References of "Mainet, Grégory"
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See detailI pavimenti della Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 16) nel contesto ostiense tra l’età augustea e l’età severiana
Morard, Thomas ULiege; Dienst, Simon ULiege; Mainet, Grégory ULiege et al

Conference (2019, March 14)

La Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 16) est l’une des rares maisons à atrium d’Ostie qui ont été fouillées récemment de manière exhaustive. Les investigations conduites sur cette parcelle par l’Université ... [more ▼]

La Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 16) est l’une des rares maisons à atrium d’Ostie qui ont été fouillées récemment de manière exhaustive. Les investigations conduites sur cette parcelle par l’Université Lumière Lyon 2 entre 2002 et 2010 ont permis de poser un regard nouveau sur cette forme architecturale et de poser de nouvelles questions à propos de cet type d’habitat qui, jusqu’à présent, est resté en marge des études sur l’architecture domestique d’Ostie depuis les dégagements des années 1938-42. L’étude des sols et des pavements en particulier a livré de nouvelles données. Les fouilles stratigraphiques menées sur cette parcelle ont mis en évidence les différentes composantes des sols de cet édifice construit au début de l’empire. Notre communication se proposera dans un premier temps d’étudier les différentes couches qui composent ces sols, qui se rapprochent de la description du sol type proposée par Vitruve lui-même (statumen, rudus, nucleus), et de montrer leur particularité par rapport aux sols postérieurs mis en évidence à Ostie. En effet, les fouilles conduites à l’embouchure du Tibre depuis les années 60-70 sous les niveaux de sols impériaux ont permis de mieux caractériser la composition de nombreux sols aménagés à partir du IIe s. de notre ère et la mission de la Schola del Traiano ne fait pas exception, puisque plusieurs sols construits au IIIe siècle ont été documentés. Cette première partie posera ainsi des jalons essentiels pour appréhender l’histoire des techniques adoptées pour la constructions des sols à l’embouchure du Tibre, avant que ne soient réaliser des analyses archéométriques. Dans un second temps, cette communication s’intéressera plus particulièrement aux divers pavements qui recouvraient les sols de la Domus a Peristilio, parmi lesquels un des plus anciens opus sectile du port de Rome. Cette étude prendra à la fois en compte le style de ces pavements et les matériaux utilisés pour les réaliser. Certains d’entre eux témoignent de réaménagements, voire de restaurations, opérés dans cette maison au cours de son histoire qui prit fin sous les Sévères. La stratigraphie des sols montrent par exemple que les pavements de l’atrium et du péristyle ont été refait, au moins en partie. Ces nouveaux pavements, qu’il s’agisse de mosaïques ou de béton de sol avec incrustations de marbre, contrastent avec les pavements des nouvelles demeures construites à Ostie à partir du IIe siècle ap. J.-C., comme l’Insula delle Muse (III, IX, 22). Cette situation n’est pas isolée à Ostie et un constat similaire semble s’imposer dans la Domus di Giove Fulminatore (IV, IV, 3) [less ▲]

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See detailDalla Porta Romana alla Porta Marina. Il contributo dell’archivio ostiense per lo studio dell’innalzamento del decumano a Ostia
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, November 12)

L’innalzamento dei livelli è un fenomeno ben noto a Ostia dall’inizio del Novecento in poi. Già nel 1913, D. Vaglieri scrisse che l’intera città fu rialzata alla fine del primo secolo d.C. e questa ... [more ▼]

L’innalzamento dei livelli è un fenomeno ben noto a Ostia dall’inizio del Novecento in poi. Già nel 1913, D. Vaglieri scrisse che l’intera città fu rialzata alla fine del primo secolo d.C. e questa opinione fu ripresa successivamente da numerosi studiosi. Tuttavia, i saggi compiuti lungo il decumano orientale negli anni ʼ10 e ʼ20 del secolo scorso dimostrano già che l’innalzamento dell’interra città si rivela un problema più complesso: alcune strade ad esempio furono rialzate più volte. Questi rialzamenti, e quelli dell’intera città in generale, sono stati finora poco studiati in modo sistematico e le mie ricerche dottorali tuttora in corso si focalizzano appunto su questo argomento. A tal proposito, sto procedendo alla collazione di tutta la documentazione scritta e visiva relativa all’innalzamento delle strade di Ostia nello scopo di proporre una ricostruzione dello sviluppo e dell’innalzamento progressivo della rete stradale ostiense. La difficoltà maggiore di questo lavoro è sicuramente l’eterogeneità della documentazione che si rivela molto diversa secondo l’epoca degli scavi. In questa sede, tratterò in particolare dei rialzamenti del decumano massimo tra Porta Romana e Porta Marina prima della metà III sec. d.C. che fu scavato sin dal 1908 fino al 1939. La proposta di ricostruzione seguente, tuttavia, rimane del tutto provvisoria e le mie indagini nell’archivio, tuttora in corso, la confermeranno o la respingeranno nei prossimi mesi. [less ▲]

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See detailMaintaining an atrium house during the Principate in Ostia.
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Conference (2018, July 09)

The Roman upper-class houses are well-know thanks to Vitruvius' De Architectura and Pompeii's excavations. This atrium house form, as encountered in the Vesuvian cities, is typical of the late Republic ... [more ▼]

The Roman upper-class houses are well-know thanks to Vitruvius' De Architectura and Pompeii's excavations. This atrium house form, as encountered in the Vesuvian cities, is typical of the late Republic and early Empire. At the same time, however, a new form of residential building - the insulae - progressively took the place of this kind of domus in Rome and Ostia. However, some of them were maintained over many centuries, as suggest the three atrium houses along the Vicus Patricius represented on a fragment of the severian Forma Urbis Romae (n°543). Ostia is a good case study to investigate the maintenance of this architectural form in the Empire (sens temporel). Indeed, the urban growth of Ostia is continuous from the fourth century BC to the late Antiquity. Most of the houses built in late Republic and Early Empire are knocked down during this time, like the republican Casette Repubblicane (I, IX, 1) or the Augustean Domus con Portico di Tufo (IV, VI, 1) because the insulae became the common type of dwelling at the mouth of the Tiber during the second century AD. These destructions reflect many transformations in social practices of the Roman aristocracy in the harbour of Rome. Nevertheless, some households prefered to preserve their domus rather than construct new more profitable ones, as suggest the Domus di Giove Fulminatore (IV, IV, 3), the Domus della Nicchia a Mosaico (IV, IV, 2) or the Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 15-16). These ancient domus contrasted with the new insulae and they indicated the social rank of their owner in the new townscape. This paper will discuss the case of these Augustean houses in the imperial urban fabric of Ostia, with a focus on the Domus a Peristilio, owned by the familly of C. Fabius Agrippinus, consul suffect in 148 AD. Indeed, the excavations undertaken between 2002 and 2010 within the so-called Schola del Traiano (IV, V, 15-16) offer some stratigraphic evidence - unpublished - from the building yard to the demolition of this aristocratic house. These archeological investigations have made it possible to envisage many repairs and transformations that took place over time. This building maintenance betrays the homeowner's will to adapt his dwelling to technical progress, like water supplies, or the decorative program to the decorative fashion. All in all, this talk about the upkeep of atrium upper-class houses during the Empire re-evaluates the features of the society in Roman Ostia. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle des activités économiques dans la constitution des rues "romaines" en Italie centrale
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Conference (2018, May 25)

The imperial streets of Ostia and Rome - as they appear on the severian Forma Urbis Romae - were edged by many shops, which shaped the streetscape of these cities. This situation is common in modern ... [more ▼]

The imperial streets of Ostia and Rome - as they appear on the severian Forma Urbis Romae - were edged by many shops, which shaped the streetscape of these cities. This situation is common in modern downtown, but it was not in Antiquity. In greek cities such as Priene or Olynthus, the space of the street is so different : since there is few doorways in the buildings façades, the frontages are more simple and the buildings more segregated from the thoroughfares. We observe the same characteristics in some italian cities, like Norba, destroyed at the begining of the 1st century BC. Indeed, the streetscape seems to change from the Late-Republic in Italy : at Ostia for instance, we observe late-republican tabernae along the Decumanus, under the Horrea of Hortensius. The progressive development of shops along urban thoroughfares shows evidence of the economic facilities offered by the space of the street, made up of building façades, roadway and street furnitures. This built framework hosts shopkeepers and their commercial activities, because it gave some market opportunities to them, just as a macellum, but far and wide throughout the city. So far, this architectural environment has been neglected in favor of the street network and the traffic. This paper would consider the evolution of the architecture of the streets in Italy, between the Mid-Republican time and the Severian period, and highlight the role played by the "street-as-market" in the organisation of urban economy. [less ▲]

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See detailRoman Streets and Urban Economy
Mainet, Grégory ULiege; Morard, Thomas ULiege

Conference (2018, May 25)

Among the urban infrastructures which shaped the economy, the street played a major role in ancient cities because it contributed to durably structure the urban economy. This use of the street has often ... [more ▼]

Among the urban infrastructures which shaped the economy, the street played a major role in ancient cities because it contributed to durably structure the urban economy. This use of the street has often been overlooked by archaeologists – until now. Indeed, such a topic naturally finds its place within the 19th congress of the International Association for Classical Archaeology whose theme is the economy of the classical world. First of all: how do we consider the street? As a mere route whose only purpose is traffic? No. This notion is wrong as it appears by reading ancient authors like Martial and Juvenal. The space of the street was built in three dimensions and was developed to answer the needs of the local population. It was indeed a place for important social and economic trades, constitutive elements of urbanity. The economic function of the street clearly appeared in its architecture which was shaped by the construction of numerous tabernae within the insulae and by the promotion of the activities (advertising) which happened there. Therefore, the roman cities economy was not divided and confined into specific buildings such as macella. On the contrary, it was incorporated into the whole urban fabric through the streets. With this panel, we offer to shed a new light to the role of the street within the urban economies through the imperium romanum between the 2nd century B.C.E. and the 3rd century A.C.E. Is the economic importance of the streets the same across the whole empire? What about the cities where people were settled before Rome’s arrival? On the contrary, what about all those which were founded by Rome? Did Rome and the Eastern Roman cities inherit their characteristics from Hellenistic cities? Or was the Roman model born in Italy? The problem is wide, contrary to the sources at our disposal. To solve it, two axis will be examined starting from precise archaeological cases, chosen within different periods: a) the qualitative study of the development of some streets well known thanks to extensive excavations like the Via dell’Abbondanza in Pompei or the Main Street of the Theatre District in Delos. b) the quantitative study of the distribution of economic functions along the network and the interactions between them thanks to comprehensive excavations or geophysical prospections. [less ▲]

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See detail"Commercial Streets" in Roman Cities. Places of Shopping in Italy between the Mid-Republic and the Mid-Empire
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Conference (2018, April 14)

We are living in a consumer society and we are used to doing some shop in “commercial streets” or “shopping centers”. In Antiquity, the Romans' habits of consumption were different and most people only ... [more ▼]

We are living in a consumer society and we are used to doing some shop in “commercial streets” or “shopping centers”. In Antiquity, the Romans' habits of consumption were different and most people only looked for food and what was absolutely necessary. Nevertheless, as the Severan Forma Urbis Romae shows, the streetscape of Rome was dominated by tabernae, which are usually associated with commercial and handcraft activities. We observe the same phenomenon in Ostia where almost all of the streets are lined with shops. In these cities, tabernae are distributed across the whole urban fabric from the wider into the narrower thoroughfares. Elsewhere, the situation is a bit different. Shops are mostly located along the main streets, as Via dell'Abondanzza in Pompeii or Via del Miliario in Alba Fucens, while the others are free of tabernae. In some cities, like Norba or Fregellae, there are hardly any streets with shops. Obviously, there were shops in these cities inside some buildings, like macella and insulae, or periodic markets, which left little archaeological evidence, but most of the fixed shops were located along the urban thoroughfares. So, this paper focusses on the “street-as-market” between the Mid-Republic and the Mid-Empire in Centrale Italy. How can we explain the development of these shops along the streets ? What are the effects of the transformations of the street architecture on street design, on the Roman practice of shopping and on the other marketplaces ? Why is the streetscape of Rome and Ostia different from other cities ? The increase in the number of tabernae along the thoroughfares contributed to designing new spaces of consumption, where goods for sale were displayed through the large doorways which characterised the Roman shops. This paper eventually shows that the commercial streetscape development attests some significant changes in the Roman consumption. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ceramica della Schola del Traiano a Ostia Antica
Deru, Xavier ULiege; Desbat, Armand; Dienst, Simon ULiege et al

in Ostia Antica. Nouvelles études et confrontation des recherches sur les quartiers occidentaux de la cité, (2018)

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See detailMaintaining an atrium house during the Principate in Ostia.
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

in Wouters, Ine; Van de Voorde, Stéphanie; Bertels, Inge (Eds.) et al Building Knowledge, Constructing History (2018)

The Italian atrium houses are well-known from literary sources and Pompeii excavations. This form was typical of the late Republic and early Empire, but some of them were maintained over many centuries ... [more ▼]

The Italian atrium houses are well-known from literary sources and Pompeii excavations. This form was typical of the late Republic and early Empire, but some of them were maintained over many centuries. Ostia is a good case study to investigate such maintenance during the mid-imperial period. Most of the atrium houses built at the mouth of the Tiber were broken down by that time, because the insulae became the common type of dwelling. However, a few householders preferred to preserve their old domus rather than construct new, more profitable dwellings. This paper discusses the case of two Augustan houses in the imperial urban fabric of Ostia, with a focus on the Domus a Peristilio (IV, V, 16). In fact, recent excavations highlighted many repairs and transformations that took place between the first century AD and the beginning of the third century AD. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ceramica della Schola del Traiano a Ostia Antica
Deru, Xavier ULiege; Desbat, Armand; Dienst, Simon ULiege et al

in Forum Romanum Belgicum (2018), 15(6), 1-37

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See detailComprendre le Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate en fonction de la parcelle de la Schola del Traiano. Nouvelle lecture d’un édifice méconnu
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

in De Ruyt, Claire; Morard, Thomas; Van Haeperen, Françoise (Eds.) Ostia Antica. Nouvelles études et recherces sur les quartiers occidentaux de la cité Actes du colloque international (Rome-Ostia Antica, 22-24 septembre 2014) (2018)

Trop souvent, les archéologues s'attachent seulement à l'étude d'une parcelle, sans chercher à comprendre comment celle-ci s'articule avec les fonds voisins. Pourtant, la construction d'un nouvel édifice ... [more ▼]

Trop souvent, les archéologues s'attachent seulement à l'étude d'une parcelle, sans chercher à comprendre comment celle-ci s'articule avec les fonds voisins. Pourtant, la construction d'un nouvel édifice au sein d'un tissu urbain aussi dense que celui d'Ostie ne peut pas être sans conséquence sur les édifices des parcelles alentours. Le cas du site de la Schola del Traiano en est un bel exemple: l'étude des différents bâtiments construits sur cette parcelle tout au long de son histoire apporte de nouvelles données pour la compréhension des édifices périphériques, tandis que l'étude de ces derniers permet de mieux l'appréhender. Il ne s'agit pas ici d'une étude exhaustive de tous les édifices qui entourent cette parcelle, mais un zoom sur le Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate, qui a fait l'objet de mon mémoire de Master 2 (Université Lumière Lyon 2). L'étude menée sur ce bâtiment modeste, très peu présent dans la bibliographie, s'est articulée autour de trois points fondamentaux : l'étude des archives de la Surintendance, l'étude du bâti et l'analyse des données issues des fouilles conduites en 2010 dans l'enceinte de ce bâtiment. La combinaison de ces trois approches a permis de mettre en exergue l'existence de liens privilégiés entre le Caseggiato et la parcelle de la Schola del Traiano, liens qui donnent l'occasion d'avoir une nouvelle lecture de cette dernière. [less ▲]

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See detailL'architecture de la rue. L'exemple du Cardo septentrional, à Ostie
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, February 16)

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See detailDeux ensembles augustéens, fouillés sous la Schola du Trajan à Ostie
Deru, Xavier ULiege; Desbat, Armand; Mainet, Grégory ULiege et al

in REI CRETARIAE ROMANAE FAUTORES Acta 44 (2016)

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See detailComprendre le site de la Schola del Traiano (IV, V, 15-16) en relation avec les édifices périphériques. Le cas particulier du Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate (IV, V, 18)
Mainet, Grégory ULiege

Conference (2014, September 23)

Trop souvent, les archéologues s’attachent seulement à l’étude d’une parcelle, sans chercher à comprendre comment celle-ci s’articule avec les fonds voisins. Pourtant, la construction d’un nouvel édifice ... [more ▼]

Trop souvent, les archéologues s’attachent seulement à l’étude d’une parcelle, sans chercher à comprendre comment celle-ci s’articule avec les fonds voisins. Pourtant, la construction d’un nouvel édifice au sein d’un tissu urbain aussi dense que celui d’Ostie ne peut pas être sans conséquence sur les édifices des parcelles alentours. Le cas du site de la Schola del Traiano en est un bel exemple : l’étude des différents bâtiments construits sur cette parcelle tout au long de son histoire apporte de nouvelles données pour la compréhension des édifices périphériques, tandis que l’étude de ces derniers permet de mieux les appréhender. Il ne s’agit pas ici d’une étude exhaustive de tous les édifices qui entourent cette parcelle, mais un zoom sur le Caseggiato delle Taberne Finestrate (IV, V, 18), qui a fait l’objet de mon mémoire de Master 2 soutenu à l’Université Lumière Lyon 2 le 30 août 2013. L’étude menée sur ce bâtiment modeste, très peu présent dans la bibliographie, s’est articulée autour de trois points fondamentaux : l’étude des archives du Parco Archeologico di Ostia Antica, l’étude du bâti et l’analyse des données issues des fouilles conduites en 2010 dans l’enceinte de ce bâtiment. La combinaison de ces trois approches a permis de mettre en exergue l’existence de liens privilégiés entre le Caseggiato et la parcelle de la Schola del Traiano, liens qui donnent l’occasion d’avoir une nouvelle lecture de cette dernière. [less ▲]

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See detailLa céramique issue des contextes augutéens de la parcelle de la Schola del Traiano (IV, V, 15, 16)
Deru, Xavier ULiege; Desbat, Armand; Mainet, Grégory ULiege et al

Poster (2014, September 23)

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