References of "Melard, François"
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See detailLooking for the cosmopolitical fish: monitoring marine pollution with anglers and congers in the Gulf of Fos, southern France
Gramaglia, Christelle; Melard, François ULiege

in Science, Technology and Human Values (in press)

Following a heated local controversy over the construction of a waste incinerator in the Fos-sur-Mer industrial area near Marseille, residents pointed to the lack of knowledge of the industry’s cumulative ... [more ▼]

Following a heated local controversy over the construction of a waste incinerator in the Fos-sur-Mer industrial area near Marseille, residents pointed to the lack of knowledge of the industry’s cumulative impact on their health and environment. Under pressure, some of their representatives supported the creation of an independent scientific organization, the Ecocitizen Institute for Pollution Awareness (IECP). Its aim was to conduct independent, localized scientific research on the chronic effects of pollution, and to lobby the administration to change its regulatory practices. This paper examines the work of the IECP to ensure that the “undone science” (Frickel et al. 2010) of pollution and its impacts gets done, by focusing on the specificities of this highly industrialized site. We look at a participatory biomonitoring experiment aimed at documenting pollution in the Gulf of Fos, where scientists working for the IECP accepted anglers’ concerns and requests and switched from a standard sentinel species to another species (conger or Conger conger). We tell the many stories that were shared with us about how congers qualified as a more suitable “cosmopolitical fish” in the study of pollution. Elaborating on actor-network theory and multispecies ethnographies, we go on to discuss the appropriacy appropriateness and success of congers as the newly appointed sentinel species aiding the detection of mercury and PCB contamination hotspots. We argue that this demonstrates the importance of the “ecology of multispecies relations” (Stengers 2010) in maintaining the livability of the area. [less ▲]

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See detailEnfoque por los dispositivos sociotécnicos: el caso de la constitución de los vigías en el manejo de las molestias olfativas
Melard, François ULiege

in Escobar Jimenez, Kelly (Ed.) MOLESTIAS OLFATIVAS EN LA ZONA INDUSTRIAL DE BARRANQUILLA: Un estudio socio-técnico interdisciplinario (in press)

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See detailUne Agora citoyenne pour Saint-Michel-Freyr : comment co-construire un modèle participatif pour la gestion de la forêt ?
Breda, Charlotte ULiege; Denayer, Dorothée ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege et al

in Forêt.Nature (2019), (150), 42-52

Dans le cadre du projet de gestion différenciée de la forêt de Saint-Michel-Freyr, une Agora citoyenne sera mise en place. Sa mission sera de proposer des orientations et des actions (partenariats ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre du projet de gestion différenciée de la forêt de Saint-Michel-Freyr, une Agora citoyenne sera mise en place. Sa mission sera de proposer des orientations et des actions (partenariats, événements, aménagements…) et d’intégrer la participation citoyenne dans les trois axes du Master Plan qui guidera la gestion à venir du territoire. Quelle forme donner à cette Agora ? Qui participera et à quels aspects ? Quel sera le pouvoir d’une telle instance ? Qu’en est-il des autres acteurs du territoire, ceux qui sont historiquement présents et actifs et ceux qui voudraient s’y investir ? Pour répondre à ces questions et dépasser la participation de façade, l’équipe de projet de Saint-Michel-Freyr collabore avec une équipe de chercheurs en sciences sociales de l’Université de Liège, spécialistes des questions d’environnement et de sciences citoyennes. La méthode inédite de participation et ses enjeux qui vont au-delà du projet ardennais sont présentés en détails dans cet article. [less ▲]

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See detailFos- sur-mer: How participative biomonitoring change the way pollution science is made
Gramaglia, Christelle; Melard, François ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, January 31)

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See detailQuand globalité et localité s’entrechoquent : quelles répercussions sur la gestion de la biodiversité ? Ou comment apprendre par les tensions ?
Rabesandratra, Hoby Fenitra ULiege; Melard, François ULiege

in Razafindratsimba, Dominique Tiana; Razafindralambo, Lolona N. (Eds.) Interculturalité, circulation et globalisation : Nouveaux contextes et nouvelles pratiques (2018)

Décrites souvent comme « écrins de la biodiversité », les aires protégées malgaches constituent un théâtre de confrontation constante entre « localité » et « globalité ». Cet aspect touche plusieurs ... [more ▼]

Décrites souvent comme « écrins de la biodiversité », les aires protégées malgaches constituent un théâtre de confrontation constante entre « localité » et « globalité ». Cet aspect touche plusieurs aspects allant des enjeux de création de ces aires, de leur gestion, jusqu’à la production des connaissances. Ceci est la principale raison de notre article qui traite les questions relatives à l’interculturalité, car nous estimons que la question relative à la biodiversité a toute sa place dans cette thématique, si on ne relève que l’opposition entre autochtonie et gestion internationale de la Nature, matérialisée par les organismes internationaux à l’instar de l’UICN, WWF et autres ONG environnementaux. La question de la culture, prise dans son sens large, est donc reprise dans notre démarche qui concerne aussi bien la culture des populations autochtones, que d’autres types moins traités comme la culture scientifique, la culture administrative ou encore la culture induite par la notion d’écotourisme généralement associée à ces aires protégées. Inscrite dans une démarche des Science Studies en s’appuyant sur le concept de modes d’existence, nous tenions à analyser les tenants et aboutissants des enjeux en tension autour de la production de connaissances dans les aires protégées malgaches. [less ▲]

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See detailComment faire de la recherche scientifique « par d’autres moyens » ?
Melard, François ULiege; Gramaglia, Christelle

Conference (2018, September 14)

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See detailWatching pollution with sentinel species. How participative biomonitoring can become cosmopolitical experiments
Melard, François ULiege; Gramaglia, Christelle

Conference (2018, August 28)

Following a heated local controversy about the construction of a waste incinerator in the Fos-sur-Mer industrial area near Marseille (France), residents pointed to the lack of knowledge about the ... [more ▼]

Following a heated local controversy about the construction of a waste incinerator in the Fos-sur-Mer industrial area near Marseille (France), residents pointed to the lack of knowledge about the industry’s cumulative impacts on their health and environment. With the help of some of their elected representatives, a citizen-based organization, IECP (or the Ecocitizen Institute for Knowing Pollution), were created. An Institute whose aim is to develop independent yet situated scientific research on the chronic effects of pollution. The objective of this communication is to examine the work accomplished by the IECP so that ‘undone science’ (Frickel et al. 2010) about pollution and its impacts gets done through taking care of the specificity of this highly industrialised place. We focus on two participatory biomonitoring experiments aiming at documenting atmospheric pollution (with lichens) and marine pollution (with conger fish) in the Fos-sur-Mer area. In these experiments, scientists working for the IECP negotiated together with committed residents and volunteers which species could give them the most accurate, also locally relevant, account of the state of their territory (Gramaglia, Dauphin 2017). Elaborating on actor-network theory, we discuss the abilities of previously “insignificant others” to become highly significant ones (Haraway 2008) as their skills in detecting of early sign of environmental damage are proven right. We argue that this constitutes a cosmopolitical experiment too (Stengers 2010) as humans’ everyday experience and understanding of the world is transformed subsequently. We conclude on the need for further multispecies ethnography (Kirksey, Helmreich, 2010) to elaborate tactics to cope with pollution and elaborate “arts of living” in the anthropocene (Tsing et al. 2017). [less ▲]

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See detailLes artisans semenciers, les harricots et leurs agents pathogènes, la biodiversité cultivée et la santé des plantes au coeur d'une identité professionnelle
Klaedtke, Stéphanie ULiege; Melard, François ULiege; Chable, Véronique et al

in Études Rurales (2018), 202(Juillet-Décembre), 36-55

By exploring the case of an association of artisanal seed producers, Les Cro- queurs de Carottes, this paper sheds light on how these stakeholders intercon- nect management of crop biodiversity and ... [more ▼]

By exploring the case of an association of artisanal seed producers, Les Cro- queurs de Carottes, this paper sheds light on how these stakeholders intercon- nect management of crop biodiversity and governance of plant health. Faced with European phytosanitary regulations that prohibit the sale of bean seeds carrying “quarantine pests”, these artisanal seed producers defend their prac- tices, which consist of “living with” diseases by regarding them as an integral part of the production process. Through their efforts to gain recognition for their methods and acceptance of plant diseases, they are not only promoting their management practices, but are also building and asserting their profes- sional identity. [less ▲]

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See detailThe diplomacy of practitioners: for an ecology of practices about the problem of the coexistence of wind farms and red kites
Melard, François ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege

in Environmental Education Research (2018), 24(9), 1359-1370

Gathering information, comparing points of view, and designing actions in and about problematic situations are no longer purely academic activities. Learning about complex state of a airs is becoming an ... [more ▼]

Gathering information, comparing points of view, and designing actions in and about problematic situations are no longer purely academic activities. Learning about complex state of a airs is becoming an increasingly widely- distributed necessity and practice, including within civil society. We propose to give rst-hand information – as practitioners and members of a citizens’ wind energy co-operative in Belgium – about the problematic and highly controversial coexistence between wind farms and red kite (Milvus milvus). Will be reported the implementation of a community-based management scheme involving active, original practices of collaboration between citizens with local knowledge and skills and experts or scientists in order to produce research and intervention questions, methods, and results that are claimed to be more sustainable. The sustainability challenges are to design and set up in context a local space for collaboration and learning that departs from traditional public regulatory procedures (i.e. impact studies, public information meetings, etc.). However, the outcomes of this collaborative approach remain fragile. We shall argue in this regard that both the Transdisciplinary Environmental Research and the art of diplomacy may be central to the emergence of re exive governance within transition processes that strive to be sustainable. [less ▲]

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See detailThe diplomacy of practitioners: for an ecology of practices about the problem of the coexistence of wind farms and red kite
Melard, François ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege

in Environmental Education Research (2017, November 22), 24(9), 1359-1370

While energy production is generally considered in terms of its technical dimension, energy transition generally implies a new context within which its decentralisation and repossession by citizens ... [more ▼]

While energy production is generally considered in terms of its technical dimension, energy transition generally implies a new context within which its decentralisation and repossession by citizens becomes a social, political and economic challenge (Raineau 2011) . One of these challenges is to know how these citizens can contribute to the implementation of new relationships with the world and nature, in particular, while remaining open to new possibilities. Since the end of the 20th century an increasing number of residents or users associations have been created whose members consider that they have a civic duty to become informed about their environment and to participate in its management. Certain authors also put forward the idea of “citizen sciences” (Callon 2001, Charvolin 2007) that is to say, active and original collaboration initiatives between skilled citizens equipped with local knowledge and experts or scientists, in order to produce research and intervention questions, methods and results that are claimed to be more sustainable (Stengers 1999). We will argue that, in this regard, the art of diplomacy may be central to the emergence of reflexive governance within the transition processes that strive to be sustainable . [less ▲]

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See detailCrowdsourcing for agricultural applications: A review of uses and opportunities for a farmsourcing approach
Minet, Julien ULiege; Curnel, Yannick; Gobin, Anne et al

in Computers and Electronics in Agriculture (2017), 142, Part A

Abstract Crowdsourcing, understood as outsourcing tasks or data collection by a large group of non-professionals, is increasingly used in scientific research and operational applications. In this paper ... [more ▼]

Abstract Crowdsourcing, understood as outsourcing tasks or data collection by a large group of non-professionals, is increasingly used in scientific research and operational applications. In this paper, we reviewed crowdsourcing initiatives in agricultural science and farming activities and further discussed the particular characteristics of this approach in the field of agriculture. On-going crowdsourcing initiatives in agriculture were analysed and categorised according to their crowdsourcing component. We identified eight types of agricultural data and information that can be generated from crowdsourcing initiatives. Subsequently we described existing methods of quality control of the crowdsourced data. We analysed the profiles of potential contributors in crowdsourcing initiatives in agriculture, suggested ways for increasing farmers’ participation, and discussed the on-going initiatives in the light of their target beneficiaries. While crowdsourcing is reported to be an efficient way of collecting observations relevant to environmental monitoring and contributing to science in general, we pointed out that crowdsourcing applications in agriculture may be hampered by privacy issues and other barriers to participation. Close connections with the farming sector, including extension services and farm advisory companies, could leverage the potential of crowdsourcing for both agricultural research and farming applications. This paper coins the term of farmsourcing as a professional crowdsourcing strategy in farming activities and provides a source of recommendations and inspirations for future collaborative actions in agricultural crowdsourcing. [less ▲]

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See detailA la recherche du poisson diplomatique: connaître les pollutions du Golfe de Fos avec les congres (France)
Melard, François ULiege; Gramaglia, Christelle

Scientific conference (2017, May 16)

Présentation des premiers résultats de recherche sur l'usage d'espèce de poisson (le Congres) comme bioindicateur par un institut de recherche français (Institut écocitoyen pour la connaissances des ... [more ▼]

Présentation des premiers résultats de recherche sur l'usage d'espèce de poisson (le Congres) comme bioindicateur par un institut de recherche français (Institut écocitoyen pour la connaissances des pollutions dans le golf de Fos (sud de la France). Ce monitoring est faite en collaboration avec des citoyens dans la philosophie participative qui anime l'institut. [less ▲]

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See detailFair Trade Milk Initiative in Belgium: Bricolage as an Empowering Strategy for Change
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege; Melard, François ULiege

in Sociologia Ruralis (2017), 57(3), 297-315

In a context of multiple crises, dairy farmers struggle to receive a fair remuneration for their work. This situation led to the creation of fair milk projects in Europe. But fair trade projects often ... [more ▼]

In a context of multiple crises, dairy farmers struggle to receive a fair remuneration for their work. This situation led to the creation of fair milk projects in Europe. But fair trade projects often suffer from ambiguous interpretations that place them simultaneously in and against the market. This study focuses on a Belgian milk label in order to analyse how dairy farmers developed a particular strategy to create their own fair milk. Based on semi-structured interviews and using the multi-level perspective, we propose that articulating the concepts of lock-ins, bricolage and ambiguity enables us to analyse the potential of this innovation for the transition of the Belgian dairy system. The study shows that fairness is often a matter of divergent interpretations, and its final actualisation is the product of emergent and negotiated relations. By using bricolage practices, the stakeholders reinforced their capacity to gain market power and act within the system they want to change. [less ▲]

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See detailComment crée-t-on l'innovation ? Regards croisés du sociologue et de l'entrepreneur
Melard, François ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailVivre et faire vivre la transdisciplinarité. Retour d'expérience du cours "Approche intégrée d'une question d'environnement"
Denayer, Dorothée ULiege; Melard, François ULiege; Semal, Nathalie ULiege

Conference (2016, May 13)

Cette communication présente la démarche pédagogique qui a mené un collectif d'enseignants, à la recherche d'une approche intégrée des questions d'environnement au développement d’une approche ... [more ▼]

Cette communication présente la démarche pédagogique qui a mené un collectif d'enseignants, à la recherche d'une approche intégrée des questions d'environnement au développement d’une approche d’apprentissage où l'entrée des publics concernés dans le dispositif d'apprentissage (Public-based-learning) permettent de faire vivre plutôt que d'enseigner aux étudiants la transdisciplinarité. Cette communication, centrée sur le collectif enseignant, developpe la dimension fondamentalement expérientielle et pratique de l’interdisciplinarité et son ancrage dans un certain type d’engagement du collectif.] [less ▲]

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