References of "Musabanganji, Edouard"
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See detailContraintes et stratégies d’amélioration de la filière maïs au Rwanda
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

For more than a decade, Rwanda has adopted a series of policies and strategies aimed at economic development and the improvement of the living conditions of its predominantly agricultural population. In ... [more ▼]

For more than a decade, Rwanda has adopted a series of policies and strategies aimed at economic development and the improvement of the living conditions of its predominantly agricultural population. In agriculture, implementation of these strategies and related programs has been accompanied by a series of advances in the adoption of farming technologies and increasing agricultural production. However, the country's economy is still characterized by subsistence agriculture, and for the maize sector in particular, the country is continuously depending on imports to meet domestic demand, and maize processing plants always operate below their productive capacity. This research aims to examine the level of competitiveness of this sector in the current production and marketing conditions in order to identify existing constraints and formulate the strategies that can improve the level of economic performance of maize production and maize marketing system. The data used to study the economic performance of maize production come from close monitoring of maize production activities on a sample of 50 producers from five maize producers’ cooperatives selected in the districts of Huye, Rusizi, Gasabo, Burera and Bugesera during two growing seasons. They were supplemented by direct observation, interviews with targeted resource persons, and focus group discussions. The analysis was done using group analysis and appropriate statistical methods. The study of the maize marketing system used the 'Structure-Conduct-Performance' model with data collected from a sample of 150 producers and 17 assemblers selected in the districts of Burera, Bugesera and Huye, and 15 transporters, 5 wholesalers and 15 retailers selected at the national market of Kigali. The results revealed that for many producers, the yield is very low compared to theoretical expected yields, production costs are higher and exceed sales prices, gross margin and family labor income are negative, and the gross added value created by maize producers is not high even though it is positive. The analysis showed that the increase in the selling price positively influences the gross margin, added value and family labor income, and that the rational use of improved seeds, chemical fertilizers and soil conditioners improves the yield. This clearly shows that improving the selling price and rational use of inputs can significantly contribute to making maize production a more profitable and income-generating activity. The study also identified challenges that hamper the production process. These include non-availability of, and low access to inputs, inadequate technical support, limited financial resources and low access to formal agricultural credit, high marshlands rental fee, method of fixing the maize floor price and lack of mechanisms ensuring its use by potential buyers, the lack of storage infrastructure, and the unsustainability of inputs subsidies granted by the government. At the marketing level, the results revealed that several actors are involved in the marketing of maize. The study also revealed that maize imported from Uganda is sold on domestic market at lower prices than locally produced maize, which attests the increase in the cost of maize production in Rwanda compared to Uganda and the low level of competitiveness of the local maize compared to Ugandan maize. The improved status of feeder roads and the high level of access to price information by actors were highlighted among the technological innovations that helped improve the marketing system of foodstuffs in general and maize in particular, which was also evidenced by the level of integration observed between districts maize markets and the national market of Kigali. However, the lack of enough capital and low access to formal credit were noted as major constraints by most of the chain actors. In the light of all these results, it is clear that the production and marketing of maize are not done in good conditions at all levels. This in turn undermines the sector's ability to respond adequately to domestic demand, generate income for actors and integrate itself into both domestic and regional markets. Therefore, strategies aiming at scaling-up the maize production and marketing, and improving working conditions of the sector operators were recommended. These strategies include the implementation of actions to improve access to finance by farmers and other actors; making inputs avail and accessible; reorganizing the marketing system especially in terms of fixing and using the floor price; making available storage facilities where necessary; improving the monitoring, training and sensitization of maize producers on farming techniques and the use of improved technologies; and harmonizing the marshland rental fee at national level. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship Between Inflation and Real Economic Growth in Rwanda
Nkikabahizi, Ferdinand; Ndagijimana, Joseph; Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege

in Heshmati, Almas (Ed.) Studies on Economic Development and Growth in Selected African Countries (2017)

This study examines the impact of economic stability measures (inflation and unemployment rates) on real gross domestic product (GDP) in Rwanda. It uses quarterly data for the period of 2000Q1–2015Q4 ... [more ▼]

This study examines the impact of economic stability measures (inflation and unemployment rates) on real gross domestic product (GDP) in Rwanda. It uses quarterly data for the period of 2000Q1–2015Q4 collected from the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, Central Bank of Rwanda and the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR). This study concludes that inflation and unemployment have a long-run negative and significant relationship on real gross domestic product. In the long run, the coefficients are not significant at the 5% level; it is only the inflation coefficient and error which are significant. Real gross domestic product increases when inflation reduces with a p-value of 0.00266; real gross domestic product increases when unemployment reduces with a p-value of 0.09882. The coefficient from the error correction model means that the effect of the shock will reduce by 0.0483% each quarter, meaning that the effect of the shock will reduce by 19.32% in each 4th quarter. This further means that it will end at 20 quarters, that is, after a five-year period. It has to be highlighted that there is a weak relationship between real gross domestic product and both inflation and unemployment rates. [less ▲]

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See detailIntensification of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda: scenarios and challenges towards a sustainable transformation
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Karangwa, Antoine; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2016)

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that ... [more ▼]

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that led to the review of different publications including published papers and government and development partners’ reports. The paper shows that an adequate policy and institutional environment has been created by various socio-economic, institutional and agriculture-led reforms launched since the early 2000s. The literature review reveals that impressive results have been recorded in regard to smallholder agriculture intensification. In addition, the theoretical model for progressive smallholder agriculture transformation helped to show that most of the smallholders grouped in cooperatives are at the 'semi-commercial smallholders' stage while only a few are at the 'commercial smallholders' and 'advanced farmers' stages. This study also examines various challenges that hamper the sustainable intensification of smallholder agriculture at both institutional, community and smallholder level. It suggests some policy actions to be put forward by the government and other agriculture sector development partners to address those challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailRegional integration and agricultural trade development in Rwanda: the case of staple foods sector
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Karangwa, Antoine; Azadi, Hossein ULiege et al

in Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo (2016), 62(2), 153-162

This paper investigated the impact of regional integration on the agricultural trade development. Using a literature review, the study showed that the results of common agricultural initiatives aiming at ... [more ▼]

This paper investigated the impact of regional integration on the agricultural trade development. Using a literature review, the study showed that the results of common agricultural initiatives aiming at agriculture sector and agricultural trade development have not been convincing due to lack of appropriate mechanisms and institutional actions to operationalize regional agricultural policy and strategy at the national level. The paper also revealed that Rwanda benefited from its accession to EAC, especially in terms of the ease of access to regional markets through the establishment of the Common Market, the Customs Union and the alleviation of some of regional trade barriers for basic foodstuffs and consumer goods. This led to an increased value of its agricultural products exports to neighboring countries. The analysis of the Net Export Index and the Grubel-Lloyd measure for maize, potato and bean revealed that Rwanda is a net importer of maize and a net exporter of potato and bean. For these two staple foods, the results revealed that if Rwanda manages, through policy and institutional actions, to remove or alleviate the bottlenecks that prevent farmers from producing enough for export, it can have a competitive advantage on neighboring countries' markets whose access has been facilitated by its accession to the EAC. [less ▲]

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See detailDeterminants of Access to Agricultural Credits for Small Scale Farmers in the Southern Province of Rwanda
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Antoine, Karangwa; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Book of Proceedings Sixth International Scientific Agricultural Symposium "AgroSym 2015" (2015, November 15)

This study investigated the determinants of financial inclusion for small scale farmers by focusing on the access to formal and informal agricultural credits in the Southern Province of Rwanda. Data were ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the determinants of financial inclusion for small scale farmers by focusing on the access to formal and informal agricultural credits in the Southern Province of Rwanda. Data were collected from 310 farmers from Huye and Nyamagabe districts through an open-ended structured questionnaire and analysed using the binary logistic regression method. The major findings, on one hand, showed that among the requested and approved agricultural loans, 87.2% and 12.7% were from informal and formal financial institutions respectively. Among those who accessed agricultural credits, 59.7% were from Huye and 40.3% from Nyamagabe. On the other hand, it was revealed that the household characteristics and the community attributes are the most important determinants. Those household characteristics include household income and expenditure, Ubudehe socio-economic category of the household, off-farm employment and the size of the land owned by the household whereas community attributes involve residence area, transport and informal financial services availability. Regarding farmer characteristics, the education level was found to be the only factor affecting the smallholder farmers' access to agricultural credit. In light of the findings, it was recommended to conduct sensitization sessions focusing on the importance of agricultural credits for smallholder farmers especially in the areas with high level of poverty. In addition, there is need to work on alleviating the formal agricultural credits access barriers, and to conduct a study on the dynamics of informal and formal agricultural credits up take and usage by smallholder farmers to explore all dimensions of financial inclusion in the study area. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of the adoption of passion fruit (Passiflora Edulis) in farming systems, Matongo-Burundi
Bashangwa Mpozi, Bosco ULiege; Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Ndimanya, Patrice et al

in Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo (2015), 61(4), 117-124

The commercial potential of passion fruit is expanding as demand for both fresh fruit and processed juice is increasing in Burundi. Due to the current situation with an unstable market of traditional ... [more ▼]

The commercial potential of passion fruit is expanding as demand for both fresh fruit and processed juice is increasing in Burundi. Due to the current situation with an unstable market of traditional crops for export, farmers in Matongo have embraced passion fruit as a new source of household income. As the crop generates substantial revenues for farmers, wholesalers and processors, it is important to sustain this sector. The purpose of this research was to compare four variants of diffusionist arguments (age, sex, household size and level of education) and their expression into adoption. Comparative descriptive statistical analysis between adopters and non-adopters to test the essential factors, and participatory survey methods for gathering information were used. Our results showed a highly significant difference between the category of adopters and non-adopters at p < 0.01. However, no significant difference was found between adopters and non-adopters within level of education. Data on the level of education demonstrated that those with little or no education adopted more passion fruit [illiterates (48.9%) and primary level (45.9%)] than these with secondary level (5.2%). The heads of household adopters and non-adopters are mainly men at a rate of 83.7 and 88.3 %, and household size was not a discriminating factor. The factors that promote the adoption of passion fruit are high yield and continuous production, high market demand and permanent source of revenue. Defining only a few variables to analyse the adoption trend could mislead our findings. A participatory approach seems most appropriate for understanding adoption and non-adoption of innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailPrice transmission mechanism analysis: An application to selected foodstuffs on the main markets of the Southern Rwanda
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Karangwa, Antoine; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in East African Journal of Science and Technology (2015), 5(2), 179-200

This study analysed the transmission of the prices of the major foodstuffs on local markets of the Southern Rwanda. It used time series data collected on Huye, Nyanza and Muhanga markets from January 1997 ... [more ▼]

This study analysed the transmission of the prices of the major foodstuffs on local markets of the Southern Rwanda. It used time series data collected on Huye, Nyanza and Muhanga markets from January 1997 to June 2014. The cointegration analysis has been applied to analyse the data and the Error Correction Mechanism was used to integrate, around the long-run, the short-run fluctuations. The obtained results have confirmed the relationship between the variation of the price of bean, the seasonal calendar and the prices of maize flour and potato on the markets covered by this study. It is revealed that during the first quarter, the price of beans decreased on the three markets while the third quarter influenced the increase of the price of beans only on the market of Muhanga. A positive influence of white maize flour price on that of beans was noticed on Huye and Muhanga markets in the same period. The previous and the current monthly price of potato is likely to influence the increase of the current monthly price of beans respectively on Huye and Nyanza markets. In light of the findings, the following main recommendations emerge. Policy makers and local authorities should consider the price transmission mechanism and the relationship between foodstuffs' prices in the control of prices of major staple food; a study analysing the mutual influence between these main markets by assessing their level of integration for these important staple foods is suggested. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect test of Industrial Organic Manure on the Physical Growth and Yield Performance of Bean in Bugesera District Environment. Case of Earth Boost fertilizer on Colta variety
Karangwa, Antoine; Niyitanga, Fidèle; Bucagu, Charles et al

in East African Journal of Science and Technology (2015), 5(2), 32-49

The study was designed to test the Earth Boost effect on physical growth and yield performance of bean. Four fertilizer compositions were thus compared to the control (untreated) in Completely Randomized ... [more ▼]

The study was designed to test the Earth Boost effect on physical growth and yield performance of bean. Four fertilizer compositions were thus compared to the control (untreated) in Completely Randomized Block experimental design with 6 replications; where Earth Boost was compared to the traditional organic manure (cow dung) on the one hand, and between the combinations of each with the diammonium phosphate, DAP. The observations and data collected focused mainly on the height, stem girth, the number of leaves and the yield of bean plants as well as their respective analysis of variance allowing assessing the effect of treatments on the physical growth and yield. The results overall showed the efficiency of EB on the growth in height, leaf and stem girth development as well as on yield. Therefore, the additional yield performance obtained by its use or in substitution of traditional organic manure constitutes economic reasons for introduction of this new factor into the system of production. [less ▲]

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See detailUnemployment and underemployment in Rwandan rural areas
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Rukundo, Johnson Bosco

in Mihyo, Paschal B. (Ed.) Employment policies and unemployment in Eastern and Southern Africa (2014)

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See detailAnalysis of the behaviour of prices of food products on local markets in Rwanda : a methodological approach using equilibrium model
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege

in Journal of Emerging Issues in Economics, Finance and Banking (JEIEFB) (2013), 1(3), 163-182

The present article is concerned by the main theoretical stages of the Error Correction Model (ECM) and its application. The first part starts with the analysis of the stationarity of the series followed ... [more ▼]

The present article is concerned by the main theoretical stages of the Error Correction Model (ECM) and its application. The first part starts with the analysis of the stationarity of the series followed by the cointegration test of Johansen and then the estimation of the ECM. The second part gives details of the application of this methodological approach on real data. This study has established that the current price of beans on the market is dependent on the price of white maize flour observed for two days in the first and the second quarter. [less ▲]

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See detailFertility Preferences and Level of Family Planning in Rwanda : Case of Huye District
Niwemahoro, Celine; Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Banamwana, Leonidas

in Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS) (2011), 2(3), 168-174

The eradication of poverty and hunger is the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) established by the United ations. One of the Rwanda’s commitments is the fulfillment of this goal as indicated ... [more ▼]

The eradication of poverty and hunger is the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) established by the United ations. One of the Rwanda’s commitments is the fulfillment of this goal as indicated in its own long term Vision 2020 aimed at enabling Rwandans to emerge from under-development and poverty status by achieving economic growth objectives in combination with social indicators objectives. As it has been researched that the major cause of poverty in developing countries is the high rate of their population growth, this paper is aimed at assessing the fertility preferences and the level of family planning in Rwanda as a tool to poverty eradication. The paper also presents some challenges and some other pathways to improve the socioeconomic welfare of Rwandan population. In this paper descriptive methods have been used to present and analyze data and a Pearson Chi square test has been used to study the association between variables. The results shows that the knowledge of contraception is universal (99%) but the use of contraception methods for family planning is still very low (37%). On the average fertility preferences are 3.2 children which are good if realized. The general conclusion that emerges from the study is that in order to reduce poverty, family planning is a must but lot more are to be done. Among other things, a focus on increasing rural income and agriculture output. [less ▲]

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See detailA study of institutional environment and household food security at local level in Rwanda
Mathai, Jose A.; Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Niwemahoro, Celine et al

in Rwanda Journal (2011), 22(Série B : Social Sciences), 96-128

The study looked into the current scenario of food security in Rwanda. After analysing the national level institutional and food security scenarios by using available secondary data, the researchers used ... [more ▼]

The study looked into the current scenario of food security in Rwanda. After analysing the national level institutional and food security scenarios by using available secondary data, the researchers used primary data that have been collected from a random sample of 200 households spreading over six sectors of the Huye district by using structured interview schedule, as well using a case study of a rice cooperative in Huye district. Focus group discussions with all stake holders concerned with food security at local level enriched the data that we collected by other means. The general conclusion that emerges from the study is that in order to attain the food security at local level in Rwanda lot more to be done. Among other things, strengthening existing local institutions like farmer cooperatives, improving agricultural production technology, diversifying household income sources for better access, and genuine integration of food security concerns in the district development plans. The researchers come out with certain policy recommendations that may make the local level food security more sustainable which includes, among others, the orientation of the households well into the new modes of agricultural production and planning of household income. The need for much more local level institutional support in many areas is highlighted. On the whole, the study addressed the concerns of food access among rural households in Rwanda, and also the much wanted institutional support being exposed. [less ▲]

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