References of "Razanajao, Vincent"
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See detailAncient Egyptian philology: The digital turn. Current projects and future perspectives for the study of Ancient Egyptian texts
Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

Conference (2017, February 21)

Use of Information Technologies in Egyptology can be traced back to the early 1960s, when first efforts were made in documenting Meroitic scripts or emblematic corpora such as the Pyramid Texts. With the ... [more ▼]

Use of Information Technologies in Egyptology can be traced back to the early 1960s, when first efforts were made in documenting Meroitic scripts or emblematic corpora such as the Pyramid Texts. With the rise of the Digital Humanities in the mid-2000s, many new academic projects that implement IT solutions not only as a way to manage and present data, but also to produce, process and analyse the material, have come to light in the field. The aim of this paper is to give a survey of current digital projects related to the study of ancient Egyptian and Coptic texts. Our goal is not to be exhaustive, but to discuss the methods and tools that are being used and to describe the variety of scholarly practices. The first set of projects to be examined are those related to digital text editions and annotated corpora (including the types of representation format). Second, the question of how to handle the complex writing systems of Ancient Egypt will be addressed by looking at projects that focus on encoding (Manuel de Codage vs Unicode), on establishing hieroglyphic sign-lists (the Thot-Sign-List), on palaeographical databases and on ways to OCRize original texts efficiently. The issue of interoperability and data sharing will then be investigated through a presentation of several related projects working on a XML/TEI interchange format as well as on digital resources for enabling a Linked Open Data approach to the ancient Egyptian written material (http://thot.philo.ulg.ac.be/). Finally, we will argue in favour of a coherent data model so that encoding of data and metadata is done in the most effective way. [less ▲]

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See detailAncient Egyptian texts in contexts. Towards a conceptual data model (the Thot Data Model - TDM)
Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (2016), 59(2), 24-41

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material dimensions of writing. The types of metadata that can be used for documenting the elements and relationships of this model are discussed and the resources (URIs) available for its online implementation (in the perspective of the ‘linked open data’ movement) are examined. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a data model for (inter)textual relationships. Connecting Ancient Egyptian texts and understanding scribal practices
Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Razanajao, Vincent ULiege; Sojic, Nathalie ULiege

Conference (2016, October 05)

The goal of this lecture is theory-oriented: we propose a conceptual data model that allows us to deal with complex textual relationships. It is empirically grounded in our experience of digital ... [more ▼]

The goal of this lecture is theory-oriented: we propose a conceptual data model that allows us to deal with complex textual relationships. It is empirically grounded in our experience of digital annotation of Ancient Egyptian texts. This paper is initially born out of the practical need of annotating and linking together hundreds of textual witnesses in the framework of the Ramses project (Polis et al. 2013; Polis & Winand 2013), the aim of which is to build and publish online (http://ramses.ulg.ac.be) the first richly annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts (c. 1350-900 BCE). [less ▲]

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See detailLes noms de lieux de l’Égypte et les sciences toponymiques en égyptologie
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Gourdon, Yannis; Engsheden, Åke (Eds.) Études d’onomastique égyptienne. Méthodologie et nouvelles approches (2016)

This paper discusses the toponymy of Ancient Egypt, by considering its specificities in respect of the history of toponomastic sciences since Classical Antiquity from a historiographical point of view ... [more ▼]

This paper discusses the toponymy of Ancient Egypt, by considering its specificities in respect of the history of toponomastic sciences since Classical Antiquity from a historiographical point of view, and by dealing with the toponymic material itself. After an introductory part on the history of toponymics in Egyptology, this article intends to give a general sketch of Ancient Egyptian toponyms and their forms by addressing questions such as how toponyms were constructed, or to which part of a territory they were applied and by whom. The analysis of the toponymic stratification of Egypt then gives the opportunity to list sources and research tools that are at the disposal of Egyptologists working on toponymic matters. This article also aim at putting forward the methodological elements that one should take into account in studies of Ancient Egyptian toponymics and provides a selective bibliography in conclusion. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a TEI compliant interchange format for Ancient Egyptian-Coptic textual resources
Coulon, Laurent; Elwert, Frederik; Morlock, Emmanuelle et al

Conference (2015, October 30)

Sharing digital textual resources is an actual challenge for scholars working on Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (3000 BC-1350 AD). There are two types of reasons for this: first, the different writing systems ... [more ▼]

Sharing digital textual resources is an actual challenge for scholars working on Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (3000 BC-1350 AD). There are two types of reasons for this: first, the different writing systems that have been used throughout the history of this language (hieroglyphic and hieratic scripts, demotic, Coptic) led to various solutions as regards the encoding of texts; second, the diverging aims and scopes of the projects involved in creating annotated corpora of Ancient Egyptian-Coptic generated representation formats with few characteristics in common. As a result, the resources themselves cannot be shared, and no standard tool can be used for encoding, annotating, querying or analyzing these resources. In order to overcome these issues, several leading projects in the field join forces and introduce a TEI compliant interchange data model that has the following characteristics: 1) The ancient Egyptian-Coptic TEI interchange data model represents an agreement on a subset of the EpiDoc schema towards which the textual data of each project can be converted. Project specific annotations are dealt with either using stand-off markup that refers to tokens of transliterated texts (Bański 2010; Pose et al. 2014), or on the basis of data models that are true expansions of the kernel interchange data model. 2) The specialized metadata elements and attributes referring to Egyptological concepts are based on controlled vocabularies that are shared and enriched collaboratively by the projects. 3) These metadata apply either to physical text-bearing objects, inscribed physical features, witnesses (on documents) or texts (Morlock & Santin 2014). As the conceptualization of the relationship between these entities is shared between projects, coherence and precision when describing both the material, philological and linguistic dimensions of textual resources can be obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Digital Topographical Bibliography
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2015)

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See detailTell el-Fara'un and the Ancient Imet
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Bakr, Muḥammad Ibrāhīm; Brandl, Helmut; Kalloniatis, Faye (Eds.) et al Egyptian Antiquities from the Eastern Nile Delta (2014)

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See detailVers l'achèvement éditorial du temple d'Horus d'Edfou
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Bibliotheca Orientalis (2012), LXIX/1-2

Plus d’un siècle après la publication du premier volume d’Edfou, deux ouvrages viennent quasiment coup sur coup compléter et clore l’immense projet éditorial des textes du temple d’Horus initié par le ... [more ▼]

Plus d’un siècle après la publication du premier volume d’Edfou, deux ouvrages viennent quasiment coup sur coup compléter et clore l’immense projet éditorial des textes du temple d’Horus initié par le Marquis de Rochemonteix. Objet de ce compte rendu conjoint, ces deux ouvrages sont d’une part l’oeuvre de l’Ifao, l’éditeur historique de ces textes, et, d’autre part, le nouveau fruit de l’Edfu Projekt de l’université de Hambourg. S’ils livrent tous deux les planches au trait des parois extérieures du mur d’enceinte – plus celle de la porte Sud du téménos en ce qui concerne l’Ifao –, l’ouvrage de l’Edfu Projekt publie également les planches au trait du pylône, apportant ainsi un point final à la publication du temple d’Horus, achèvement d’autant plus remarquable qu’il s’accomplit selon une approche renouvelée bienvenue. [less ▲]

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See detailUn hymne au dieu enfant d’Imet (Saint-Pétersbourg, Musée de l’Ermitage, no 18055)
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Zivie-Coche, Christiane; Guermeur, Ivan (Eds.) "Parcourir l’éternité". Hommages à Jean Yoyotte (2012)

Publication of what seems to be a statue fragment (Saint Petersburg, Hermitage Museum, inv. 18055), bearing a hymn to the child god of Imet, an ancient town that was located at nowadays Tell el-Faraun, in ... [more ▼]

Publication of what seems to be a statue fragment (Saint Petersburg, Hermitage Museum, inv. 18055), bearing a hymn to the child god of Imet, an ancient town that was located at nowadays Tell el-Faraun, in the Eastern Delta, Egypt. Mentions are made of a crucial period of time (rnp.t-snd.t, lit. “the Year of Fear”), during which specific actions seem to be performed in order to repel the Evil. [less ▲]

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See detailDu Un au Triple. Réflexions sur la mise en place de la triade d’Imet et l’évolution d’un système théologique local
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Bareš, Ladislav; Coppens, Filip; Smolarikov, Květa (Eds.) Egypt in Transition. Social and Religious Development of Egypt in the First Millennium BCE. Proceedings of an International Conference, Prague, September 1-4 2009 (2010)

Attested from the Thinite Period (ca 3100-2650 BC) onwards and mentioned in the Text Pyramids, the goddess of Imet (Imtyt) settled in a specific part of the Egyptian land only at a late stage of her ... [more ▼]

Attested from the Thinite Period (ca 3100-2650 BC) onwards and mentioned in the Text Pyramids, the goddess of Imet (Imtyt) settled in a specific part of the Egyptian land only at a late stage of her history. After being present in the area of the ancient Avaris from the Middle Kingdom (1990-1760 BC) on, where she acquired the name of Uadjet, Lady of Imet, it is at the very beginning of the 18th Dynasty (1539-1292 BC) that her cult settled in what is nowadays the modern site of Tell el-Faraun, in the Eastern Delta. Documents from and about Imet allow to trace the theological evolution of the place, which shows the appearance and disappearance of several deities at the goddess’ side. This paper examines these evolutions and especially focuses on the development of a local Triad during the 1st Millennium BC. [less ▲]

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See detailLa demeure de Min maître d’Imet. Un monument de Tell Farâoun réinterprété
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in ENIM (2009), 2

The reconsideration of granite fragments unearthed by Petrie at Tell Farʿun / Nebesheh allows us to clarify the attribution of the small temple of the ancient town of Imet. Their identification to two ... [more ▼]

The reconsideration of granite fragments unearthed by Petrie at Tell Farʿun / Nebesheh allows us to clarify the attribution of the small temple of the ancient town of Imet. Their identification to two door-jambs confirms the first impression that could give the field, namely that the small temple is not the place of worship of Wadjet of Imet, the main deity, but the one of Min. The date of the construction of this temple, given by a foundation deposit of Amasis (26th dyn.), coincides with the date of the apparition of Min of Imet in the documentation. [less ▲]

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See detailCorpus électroniques de l’ancien égyptien : traitement XML des textes des processions de soubassement des temples tardifs
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Strudwick, Nigel (Ed.) Information Technology and Egyptology in 2008 (2008)

An important element of the grammar of the temple, the processions of Nile Gods inscribed on the lower parts of walls in temples of Ptolemaic and Roman date form an interesting corpus for the study of ... [more ▼]

An important element of the grammar of the temple, the processions of Nile Gods inscribed on the lower parts of walls in temples of Ptolemaic and Roman date form an interesting corpus for the study of toponyms or for the history of religions. When the author came to consider the form the publication of this corpus should take, the idea of an electronic publication and treatment by XML seemed very promising. The aim of this paper is not to elaborate the Document Type Definition (DTD) dedicated to Egyptian texts but to put forward the author’s comments subsequent to having used the corpus. The subject of the project being textual corpora, the approach will follow that of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI). After a brief history of processions and an analysis of their structure, a series of adjustments of the TEI tags will be presented with an explanation of the bias chosen. The outline of an XML file is appended at the end of the paper. [less ▲]

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See detailTell el Balamoun : considérations toponymiques autour de la ville la plus septentrionale d'Égypte
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in Goyon, Jean-Claude; Cardin, Christine (Eds.) Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Egyptologists (2007)

La situation de Tell el-Balamoun à l’extrême nord de l’Égypte a conféré au site une particularité qui marqua avec constance une histoire toponymique que nous proposons d’analyser ici. Avant même toute ... [more ▼]

La situation de Tell el-Balamoun à l’extrême nord de l’Égypte a conféré au site une particularité qui marqua avec constance une histoire toponymique que nous proposons d’analyser ici. Avant même toute occupation, Balamoun et ses environs reçurent une dénomination parfaitement conforme à la réalité topographique — pHw n(y) BHd.t, locution dont nous verrons que le premier terme sous-tend une double nature de confins septentrionaux et de terrain marécageux. Au cours de la XVIIIe dynastie, l’évolution toponymique accompagne celle du territoire et deux nouveaux noms apparaissent alors avec une concomitance significative : %mA-bHd.t et PA-jw-n(y)-Jmn. Il s’agira pour nous de mettre en évidence leur étymologie et d’examiner ainsi la complémentarité de leurs portées sémantiques respectives. Nous verrons ensuite comment le lien originel avec Thèbes et l’importance de la localité comme centre d’Amon dans le Delta expliquent que la ville à partir de la XXVIe dynastie reçut l’appellation de Thèbes du Nord. Que cela soit par le biais de WAs.t mH.t, de Njw.t mH.t, voire de Jwn mH.t, et plus tard encore par la désignation de Diospolis kato, la référence à Thèbes fut en effet constante. Enfin, %bx.t mH.t, un dernier nom attaché cette fois-ci à l’Osiris de Balamoun, confirmera la permanence de la caractéristique septentrionale dans la toponymie locale et permettra d’avancer dans l’analyse des conceptions que pouvaient avoir les anciens Égyptiens de leur territoire. [less ▲]

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See detailD'Imet à Tell Farâoun. Recherches sur la géographie, les cultes et l'histoire d'une localité de Basse-Égypte orientale
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2006)

The goal of this work is to collect the documentation concerning the ancient Imet, locality that was localized on Tell Faraun, in the eastern corner of Lower Egypt. The documentation is organized around ... [more ▼]

The goal of this work is to collect the documentation concerning the ancient Imet, locality that was localized on Tell Faraun, in the eastern corner of Lower Egypt. The documentation is organized around two main corpora: on the one hand, the documents discovered on the site, presented according to a topographic approach and, on the other hand, the texts inscribed with the mention of the city or of its goddess and coming from the rest of Egypt. If the first corpus clearly indicates that occupation begun in the 18th dynasty, the second reveals that the town was evoked since the thinite times. The gap between sources denotes that Imet didn't always designate the same geographical reality: from a large region including the whole oriental Delta, Imet came to designate a more restricted area centred on Tell Faraun. Linked to the place-name since its origins, the local goddess has known a renewal of her nature on this occasion and set on the Tell Faraun itself. Developing the aspect of Wadjet, the divine figure of Lady of Imet has been completed by others deities during times, Min then Horus, until the establishment of a triad based on an osiriac model identified elsewhere in Egypt. The confrontation of sources permitted to put in evidence a history of the locality closely bound to the political developments of Egypt, as such as while the Theban reconquest or when the Ramessides decided to transfer their capital to the nearby Pi-Ramsès. Thus, in spite of the proximity of this last one or Tanis, Imet has been chosen to be the 19th sepat of Lower Egypt: it is definitely due to the high antiquity of the place and its goddess. [less ▲]

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See detailLa stèle de Gemenefhorbak (Caire JE 85932). Dieux, fêtes et rites osiriens à Imet
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

in BIFAO (2006), 106

This is a republication of the stela Cairo JE 85932 once published by É. Drioton just after the piece was bought by the Egyptian Museum in the early 1940’s. A complete reconsideration throws new light on ... [more ▼]

This is a republication of the stela Cairo JE 85932 once published by É. Drioton just after the piece was bought by the Egyptian Museum in the early 1940’s. A complete reconsideration throws new light on this Appel aux passants written by Gemenefhorbak (Gm-n⸗f-ḥr-bȝk), born of Wedjashu (Wḏȝ-šw). Taking up almost all of the 14 columns of text, the call is the pretext for the author to describe the theological life of the ancient Imet (nowadays Tell Farʿun, the so-called Nebesheh). The first subject of the stela is the goddess Wadjet who, in the shape of the Golden One, was solicited by infertile persons (snb. w) seeking children. The text then dwells at length on Min of Imet and his role as an avenging god for his father Osiris. Rituals, that appear to be decadal, lead Min to restore to his father his eyebrows (smd n wrḏ-jb), the osirian relic of Imet. Sprinkled with terms that were only known by late sacerdotal sources (chief temples, geo. pap. of Tanis), as such as the toponyms Ḥw. t-sgr or Ḫʿ, this text offers the rare opportunity to approach the local religious conceptions of Late Period Egypt, a country rich in theological developments. [less ▲]

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See detailRecherches sur Tell el-Balamoun, capitale du XVIIe nome de Basse-Égypte
Razanajao, Vincent ULiege

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2000)

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