References of "Moermans, Catherine"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMethodology for Sputum Induction and Laboratory Processing.
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Demarche, Sophie ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege et al

in Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE (2017), (130),

The technique of sputum induction and processing is a recognized non-invasive method allowing the collection and analysis of cells from the airways, which is interesting in various respiratory diseases ... [more ▼]

The technique of sputum induction and processing is a recognized non-invasive method allowing the collection and analysis of cells from the airways, which is interesting in various respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic cough, or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. This technique is well tolerated, safe and non-invasive, but is currently limited to research services and specialized centers in clinical practice because it is technically demanding, time-consuming, and requires trained staff. The success rate of sputum induction and analysis is about 80%. Here, we describe the induction and laboratory processing of sputum samples. Sputum is induced by inhalation of hypertonic or isotonic saline with salbutamol. For the processing, we use the whole sputum technique. Dithiothreitol (DTT) is used to allow mucolysis of sputum samples. The primary aim of sputum processing is to obtain a differential cell count to study the cell types present in the airway lumen. Additional analyses may also be performed on sputum supernatant and sputum cells, which may allow further investigation into inflammatory processes and immune mechanisms. Examples include studying mediators in sputum supernatant and performing a large spectrum of analysis on sputum cells such as flow cytometry, genomics, or proteomics. Finally, representative results of sputum analysis in healthy controls, asthmatics, and COPD patients are presented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (23 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe lung microbiome in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A promising approach for targeted therapies
Fastrès, Aline ULiege; Felice, Florence ULiege; Roels, Elodie ULiege et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2017), 18(12), 2735

This review focuses on the role of the lung microbiome in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Although historically considered sterile, bacterial communities have now been well documented in lungs both in ... [more ▼]

This review focuses on the role of the lung microbiome in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Although historically considered sterile, bacterial communities have now been well documented in lungs both in healthy and pathological conditions. Studies in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) suggest that increased bacterial burden and/or abundance of potentially pathogenic bacteria may drive disease progression, acute exacerbations, and mortality. More recent work has highlighted the interaction between the lung microbiome and the innate immune system in IPF, strengthening the argument for the role of both host and environment interaction in disease pathogenesis. Existing published data suggesting that the lung microbiome may represent a therapeutic target, via antibiotic administration, immunization against pathogenic organisms, or treatment directed at gastroesophageal reflux. Taken altogether, published literature suggests that the lung microbiome might serve in the future as a prognostic biomarker, a therapeutic target, and/or provide an explanation for disease pathogenesis in IPF. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIncreased production of TGF-β1 from sputum cells of COPD: Relationship with airway obstruction
Godinas, L.; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege et al

in Cytokine (2017), 99

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway disease characterized by a profound airway remodelling that leads to airway obstruction. A role for transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1 ... [more ▼]

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway disease characterized by a profound airway remodelling that leads to airway obstruction. A role for transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) has been proposed in airway remodelling of COPD. Regarding the TGF-β1 production at local level, the results seemed to be controversial. In this study, an original model of sputum cell culture thought to maintain important cells interactions, was used. We investigated the production of TGF-β1 from sputum cell culture in 33 COPD encompassing the whole severity spectrum and compared the results with those found in 39 healthy controls. Sputum was induced by inhalation of saline, the cellular fraction cultured for 24 h and the spontaneous production of total TGF-β1 was assessed by ELISA. Using, a TGF-β1 reporter cell assay, we also compared the levels of active and total TGF-β1 in the sputum cell culture supernatants of COPD and controls. Moreover, as a combination of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and TGF-β1 have been shown to have a cumulative impact on the severity of airflow limitation in COPD, the TNF-α release was also measured in a representative subgroup of patients. Our results indicated that the use of sputum cell culture was a reliable and reproducible method to assess TGF-β1 production at airway level. Sputum cells from COPD produced greater amount of total TGF-β1 than those of healthy controls (p < 0.001). This result was confirmed using the cell reporter assay which also showed a higher level of active TGF-β1 in the COPD group compared to controls. In addition, total TGF-β1 production was increased according to GOLD stage and was inversely related to FEV1/FVC ratio (p < 0.05). By contrast, the production of this growth factor was not correlated with the functional markers of emphysema nor with demographic characteristics such as age, BMI or smoking status. Interestingly, the production of total TGF-β1 was inversely related to that of TNF-α (r = −0.53, p < 0.05) which was decreased in COPD. In summary, COPD patients displayed a raised production of total and active TGF-β1 from their airway cells. Total TGF-β1 correlates with the severity of airway obstruction without evidence of a link with emphysema.. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAltered epigenetic features in circulating nucleosomes in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Struman, Ingrid ULiege; Chavez, V. et al

in Clinical Epigenetics (2017), 9

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, fatal lung disorder of unknown origin with a highly variable and unpredictable clinical course. Polymorphisms and environmentally induced ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, fatal lung disorder of unknown origin with a highly variable and unpredictable clinical course. Polymorphisms and environmentally induced epigenetic variations seem to determine individual susceptibility to the development of lung fibrosis. METHODS: We have studied circulating epitopes on cell-free nucleosomes (cfnucleosomes) in 50 IPF patients. We have compared untreated IPF (n = 23) with IPF receiving antifibrotic therapy (n = 27) and healthy subjects (HS) (n = 27). We analyzed serum levels of five cfnucleosomes including bound HMGB1 (nucleosomes adducted to high-mobility growth protein B1), mH2A1.1 (nucleosomes containing the histone variant mH2A1.1), 5mC (nucleosomes associated with methylated DNA), and H3K9Ac and H3K27Ac (nucleosomes associated with histone H3 acetylated at lysine 9 or 27 residue). RESULTS: Our findings showed that serum levels of bound HMGB1, mH2A1.1, 5mC, H3K9Ac, and H3K27Ac were significantly lower in IPF patients than in HS (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.01, p < 0.001, and p < 0.0001, respectively). Moreover, we found differences in epigenetic profiles between untreated IPF patients and those receiving anti-fibrotic therapy with mH2A1.1 and 5mC being significantly lower in untreated than in treated patients (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Combination of four cfnucleosomes (HMGB1, 5mC, H3K9Ac, and H3K27Ac) allow to discriminate IPF vs HS with a good coefficient of determination (R(2) = 0.681). The AUC for the ROC curve computed by this logistic regression was 0.93 (p < 0.001) with 91% sensitivity at 80% specificity. CONCLUSION: Our observations showed that cfnucleosomes (bound HMGB1, mH2A1.1, 5mC, H3K9Ac, and H3K27Ac) might have potential as biomarkers for diagnosis and treatment response. These results deserve further validation in longitudinal cohorts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBlood Biomarkers in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Moermans, Catherine ULiege; Henket, Monique et al

in Lung (2017)

PURPOSE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal lung disease of unknown origin whose incidence has been increasing over the latest decade partly as a consequence of population ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal lung disease of unknown origin whose incidence has been increasing over the latest decade partly as a consequence of population ageing. New anti-fibrotic therapy including pirfenidone and nintedanib have now proven efficacy in slowing down the disease. Nevertheless, diagnosis and follow-up of IPF remain challenging. METHODS: This review examines the recent literature on potentially useful blood molecular and cellular biomarkers in IPF. Most of the proposed biomarkers belong to chemokines (IL-8, CCL18), proteases (MMP-1 and MMP-7), and growth factors (IGBPs) families. Circulating T cells and fibrocytes have also gained recent interest in that respect. Up to now, though several interesting candidates are profiling there has not been a single biomarker, which proved to be specific of the disease and predictive of the evolution (decline of pulmonary function test values, risk of acute exacerbation or mortality). CONCLUSION: Large scale multicentric studies are eagerly needed to confirm the utility of these biomarkers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (14 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSputum biomarkers in IPF: Evidence for raised gene expression and protein level of IGFBP-2, IL-8 and MMP-7.
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Henket, Monique; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULiege et al

in PLoS ONE (2017), 12(2), 0171344

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rare lung disease of unknown origin leading rapidly to death. This paper addresses the issue of whether sputum induction is a suitable tool to study ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rare lung disease of unknown origin leading rapidly to death. This paper addresses the issue of whether sputum induction is a suitable tool to study respiratory tract inflammation and potential biomarkers in IPF compared to COPD, a fibrosing airway wall disease. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis, 15 IPF patients, 32 COPD and 30 healthy subjects underwent sputum induction. Total sputum cell counts and the amount of TGF- beta, IGF-1, IGF-2, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IL-8, IL-13, MMP-7, MMP-9, YKL-40, TNF-alpha and KL-6 in sputum supernatant were analysed. We also profiled gene expression of cells in the induced sputum for TGF-beta, MMP-7, YKL-40, IGFBP-2, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha. RESULTS: IPF patients, like COPD, had increased sputum absolute number of neutrophils, eosinophils, macrophages and epithelial cells compared to HS. IPF sputum supernatants had increased concentrations of IGFBP-2, IL-8, TGF-beta, MMP-7, MMP-9 and KL-6 (p<0.05, p<0.0001, p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.0001, p<0.05 respectively) when compared to healthy subjects where COPD had higher IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels than IPF (p<0.05 and p<0.05 respectively) and HS (p<0.0001 and p<0.001 respectively) and higher IL-8 and MMP-9 than HS (p<0.0001 and p<0.001 respectively). Conversely to IL-6 and TNF-alpha, MMP-7 was increased in IPF compared to COPD (p<0.05). The KL-6 and MMP-7 protein levels in sputum were inversely correlated with total lung capacity (TLC, % of predicted) in IPF patients (r = -0.73 and r = -0.53 respectively). Sputum gene expression analysis identified a significant increase for IGFBP-2, IL-6, IL-8 and MMP-7 in IPF compared to HS (p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.05 and p<0.0001 respectively) and for IGFBP-2, YKL-40, IL-6, IL-8 and MMP-7 compared to COPD (p<0.01, p<0.01, p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.0001 respectively). Furthermore, gene expression of TGF-beta was increased in IPF compared to COPD (p<0.001) but not to HS. CONCLUSION: Our data show clear increase in expression and production of IGFBP-2, IL-8 and MMP-7 in sputum from patients with IPF that may contribute to the disease. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (10 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRaised interferon beta, type 3 interferon and interferon stimulated genes - evidence of innate immune activation in neutrophilic asthma.
da Silva, J.; Hilzendeger, Clarissa ULiege; Moermans, Catherine ULiege et al

in Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology (2016)

BACKGROUND: Interferons play an important role in innate immunity. Previous studies report deficiency in virus-induction of interferon (IFN)-alpha, -beta and -lambda in bronchial epithelial and bronchial ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Interferons play an important role in innate immunity. Previous studies report deficiency in virus-induction of interferon (IFN)-alpha, -beta and -lambda in bronchial epithelial and bronchial lavage cells in atopic asthmatics. It is now recognized that asthma is a heterogeneous disease comprising different inflammatory phenotypes, some of which may involve innate immune activation in the absence of overt infection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was investigate if the severity of asthma or a specific cellular sputum pattern may be linked to evidence of innate immune activation. METHODS: Here we investigate the expression of IFN-beta, IFN-lambda1 (IL-29), IFN-lambda2/3 (IL-28A/B) and the interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) myxovirus resistance 1 (Mx1), oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) and viperin in unstimulated sputum cells in 57 asthmatics (including 16 mild, 19 moderate and 22 severe asthma patients) and compared them with 19 healthy subjects. RESULTS: We observed increased expression of IFN-beta, IFN-lambda1/IL-29, OAS and viperin in asthmatic compared to healthy subjects while IL-28 was not expressed in any group. The overexpression was restricted to neutrophilic asthmatics (sputum neutrophils >/= 76%) while eosinophilic asthmatics (sputum eosinophils >/= 3%) did not differ from healthy subjects or even showed a lower expression of Mx1. No difference in interferon or ISG expression was seen according to clinical asthma severity. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Neutrophilic, but not eosinophilic, asthmatics display overexpression of IFN-beta, IFN-lambda1/IL-29 and ISGs in their sputum cells that may reflect ongoing innate immune activation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTransforming Growth Factor-beta and Interleukin-1beta Signaling Pathways Converge on the Chemokine CCL20 Promoter.
Brand, Oliver J.; Somanath, Sangeeta; Moermans, Catherine ULiege et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2015), 290(23), 14717-28

CCL20 is the only chemokine ligand for the chemokine receptor CCR6, which is expressed by the critical antigen presenting cells, dendritic cells. Increased expression of CCL20 is likely involved in the ... [more ▼]

CCL20 is the only chemokine ligand for the chemokine receptor CCR6, which is expressed by the critical antigen presenting cells, dendritic cells. Increased expression of CCL20 is likely involved in the increased recruitment of dendritic cells observed in fibroinflammatory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). CCL20 expression is increased by the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1beta. We have determined that IL-1beta-dependent CCL20 expression is also dependent on the multifunctional cytokine TGF-beta. TGF-beta is expressed in a latent form that must be activated to function, and activation is achieved through binding to the integrin alphavbeta8 (itgb8). Here we confirm correlative increases in alphavbeta8 and IL-1beta with CCL20 protein in lung parenchymal lysates of a large cohort of COPD patients. How IL-1beta- and alphavbeta8-mediated TGF-beta activation conspire to increase fibroblast CCL20 expression remains unknown, because these pathways have not been shown to directly interact. We evaluate the 5'-flanking region of CCL20 to determine that IL-1beta-driven CCL20 expression is dependent on alphavbeta8-mediated activation of TGF-beta. We identify a TGF-beta-responsive element (i.e. SMAD) located on an upstream enhancer of the human CCL20 promoter required for efficient IL-1beta-dependent CCL20 expression. By chromatin immunoprecipitation, this upstream enhancer complexes with the p50 subunit of NF-kappaB on a NF-kappaB-binding element close to the transcriptional start site of CCL20. These interactions are confirmed by electromobility shift assays in nuclear extracts from human lung fibroblasts. These data define a mechanism by which alphavbeta8-dependent activation of TGF-beta regulates IL-1beta-dependent CCL20 expression in COPD. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA critical role for dendritic cells in the evolution of IL-1beta-mediated murine airway disease.
Hashimoto, Mitsuo; Yanagisawa, Haruhiko; Minagawa, Shunsuke et al

in Journal of Immunology (2015), 194(8), 3962-9

Chronic airway inflammation and fibrosis, known as airway remodeling, are defining features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and are refractory to current treatments. How and whether chronic ... [more ▼]

Chronic airway inflammation and fibrosis, known as airway remodeling, are defining features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and are refractory to current treatments. How and whether chronic inflammation contributes to airway fibrosis remain controversial. In this study, we use a model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease airway disease utilizing adenoviral delivery of IL-1beta to determine that adaptive T cell immunity is required for airway remodeling because mice deficient in alpha/beta T cells (tcra(-/-)) are protected. Dendritic cells (DCs) accumulate around chronic obstructive pulmonary disease airways and are critical to prime adaptive immunity, but they have not been shown to directly influence airway remodeling. We show that DC depletion or deficiency in the crucial DC chemokine receptor ccr6 both protect from adenoviral IL-1beta-induced airway adaptive T cell immune responses and fibrosis in mice. These results provide evidence that chronic airway inflammation, mediated by accumulation of alpha/beta T cells and driven by DCs, is critical to airway fibrosis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSputum cytokines levels in patients undergoing hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) and comparison with healthy subjects and COPD: a pilot study
MOERMANS, Catherine ULiege; BONNET, Christophe ULiege; WILLEMS, Evelyne ULiege et al

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (2014), 49(11), 1382-1388

Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) display an airway neutrophilic inflammation before the transplantation that persists over the years. In this study, we have investigated ... [more ▼]

Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) display an airway neutrophilic inflammation before the transplantation that persists over the years. In this study, we have investigated the cytokine profile over a period of one year in sputum supernatant of patients who underwent HSCT. We have measured sputum supernatant levels of TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17, and IFN-γ in 49 HSCT patients and compared the results with those found in 40 COPD and 54 healthy subjects matched for age. Compared to healthy subjects, before the transplantation, HSCT patients exhibited raised levels of IL-6 (p<0.001) and IL-8 (p<0.05) while the other cytokines were generally poorly detectable. This picture was rather similar to what is seen in COPD even if cytokine levels were much greater in the latter with IL-8 being significantly greater in COPD than in HSCT patients (p<0.0001). In the 1 year following the transplantation, sputum IL-6 and IL-8 did not differ any longer compared to healthy subjects. Overall in HSCT patients, sputum IL-8 and IL-6 correlated with sputum neutrophil counts (r=0.4, p<0.0001; r=0.42, p<0.0001, respectively). In conclusion, sputum IL-6 and IL-8 may play a role in neutrophilic airway inflammation seen in patients undergoing HSCT. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (27 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIncreased of exhaled breath condensate neutrophil chemotaxis in acute exacerbation of COPD.
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULiege; MOERMANS, Catherine ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege et al

in Respiratory Research (2014), 15

BACKGROUND: Neutrophils have been involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Underlying mechanisms of neutrophil accumulation in the airways of stable and exacerbated ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Neutrophils have been involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Underlying mechanisms of neutrophil accumulation in the airways of stable and exacerbated COPD patients are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to assess exhaled breath condensate (EBC) neutrophil chemotactic activity, the level of two chemoattractants for neutrophils (GRO-alpha and LTB4) during the course of an acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). METHODS: 50 ex smoking COPD patients (33 with acute exacerbation and 17 in stable disease) and 20 matched ex smoking healthy controls were compared. EBC was collected by using a commercially available condenser (EcoScreen(R)). EBC neutrophil chemotactic activity (NCA) was assessed by using Boyden microchambers. Chemotactic index (CI) was used to evaluate cell migration. LTB4 and GROalpha levels were measured by a specific enzyme immunoassay in EBC. RESULTS: Stable COPD and outpatients with AECOPD, but not hospitalized with AECOPD, had raised EBC NCA compared to healthy subjects (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01 respectively). In outpatients with AECOPD EBC NCA significantly decreased 6 weeks after the exacerbation. Overall EBC NCA was weakly correlated with sputum neutrophil counts (r = 0.26, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EBC NCA rose during acute exacerbation of COPD in ambulatory patients and decreased at recovery. While LTB4 seems to play a role both in stable and in exacerbated phase of the disease, the role of GRO-alpha as a chemotactic factor during AECOPD is not clearly established and needs further investigation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (10 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailLung function and airway inflammation monitoring after hematopoietic stem
MOERMANS, Catherine ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of cotransplantation of mesenchymal stem cells on lung function after unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation following non-myeloablative conditioning
MOERMANS, Catherine ULiege; LECHANTEUR, Chantal ULiege; BAUDOUX, Etienne ULiege et al

in Transplantation (2014), 98(3), 348-353

Background: In the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been used to promote engraftment and prevent graft- versus-host-disease. However, in animal ... [more ▼]

Background: In the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been used to promote engraftment and prevent graft- versus-host-disease. However, in animal models, MSC were shown to cause pulmonary alterations after systemic administration. The impact of MSC infusion on lung function has not been studied in humans. The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of MSC co-infusion on lung function and airway inflammation as well as on the incidence of pulmonary infections and cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation after HSCT. Methods: We have prospectively followed 30 patients who underwent unrelated HSCT with MSC co-infusion after non-myeloablative conditioning (NMA). Each patient underwent detailed lung function testing (FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, RV, TLC, DLCO and KCO) and measurement of exhaled nitric oxide before HSCT and 3, 6 and 12 months posttransplant. The incidence of pulmonary infections and CMV reactivation were also monitored. This group was compared with another group of 28 patients who underwent the same type of transplantation but without MSC co-infusion. Results: Lung function tests did not show important modifications over time and did not differ between the MSC and control groups. There was a higher 1-year incidence of infection, particularly of fungal infections, in patients having received a MSC co-infusion. There was no difference between groups regarding the 1-year incidence of CMV reactivation. Conclusions: MSC co-infusion does not induce pulmonary deterioration 1 year after HSCT with NMA conditioning. MSC appear to be safe for the lung but close monitoring of pulmonary infections remains essential. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (33 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLung function and airway inflammation monitoring after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Moermans, Catherine ULiege; Poulet, Christophe ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege et al

in Respiratory Medicine (2013), 107

Background Induced sputum is a non-invasive method to investigate airway inflammation, which has been used to assess pulmonary inflammatory diseases. However, this procedure has not been studied in the ... [more ▼]

Background Induced sputum is a non-invasive method to investigate airway inflammation, which has been used to assess pulmonary inflammatory diseases. However, this procedure has not been studied in the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods We monitored lung function in 182 patients who underwent HSCT and measured airway inflammation by sputum induction in 80 of them. We prospectively measured FEV1, FVC, DLCO, KCO, TLC, RV, exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) as well as sputum cell counts before and 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after HSCT. Results For the whole cohort there was a progressive decrease in TLC, which was significant after 3 years (p < 0.01). By contrast, there was no change in other lung functions parameters or in FeNO. Baseline sputum analysis revealed increased neutrophil counts in patients {Median (IQR): 63% (38–79)} compared to healthy subjects matched for age {Median (IQR): 49% (17–67), p < 0.001} but there was no significant change in any type of sputum cell counts over the three years. When comparing myeloablative (MA) vs non-myeloablative (NMA) conditioning, falls in FEV1, FVC and DLCO, and rise in RV and sputum neutrophils were more pronounced over the first year of observation in those receiving MA. Conclusions There was a progressive loss in lung function after HSCT, featuring a restrictive pattern. Myeloablative conditioning was associated with early rise of sputum neutrophils and greater alteration in lung function over the first year. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (18 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDisturbed Cytokine Production at the Systemic Level in Difficult-to-Control Atopic Asthma: Evidence for Raised Interleukin-4 and Decreased Interferon-gamma Release following Lipopolysaccharide Stimulation.
MANISE, Maïté ULiege; SCHLEICH, FLorence ULiege; QUAEDVLIEG, Valérie ULiege et al

in International Archives of Allergy and Immunology (2012), 158(1), 1-8

Background: Disturbed cytokine production is thought to govern inflammation in asthma, which, in its turn, may lead to uncontrolled disease. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between ... [more ▼]

Background: Disturbed cytokine production is thought to govern inflammation in asthma, which, in its turn, may lead to uncontrolled disease. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between cytokine production from blood leucocytes and the level of asthma control. Methods: We compared the production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10, interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumour necrosis factor-alpha from peripheral blood leucocytes in non-atopic healthy subjects (n = 22), atopic non-asthmatics (n = 10), well-controlled asthmatics [Juniper asthma control questionnaire (ACQ) score <1.5; n = 20] and patients with uncontrolled asthma despite inhaled or oral corticoids (ACQ score >/=1.5; n = 20). Fifty microlitres of peripheral blood was incubated for 24 h with RPMIc, lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1 ng/ml) or phytohaemagglutinin (1 mug/ml), and cytokines were measured by immunotrapping (ELISA). Results: Both controlled and uncontrolled asthmatics as well as atopic non-asthmatics spontaneously produced more IL-4 than non-atopic healthy subjects (p < 0.001). IL-4 production induced by LPS was significantly greater (p < 0.05) in both asthma groups compared to atopic non-asthmatics and non-atopic healthy subjects. By contrast, IFN-gamma release induced by LPS was lower in uncontrolled asthmatics than in non-atopic healthy subjects (p < 0.05) and controlled asthmatics (p < 0.05). IL-10 release after LPS was greater in uncontrolled asthmatics than in atopic non-asthmatics (p < 0.05). No difference was observed regarding other cytokines. Conclusion: Blood cells from patients with difficult-to-control atopic asthma display highly skewed Th2 cytokine release following LPS stimulation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (12 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLocal and systemic cellular inflammation and cytokine release in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Moermans, Catherine ULiege; HEINEN, Vincent ULiege; NGUYEN DANG, Delphine ULiege et al

in Cytokine (2011), 56(2), 298-304

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway inflammatory disease caused by repeated exposure to noxious gases or particles. It is now recognized that the disease also ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway inflammatory disease caused by repeated exposure to noxious gases or particles. It is now recognized that the disease also features systemic inflammation. The purpose of our study was to compare airway and systemic inflammation in COPD to that seen in healthy subjects and to relate the inflammation with the disease severity. METHODS: Ninety-five COPD patients, encompassing the whole severity spectrum of the disease, were recruited from our outpatient clinic and rehabilitation center and compared to 33 healthy subjects. Induced sputum and blood samples were obtained for measurement of inflammatory cell count. Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma produced by 24h sputum and blood cell cultures were measured. RESULTS: Compared to healthy subjects, COPD exhibited a prominent airway neutrophilic inflammation associated with a marked IL-10, IL-6 and TNF-alpha release deficiency that contrasted with a raised IFN-gamma production. Neutrophilic inflammation was also prominent at blood level together with raised production of IFN-gamma, IL-10 and TNF-alpha. Furthermore, sputum neutrophilia correlated with disease severity assessed by GOLD stages. Likewise the extent of TNF-alpha release from blood cells also positively correlated with the disease severity but negatively with that of sputum cell culture. Blood release of TNF-alpha and IL-6 negatively correlated with body mass index. Altogether, our results showed a significant relationship between cellular marker in blood and sputum but poor relationship between local and systemic release of cytokines. CONCLUSIONS: COPD is characterized by prominent neutrophilic inflammation and raised IFN-gamma production at both bronchial and systemic level. Overproduction of TNF-alpha at systemic level correlates with disease severity and inversely with body mass index. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (20 ULiège)