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See detailOccupant-Adaptive Façade Interaction: Relationships and Conflicts
Luna-Navarro, Alessandra; Loonen, R.C.G.M; Attia, Shady ULiege et al

in Gosztonyi, Susanne; Luible, Andreas (Eds.) Facade 2018 - Adaptive!, Proceedings of the COST Action TU1403 Adaptive Facades Network Final Conference (2018, November 26)

Adaptive or Intelligent façades are those that can interact with users and dynamically vary their performance or properties (controlling thermal or solar energy, air flow and/or daylight) in response to ... [more ▼]

Adaptive or Intelligent façades are those that can interact with users and dynamically vary their performance or properties (controlling thermal or solar energy, air flow and/or daylight) in response to changing external conditions and indoor demands. Consequently, adaptive façades could help to ensure occupant comfort, health, well-being and satisfaction, while allowing resource-efficient building operation. However, effective adaptive façade solutions that provide an optimal balance between user comfort, satisfaction and energy efficiency cannot be achieved without knowledge of the multidisciplinary complexity of the user-façade interaction. The main objective of this paper is to preliminary review and analyse the existing literature on user interaction with intelligent buildings, especially with façades, and to propose a conceptual framework to capture the multi-disciplinary and multi-domain complexity of user interaction with adaptive façades. The interaction between adaptive façades and occupants is then modelled as a closed loop of information and action exchange. This paper concludes indicating which are the future research needs to be addressed in order to define what is a satisfactory interaction strategy between occupants and façades. [less ▲]

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See detailPost-Occupancy Evaluation for Adaptive Façades
Attia, Shady ULiege; Luna Navarro, Alessandra; Juaristi, Miren et al

in Journal of Facade Design and Engineering (2018), 6(3), 001-009

Post-occupancy evaluation is a valuable method of generating information on the performance of adaptive building façades in relation to users. This evaluation technique involves both procedural methods ... [more ▼]

Post-occupancy evaluation is a valuable method of generating information on the performance of adaptive building façades in relation to users. This evaluation technique involves both procedural methods, such as soft-landing, and empirical measuring, such as environmental monitoring or self-reporting techniques including surveys. Several studies have been carried out in recent decades to identify the most appropriate methods for occupant comfort, well-being, productivity, satisfaction, and health assessments in workplaces. Post-occupancy evaluation of adaptive façades can, however, be a challenging task and information on this topic is still scarce and fragmented. The main contribution of this paper is to bring together and classify the post-occupancy evaluation methods for adaptive façades and suggest a framework for their holistic evaluation. Specific recommendations for improving current standards and guidelines are outlined here to enhance occupant satisfaction and environmental conditions in workplaces for future design projects. Finally, we discuss various ongoing trends and research requirements in this field. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptive Façades System Assessment: An initial review
Attia, Shady ULiege; Favoino, Fabio; Loonen, Roel et al

in Advanced Building Skins (2015, November 03)

The assessment of adaptive facades presents a challenge because there is no established evaluation strategy to systematically reach this goal and many of the available building energy standards and codes ... [more ▼]

The assessment of adaptive facades presents a challenge because there is no established evaluation strategy to systematically reach this goal and many of the available building energy standards and codes have limited applicability for such advanced facades system. This paper reviews current evaluation methods for assessing adaptive facades system through a literature review. It also discusses occupant behaviour, post occupancy evaluation and commissioning issues and presents the procedures. The paper is part of the activities of Working Group 3 in COST Action TU1403 - Adaptive Facades Network. So far we could not find a protocol for assessment of adaptive facades. The reviewed literature is scattered lacking a focus on adaptive facades. There is no agreement on defining what are adaptive facades (sometimes named intelligent, smart, dynamic). We could define specialized technology monitoring techniques to assess the performance of technologies such as fabric-integrated solutions (e.g. electrochromic glazing, phase-change materials, building-Integrated Photovoltaics with heat recovery (BIPV/T, shade shutters) and advanced controls. The review is used to identify gaps in existing assessment methods and helps develop strategies for the holistic evaluation and assessment of adaptive facade systems as part of high performance buildings. [less ▲]

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