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of ITs in Singaporean women over the age of 50 years. Methods: A validated Markov microsimulation model was used to estimate the lifetime healthcare costs (SGD2019) per quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) of generic alendronate compared with no treatment. Cost-effectiveness of age-dependent FRAX® major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture (HF) ITs was explored. In addition, ITs that would lead to cost-effectiveness were computed. Fracture incidence and cost data were obtained from the Ministry of Health and a previously published Singaporean study. A cost-effectiveness threshold of SGD 62,500/QALY gained was used, based conservatively on 0.7 times the Singapore GDP per capita. Results: Generic alendronate was shown to be cost-effective at MOF ITs from the ages of 65 years, while HF ITs were cost-effective from the ages of 60 and 65 years, assuming full and real-world adherence, respectively. A 14% MOF and a 3.5% HF ITs were required for alendronate to be cost-effective above 50 years. Conclusion: This study suggests that the treatment of Singaporean women with alendronate is cost-effective at age-dependant FRAX® intervention thresholds at 65 years and older. Furthermore, identifying women at any age above 50 years with a 10-year risk of MOF or HF of 14% or 3.5% would lead to efficient use of resources. Cost-effective access to therapy for patients at high fracture probability based on FRAX® could contribute to reduce the growing burden of osteoporotic fractures in Singapore. © 2020, The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailIntrinsic Capacity Defined Using Four Domains and Mortality Risk: A 5-Year Follow-Up of the SarcoPhAge Cohort
Locquet, Médéa ULiege; Sanchez Rodriguez, Maria Dolores Carmen ULiege; Bruyère, Olivier ULiege et al

in The journal of nutrition, health & aging (2021)

The concept of ‘intrinsic capacity’ (IC) offers a new way to approach another concept, that of ‘healthy aging’. The first objective of the present study was to assess the ability of the construct of ... [more ▼]

The concept of ‘intrinsic capacity’ (IC) offers a new way to approach another concept, that of ‘healthy aging’. The first objective of the present study was to assess the ability of the construct of ‘intrinsic capacity’ to predict death. The second objective was to assess whether deteriorations in intrinsic capacity, measured over 1 and 2 years, are predictive of death. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelle qualité de vie pour le patient sarcopénique ?
Beaudart, Charlotte ULiege; Bonnefoy, Marc; Gilbert, Thomas et al

in Geriatrie et psychologie neuropsychiatrie du vieillissement (2021), 19(3), 245-252

Sarcopenia is defined as a progressive and generalized loss of muscle strength, muscle mass and physical performance with advancing age. Among the multiple consequences of sarcopenia, the reduction in the ... [more ▼]

Sarcopenia is defined as a progressive and generalized loss of muscle strength, muscle mass and physical performance with advancing age. Among the multiple consequences of sarcopenia, the reduction in the quality of life associated with it can undeniably be considered as a major consequence. Quality of life is measured via generic or specific questionnaires. Current research, mainly using so-called "generic" questionnaires, identifies a reduced quality of life in patients with primary age-related sarcopenia, mainly in areas related to functional status and physical performance. A specific quality of life questionnaire could, in combination with a generic questionnaire, provide more precise data on the impact that sarcopenia has on the quality of life of patients. It was in 2015 that the first quality of life questionnaire specific to sarcopenia, the SarQoL®, was developed. Psychometric validation of the SarQoL® has been carried out in several international patient populations indicating excellent internal consistency, reliability and convergent validity and sensitivity to change as well as an absence of floor and ceiling effects. In combination with a generic questionnaire, this specific questionnaire is therefore suitable for measuring the quality of life of populations suffering from sarcopenia, both in research and in clinical practice, both in the context of observational or interventional evaluations. [less ▲]

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See detailPatients' preferences for quality-of-life aspects in sarcopenia: a best-worst scaling study.
Geerinck, Anton ULiege; Locquet, Médéa ULiege; Hiligsmann, Mickaël et al

in European Geriatric Medicine (2021)

PURPOSE: As information on patients' preferences regarding quality-of-life aspects in sarcopenia is lacking, this study aims to assess the relative importance of the 14 items of a QoL questionnaire ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: As information on patients' preferences regarding quality-of-life aspects in sarcopenia is lacking, this study aims to assess the relative importance of the 14 items of a QoL questionnaire designed for sarcopenia (the SF-SarQoL) using a best-worst scaling (BWS) survey. METHODS: Participants, aged 65 years or older and community dwelling, who previously participated in the SarcoPhAge study, received a BWS survey via the mail. An object case BWS was selected in which participants completed 12 choice tasks, picking the most and least important aspect from 4 out of 14 SF-SarQoL items for each task. Relative importance scores (RIS) were estimated using Hierarchical Bayes modelling. A cluster analysis was also conducted to investigate whether several profiles with regards to QoL preferences were present. RESULTS: A total of 163 participants were included, aged 75 (IQR: 73-81) years old, and mostly women (n = 107; 65.6%). Two items were found to be significantly more important than others: "feeling a reduction of physical capacity" (RIS = 11.26), and "having balance problems" (RIS = 11.09). The least important items were "experiencing difficulty carrying heavy objects" (RIS = 2.89), and "feeling a reduction in muscle mass" (RIS = 3.82). We found relatively weak evidence for the presence of two clusters. One cluster prioritized items related to falls where the second prioritized items related to feeling physically capable. CONCLUSION: Not all QoL aspects were equally important. The relative weight of each QoL aspect may be used to interpret QoL results obtained with the SF-SarQoL or to inform target outcomes in interventional studies. [less ▲]

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See detailA combination of celecoxib and glucosamine sulfate has anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects: results from an in vitro study on human osteoarthritic chondrocytes
Cheleschi, S.; Tenti, S.; Giannotti, S. et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2021), 22

This study investigated the possible anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects of a combination of celecoxib and prescription-grade glucosamine sulfate (GS) in human osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the possible anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects of a combination of celecoxib and prescription-grade glucosamine sulfate (GS) in human osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes and their possible mechanism of action. Chondrocytes were treated with celecoxib (1.85 M) and GS (9 M), alone or in combination with IL-1b (10 ng/mL) and a specific nuclear factor (NF)- B inhibitor (BAY-11-7082, 1 M). Gene expression and release of some pro-inflammatory mediators, metalloproteinases (MMPs), and type II collagen (Col2a1) were evaluated by qRT-PCR and ELISA; apoptosis and mitochondrial superoxide anion production were assessed by cytometry; B-cell lymphoma (BCL)2, antioxidant enzymes, and p50 and p65 NF- B subunits were analyzed by qRT-PCR. Celecoxib and GS alone or co-incubated with IL-1b significantly reduced expression and release of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, prostaglandin (PG)E2, IL-1b, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a, and MMPs, while it increased Col2a1, compared to baseline or IL-1b. Both drugs reduced apoptosis and superoxide production; reduced the expression of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and nuclear factor erythroid; increased BCL2; and limited p50 and p65. Celecoxib and GS combination demonstrated an increased inhibitory effect on IL-1b than that observed by each single treatment. Drugs effects were potentiated by pre-incubation with BAY-11-7082. Our results demonstrated the synergistic effect of celecoxib and GS on OA chondrocyte metabolism, apoptosis, and oxidative stress through the modulation of the NF- B pathway, supporting their combined use for the treatment of OA. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Updated Systematic Review of Cost‑Effectiveness Analyses of Drugs for Osteoporosis
Li, N.; Cornelissen, D.; Silverman, S. et al

in PharmacoEconomics (2021), 39

Background: Considering the heavy economic burden of osteoporotic fractures, the limits of healthcare resources, and the recent availability of new anti-osteoporosis drugs, there is continuing interest in ... [more ▼]

Background: Considering the heavy economic burden of osteoporotic fractures, the limits of healthcare resources, and the recent availability of new anti-osteoporosis drugs, there is continuing interest in economic evaluation studies of osteoporosis management strategies. Objectives This study aims to (1) systematically review recent economic evaluations of drugs for osteoporosis and (2) to apply an osteoporosis-specific guideline to critically appraise them. Methods: A literature search was undertaken using PubMed, EMBASE, National Health Service Economic Evaluation database, and the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry to identify original articles containing economic evaluations of anti-osteoporosis drugs, published between 1 July, 2013 and 31 December, 2019. A recent European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases-International Osteoporosis Foundation (ESCEO-IOF) guideline for the conduct and reporting of economic evaluations in osteoporosis was used to assess the quality of included articles. Results: The database search retrieved 3860 records, of which 27 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. These studies were conducted in 15 countries; 12 active drugs were assessed, including various traditional pharmacological treatments such as bisphosphonates, raloxifene, strontium ranelate, denosumab, and teriparatide, and new agents such as abaloparatide, romosozumab, and gastro-resistant risedronate. Eight out of 12 studies that compared traditional oral bisphosphonates to other active interventions (denosumab, zoledronic acid, gastro-resistant risedronate, and teriparatide) suggested that the other active agents were generally cost-effective or dominant. Additionally, the cost-effectiveness of sequential therapy has recently been assessed and indications are that it can lead to extra health benefits (larger gains in quality-adjusted life-year). The key drivers of cost effectiveness included baseline fracture risk, drug effect on the risk of fracture, drug cost, and medication adherence/persistence. The current average score for quality assessment was 17 out of 25 (range 2–15); room for improvement was observed for most studies, which could potentially be explained by the fact that most studies were published prior to the osteoporosis-specific guideline. Greater adherence to guideline recommendations was expected for future studies. The quality of reporting was also suboptimal, especially with regard to treatment side effects, treatment effect after discontinuation, and medication adherence. Conclusions: This updated review provides an overview of recently published cost-effectiveness analyses. In comparison with a previous review, recent economic evaluations of anti-osteoporosis drugs were conducted in more countries and included more active drugs and sequential therapy as interventions/comparators. The updated economic evidence could help decision makers prioritize health interventions and the unmet/unreported quality issues indicated by the osteoporosis-specific guideline could be useful in improving the transparency, quality, and comparability of future economic evaluations in osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailOrthogeriatrics: a vital requirement for improving fragility fracture patient care internationally with particular reference to Turkey
Bahat, G.; Catikkas, N.M.; KARAN, M.A. et al

in Archives of Osteoporosis (2021), 16

Purpose: Orthogeriatrics is a team approach that aims to provide adequate and timely intervention for individuals suffering from fragility fractures, particularly hip fractures. These patients are mostly ... [more ▼]

Purpose: Orthogeriatrics is a team approach that aims to provide adequate and timely intervention for individuals suffering from fragility fractures, particularly hip fractures. These patients are mostly the frailest older adults. The aim of orthogeriatrics is to re-gain functionality as early as possible and to decrease disability and mortality. Some developed countries have established orthogeriatric services, while many others, including Turkey, have so far not. Here, to identify areas for improvement, we outline the status of the orthogeriatrics in older adults in Turkey. Methods: We present clear calls for action, emphasizing possible and noteworthy areas for improvement. Results: Our proposals include the need for an easily applied, short version of comprehensive geriatric assessment; appropriate laboratory testing on admission; paracetamol with a special emphasis in its dosings and clues for state-of-the-art analgesic management; the essential need to introduce oral nutritional supplementation, irrespective of nutritional status; the need for vitamin D commencement, in almost all patients; and starting osteoporosis treatment in fracture hospitalization, whenever appropriate. Last but not least, the ever-increasing prerequisite to establish “fracture liaison services” is stipulated. Conclusion: We suggest that our recommendations offer great potential in Turkey, for the improvement of frail fracture patients’ care. We call the other countries that do not have established orthogeriatric lines to model our approach to improve the management of fracture patients globally. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Assessment of the Toulouse Saint Louis University Mini Falls Assessment Tool to Predict Incident Falls among Older Adults Residing in Nursing Homes: A 6-Month Prospective Study
Locquet, Médéa ULiege; Bonnard, Florence ULiege; Beaudart, Charlotte ULiege et al

in Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging (2021), online first

OBJECTIVES: Toulouse Saint Louis University Mini Falls Assessment (TSLUMFA) tool has been designed to predict falls. It was initially validated in a geriatric clinic in 2018. The primary objective was to ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Toulouse Saint Louis University Mini Falls Assessment (TSLUMFA) tool has been designed to predict falls. It was initially validated in a geriatric clinic in 2018. The primary objective was to evaluate the predictive capacity of the TSLUMFA for incident falls in older adults residing in nursing homes. The secondary objective was to determine the TSLUMFA optimal cut-off value identifying those older adults with a high-risk of falling. SETTINGS: A longitudinal study was carried out over a period of six months. PARTICIPANTS: 93 older adults residing in nursing homes were evaluated for the present study. MEASUREMENTS: The TSLUMFA (made up of 7 criteria) was administered at baseline, and incident falls were recorded based on a registry of falls. Comparisons of TSLUMFA scores between fallers and non-fallers were performed using the U Mann-Whitney test or Chi². Correlation between the total TSLUMFA score (/30 points) and incident fall(s) was explored using the Cox proportional hazard model. ROC analysis enabled an optimal cut-off value to be established to identify those adults at the highest-risk of falling. RESULTS: In the study, 93 older adults (61.3% women) with a median age of 80 (69-87) years were included. The median total TSLUMFA score was 21 (19-24.5) points. During the 6-month study period, 38 subjects (40.9%) experienced at least one fall. The total TSLUMFA score in older adults with incident fall(s) was significantly lower than in those who did not fall (20 (15.75-22.25) points versus 23 (20-25) points and a p-value of <0.001). For each 1-point higher score at the total TSLUMFA a 9% less chance of falling was observed during the study period (p-value = 0.006). The AUC was 0.736 (95%CI: 0.617-0.822) and p-value <0.001, clearly demonstrating its interesting performance as a screening tool. A score of ≤ 21 points was identified as the optimal cut-off to identify those older adults at a higher-risk of falling. CONCLUSION: The TSLUMFA performed well and successfully identified older adults with a high risk of falling in a nursing home setting. Further comparisons with existing tools are warranted. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction of 5-year mortality risk by malnutrition according to the GLIM format using seven pragmatic approaches to define the criterion of loss of muscle mass
Sanchez Rodriguez, Maria Dolores Carmen ULiege; Locquet, Médéa ULiege; Bruyère, Olivier ULiege et al

in Clinical Nutrition (2021)

Objectives: To assess the association between baseline malnutrition according to the GLIM format, using seven pragmatic approaches to define the criterion of loss of muscle mass, with mortality in the ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To assess the association between baseline malnutrition according to the GLIM format, using seven pragmatic approaches to define the criterion of loss of muscle mass, with mortality in the SarcoPhAge (Sarcopenia and Physical Impairment with advancing Age) study during a 5-year follow-up. Secondarily, to calculate diagnostic performance indicators, concordance, and feasibility of these 7 pragmatic approaches compared to the original GLIM criteria. Methods: Post-hoc analysis of the SarcoPhAge cohort, which included 534 community-dwelling volunteers ≥ 65-year-old, followed-up from 2013 to 2019. Baseline malnutrition was defined by GLIM criteria and 7 approaches: 1) Omission of a reduced muscle mass as a criterion; 2) Substitution for handgrip strength, 3) Calf-circumference, 4) Mid-arm circumference, 5) Goodman's grid, 6) Ishii's score chart, and 7) Yu's formula. The association between malnutrition (according to GLIM criteria and the 7 approaches) and mortality was assessed by Cox-regressions. Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive (PPV), Negative (NPV) predictive values, area under the curve (AUC), Cohenekappa coefficient, and TELOS-feasibility score were calculated. Results: Data to calculate GLIM criteria were available for 373 subjects (73.07 ± 5.96 years, 56% women). Prevalence of malnutrition with GLIM criteria was 24.4% (ranged from 13.9% to 20.9% with the 7 approaches). GLIM criteria showed a HR ¼ 3.38 (1.89-6.09) to predict mortality during the 5-year follow-up which ranged from HR = 2.72 (1.51 - 4.91) to 3.94 (2.14 - 7.24) with the 7 approaches. All 7 approaches were feasible (TELOS ≥ 3), showed sensitivity ≥ 65%, specificity ≥ 95.4%, PPV ≥ 85%, NPV ≥ 88%, AUC ≥ 0.7 and had almost-perfect/strong concordance (k ≥ 0.7) with the original GLIM criteria. Conclusions: GLIM criteria and the 7 approaches predicted three-to four-fold mortality, all ensured an accurate diagnosis, and were feasible in clinical settings. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentifying maternal needs following childbirth: comparison between pregnant women and recent mothers.
Slomian, Justine ULiege; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege; Emonts, Patrick ULiege et al

in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth (2021), 21(1), 405

BACKGROUND: The postnatal period is associated with new needs for mothers. Four categories of needs were highlighted in a previous study: for information, for psychological support, for the sharing of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The postnatal period is associated with new needs for mothers. Four categories of needs were highlighted in a previous study: for information, for psychological support, for the sharing of experiences and for practical and material support. To ensure that these four needs are inherent to the postpartum period, the aims of this study is to examine these needs by comparing recent mothers' needs with the needs of pregnant women. METHODS: The 4 needs previously identified were cross-sectionally investigated by online self-reported questionnaires completed by women in their last trimester of pregnancy and by mothers who had a child between 0 and 6 months of age. RESULTS: The 4 needs were largely present during the postpartum period. The need for information seemed to be more present during pregnancy (92.4 %) than during the postpartum period (84.6 %, p = 0.03), but women used the Internet significantly more often to search for information after childbirth (54.8 %) than during pregnancy (41.2 %, p < 0.0001). The needs for psychological support and to share experiences seemed to be closely linked. Even if the global satisfaction with psychological support was fairly high, it weakened after childbirth (p < 0.05). Feelings of loneliness (p < 0.0001) and depression scores (p = 0.01) were also higher during the postpartum period than during pregnancy. Finally, the need for practical support was also more pronounced during the postpartum period than during pregnancy (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: All mothers seem to meet the 4 identified needs during the postpartum period but at different levels of intensity. Trying to meet these needs could offer an opportunity to improve mothers' quality of life. [less ▲]

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See detail2019 revised algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis: the Southeast Asian viewpoint
Yeap, Swan Sim; Tanavalee, Aree; Perez, Emmanuel C. et al

in Aging Clinical and Experimental Research (2021), 33

Background: Since 2014, the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA ... [more ▼]

Background: Since 2014, the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is available worldwide. Aim: Based on this document, a Southeast Asia Working Group (SEAWG) wished to see how the new ESCEO algorithm developed in 2019 was perceived by Southeast Asian experts and how it was integrated into their clinical practice. Methods: A SEAWG was set up between members of the international ESCEO task force and a group of Southeast Asian experts. Results: Non-pharmacological management should always be combined with pharmacological management. In step 1, symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis are the main background therapy, for which high-quality evidence is available only for the formulations of patented crystalline glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate. In step 2, oral NSAIDs are a useful option, considering the cardiovascular/renal/gastrointestinal profiles of the individual patient. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid and corticosteroids are a possible alternative to oral NSAIDs, but limited evidence is available. If steps 1 and 2 do not give adequate relief of symptoms, tramadol can be used, but its safety is debated. In general, the indications of the ESCEO algorithm are important in Southeast Asian countries, but the reimbursement criteria of local health systems are an important aspect for adherence to the ESCEO algorithm. Conclusion This guidance provides evidence-based and easy-to-follow advice on how to establish a treatment algorithm in knee OA, for practical implementation in clinical practice in Southeast Asian countries. [less ▲]

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See detailHow has COVID-19 affected the treatment of osteoporosis? An IOF-NOF-ESCEO global survey
Fuggle, N. R.; Singer, A.; Gill, C. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2021), 32

Summary: The effects of COVID-19 have the potential to impact on the management of chronic diseases including osteoporosis. A global survey has demonstrated that these impacts include an increase in ... [more ▼]

Summary: The effects of COVID-19 have the potential to impact on the management of chronic diseases including osteoporosis. A global survey has demonstrated that these impacts include an increase in telemedicine consultations, delays in DXA scanning, interruptions in the supply of medications and reductions in parenteral medication delivery. Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has had profound effects on the health of the global population both directly, via the sequelae of the infection, and indirectly, including the relative neglect of chronic disease management. Together the International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation sought to ascertain the impact on osteoporosis management. Methods: Questionnaires were electronically circulated to a sample of members of both learned bodies and included information regarding the location and specialty of respondents, current extent of face to face consultations, alterations in osteoporosis risk assessment, telemedicine experience, alterations to medication ascertainment and delivery and electronic health record (EHR) utilisation. Responses were collected, quantitative data analysed, and qualitative data assessed for recurring themes. Results: Responses were received from 209 healthcare workers from 53 countries, including 28% from Europe, 24% from North America, 19% from the Asia Pacific region, 17% from the Middle East and 12% from Latin America. Most respondents were physicians (85%) with physician assistants, physical therapists and nurses/nurse practitioners represented in the sample. The main three specialties represented included rheumatology (40%), endocrinology (22%) and orthopaedics (15%). In terms of the type of patient contact, 33% of respondents conducted telephone consultations and 21% video consultations. Bone mineral density assessment by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) usage was affected with only 29% able to obtain a scan as recommended. The majority of clinicians (60%) had systems in place to identify patients receiving parenteral medication, and 43% of clinicians reported difficulty in arranging appropriate osteoporosis medications during the COVID-19 crisis. Conclusions: To conclude through surveying a global sample of osteoporosis healthcare professionals, we have observed an increase in telemedicine consultations, delays in DXA scanning, interrupted supply of medications and reductions in parenteral medication delivery. © 2021, The Author(s). [less ▲]

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