References of "Rapino, Francesca"
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See detailWobble tRNA modification and hydrophilic amino acid patterns dictate protein fate.
Rapino, Francesca ULiege; ZHOU, ZHAOLI; RONCERO SANCHEZ, Ana Maria et al

in Nature Communications (2021), 12(1), 2170

Regulation of mRNA translation elongation impacts nascent protein synthesis and integrity and plays a critical role in disease establishment. Here, we investigate features linking regulation of codon ... [more ▼]

Regulation of mRNA translation elongation impacts nascent protein synthesis and integrity and plays a critical role in disease establishment. Here, we investigate features linking regulation of codon-dependent translation elongation to protein expression and homeostasis. Using knockdown models of enzymes that catalyze the mcm(5)s(2) wobble uridine tRNA modification (U(34)-enzymes), we show that gene codon content is necessary but not sufficient to predict protein fate. While translation defects upon perturbation of U(34)-enzymes are strictly dependent on codon content, the consequences on protein output are determined by other features. Specific hydrophilic motifs cause protein aggregation and degradation upon codon-dependent translation elongation defects. Accordingly, the combination of codon content and the presence of hydrophilic motifs define the proteome whose maintenance relies on U(34)-tRNA modification. Together, these results uncover the mechanism linking wobble tRNA modification to mRNA translation and aggregation to maintain proteome homeostasis. [less ▲]

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See detailLoss of tRNA-modifying enzyme Elp3 activates a p53-dependent antitumor checkpoint in hematopoiesis.
Rosu, Adeline ULiege; El Hachem, Najla ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege et al

in The Journal of experimental medicine (2021), 218(3),

The hematopoietic system is highly sensitive to perturbations in the translational machinery, of which an emerging level of regulation lies in the epitranscriptomic modification of transfer RNAs (tRNAs ... [more ▼]

The hematopoietic system is highly sensitive to perturbations in the translational machinery, of which an emerging level of regulation lies in the epitranscriptomic modification of transfer RNAs (tRNAs). Here, we interrogate the role of tRNA anticodon modifications in hematopoiesis by using mouse models of conditional inactivation of Elp3, the catalytic subunit of Elongator that modifies wobble uridine in specific tRNAs. Loss of Elp3 causes bone marrow failure by inducing death in committing progenitors and compromises the grafting activity of hematopoietic stem cells. Mechanistically, Elp3 deficiency activates a p53-dependent checkpoint in what resembles a misguided amino acid deprivation response that is accompanied by Atf4 overactivation and increased protein synthesis. While deletion of p53 rescues hematopoiesis, loss of Elp3 prompts the development of p53-mutated leukemia/lymphoma, and inactivation of p53 and Elongator cooperatively promotes tumorigenesis. Specific tRNA-modifying enzymes thus condition differentiation and antitumor fate decisions in hematopoietic stem cells and progenitors. [less ▲]

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See detailmRNA translation rate modeling with an extended TASEP incorporating tRNAs modifications
Joiret, Marc ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Close, Pierre ULiege et al

Poster (2019, September 05)

Translational regulation through synonymous codon usage has been recently shown to play an important role in health and disease. Modified tRNAs are important actors involved in regulating protein ... [more ▼]

Translational regulation through synonymous codon usage has been recently shown to play an important role in health and disease. Modified tRNAs are important actors involved in regulating protein expression levels by optimizing the decoding of differentially used codons, nevertheless their contribution in protein synthesis dynamics remain unclear. Totally Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process (TASEP) models have been used to quantify the transcripts translation rate by ribosomes. Our work aims at extending TASEP modeling to accommodate for tRNA modifications effects. We generated a computational stochastic model quantifying protein synthesis rates. The algorithm uses ribosome residence time per codon from transcripts codons sequences, relative transcripts abundance and tables of (modified or not) tRNA relative abundance. Important features in the model include the elongation rate variation caused by charged amino-acids in the ribosomal exit tunnel, proline ring opening delay at the peptide transfer center and optionally transcript secondary structure slow down effects. The model allows to compare relative protein expression levels as well as RiboSeq profiles in different scenarios with a controllable pool of ribosomes. We intend to use our model to help understand how codon usage and tRNA modifications dynamically interact and impact on protein synthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslational offsetting as a mode of estrogen receptor α-dependent regulation of gene expression
Lorent, J.; Kusnadi, E. P.; van Hoef, V. et al

in EMBO Journal (2019)

Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) activity is associated with increased cancer cell proliferation. Studies aiming to understand the impact of ERα on cancer-associated phenotypes have largely been limited to ... [more ▼]

Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) activity is associated with increased cancer cell proliferation. Studies aiming to understand the impact of ERα on cancer-associated phenotypes have largely been limited to its transcriptional activity. Herein, we demonstrate that ERα coordinates its transcriptional output with selective modulation of mRNA translation. Importantly, translational perturbations caused by depletion of ERα largely manifest as “translational offsetting” of the transcriptome, whereby amounts of translated mRNAs and corresponding protein levels are maintained constant despite changes in mRNA abundance. Transcripts whose levels, but not polysome association, are reduced following ERα depletion lack features which limit translation efficiency including structured 5′UTRs and miRNA target sites. In contrast, mRNAs induced upon ERα depletion whose polysome association remains unaltered are enriched in codons requiring U34-modified tRNAs for efficient decoding. Consistently, ERα regulates levels of U34-modifying enzymes and thereby controls levels of U34-modified tRNAs. These findings unravel a hitherto unprecedented mechanism of ERα-dependent orchestration of transcriptional and translational programs that may be a pervasive mechanism of proteome maintenance in hormone-dependent cancers. © 2019 The Authors [less ▲]

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See detailWobble uridine tRNA modification: a new vulnerability of refractory melanoma
Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Close, Pierre ULiege

in Molecular and Cellular Oncology (2018)

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See detailCodon-specific translation reprogramming promotes resistance to targeted therapy
Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Delaunay, Sylvain ULiege; Rambow, Florian et al

in Nature (2018), 558

Reprogramming of mRNA translation has a key role in cancer development and drug resistance. However, the molecular mechanisms that are involved in this process remain poorly understood. Wobble tRNA ... [more ▼]

Reprogramming of mRNA translation has a key role in cancer development and drug resistance. However, the molecular mechanisms that are involved in this process remain poorly understood. Wobble tRNA modifications are required for specific codon decoding during translation. Here we show, in humans, that the enzymes that catalyse modifications of wobble uridine 34 (U34) tRNA (U34 enzymes) are key players of the protein synthesis rewiring that is induced by the transformation driven by the BRAFV600E oncogene and by resistance to targeted therapy in melanoma. We show that BRAFV600E-expressing melanoma cells are dependent on U34 enzymes for survival, and that concurrent inhibition of MAPK signalling and ELP3 or CTU1 and/or CTU2 synergizes to kill melanoma cells. Activation of the PI3K signalling pathway, one of the most common mechanisms of acquired resistance to MAPK therapeutic agents, markedly increases the expression of U34 enzymes. Mechanistically, U34 enzymes promote glycolysis in melanoma cells through the direct, codon-dependent, regulation of the translation of HIF1A mRNA and the maintenance of high levels of HIF1α protein. Therefore, the acquired resistance to anti-BRAF therapy is associated with high levels of U34 enzymes and HIF1α. Together, these results demonstrate that U34 enzymes promote the survival and resistance to therapy of melanoma cells by regulating specific mRNA translation. [less ▲]

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See detailtRNA modification: is cancer having a wobble?
Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Zhou, Zhaoli ULiege; Delaunay, Sylvain ULiege et al

in Trends in Cancer (2017), 3

Translational control of protein synthesis supports tumor development and progression to metastasis. Wobble tRNA modifications are required during translation elongation and sustain proteome homeostasis ... [more ▼]

Translational control of protein synthesis supports tumor development and progression to metastasis. Wobble tRNA modifications are required during translation elongation and sustain proteome homeostasis. Recent work has highlighted the surprising upregulation of the wobble uridine 34 (U34) tRNA cascade in cancer, which underlies the specific requirement for this pathway in tumor development. [less ▲]

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See detailELP3 links tRNA modification to IRES-dependent translation of LEF-1 to promote metastasis in breast cancer
Delaunay, Sylvain ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Tharun, Lars et al

in Journal of Experimental Medicine (2016), 213

Quantitative and qualitative changes in mRNA translation occur in tumor cells and support cancer progression and metastasis. Post-transcriptional nucleoside modifications of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) at the ... [more ▼]

Quantitative and qualitative changes in mRNA translation occur in tumor cells and support cancer progression and metastasis. Post-transcriptional nucleoside modifications of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) at the wobble U34 base are highly conserved and contribute to translation fidelity. Here, we show that ELP3 and CTU1/2, partner enzymes in U34 mcm5s2-tRNA modification, are upregulated in human breast cancers and sustain metastasis. Elp3 genetic ablation strongly impaired invasion and metastasis formation in the PyMT model of invasive breast cancer. Mechanistically, ELP3 and CTU1/2 support cellular invasion through the translation of the oncoprotein DEK. As a result, DEK promotes the IRES-dependent translation of the pro-invasive transcription factor LEF1. Consistently, a DEK mutant, whose codon composition is independent of U34 mcm5s2-tRNA modification, escapes the ELP3- and CTU1-dependent regulation and restores the IRES-dependent LEF1 expression. Our results demonstrate the key role of U34 tRNA modification to support specific translation during breast cancer progression and highlight a functional link between tRNA modification- and IRES-dependent translation during tumor cell invasion and metastasis. [less ▲]

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See detailtRNA modification: Elogator sustains Breast cancer metastasis
Delaunay, Sylvain ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Tharun, Lars et al

Conference (2016, May)

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See detailtRNA modification: Elogator promotes metastasis in breast cancer
Delaunay, Sylvain ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Zhou, Zhaoli ULiege et al

Conference (2016, January 25)

Quantitative and qualitative changes in mRNA translation occur in tumor cells and support cancer progression and metastasis. Post-transcriptional nucleoside modifications of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) at the ... [more ▼]

Quantitative and qualitative changes in mRNA translation occur in tumor cells and support cancer progression and metastasis. Post-transcriptional nucleoside modifications of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) at the wobble U34 base are highly conserved and contribute to translation fidelity. Here, we show that ELP3 and CTU1/2, partner enzymes in U34 mcm5s2-tRNA modification, are upregulated in human breast cancers and sustain metastasis. Elp3 genetic ablation strongly impaired invasion and metastasis formation in the PyMT model of invasive breast cancer. Mechanistically, ELP3 and CTU1/2 support cellular invasion through the translation of the oncoprotein DEK. As a result, DEK promotes the IRES-dependent translation of the pro-invasive transcription factor LEF1. Consistently, a DEK mutant, whose codon composition is independent of U34 mcm5s2-tRNA modification, escapes the ELP3- and CTU1- dependent regulation and restores the IRES-dependent LEF1 expression. Our results demonstrate the key role of U34 tRNA modification to support specific translation during breast cancer progression and highlight a functional link between tRNA modification- and IRES-dependent translation during tumor cell invasion and metastasis. [less ▲]

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See detailElp3 drives Wnt-dependent tumor initiation and regeneration in the intestine
LADANG, Aurélie ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Heukamp, Lukas et al

in Journal of Experimental Medicine (2015), 212(12), 2057-75

Tumor initiation in the intestine can rapidly occur from Lgr5(+) crypt columnar stem cells. Dclk1 is a marker of differentiated Tuft cells and, when coexpressed with Lgr5, also marks intestinal cancer ... [more ▼]

Tumor initiation in the intestine can rapidly occur from Lgr5(+) crypt columnar stem cells. Dclk1 is a marker of differentiated Tuft cells and, when coexpressed with Lgr5, also marks intestinal cancer stem cells. Here, we show that Elp3, the catalytic subunit of the Elongator complex, is required for Wnt-driven intestinal tumor initiation and radiation-induced regeneration by maintaining a subpool of Lgr5(+)/Dclk1(+)/Sox9(+) cells. Elp3 deficiency dramatically delayed tumor appearance in Apc-mutated intestinal epithelia and greatly prolonged mice survival without affecting the normal epithelium. Specific ablation of Elp3 in Lgr5(+) cells resulted in marked reduction of polyp formation upon Apc inactivation, in part due to a decreased number of Lgr5(+)/Dclk1(+)/Sox9(+) cells. Mechanistically, Elp3 is induced by Wnt signaling and promotes Sox9 translation, which is needed to maintain the subpool of Lgr5(+)/Dclk1(+) cancer stem cells. Consequently, Elp3 or Sox9 depletion led to similar defects in Dclk1(+) cancer stem cells in ex vivo organoids. Finally, Elp3 deficiency strongly impaired radiation-induced intestinal regeneration, in part because of decreased Sox9 protein levels. Together, our data demonstrate the crucial role of Elp3 in maintaining a subpopulation of Lgr5-derived and Sox9-expressing cells needed to trigger Wnt-driven tumor initiation in the intestine. [less ▲]

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See detailElongator: mcm5s2 modification fosters breast cancer metastasis
Delaunay, Sylvain ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Zhou, Zhaoli ULiege et al

Scientific conference (2015, March 09)

Quantitative and qualitative changes in mRNA translation occur in tumor cells and support cancer progression and metastasis. Post-transcriptional nucleoside modifications of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) at the ... [more ▼]

Quantitative and qualitative changes in mRNA translation occur in tumor cells and support cancer progression and metastasis. Post-transcriptional nucleoside modifications of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) at the wobble U34 base are highly conserved and contribute to translation fidelity. Here, we show that ELP3 and CTU1/2, partner enzymes in U34 mcm5s2-tRNA modification, are upregulated in human breast cancers and sustain metastasis. Elp3 genetic ablation strongly impaired invasion and metastasis formation in the PyMT model of invasive breast cancer. Mechanistically, ELP3 and CTU1/2 support cellular invasion through the translation of the oncoprotein DEK. As a result, DEK promotes the IRES-dependent translation of the pro-invasive transcription factor LEF1. Consistently, a DEK mutant, whose codon composition is independent of U34 mcm5s2-tRNA modification, escapes the ELP3- and CTU1- dependent regulation and restores the IRES-dependent LEF1 expression. Our results demonstrate the key role of U34 tRNA modification to support specific translation during breast cancer progression and highlight a functional link between tRNA modification- and IRES-dependent translation during tumor cell invasion and metastasis. [less ▲]

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See detailElongator promotes breast cancer metastasis
Delaunay, Sylvain ULiege; Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Heukamp, Lukas et al

Poster (2015, March)

Elongator is a protein complex (Elp1-6) involved in diverse cellular processes, such as protein acetylation and tRNA modification and whose function is essential for cell migration and neuronal ... [more ▼]

Elongator is a protein complex (Elp1-6) involved in diverse cellular processes, such as protein acetylation and tRNA modification and whose function is essential for cell migration and neuronal differentiation. Although it is well established that tumor development involves modifications of acetylation-deacetylation dynamics, as well as changes in protein translation, the role of Elongator in tumor initiation and invasion remains to be investigated in vivo. We generated a mouse model in which the Elp3 gene, encoding the catalytic subunit of the complex, is conditionally inactivated in the mammary gland epithelium by using the MMTV-CRE transgenic mouse. The role of Elp3 in tumor development and metastasis formation is then assessed in the PyMT model of invasive breast cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailNIK is required for NF-κB-mediated induction of BAG3 upon inhibition of constitutive protein degradation pathways.
Rapino, Francesca ULiege; Abhari, BA; Jung, M et al

in Cell Death and Disease (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (7 ULiège)