References of "Polis, Stéphane"
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See detailThe Messy Scribe from Deir el-Medina. A Paleographical Journey through the Texts of a Draughtsman and Scribe from the 19th Dynasty: Pay (i)
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Gülden, Svenja; Verhoeven, Ursula (Eds.) Ägyptologische ‚Binsen‘-Weisheiten IV. Akten der internationalen und interdisziplinären Tagung in der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur | Mainz im December 2019 (in press)

This paper gathers a number of texts that it argues were written by a single scribe from Deir el-Medina who lived during the first half of the 19th Dynasty and who was active mostly during the reign of ... [more ▼]

This paper gathers a number of texts that it argues were written by a single scribe from Deir el-Medina who lived during the first half of the 19th Dynasty and who was active mostly during the reign of Ramesses II. The identification of these texts takes as its point of departure the archeological context of ‘Maison G/J’, situated north of the Ptolemaic temple and to the east of the Grand Puits. Based on paleographic, orthographic, and thematic evidence, the paper shows that this scribe wrote a series of hymns to Amun that are expressive of a vivid personal piety. By correlating certain features of this scribe’s handwriting, it further argues that the same scribe was also responsible for hymns addressed to the deities Mut, Taweret, and Iaret, as well as for a hymn to Thebes. Outside of the literary realm, the same hand is attested in administrative documents, including letters that allow us to situate the scribe in question within a family of draughtsmen. The paper identifies this polygraph as Pay (i) – the first of this line of draughtsmen from Deir el-Medina – to whom dozens of hieratic texts can be attributed. [less ▲]

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See detailUnicode Control Characters for Ancient Egyptian
Nederhof, Mark-Jan; Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Rosmorduc, Serge

in el-Aguizi, Ola; Kasparian, Burt (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Congress of Egyptologists XII (in press)

This paper discussed the digital encoding of ancient Egyptian texts and focuses on the so-called 'control characters' in Unicode, which allow positioning signs next to one another, above one another, or ... [more ▼]

This paper discussed the digital encoding of ancient Egyptian texts and focuses on the so-called 'control characters' in Unicode, which allow positioning signs next to one another, above one another, or in other spatial arrangements. To critically assess the coverage of the nine control characters currently available in Unicode, monumental inscriptions from the Old Kingdom, the New Kingdom, and the Ptolemaic era are investigated [less ▲]

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See detailCrossing Invisible Boundaries. An Erased Letter to the Chief of the Storehouse Ḥwy
Gabler, Kathrin; Hertel, Elena; Loprieno, Antonio et al

in el-Aguizi, Ola; Kasparian, Burt (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Congress of Egyptologists XII (in press)

In this paper, we briefly introduce the ‘Crossing Boundaries’ project and showcase some of its methods and goals based on a small sheet of erased papyrus that contains the beginning of a 19th Dynasty ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we briefly introduce the ‘Crossing Boundaries’ project and showcase some of its methods and goals based on a small sheet of erased papyrus that contains the beginning of a 19th Dynasty letter written by a lady to her son, the chief of magazine Ḥwy. [less ▲]

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See detailUniversal and macro-areal patterns in the lexicon. A case-study in the perception-cognition domain
Georgakopoulos, Athanasios ULiege; Grossman, Eitan; Nikolaev, Dmitri et al

in Linguistic Typology (in press)

This paper investigates universal and areal structures in the lexicon as manifested by colexification patterns in the semantic domains of perception and cognition, based on data from both small and large ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates universal and areal structures in the lexicon as manifested by colexification patterns in the semantic domains of perception and cognition, based on data from both small and large datasets. Using several methods, including weighted semantic maps, formal concept lattices, correlation analysis, and dimensionality reduction, we identify colexification patterns in the domains in question and evaluate the extent to which these patterns are specific to particular areas. This paper contributes to the methodology of investi-gating areal patterns in the lexicon, and identifies a number of cross-linguistic regularities and of area-specific properties in the structuring of lexicons. [less ▲]

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See detailLa fréquence des fonctions dans l’écriture égyptienne
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Polis, Stéphane (Ed.) Guide des écriture d'Égypte antique (2022)

Un examen de la fréquence des fonctions prises par les hiéroglyphes en contexte permet de montrer qu’une inscription égyptienne est majoritairement composée de signes notant des sons.

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See detailComment fonctionne l’écriture hiéroglyphique ?
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Polis, Stéphane (Ed.) Guide des écritures d'Égypte antique (2022)

Lorsqu’après des années d’un labeur passionné, Champollion comprend les principes de fonctionnement du système hiéroglyphique, il décrit un système qui paraît d’une complexité inouïe : les caractères ... [more ▼]

Lorsqu’après des années d’un labeur passionné, Champollion comprend les principes de fonctionnement du système hiéroglyphique, il décrit un système qui paraît d’une complexité inouïe : les caractères d’écriture y seraient utilisés tantôt pour noter des sons, tantôt pour renvoyer à des mots entiers, tantôt pour exprimer des idées plus générales. Aujourd’hui, on sait pourtant que ce sont les systèmes phonographiques qui nous sont familiers qui sont particuliers. Nos alphabets occidentaux, les abdjads, ou les syllabaires et abugidas plus exotiques sont le résultat de longues évolutions et d’emprunts culturels successifs qui ont progressivement conduit à gommer la fondamentale multifonctionnalité des signes dans les systèmes d’origine. Cette contribution explique comment, à côté des phonogrammes notant les sons de la langue, d'autres catégories fonctionnelles - comme les logogrammes et les classificateurs - sont mobilisées par l'écriture hiéroglyphique. [less ▲]

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See detailDeux siècles après Champollion : les conditions d’un déchiffrement
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Polis, Stéphane (Ed.) Guide des écritures d'Égypte antique (2022)

Se plonger dans la correspondance, les manuscrits et les publications de Jean-François Champollion deux cents ans après le déchiffrement de l’écriture hiéroglyphique ne manque pas d’éveiller chez ... [more ▼]

Se plonger dans la correspondance, les manuscrits et les publications de Jean-François Champollion deux cents ans après le déchiffrement de l’écriture hiéroglyphique ne manque pas d’éveiller chez l’égyptologue contemporain une admiration teintée d’incrédulité : en une dizaine d’années à peine — entre le 27 septembre 1822, date du déchiffrement, et le 4 mars 1832, date du décès précoce de « l’Égyptien » — les progrès de Champollion le Jeune dans la compréhension du fonctionnement de l’écriture hiéroglyphique, de la grammaire de l’égyptien ancien, ainsi que dans la connaissance de l’histoire et de la religion de l’Égypte pharaonique sont stupéfiants de justesse et de rapidité. Si bien des points resteront à découvrir, élucider, expliquer ou préciser à sa suite, son statut de fondateur de la science égyptologique est incontestable et incontesté. Cette contribution retrace les grandes étapes intellectuelles et conditions historiques qui ont conduit au déchiffrement des hiéroglyphes. [less ▲]

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See detailLangues et écritures d’Égypte antique. Repères chronologiques et terminologiques
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Polis, Stéphane (Ed.) Guide des écritures d'Égypte antique (2022)

Introduction aux "Guide des écritures d'Égypte antique", présentant un aperçu diachronique de la langue égyptienne et des écritures attestées en Égypte, culture de l'écrit caractérisée par sa ... [more ▼]

Introduction aux "Guide des écritures d'Égypte antique", présentant un aperçu diachronique de la langue égyptienne et des écritures attestées en Égypte, culture de l'écrit caractérisée par sa multiscripturalité. [less ▲]

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See detailHandbook of ancient Egyptian writing systems
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Book published by Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (2022)

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See detailGuide des écritures d’Égypte antique
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Book published by Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (2022)

Depuis les premières manifestations de l’écriture, aux alentours de 3150 avant notre ère, jusqu’à l’arrivée de l’arabe, nombreuses furent les écritures employées en Égypte ancienne. L’objectif de ce guide ... [more ▼]

Depuis les premières manifestations de l’écriture, aux alentours de 3150 avant notre ère, jusqu’à l’arrivée de l’arabe, nombreuses furent les écritures employées en Égypte ancienne. L’objectif de ce guide est d’en expliquer les grands principes de fonctionnement, de présenter la diversité de leurs manifestations dans le temps et l’espace, et d’en décrire les principaux contextes d’emploi. Si les hiéroglyphes se taillent assez évidemment la part du lion, c’est toute la richesse des différentes écritures qui furent utilisées sur la terre des pharaons qui est ici exposée. [less ▲]

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See detailAltering writing. Neutralizing and re-activating the agency of animate signs in less or non-figurative graphic registers
Pietri, Renaud ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Conference (2021, May 13)

Since the seminal publications of Lacau (1914, 1926), the avoidance, replacement, alteration, and annihilation of hieroglyphic signs representing animate beings in funerary contexts has been intensively ... [more ▼]

Since the seminal publications of Lacau (1914, 1926), the avoidance, replacement, alteration, and annihilation of hieroglyphic signs representing animate beings in funerary contexts has been intensively investigated (e.g., Iannarilli 2017, 2018; Pierre, 1997; Roth 2017; Thuault 2020). In this paper, we suggest to look at other types of contexts and to consider graphic registers (Ragazzoli & Albert 2021) that are situated lower on the figurative scale (Vernus 2019, Polis 2020). Indeed, if the statement made by Russo (2010: 252) generally holds true — “la mutilation des signes concerne l’écriture figurée, dite écriture hiéroglyphique, l’écriture non figurée, dite écriture hiératique, n’étant pas sujette à un tel traitement, ce qui s’explique par la nature et le statut des deux types d’écriture” — there are exceptions that shed light on this practice as a whole. In a first step, we situate the phenomenon among the different types of taboos (Polis 2013, Vernus 2020) affecting the written performance in Ancient Egypt and show that alterations of writing do indeed occur most often in cases of high figurativity, i.e., when the hieroglyphic signs can be equated with actual visual images (Schenkel 2011) and thereby have the potential to be deactivated (Winand & Angenot 2016). In a second time, we propose a typology of the different kinds of sign replacements and alterations, illustrating the practice with examples that belong to non-funerary contexts. This allows us to analyze how this practice transfers to less figurative registers and to show that the Egyptian cursive scripts only inherited from some types of alterations to the exclusion of others, but also developed new strategies (color, orientation, degree of cursivity) in order to neutralize or, conversely, to reactivate agentive signs in specific contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailThe eyes cannot hear nor feel? A contrastive view on perception verbs in Ancient Egyptian and Kirundi
Ahishakiye, Emmanuella ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Conference (2021, April 16)

Senses connect all human bodies and minds to the surrounding environment, but the languages of the world differ in how they segment and categorise the different types of perception. Taking as a point of ... [more ▼]

Senses connect all human bodies and minds to the surrounding environment, but the languages of the world differ in how they segment and categorise the different types of perception. Taking as a point of departure identified universal (and macro-areal) patterns of semantic structure in the field of perception and cognition (Georgakopoulos et al. in press), the goal of this lecture is to contrast the polysemy patterns of perception verbs in Ancient Egyptian (Afroasiatic) and Kirundi (Bantu), and to situate the results in a typological perspective (resorting to CLICS3, https://clics.clld.org). Although perception has attracted much attention in linguistics and cognitive sciences (e.g., Aikhenvald & Storch 2013; Evans and Wilkins 2000; Howes 2003; Levinson & Majid 2014, Majid & Burenhult 2014, Maslova 2004, San Roque et al. Sweetser, 1990, Vanhove 2008, Viberg 1983, and Wälchli 2016), there are only a few studies available for Egyptian (Steinbach 2015, Steinbach-Eicke 2017) and virtually none for Kirundi. These two languages however display both diachronic and synchronic patterns of co-expression that shed new light on long-standing questions, such as the prevalence of vision over audition, the relationship between perception and cognition, and the types of polysemy patterns that are possible in this semantic field – in Kirundi, for instance, a corpus-study reveals that the same root kwumva ‘to hear’ (and morphologically derived forms) can be used to express all types of perception except for the visual one. [less ▲]

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See detailLes documents de Deir el-Médineh : nouvelles données dans les papyrus inédits de Turin concernant les premières grèves d'Égypte ancienne
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Scientific conference (2021, February 11)

Présentation de la distribution chronologique de la documentation textuelle de la nécropole thébaine au Nouvel Empire et discussion d'une série de fragments montrant que les grèves d'ouvriers remontent à ... [more ▼]

Présentation de la distribution chronologique de la documentation textuelle de la nécropole thébaine au Nouvel Empire et discussion d'une série de fragments montrant que les grèves d'ouvriers remontent à des temps anciens en Égypte et ont été particulièrement importantes en l'an 2-3 de Ramsès 4. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Empire Strikes Back. New evidence of revolts and protests under Ramesses IV in unpublished fragments of letters of the Museo Egizio (Turin)
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

Scientific conference (2021, February 04)

Unpublished fragments of papyri containing new evidence of strikes and demonstrations under Ramesses 4 (and previous kings) were presented, discussed, and contextualized.

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See detailRapport concernant la restauration du complexe funéraire attribué au scribe de la Tombe Amennakhte (v), et l’étude des puits afférents (P. 1335, 1336a, 1336b, 1337, 1338, 1340)
Dorn, Andreas; Pietri, Renaud ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege et al

in Bulletin archéologique des Écoles françaises à l'étranger (2021)

Rapport concernant la mission 2021 concernant le monument funéraire d'Amennakhte (v) dans le cadre des travaux archéologiques de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale à Deir el-Medina (dir. Cédric ... [more ▼]

Rapport concernant la mission 2021 concernant le monument funéraire d'Amennakhte (v) dans le cadre des travaux archéologiques de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale à Deir el-Medina (dir. Cédric Larcher). L’objectif du projet, dirigé par Andreas Dorn (Uppsala) et Stéphane Polis (Liège) est de mieux comprendre le complexe funéraire situé dans le cimetière de l’Ouest de Deir el-Médina qui fut attribué au scribe Amennakhte (v) par Bernard Bruyère et de voir si, parmi les puits associés à cette structure, il est toujours possible d’identifier des fragments de papyrus ramessides permettant d’éclairer l’histoire des archives manuscrites de la famille de ce scribe de la XXe dynastie. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Messy Scribe from Deir el-Medina. A Paleographical Journey through the Texts of a Draughtsman and Scribe from the 19th Dynasty: Pay (i)
Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Gülden, Svenja; Verhoeven, Ursula (Eds.) Ägyptologische ‚Binsen‘-Weisheiten IV. Akten der internationalen und interdisziplinären Tagung in der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur | Mainz im December 2019 (2021)

This paper gathers a number of texts that it argues were written by a single scribe from Deir el-Medina who lived during the first half of the 19th Dynasty and who was active mostly during the reign of ... [more ▼]

This paper gathers a number of texts that it argues were written by a single scribe from Deir el-Medina who lived during the first half of the 19th Dynasty and who was active mostly during the reign of Ramesses II. The identification of these texts takes as its point of departure the archeological context of ‘Maison G/J’, situated north of the Ptolemaic temple and to the east of the Grand Puits. Based on paleographic, orthographic, and thematic evidence, the paper shows that this scribe wrote a series of hymns to Amun that are expressive of a vivid personal piety. By correlating certain features of this scribe’s handwriting, it further argues that the same scribe was also responsible for hymns addressed to the deities Mut, Taweret, and Iaret, as well as for a hymn to Thebes. Outside of the literary realm, the same hand is attested in administrative documents, including letters that allow us to situate the scribe in question within a family of draughtsmen. The paper identifies this polygraph as Pay (i) – the first of this line of draughtsmen from Deir el-Medina – to whom dozens of hieratic texts can be attributed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Thot Sign List (TSL). An open digital repertoire of hieroglyphic signs
Polis, Stéphane ULiege; Desert, Luc ULiege; Dils, Peter et al

in Égypte nilotique et méditerranéenne (2021), 14

This paper introduces the Thot Sign List (TSL), a sourced digital repertoire of hieroglyphic signs that documents the hieroglyphic signs and their uses (http://thotsignlist.org). We present the underlying ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces the Thot Sign List (TSL), a sourced digital repertoire of hieroglyphic signs that documents the hieroglyphic signs and their uses (http://thotsignlist.org). We present the underlying data model and describe the front-end that allows the users to navigate the complexity of the hieroglyphic script and to search for signs based on functional and iconic criteria. [less ▲]

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See detailHjelmslev, a forerunner of the semantic maps method in linguistic typology?
Cigana, Lorenzo ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Hamans, Camiel (Ed.) History of Linguistics and its Significance (2021)

In this paper, we show that Hjelmslev’s approach to language description and crosslinguistic comparison, on the one hand, and the semantic maps model used in linguistic typology, on the other, differ ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we show that Hjelmslev’s approach to language description and crosslinguistic comparison, on the one hand, and the semantic maps model used in linguistic typology, on the other, differ significantly. Although Hjelmslev paved the way for resorting to graphic representations as a mean to show how each language of the world partitions off the semantic continuum in its own way, he can hardly be considered as a forerunner of the semantic maps tradition. In a nutshell, Hjelmslev’s schemas are meant to compare the idiosyncratic organisation of individual linguistic systems, while the semantic maps method aims at unveiling semantic regularities across languages: the former targets the particular ‘grid’ imposed by each language on a given semantic space (or ‘category’), while the latter abstracts away from specific linguistic systems and posits universal atoms of sense that can be organized in cross-linguistically valid networks. [less ▲]

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See detailA Family Affair in the Community of Deir el-Medina: Gossip Girls in two 19th Dynasty Letters
Demarée, Rob; Gabler, Kathrin; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Gülden, Svenja; Verhoeven, Ursula (Eds.) Ägyptologische ‚Binsen‘-Weisheiten IV. Akten der internationalen und interdisziplinären Tagung in der Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur | Mainz im December 2019 (2021)

In this paper, we publish two letters found by E. Schiaparelli in Deir el-Medina (1908). These can be dated to the mid-19th dynasty (c. year 45–50 of Ramesses II) based on palaeographical and ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we publish two letters found by E. Schiaparelli in Deir el-Medina (1908). These can be dated to the mid-19th dynasty (c. year 45–50 of Ramesses II) based on palaeographical and prosopographical clues. They add to the body of evidence for epistolary communications between women in the community of workers. In complex interactions (involving numerous quotes based on hearsay), the daughters and other female relatives of Tꜣ-ḫꜥ.t (ii) complain about the evil behavior of their mother and each other. The scribal hand is the same for both letters, though the letters were sent by different individuals, and it reveals the writing habits of a ‘messy’ scribe who was active during the first part of the reign of Ramesses II. As such, autographs can be excluded. [less ▲]

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See detailLexical Diachronic Semantic Maps. Mapping the evolution of time-related lexemes
Georgakopoulos, Athanasios ULiege; Polis, Stéphane ULiege

in Journal of Historical Linguistics (2021)

This paper extends the scope of application of the semantic map model to diachronic lexical semantics. Combining a quantitative approach to large-scale synchronic polysemy data with a qualitative ... [more ▼]

This paper extends the scope of application of the semantic map model to diachronic lexical semantics. Combining a quantitative approach to large-scale synchronic polysemy data with a qualitative evaluation of the diachronic material in two text languages, ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek, it shows that weighted diachronic semantic maps can capture informative generalizations about the organization of the lexicon and its reshaping over time. The general methodology developed in the paper is illustrated with a case study of the semantic extension of time-related lexemes. This case study shows that the blend of tools well established in linguistic typology with proven methods of historical linguistics enables a principled approach to long-standing questions in the fields of diachronic semasiology and onomasiology. [less ▲]

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