References of "Plenevaux, Alain"
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See detailDeciphering the role of the GPR101 orphan receptor in growth hormone hypersecretion
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine et al

Poster (2022, April)

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See detailDeciphering the role of the GPR101 orphan receptor in growth hormone hypersecretion
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine et al

Conference (2022, February)

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See detailTumor Microenvironment Modifications Recorded With IVIM Perfusion Analysis and DCE-MRI After Neoadjuvant Radiotherapy: A Preclinical Study.
LALLEMAND, François ULiege; LEROI, Natacha ULiege; Blacher, Silvia ULiege et al

in Frontiers in Oncology (2021)

Purpose: Neoadjuvant radiotherapy (NeoRT) improves tumor local control and facilitates tumor resection in many cancers. Some clinical studies demonstrated that both timing of surgery and RT schedule ... [more ▼]

Purpose: Neoadjuvant radiotherapy (NeoRT) improves tumor local control and facilitates tumor resection in many cancers. Some clinical studies demonstrated that both timing of surgery and RT schedule influence tumor dissemination, and subsequently patient overall survival. Previously, we developed a pre-clinical model demonstrating the impact of NeoRT schedule and timing of surgery on metastatic spreading. We report on the impact of NeoRT on tumor microenvironment by MRI. Methods: According to our NeoRT model, MDA-MB 231 cells were implanted in the flank of SCID mice. Tumors were locally irradiated (PXI X-Rad SmART) with 2x5Gy and then surgically removed at different time points after RT. Diffusion-weighted (DW) and Dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) MRI images were acquired before RT and every 2 days between RT and surgery. IntraVoxel Incoherent Motion (IVIM) analysis was used to obtain information on intravascular diffusion, related to perfusion (F: perfusion factor) and subsequently tumor vessels perfusion. For DCE-MRI, we performed semiquantitative analyses. Results: With this experimental model, a significant and transient increase of the perfusion factor F [50% of the basal value (n=16, p<0.005)] was observed on day 6 after irradiation as well as a significant increase of the WashinSlope with DCE-MRI at day 6 (n=13, p<0.05). Using immunohistochemistry, a significant increase of perfused vessels was highlighted, corresponding to the increase of perfusion in MRI at this same time point. Moreover, Tumor surgical resection during this peak of vascularization results in an increase of metastasis burden (n=10, p<0.05). Conclusion: Significant differences in perfusion-related parameters (F and WashinSlope) were observed on day 6 in a neoadjuvant radiotherapy model using SCID mice. These modifications are correlated with an increase of perfused vessels in histological analysis and also with an increase of metastasis spreading after the surgical procedure. This experimental observation could potentially result in a way to personalize treatment, by modulating the time of surgery guided on MRI functional data, especially tumor perfusion. [less ▲]

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See detailExercise against cocaine sensitization in mice: a [18F]fallypride micro-PET study.
Becker, Guillaume ULiege; Lespine, Louis-Ferdinand ULiege; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULiege et al

in Brain Communications (2021)

Wheel-running exercise in laboratory rodents (animal model useful to study the neurobiology of aerobic exercise) decreases behavioural markers of vulnerability to addictive properties of various drugs of ... [more ▼]

Wheel-running exercise in laboratory rodents (animal model useful to study the neurobiology of aerobic exercise) decreases behavioural markers of vulnerability to addictive properties of various drugs of abuse including cocaine. However, neurobiological mechanisms underpinning this protective effect are far from fully characterized. Here, 28-day-old female C57BL/6J mice were housed with (n=48) or without (n=48) a running wheel for 6 weeks before being tested for acute locomotor responsiveness and initiation of locomotor sensitization to intraperitoneal injections of 8 mg/kg cocaine. The long-term expression of sensitization took place 3 weeks after the last session. On the day after, all mice underwent a micro-PET imaging session with [18F]fallypride radiotracer (dopamine 2/3 receptors antagonist). Exercised mice were less sensitive to acute and sensitized cocaine hyperlocomotor effects, such attenuation being particularly well-marked for long-term expression of sensitization (η²p = 0.262). Chronic administration of cocaine was associated with a clear-cut increase of [18F]fallypride binding potential in mouse striatum (η²p = 0.170) while wheel-running exercise was associated with a moderate decrease in dopamine 2/3 receptors density in striatum (η²p = 0.075), a mechanism that might contribute to protective properties of exercise against drugs of abuse vulnerability. [less ▲]

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See detailDeciphering the role of the GPR101 orphan receptor in growth hormone hypersecretion
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine et al

Poster (2021, October)

Growth hormone (GH) is a key modulator of growth and GH over-secretion can lead to gigantism. One form is X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), in which infants develop GH secreting pituitary tumors over ... [more ▼]

Growth hormone (GH) is a key modulator of growth and GH over-secretion can lead to gigantism. One form is X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), in which infants develop GH secreting pituitary tumors over-expressing the orphan G-protein coupled receptor, GPR101(Trivellin et al, 2014). The role of GPR101 in GH secretion remains obscure. We studied GPR101 signaling pathways and their effects in HEK293 and rat pituitary GH3 cell lines, human tumors and in transgenic mice with elevated somatotrope Gpr101 expression driven by the rat Ghrhr promoter (GhrhrGpr101). We reported that Gpr101 causes elevated GH/prolactin secretion in transgenic GhrhrGpr101 mice but without hyperplasia/tumorigenesis (Abboud et al, 2020). Furthermore, we showed that GPR101 constitutively activates not only Gs, but also Gq/11 and G12/13, which leads to GH secretion but not proliferation. These signatures of GPR101 signaling, notably PKC activation, are also present in human pituitary tumors with high GPR101 expression. These results underline a role for GPR101 in the regulation of somatotrope axis function. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo exploration of synaptic projections in frontotemporal dementia.
Salmon, Eric ULiege; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULiege; Plenevaux, Alain ULiege et al

in Scientific Reports (2021)

The purpose of this exploratory research is to provide data on synaptopathy in the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Twelve patients with probable bvFTD were compared to 12 control ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this exploratory research is to provide data on synaptopathy in the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Twelve patients with probable bvFTD were compared to 12 control participants and 12 patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Loss of synaptic projections was assessed with ­[18F]UCBH-PET. Total distribution volume was obtained with Logan method using carotid artery derived input function. Neuroimages were analyzed with SPM12. Verbal fluency, episodic memory and awareness of cognitive impairment were equally impaired in patients groups. Compared to controls, ­[18F]UCBH uptake tended to decrease in the right anterior parahippocampal gyrus of bvFTD patients. Loss of synaptic projections was observed in the right hippocampus of AD participants, but there was no significant difference in ­[18F]UCBH brain uptake between patients groups. Anosognosia for clinical disorder was correlated with synaptic density in the caudate nucleus and the anteromedial prefrontal cortex. This study suggests that synaptopathy in bvFTD targets the temporal social brain and self-referential processes. [less ▲]

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See detailGPR101 drives growth hormone hypersecretion and gigantism in mice via constitutive activation of Gs and Gq/11
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine et al

Conference (2021, April)

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See detailGPR101 drives growth hormone hypersecretion and gigantism in mice via constitutive activation of Gs and Gq/11
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine et al

Conference (2021, April)

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See detailMonitoring of a progressive functional dopaminergic deficit in the A53T-AAV synuclein rats by combining 6-[ 18 F]fluoro-L-m-tyrosine imaging and motor performances analysis.
Becker, Guillaume ULiege; Michel, Anne; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULiege et al

in Neurobiology of Aging (2021), 107

With the emergence of disease-modifying therapies for Parkinson’s disease, reliable longitudinal markers are needed to quantify pathology and demonstrate disease progression. We developed the A53T-AAV rat ... [more ▼]

With the emergence of disease-modifying therapies for Parkinson’s disease, reliable longitudinal markers are needed to quantify pathology and demonstrate disease progression. We developed the A53T-AAV rat model of synucleinopathy by combining longitudinal measures over 12 weeks. We first characterized the progression of the motor and dopaminergic deficits. Then, we monitored the disease progression using the [ 18 F]FMT Positron Emission Tomography (PET) radiotracer. The nigral injection of A53T-AAV led to an increase in phosphorylated α-synuclein on S129, a progressive accumulation of α-synuclein aggregates, and a decrease of dopaminergic function associated with a deterioration of motor activity. The longitudinal monitoring of A53T-AAV rats with [ 18 F]FMT PET showed a progressive reduction of the Kc outcome parameter in the caudate putamen from the lesioned side. Interestingly, the progressive reduction in the [18F]FMT PET signal correlated with defects in the stepping test. In conclusion, we established a progressive rat model of α-synuclein pathology which monitors the deficit longitudinally using both the [18F]FMT PET tracer and behavioral parameters, 2 features that have strong relevance for translational approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailDual‑specificity phosphatase 3 deletion promotes obesity, non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma
Jacques, Sophie ULiege; Arjomand, Arash ULiege; Perée, Hélène ULiege et al

in Scientific Reports (2021), 11

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic hepatic pathology in Western countries. It encompasses a spectrum of conditions ranging from simple steatosis to more severe and ... [more ▼]

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic hepatic pathology in Western countries. It encompasses a spectrum of conditions ranging from simple steatosis to more severe and progressive non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) that can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Obesity and related metabolic syndrome are important risk factors for the development of NAFLD, NASH and HCC. DUSP3 is a small dual-specificity protein phosphatase with a poorly known physiological function. We investigated its role in metabolic syndrome manifestations and in HCC using a mouse knockout (KO) model. While aging, DUSP3-KO mice became obese, exhibited insulin resistance, NAFLD and associated liver damage. These phenotypes were exacerbated under high fat diet (HFD). In addition, DEN administration combined to HFD led to rapid HCC development in DUSP3-KO compared to wild type (WT) mice. DUSP3-KO mice had more serum triglycerides, cholesterol, AST and ALT compared to control WT mice under both regular chow diet (CD) and HFD. The level of fasting insulin was higher compared to WT mice, though, fasting glucose as well as glucose tolerance were normal. At the molecular level, HFD led to decreased expression of DUSP3 in WT mice. DUSP3 deletion was associated with increased and consistent phosphorylation of the insulin receptor (IR) and with higher activation of the downstream signaling pathway. In conclusion, our results support a new role for DUSP3 in obesity, insulin resistance, NAFLD and liver damage. [less ▲]

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See detailThe pharmacokinetics of [(18)F]UCB-H revisited in the healthy non-human primate brain
Goutal, S; Guillermier, M; Becker, Guillaume ULiege et al

in EJNMMI Res (2021), 11(1), 36

BACKGROUND: Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging of the Synaptic Vesicle glycoprotein (SV) 2A is a new tool to quantify synaptic density. [(18)F]UCB-H was one of the first promising SV2A-ligands to ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging of the Synaptic Vesicle glycoprotein (SV) 2A is a new tool to quantify synaptic density. [(18)F]UCB-H was one of the first promising SV2A-ligands to be labelled and used in vivo in rodent and human, while limited information on its pharmacokinetic properties is available in the non-human primate. Here, we evaluate the reliability of the three most commonly used modelling approaches for [(18)F]UCB-H in the non-human cynomolgus primate, adding the coupled fit of the non-displaceable distribution volume (VND) as an alternative approach to improve unstable fit. The results are discussed in the light of the current state of SV2A PET ligands. RESULTS: [(18)F]UCB-H pharmacokinetic data was optimally fitted with a two-compartment model (2TCM), although the model did not always converge (large total volume of distribution (VT) or large uncertainty of the estimate). 2TCM with coupled fit K1/k2 across brain regions stabilized the quantification, and confirmed a lower specific signal of [(18)F]UCB-H compared to the newest SV2A-ligands. However, the measures of VND and the influx parameter (K1) are similar to what has been reported for other SV2A ligands. These data were reinforced by displacement studies using [(19)F]UCB-H, demonstrating only 50% displacement of the total [(18)F]UCB-H signal at maximal occupancy of SV2A. As previously demonstrated in clinical studies, the graphical method of Logan provided a more robust estimate of VT with only a small bias compared to 2TCM. CONCLUSIONS: Modeling issues with a 2TCM due to a slow component have previously been reported for other SV2A ligands with low specific binding, or after blocking of specific binding. As all SV2A ligands share chemical structural similarities, we hypothesize that this slow binding component is common for all SV2A ligands, but only hampers quantification when specific binding is low. [less ▲]

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See detailGPR101 drives growth hormone hypersecretion and gigantism in mice via constitutive activation of Gs and Gq/11
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine et al

Conference (2020, November)

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See detailGPR101 drives growth hormone hypersecretion and gigantism in mice via constitutive activation of Gs and Gq/11
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine ULiege et al

in Nature Communications (2020), 11(1), 4752

Growth hormone (GH) is a key modulator of growth and GH over-secretion can lead to gigantism. One form is X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), in which infants develop GH-secreting pituitary tumors over ... [more ▼]

Growth hormone (GH) is a key modulator of growth and GH over-secretion can lead to gigantism. One form is X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), in which infants develop GH-secreting pituitary tumors over-expressing the orphan G-protein coupled receptor, GPR101. The role of GPR101 in GH secretion remains obscure. We studied GPR101 signaling pathways and their effects in HEK293 and rat pituitary GH3 cell lines, human tumors and in transgenic mice with elevated somatotrope Gpr101 expression driven by the rat Ghrhr promoter (GhrhrGpr101). Here, we report that Gpr101 causes elevated GH/prolactin secretion in transgenic GhrhrGpr101 mice but without hyperplasia/tumorigenesis. We show that GPR101 constitutively activates not only Gs, but also Gq/11 and G12/13, which leads to GH secretion but not proliferation. These signatures of GPR101 signaling, notably PKC activation, are also present in human pituitary tumors with high GPR101 expression. These results underline a role for GPR101 in the regulation of somatotrope axis function. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring with [(18)F]UCB-H the in vivo Variations in SV2A Expression through the Kainic Acid Rat Model of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.
Serrano Navacerrada, Maria Elisa ULiege; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULiege; Becker, Guillaume ULiege et al

in Molecular imaging and biology (2020)

PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to understand how the positron emission tomography (PET) measure of the synaptic vesicle 2A (SV2A) protein varies in vivo during the development of temporal ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to understand how the positron emission tomography (PET) measure of the synaptic vesicle 2A (SV2A) protein varies in vivo during the development of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) in the kainic acid rat model. PROCEDURES: Twenty Sprague Dawley male rats were administered with multiple systemic doses of saline (control group, n = 5) or kainic acid (5 mg/kg/injection, epileptic group, n = 15). Both groups were scanned at the four phases of TLE (early, latent, transition, and chronic phase) with the [(18)F]UCB-H PET radiotracer and T2-structural magnetic resonance imaging. At the end of the scans (3 months post-status epilepticus), rats were monitored for 7 days with electroencephalography for the detection of spontaneous electrographic seizures. Finally, the immunofluorescence staining for SV2A expression was performed. RESULTS: Control rats presented a significant increase in [(18)F]UCB-H binding at the last two scans, compared with the first ones (p < 0.001). This increase existed but was lower in epileptic animals, producing significant group differences in all the phases of the disease (p < 0.028). Furthermore, the quantification of the SV2A expression in vivo with the [(18)F]UCB-H radiotracer or ex vivo with immunofluorescence led to equivalent results, with a positive correlation between both. CONCLUSIONS: Even if further studies in humans are required, the ability to detect a progressive decrease in SV2A expression during the development of temporal lobe epilepsy supports the use of [(18)F]UCB-H as a useful tool to differentiate, in vivo, between healthy and epileptic animals along with the development of the epileptic disease. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance evaluation of a MIP for the MISPE-LC determination of p-[18F]MPPF and a potential metabolite in human plasma
Lecomte, Frederic ULiege; Aerts, Joël ULiege; Plenevaux, Alain ULiege et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (2020), 180

Within the family of serotonin (5-HT) receptors, the 5-HT1A subtype is particularly interesting as it may be involved in various physiological processes or psychological disorders. The p-[18F]MPPF, a ... [more ▼]

Within the family of serotonin (5-HT) receptors, the 5-HT1A subtype is particularly interesting as it may be involved in various physiological processes or psychological disorders. The p-[18F]MPPF, a highly selec- tive 5-HT1A antagonist, is used for in vivo studies in human or animal by means of positron emission tomography (PET) [1]. In order to selectively extract p-[18 F]MPPF and its main metabolites from plasma, molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was prepared against these compounds by using the p-MPPF as template. For the control of the selectivity, non-imprinted polymer (NIP) was also synthesized without template. The MIP sorbent, packed in disposable extraction cartridges (DECs), was then evaluated as molecularly imprinted solid- phase extraction (MISPE) prior to the LC determination. The conditions of extraction were evaluated in order to obtain the highest selective retention of the p-[18F]MPPF and its metabolites on this MIP. The MIP selectivity was exploited in the loading and washing steps by adjusting the pH of plasma samples at a suitable value and by selecting mixtures for the washing step to limit the contribution of non- specific interactions. Other important parameters involved in the conditioning and elution steps were also studied. Finally, a pre-validation was carried out with optimal extraction conditions to demonstrate the performance of this MISPE-LC method as a generic method in the context of evaluation of new MISPE for p-[18F]MPPF and its potential for metabolites extraction from human plasma. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiolabelling of lipid-based nanocarriers with fluorine-18 for in vivo tracking by PET.
Nagachinta, Surasa ULiege; Becker, Guillaume ULiege; Dammicco, Sylvestre ULiege et al

in Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces (2020), 188

Organic nanoparticles made out of biodegradable and biocompatible materials have attracted increased attention in the therapeutic and diagnostic fields. In this study, we attempted to explore a new ... [more ▼]

Organic nanoparticles made out of biodegradable and biocompatible materials have attracted increased attention in the therapeutic and diagnostic fields. In this study, we attempted to explore a new radiolabelling chelating free strategy for biodegradable sphingomyelin nanometric emulsions with fluorine-18 (18F), a radioisotope regularly used in clinic. [18F]fluoride was produced by the cyclotron and was incorporated into 4-[18F]fluorobenzamido-N-ethylmaleimide ([18F]FBEM), which was coupled next to the emulsions previously functionalized with a thiol group, via inclusion of either a thiol-PEG-lipid (SH-PEG12-C18), or a peptide-PEG-lipid (Cys-Pro-IleGlu-Asp-Arg-Pro-Met-Cys-PEG8-C18) derivative. Radiolabelled emulsions were obtained in a rapid and efficient fashion through facile-conjugated chemistry without the use of organic solvents, and characterized in terms of size, polydispersity, surface charge, pH, and osmolarity. PET imaging and biodistribution studies in BALB/c mice allowed obtaining the pharmacokinetics of the radiolabelled emulsions and determining the clearance pathways. Altogether, we confirmed the potential of this new technique for the radiolabelling of lipid-based drug nanosystems for application in PET imaging diagnosis. [less ▲]

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See detailGPR101 drives growth hormone hypersecretion and gigantism in mice via constitutive activation of Gs and Gq/11
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine et al

Conference (2020)

Growth hormone (GH) is a key modulator of growth and GH over-secretion can lead to gigantism. One form is X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), in which infants develop GH secreting pituitary tumors over ... [more ▼]

Growth hormone (GH) is a key modulator of growth and GH over-secretion can lead to gigantism. One form is X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG), in which infants develop GH secreting pituitary tumors over-expressing the orphan G-protein coupled receptor, GPR101. The role of GPR101 in GH secretion remains obscure. We studied GPR101 signaling pathways and their effects in HEK293 and rat pituitary GH3 cell lines, human tumors and in transgenic mice with elevated somatotrope Gpr101 expression driven by the rat Ghrhr promoter (GhrhrGpr101). We report that Gpr101 causes elevated GH/prolactin secretion in transgenic GhrhrGpr101 mice. We also show that GPR101 promotes GH secretion through the activation of not only Gs, but also Gq/11, in a PKA and PKC-dependent manner, respectively. Interestingly, in stark contrast with other Gs-coupled receptors, GPR101 activation did not lead to the proliferation of somatotrope cells. These signatures of GPR101 signaling, notably PKC activation, are also present in human X-LAG pituitary tumors with high GPR101 expression. These results underline a role for GPR101 in the regulation of somatotrope axis function. [less ▲]

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