References of "Maréchal, Kevin"
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See detailCapítulo 5 : Circuitos cortos alimentarios de proximidad y soberanía territorial ciudadana. El caso de las cooperativas Agricovert y Paysans-Artisans en Valonia (Bélgica)
Noël, Julien ULiege; Lanzi, Florence ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege et al

in Noël, Julien; Grenoville, S.; Le Gall, J. (Eds.) Distribución, comercialización y acceso a alimentos de calidad en América Latina (2021)

En este artículo se examina la contribución de Agricovert (Agricoverde) y de Paysans-Artisans (Campesinos-Artesanos), dos movimientos cooperativos valones comprometidos en circuitos (cortos) de proximidad ... [more ▼]

En este artículo se examina la contribución de Agricovert (Agricoverde) y de Paysans-Artisans (Campesinos-Artesanos), dos movimientos cooperativos valones comprometidos en circuitos (cortos) de proximidad alimentaria, a participar en la aplicación de la soberanía territorial. Empezamos con una presentación del marco teórico (sobre estos circuitos (cortos) de proximidad y la soberanía alimentaria) y después metodológico (una investigación-acción inclusiva con los actores del terreno alternativo). Insistimos sobre todo en las estrategias de soberanía alimentaria territorial puestas en práctica por estas cooperativas ciudadanas, teniendo en cuenta en particular las diferentes dimensiones de las proximidades alimentarias que activan. Por fin, pensamos que si Agricovert y Paysans-Artisans participan plenamente a fortalecer la soberanía alimentaria en el territorio valon, no se inscriben en un proceso realmente de justicia agro-alimentaria. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Collectif 5C : stratégies intra-territoriales et inter-territoriales d’un mouvement citoyen alimentaire wallon
Lanzi, Florence ULiege; Noël, Julien ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

Conference (2021)

Notre étude d’un collectif de mobilisations coopératives citoyennes, inscrites en « circuit court » en Wallonie, cherche à montrer comment ce réseau alimentaire alternatif repose sur une diversité de ... [more ▼]

Notre étude d’un collectif de mobilisations coopératives citoyennes, inscrites en « circuit court » en Wallonie, cherche à montrer comment ce réseau alimentaire alternatif repose sur une diversité de formes spatiales et organisationnelles (gouvernance, débouchés, politique d’approvisionnement...). Ceci afin de répondre à la diversité des situations et des spécificités intra et inter-territoriales auxquelles chaque coopérative membre fait face. [less ▲]

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See detailLes logiques de reterritorialisation ville-campagne de deux coopératives wallonnes en circuits alimentaires de proximité
Noël, Julien ULiege; Lanzi, Florence ULiege; Dogot, Thomas ULiege et al

Conference (2021)

La géographie de la relocalisation des approvisionnements alimentaires connaît des dynamiques d’évolutions qui (ré-)interrogent les interrelations villes-campagnes ainsi que les stratégies actorielles de ... [more ▼]

La géographie de la relocalisation des approvisionnements alimentaires connaît des dynamiques d’évolutions qui (ré-)interrogent les interrelations villes-campagnes ainsi que les stratégies actorielles de développement territorial qui les soutiennent. Dans cette logique, nous montrons, à travers deux cas d’études belges – Paysans-Artisans et Agricovert –, comment des initiatives « alternatives » de producteurs-consommateurs, engagés dans des circuits courts de proximité, participent à la mise en œuvre de formes diversifiées de reterritorialisation de l’alimentation en région wallonne. [less ▲]

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See detailHow integrating 'socio-cultural values' into ecosystem services evaluations can give meaning to value indicators
Breyne, Johanna ULiege; Dufrêne, Marc ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

in Ecosystem Services (2021), 49(101278),

As an attempt to clarify the meaning of ‘values’ within ecosystem services (ES) assessments, this paper proposes the integration and fine-tuning of the concept of ‘socio-cultural values’ within the ES ... [more ▼]

As an attempt to clarify the meaning of ‘values’ within ecosystem services (ES) assessments, this paper proposes the integration and fine-tuning of the concept of ‘socio-cultural values’ within the ES assessment framework. Firstly, it makes a conceptual clarification between biophysical, social or monetary value indicators describing the performance of a service, and socio-cultural values reflecting opinions on the importance of a (set of) service(s). Secondly, it provides a practical application to illustrate how to interpret ‘social value indicators’ through their interactions with ‘socio-cultural values’. An adequate use of these ‘socio-cultural values’ combined with subjective social value indicators’ makes it possible to take the opinion of a wide range of actors into account and to give meaning to their expressed preferences instead of blindfolding on caricaturized profiles. The case study in this paper deals with the Ardennes forests (Belgium). Wider public preferences for different structural forest characteristics (as performance-oriented ES value indicators) actually relate to different ‘socio-cultural values’. The study results reveal a mismatch between current forest management strategies and wider public preferences. This paper clearly demonstrates the potential of ‘socio-cultural values’ to improve legitimacy and to foster consensus-building of decision-making in natural resource management. [less ▲]

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See detailOpening the organisational black box to grasp the difficulties of agroecological transition. An empirical analysis of tensions in agroecological production cooperatives
Plateau, Lou; Roudart, Laurence; Hudon, Marek et al

in Ecological Economics (2021), 185(107048),

Whereas many studies adopting a broad perspective on sustainability have highlighted the differences and interactions between alternative and conventional models of agricultural production, very few have ... [more ▼]

Whereas many studies adopting a broad perspective on sustainability have highlighted the differences and interactions between alternative and conventional models of agricultural production, very few have investigated the contradictions internal to farm organizations engaged in agroecological transition. In order to understand the difficulties faced by farmers in combining multiple aspirations, we study agroecological production cooperatives (APCs) through the tensions between their different institutional logics. We use a qualitative analysis to address these tensions, and the responses to them, related to their territorial, self-management, and agroecological logics. Various local actors have different conceptions of agroecology, based on diverse levels of knowledge of agricultural practices and on dissimilar interests. This entails various preferences regarding technical choices and farm management. Agroecology's emphasis on diversity, local resources, experimentation, labour intensity and the long run may contradict financial considerations and the quality of working conditions of farmers. Setting up deliberation arenas is key to elaborating agreed compromises regarding the agroecological conception, as well as the governance of farm organizations. [less ▲]

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See detailCoexistence of Cooperative Models as Structural Answer to Lock-Ins in Diversification Pathways: The Case of the Walloon Dairy Sector
De Herde, Véronique; Baret, Philippe V.; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

in Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems (2020), 4(584542), 22

Drawing on an analysis of the Walloon dairy sector, this paper aims at bringing novel insights on the coexistence issue in agrifood transition studies. Whereas most studies explore the coexistence of farm ... [more ▼]

Drawing on an analysis of the Walloon dairy sector, this paper aims at bringing novel insights on the coexistence issue in agrifood transition studies. Whereas most studies explore the coexistence of farm models, our study focuses on value chains, in particular on cooperatives. In the Walloon Region, new dairy cooperatives emerged, as substitute or as complement to the incumbent vertically integrated dairy cooperatives. This paper focuses on the coexistence of dairy cooperative models as enabler of transition toward product diversification. Dairy cooperatives are hybrid actors: economic agents on the market on the one hand, structure of collective agency on the other hand. Williamson's framework of New Institutional Economics acknowledges that the allocation of resources by cooperatives depends on governance processes and on the wider institutional context in which the cooperatives evolve. Within the broader frame of the Multi-Level Perspective, this approach allows to consider the socio-technical coherence in which the cooperatives evolve, the effects of this coherence on their pathways of development, and the complementarity of the cooperative models. This qualitative analysis builds on semi-directed interviews with actors of the Walloon dairy sector. The results outline distinctions between the new cooperative models and mainstream dairy cooperatives in market approach, definition of milk quality, distribution of added value, governance, and interactions with partners. Both models evolve within a distinct socio-technical coherence, holding, in the case of the mainstream dairy cooperatives, lock-ins to diversification related to the relationship with the farmer-members and the milk they produce in the industrial vertically integrated model. The new cooperative models circumvent these lock-ins through de-integration and externalization of initiatives, remuneration, and risk. They allow specific groups of actors—still related or unrelated to the mainstream dairy cooperative—to explore new market pathways in accordance with their potential, and to mutually agree on criteria qualifying milk. This research draws the picture of a possible reconfiguration of the dairy landscape toward a more diversified ecosystem of actors and invites to consider structures of governance in collective action as a cornerstone issue, because of their significant role in terms of enablement, coexistence, and complementarity throughout the transition process. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning Interdisciplinarity and Systems Approaches in Agroecology: Experience with the Serious Game SEGAE
De Graeuwe D'Aoust, Mireille ULiege; Jouan, Julia; Carof, Matthieu et al

in Sustainability (2020), 12(11), 4351

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See detailTransitieplan voor België: lessen trekken uit Covid-19-crisis om toekomstige systeemcrisissen te voorkomen
Gemenne, François ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULiege et al

Article for general public (2020)

Terwijl Covid-19 nog dagelijks honderden medeburgers het leven kost en duizenden anderen worden gered dankzij de voorbeeldige toewijding van het personeel van de ziekenhuizen en de zorgsector, gedwongen ... [more ▼]

Terwijl Covid-19 nog dagelijks honderden medeburgers het leven kost en duizenden anderen worden gered dankzij de voorbeeldige toewijding van het personeel van de ziekenhuizen en de zorgsector, gedwongen te werken in bijzonder moeilijke omstandigheden, kijken onze autoriteiten logischerwijs naar scenario's voor het beëindigen van deze crisissen. In het meervoud, omdat we zowel een gezondheidscrisis doormaken die door de lockdown onder controle wordt gehouden, als een economische crisis die door de lockdown dreigt te verergeren. Dit is de complexe uitdaging die we moeten aangaan om te voorkomen dat we in een ernstige sociale crisis terechtkomen. [less ▲]

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See detailSortir de la crise du Covid-19 et en tirer les leçons pour éviter de contribuer à de nouvelles crises systémiques
Gemenne, François ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULiege et al

Article for general public (2020)

Le Resilience Management Group est composé d’académiques, économistes et d’entrepreneurs de la transition qui concilient la réflexion et les expériences du terrain. A l’heure des scénarios de sortie de ... [more ▼]

Le Resilience Management Group est composé d’académiques, économistes et d’entrepreneurs de la transition qui concilient la réflexion et les expériences du terrain. A l’heure des scénarios de sortie de crises, il propose un plan de transition pour la Belgique. [less ▲]

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See detailIntégrer la territorialité pour une économie de la fonctionnalité plus soutenable
Roman, Philippe; Muylaert, Coralie ULiege; Ruwet, Coline et al

in Développement Durable et Territoires (2020), 11(1),

Product-service systems (PSS) are often presented as a new model which would be conducive to sustainable development. In most English-speaking work on PSS, the environmental dimension is at times put to ... [more ▼]

Product-service systems (PSS) are often presented as a new model which would be conducive to sustainable development. In most English-speaking work on PSS, the environmental dimension is at times put to the fore, or even considered as inherent to the model, but the issue of the territorial insertion of such activities is not addressed, or just in passing. Numerous reasons justify thinking that implementing PSS activities without considering their territorial embeddedness may end up with outcomes short of their full sustainability potential. We therefore believe it is important to explicitly question the territoriality of PSS initiatives. In the present article, we perform a literature review on the PSS-territory nexus and we propose a discussion aiming at shedding light on the relevance of integrating a territorial reflection to the scientific work on PSS. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantifying the Use of Forest Ecosystem Services by Local Populations in Southeastern Cameroon
Lhoest, Simon ULiege; Vermeulen, Cédric ULiege; Fayolle, Adeline ULiege et al

in Sustainability (2020), 12(6), 2505

In order to improve sustainability and design adequate management strategies in threatened tropical forests, integrated assessments of the use of ecosystem services are needed, combining biophysical ... [more ▼]

In order to improve sustainability and design adequate management strategies in threatened tropical forests, integrated assessments of the use of ecosystem services are needed, combining biophysical, social, and economic approaches. In particular, no integrated ecosystem services (ES) assessment has been conducted in Central Africa, where rural communities deeply depend on forests in a high-poverty context. Here, we aimed to quantify the use of ES provided by tropical forests to local populations in the Dja area (Cameroon), identify its determinants and evaluate its sustainability. We conducted various interviews and field surveys with 133 households in three villages, focusing on three provisioning services (bushmeat, firewood, and timber), and five cultural services (cultural heritage, inspiration, spiritual experience, recreation, and education). Local populations consumed a mean of 56 kg of bushmeat/person/year (hunting zones covering on average 213 km2), 1.17 m3 of firewood/person/year (collection zones covering on average 4 km2), and 0.03m3 of timber/person/year. Between 25% and 86% of respondents considered cultural services as important. The use of ES was mainly influenced by population size, deforestation rate, and forest allocations, whereas the influence of socio-demographic characteristics of households remained limited to slight di erences between Baka and Bantu people. We conclude that the consumption of firewood and timber is sustainable, whereas high hunting pressure has resulted in severe defaunation in the area due to the large decline in the abundance and biomass of forest mammals hunted for bushmeat by local populations. [less ▲]

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See detailSPINCOOP ou comment soutenir la contribution active de maraîchers professionnels dans la mise en œuvre d’un projet de recherche-action participative - Une exploration collective des conditions d’adaptation du SPIN Farming et de sa contribution aux SAJED Bruxellois
Denyz, Margaux; Maughan, Noémie; Plateau, Lou et al

in Hermesse, Julie; Vankeerberghen, Audrey (Eds.) Transitions pour une Alimentation Juste et Durable à Bruxelles - Contributions de recherches en co-création (2020)

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See detailLes multiples formes de la territorialisation de l'économie de la fonctionnalité : études de cas en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale »
Muylaert, Coralie ULiege; Roman, Philippe; Ruwet, Coline et al

Conference (2019, September 27)

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See detailLock-Ins and Agency: Towards an Embedded Approach of Individual Pathways in the Walloon Dairy Sector
De Herde, Véronique; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Baret, Philippe

in Sustainability (2019), 11

As the 2009 dairy crisis drew attention to the situation of dairy farmers in Europe, the extent of strategical power left to farmers in dairy cooperatives of increasing size is a frequently raised issue ... [more ▼]

As the 2009 dairy crisis drew attention to the situation of dairy farmers in Europe, the extent of strategical power left to farmers in dairy cooperatives of increasing size is a frequently raised issue. Four dairy cooperatives collect 97% of the milk in the Walloon Region (in the southern part of Belgium). Two of them integrated agro-food multinationals. We decided to analyze the trajectories of Walloon dairy farmers exploring alternatives to the delivery of milk to these mainstream dairy cooperatives. We focused on the territories situated to the east of the Walloon Region, where dairy farming represents 75% of farming revenues. Alternatives consist either of processing milk on farm or in concluding a contract with a cheese processor collecting milk directly from farmers. Our objective was to understand the issues faced in these alternative trajectories and the reason why these alternatives remained marginal. We designed a qualitative case study based on interviews with farmers and local cheese processors. We mobilized evolutionary approaches on the stability and transitions of systems and approaches of change at the farmer level. It appears that the alternative trajectories remain embedded in a broader dairy context. The lock-ins emerging from this context determine the evolution of the farming model towards intensification and the individual identity and capabilities of farmers. We present a model of interconnected andembedded lock-ins, from the organizational frame of the regime to the individual frame. This model illustrates how the agency articulates with structural dynamics. We propose structural measures in the organization of agricultural education and in terms of support to alternative supply chains that will enhance agency in favor of a change. [less ▲]

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