References of "Mathijs, Elisabeth"
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See detailGenetic and evolutionary perspectives on genogroup III, genotype 2 bovine noroviruses
Mauroy, Axel ULiege; Scipioni, Alexandra ULiege; Mathijs, Elisabeth ULiege et al

in Archives of Virology (2013), 159(1), 39-49

Bovine noroviruses are enteric pathogens that are detected in stool samples from cattle. Five genogroups are currently described in the genus Norovirus (family Caliciviridae), and within the genogroups ... [more ▼]

Bovine noroviruses are enteric pathogens that are detected in stool samples from cattle. Five genogroups are currently described in the genus Norovirus (family Caliciviridae), and within the genogroups, sequences are further divided into genotypes according to genetic homology and phylogenetic relationships. In this study, stool specimens from Belgian cattle were screened by RT-PCR. All of the sequences that were detected were phylogenetically related to genogroup III genotype 2 bovine noroviruses, confirming their higher prevalence in comparison with strains from genotype 1. When other sequences from around the world were introduced, phylogenetic inferences allowed neither the determination of phylogenetic lineages over time nor the deduction of topotypes for genotype 2 bovine noroviruses. Three complete genotype 2 bovine norovirus sequences were also compared genetically (Newbury2/1976 /UK, Dumfries/1994/UK and B309/2003/BE). Interestingly, the genetic divergence of the complete genomes of these three strains was relatively low, but a region of the N-terminal protein encoded by ORF1, the hypervariable region of the capsid gene encoded by ORF2, and a region of the minor structural protein encoded by ORF3 seem to be the most exposed to genetic evolution. Bayesian inference also showed that genetic evolution of genogroup III, genotype 2 bovine noroviruses over a 30-year period seemed to be lower than that already reported for noroviruses from the genotypes 3 and 4 in genogroup II. [less ▲]

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See detailFatal outbreaks in dogs associated with pantropic canine coronavirus in France and Belgium
Zicola, Angélique ULiege; Jolly, Sandra ULiege; Mathijs, Elisabeth ULiege et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (2012), 53

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See detailAlternative attachment factors and internalization pathways for GIII.2 bovine noroviruses.
Mauroy, Axel ULiege; Gillet, Laurent ULiege; Mathijs, Elisabeth ULiege et al

in Journal of General Virology (2011)

Bovine noroviruses belong to the family Caliciviridae, genus Norovirus. Two genotypes are described and viruses genetically related to the Jena and Newbury-2 strains are classified into genotypes 1 and 2 ... [more ▼]

Bovine noroviruses belong to the family Caliciviridae, genus Norovirus. Two genotypes are described and viruses genetically related to the Jena and Newbury-2 strains are classified into genotypes 1 and 2 respectively. In this study, virus-like particles (VLP) of the previously detected B309 Belgian strain, genetically related to genotype 2 bovine noroviruses, were used to investigate virus-host interactions in vitro. B309 VLP were shown to bind to several bovine cell lines. This binding was not affected by heparinase or chondroitinase treatment but was significantly inhibited by both sodium periodate, alpha-galactosidase, trypsin and phospholipase C treatment. Cell treatment by neuraminidase also moderately affected this binding. Taken together, these results show that, in addition to a galactosyl residue, sialic acid could also be involved in binding to susceptible cells. In addition, both the cholesterol-dependent pathway and macropinocytosis are used for B309 VLP internalisation by Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney cells. The data increase the knowledge on bovine norovirus cell interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental evidence of recombination in murine noroviruses
Mathijs, Elisabeth ULiege; Muylkens, Benoît ULiege; Mauroy, Axel ULiege et al

in Journal of General Virology (2010)

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See detailDétection des sapovirus porcins par RT-PCR en temps réel
Mauroy, Axel ULiege; Scipioni, Alexandra ULiege; Mathijs, Elisabeth ULiege et al

Poster (2009, April)

Les sapovirus appartiennent à la famille virale des Caliciviridae. Ces virus sont responsables de gastroentérites épidémiques dans l’espèce humaine et sont actuellement majoritairement détectés en Asie ... [more ▼]

Les sapovirus appartiennent à la famille virale des Caliciviridae. Ces virus sont responsables de gastroentérites épidémiques dans l’espèce humaine et sont actuellement majoritairement détectés en Asie. Des souches de sapovirus ont également été isolées dans l’espèce porcine. Trois pays européens seulement ont rapporté la présence de souches de sapovirus porcins dans leurs troupeaux: la Hongrie (Reuter et al., 2007), l’Italie (Martella et al., 2008) et tout récemment la Belgique (Mauroy et al., 2008). La détection moléculaire de la présence de séquences de sapovirus porcins dans des pays où densités d’élevages et de population humaine se conjuguent posent des questions d’ordre zoonotique, problème déjà en discussion pour des virus qui leur sont proches: les norovirus humains et animaux (Scipioni et al., 2008). De plus l’identification de ces nouveaux pathogènes pour l’espèce porcine suggèrent également d’en évaluer les impacts économique, sanitaire et clinique pour cette filière. Ces questions ne pourront être correctement évaluées que si ces virus sont recherchés et que des méthodes fiables de détection sont développées. Dans une précédente étude (Mauroy et al., 2008), le couple d’amorce p289/p290, développé par Jiang et collaborateurs (1999) pour la détection des calicivirus humains (norovirus et sapovirus), avait permis la détection de séquences génomiques de sapovirus et de norovirus porcins. Les amorces p289/290 ont été utilisées dans cette étude dans une RT-PCR en temps réel mettant à profit la technologie SYBR green. L’étude des courbes de dissociation obtenues nous a permis de pouvoir différencier des échantillons de matières fécales positifs pour la présence de séquences génomiques de sapovirus porcins de ceux qui étaient positifs pour la présence de différents calicivirus humains ou animaux (norovirus humains, sapovirus humains, norovirus bovin et porcin, vésivirus félin isolé de tractus respiratoire, vésivirus félin isolé de tractus digestif). Cette méthode devra être dans un premier temps appliquée à un échantillon plus important de matières fécales confirmées positives pour la présence de sapovirus porcins pour pouvoir être validée. La validation de cette méthode pourra ensuite permettre aux laboratoires de diagnostic de disposer d’une méthode rapide et fiable de détection de ces virus dans les filières concernées. [less ▲]

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See detailNoroviruses and sapoviruses in pigs in Belgium.
Mauroy, Axel ULiege; Scipioni, Alexandra ULiege; Mathijs, Elisabeth ULiege et al

in Archives of Virology (2008), 153(10), 1927-31

Porcine noroviruses and sapoviruses belong to the family Caliciviridae and are rarely reported in European countries. In this study, swine stools from a region representative of northern Europe were ... [more ▼]

Porcine noroviruses and sapoviruses belong to the family Caliciviridae and are rarely reported in European countries. In this study, swine stools from a region representative of northern Europe were screened for these viruses by RT-PCR. Both porcine noroviruses and sapoviruses were detected, showing their circulation in this region. The porcine norovirus strains were genetically related to genotype 19 strains in the genogroup II of the genus Norovirus. The porcine sapovirus strains were genetically related to the porcine enteric calicivirus Cowden reference strain and to newly described porcine strains in the genus Sapovirus. [less ▲]

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See detailLes mécanismes et les conséquences sur l'organisme des infections virales chez les équidés
Thiry, Etienne ULiege; Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULiege; Mathijs, Elisabeth ULiege et al

in Nouveau Praticien Vétérinaire Equine (2008), 5

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