References of "Macq, Hadrien"
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See detailQuels futurs l’innovation technologique nous promet-elle ?
Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailS'engager dans un cyberparti. Internet et militantisme au sein du parti pirate belge
Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Jacquet, Vincent

in Recherches en Sciences Sociales sur Internet (2018), 7

Internet is often said to disrupt the political sphere. Hence, the emergence of cyberparties is supposed to renew the forms and aims of political party membership. Based on a qualitative analysis of the ... [more ▼]

Internet is often said to disrupt the political sphere. Hence, the emergence of cyberparties is supposed to renew the forms and aims of political party membership. Based on a qualitative analysis of the Belgian Pirate Party, this article scrutinizes the role that Internet plays in the engagement process within a cyberparty. Two types of activist are identified: the technical and the relational activists. They differ in terms of their attitudes toward politics, their conceptions of Internet and their types of engagement inside the party. Overall, the broader relationship that Internet develops with political engagement is questioned. [less ▲]

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See detailTurning Wallonia into a lab: When economic strategies meet creativity and experimentation dynamics
Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference (2018, July 28)

Over the last four decades, modes of governance of science, technology and innovation (STI) gradually shifted in new directions. First, STI governance has known a so-called ‘participatory turn’ ... [more ▼]

Over the last four decades, modes of governance of science, technology and innovation (STI) gradually shifted in new directions. First, STI governance has known a so-called ‘participatory turn’, influenced by a deliberative ideal and supposed to enrich democratic orders by including publics in STI decision-making processes. This participatory turn was extensively analysed in the STS literature, as it opened up new ways of governing STI through an array of democratic experimentations. More recently, other practices of experimentation with publics emerged, differing from deliberative ones as they seek to include publics directly in innovation-making processes. Especially in the European Union, multiple public authorities started to promote and enact concepts and practices such as ‘citizen-science’ and ‘open-innovation’. Wallonia (Belgium) has been at the forefront of this shift. In 2010, public authorities launched a political strategy emphasizing the rhetoric of ‘experimentation’ and a vision of ‘society-as-a-lab’. Striving for economic redeployment, they called for the establishment of new ‘open’ spaces, including Living- and Fab-Labs, portrayed as ‘creative’ and ‘innovative’. Whereas STS scholarship has started to pay attention to the innovation potential of these emerging spaces, little has been done to analyse them as democratic practices directly participating to the governance of STI. This communication, informed by interviews and documents analysis, scrutinizes such practices and the political discourses that underpin them to understand the political legitimacy that these forms of public participation enjoy. The communication highlights the potential tension between an appeal to bottom-up creativity and experimentation, and the rigidity of top-down controlled economic strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailImaginarios de innovación que viajan: Nuevas practicas experimentales de co-creación en Wallonia (Bélgica)
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference (2018, July 20)

Desde el fin de los años 2000, nuevas formas de producir innovación empezaron a ser promovidas por las autoridades públicas. Espacialmente en la Unión Europea, varias autoridades empezaron a promover y ... [more ▼]

Desde el fin de los años 2000, nuevas formas de producir innovación empezaron a ser promovidas por las autoridades públicas. Espacialmente en la Unión Europea, varias autoridades empezaron a promover y establecer prácticas de co-creación de innovación, que consisten en incluir diversos públicos (que pueden ser llamados, en los discursos públicos, ‘usuarios’, ‘stakeholders’, ‘sociedad civil’ o ‘ciudadanos’) directamente en los procesos de producción de innovación. Estas prácticas están arraigadas en conceptos como ‘innovación abierta’ o ‘ciencias participativas’. Están desarrolladas en lugares como Living Labs, Fab Labs o Hackerspaces, que son concebidos como laboratorios locales de innovación. Las prácticas de co-creación son frecuentemente analizadas, en la literatura científica, a la luz de sus facultades a producir innovaciones más rentables, más aceptables o más responsables. Pero faltan investigaciones que consideren las visiones y representaciones sociales y políticas que estas prácticas traen. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de esta ponencia es de analizar la relación de estas prácticas con los imaginarios socio-técnicos que influyen su promoción. Más precisamente, esta ponencia propone analizar los discursos por los cuales las autoridades públicas promueven las prácticas de co-creación de innovación para caracterizar a los imaginarios de innovación más largos que sustentan a estas prácticas. Al hacerlo, permite aprehender los futuros deseados que están prometidos por estas nuevas formas de producir innovación. A través de un análisis comparativo entre la Comisión Europea y la región de Wallonia, basado sobre discursos oficiales y entrevistas con autoridades y actores de terreno, esta ponencia muestra que las prácticas de co-creación están incluidas, en ambos casos, en imaginarios más largos que insistan en el imperativo de la innovación para la salud económica y social de los territorios. Pero también muestra que estas prácticas están justificadas de manera diferente en ambos casos, lo que pone en evidencia particulares locales en la manera por la cual estás prácticas y los imaginarios que las acompañan se conciben. De esta manera, la ponencia se inscribe en la línea de trabajos recientes en el campo de los estudios de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad. Subraya tan las prácticas de participación pública en los procesos de innovación como los imaginarios que son articulados localmente y que influyan la construcción de las políticas públicas de innovación. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipation as a lab and a democratic experiment
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

Conference (2018, June 30)

In the last two decades, STS scholars pointed at a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (Irwin 2001, Jasanoff 2003, Wynne 2006). Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments ... [more ▼]

In the last two decades, STS scholars pointed at a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (Irwin 2001, Jasanoff 2003, Wynne 2006). Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments across the world were usually framed against the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, to allow for new forms of democratic engagement. Informed by a co-productionist perspective on participation (Jasanoff 2004, Felt and Fochler 2010, Chilvers and Longhurst 2016, Laurent 2017), this paper builds on, and expands, a paradigm shift in technologies of participation, toward what has been labelled “lab participation”. In short, participation as a lab experiment can be characterized as a form of participation organized by professional participation specialists, taking place under controlled conditions (Bogner 2012). We point at a significant extension of lab participation, not anymore limited to the retreat of participation into spaces insulated from the real-world, but now also including the variety of collective experiments where technologies are tested in real-world conditions, i.e. in ‘Living-Labs’, ‘Fab-Labs’ or ‘test beds'. This paper draws on several years of ethnographic fieldwork across different sites where technologies of lab participation were deployed. We compare two contrasted projects, the organization of a European citizens’ summit on sustainable consumption and the creation of a Living-Lab to involve end-users to co-create innovations in the health sector in Wallonia. While the former project is an ‘instant democracy’ (Sloterdijk and von der Haegen 2005) experiment, responding to sophisticated methodological standards and taking place in a closed environment, the latter is a society-as-a-lab experiment oriented toward ‘innovation-making’ and economic growth. We stress that publics’ involvement in either policy-making or innovation responds to imperatives of intensification and acceleration in order to extract “value” from participants. We conclude by examining the implications of this deepened shift toward lab participation for the performance of democratic orders. [less ▲]

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See detailAnticiper les changements technologiques pour ne plus les subir
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Chefneux, Luc et al

Article for general public (2018)

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les ... [more ▼]

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les débattre, les questionner et participer de manière concertée à orienter leur trajectoire ? [less ▲]

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See detailQuel(s) futur(s) la "révolution numérique" nous promet-elle ? Quels enjeux pour l'enseignement ?
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

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See detailCo-créer, pour quoi ? Justifications et imaginaires socio-techniques sous-tendant une nouvelle vague de participation en sciences et technologies
Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference (2018, January 12)

Les dernières années ont vu une évolution notable des formes de participation publique dans les domaines liés aux sciences et aux technologies. En effet, les années 1970 à 2000 ont vu l’émergence de ... [more ▼]

Les dernières années ont vu une évolution notable des formes de participation publique dans les domaines liés aux sciences et aux technologies. En effet, les années 1970 à 2000 ont vu l’émergence de dispositifs participatifs, souvent empreints d’un idéal délibératif, visant à inclure une multiplicité de « publics » dans des processus de prise de décision. De nos jours, cependant, se développent un ensemble de pratiques d’inclusion de publics dans la production de savoir et d’innovation. Ces pratiques, regroupées sous le label de « co-création », sont fréquemment analysées dans la littérature scientifique sous l’angle de leur contribution à la production de savoirs valides, ou d’innovations plus acceptables, voire plus responsables. L’objectif de cette communication est de les analyser en tant que pratiques de participation publique, performatrices de constructions politiques. Cette communication analyse dès lors les justifications mises en avant par les autorités publiques pour appuyer la promotion des pratiques de co-création dans deux contextes socio-politiques : la Commission Européenne et la Région Wallonne. L’analyse des justifications permet de connecter ces pratiques aux espaces plus larges, notamment institutionnels, dans lesquelles elles sont promues et de les lier aux imaginaires dans lesquels elles s’inscrivent et qui témoignent d’une vision particulière de la relation entre science, technologie et société. [less ▲]

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See detailCitizen Science and its promotion at the European Commission Level: Toward a changing conception of public engagement
Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Tancoigne, Élise

Conference (2017, December 04)

Through this presentation, we analyse the justifications for the recent promotion of Citizen Science at the European Commission level. We also analyse the genesis of this emerging discourse on Citizen ... [more ▼]

Through this presentation, we analyse the justifications for the recent promotion of Citizen Science at the European Commission level. We also analyse the genesis of this emerging discourse on Citizen Science. We therefore link its promotion to previous forms of public engagement that have been promoted by the European Commission, and provide insights on the new conception of science-society relationship that is developing. [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligence artificielle, et si rien n’était déterminé ?
Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au ... [more ▼]

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au développement de l'intelligence artificielle les dimensions éthiques, morales et politiques dont ils manquent cruellement. [less ▲]

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See detailL’intelligence artificielle et la tragique persistance de l’imaginaire de la Silicon Valley
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée ... [more ▼]

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée critique quand beaucoup d'acteurs rêvent d'une Silicon Valley en Belgique ou en Wallonie. [less ▲]

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See detailSaisir les reconfigurations des pratiques d'engagement de "publics" en science et technologie
Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Poster (2017, April 03)

La gouvernance des sciences et des technologies se trouve actuellement dans une situation de tension entre deux dynamiques : un agenda néo-libéral promouvant l’innovation technologique, d’une part, et un ... [more ▼]

La gouvernance des sciences et des technologies se trouve actuellement dans une situation de tension entre deux dynamiques : un agenda néo-libéral promouvant l’innovation technologique, d’une part, et un mouvement de démocratisation et d’expérimentation collective, d’autre part. Cette recherche vise à analyser les effets de cette tension sur les différentes pratiques d’engagement de « publics » promues par les autorités publiques. Elle poursuit dès lors une double ambition : caractériser les formes émergentes d’engagement de « publics » et les comparer aux précédentes afin de saisir ce que ce changement de pratiques implique pour la gouvernance des sciences et des technologies. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamiques mémorielles autour de la répression de la négation du génocide des Arméniens en Belgique et en France
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

in Chabot, Joceline; Doucet, Marie-Michèle; Kasparian, Syvia (Eds.) et al Le génocide des Arméniens : représentations, traces, mémoires (2017)

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See detailLa démocratie liquide au sein du Parti Pirate belge
Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference (2016, December 09)

This communication aims at describing how the Belgian Pirate Party implements a system of Liquid Democracy on an online platform.

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See detailPublic Participation in Science and Technology and its Normative Context. The Participatory Turn’s Legacy and the European ‘Responsible Research and Innovation’ Emerging Framework
Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Master's dissertation (2016)

Over the last two decades in Europe, science and technology’s unforeseen impacts led many STS scholars to plead for a ‘participatory turn’ in order to make our democracies more able to handle ... [more ▼]

Over the last two decades in Europe, science and technology’s unforeseen impacts led many STS scholars to plead for a ‘participatory turn’ in order to make our democracies more able to handle sociotechnical controversies. However, since the outset of this participatory turn, critiques sharing the common emphasize on the importance of taking into account the context in which public participation takes place have pointed to the risk of participation being either romanticized or instrumentalized. This thesis contributes to the critical scrutinizing of public participation in science and technology. By drawing on a set of qualitative data collection strategies and on a discourse analysis of collected materials, it investigates the normative context in which public participation is currently conceived and promoted at the European level and links it to historical perspectives in order to grasp the way in which the participatory turn’s legacy has been impacted. At it shows, far from being left opened-up, public participation is strongly closed-down by normative forces that lies in the context is which its promotion is currently taking place. As argued, public participation appears as instrumentalized in Horizon 2020 due to the increasing economization of policies and the steering of science and innovation toward tackling societal challenges. However, while acknowledging that these trends are characteristic of current developments, some longer ones are highlighted. Indeed, as this research suggests, the instrumentalization of public participation goes largely beyond the mere Horizon 2020. From the Sixth Framework Programme already, it appears that the normative context in which public participation in science and technology has been conceived and promoted has always tended to instrumentalized and to close down the deliberative governance of science. [less ▲]

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See detailFast and not furious: an inquiry into the current low-risk/high-gain configuration of public participation
Rosskamp, Benedikt ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege et al

Conference (2016, June 29)

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” ... [more ▼]

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” with STI have been enacted in a broad array of participatory experiments across Europe. These experiments were usually informed by rhetoric of citizen empowerment and distributed governance, against the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, in order to “enrich”, “deepen”, “broaden” the knowledge base of our democracies. As “embarked researchers”, STS scholars played a crucial role in facilitating and legitimizing the organization of participatory events engaging a variety of publics. This paper will rely on the knowledge and expertise we gathered when organizing multiple participatory events over the last decade, while still trying maintain a critical distance with regard to our own engagement and the types of participation we contributed to enact. More specifically, we propose to draw on the lessons learnt from two recent projects, the organization of a citizens’ summit (Europe Wide Views on Sustainable Consumption) and a prospective study to gauge the potential of involving users in a Living Lab in the health sector in Wallonia. These two projects produced different publics (“citizens-consumers” or “users”), were informed by different political rationales (“sustainability” or “inclusive innovation”), took place in diverse settings (a European FP7 project or a project funded by the Walloon Region) and connected to several narratives of public empowerment through participation (“being heard in policymaking” or “accelerating and improving health”). Our contribution maps and compares the different instrumental and strategic framings of the engagement of publics in those two projects, emphasizing the roles attributed to fabricated publics but also the construction of categories such as the “state” and the “economy”. It unpacks some critical issues related to the methods and techniques used in the concrete implementation of participatory exercises such as, for example, the relation between the assigned tasks, the allowed forms of dialogue between the participants, the room for engagement with the issue(s) at stake and the broader understanding of processes these inputs were supposed to contribute to. Our analysis highlights a tension between the justificatory rationales for public engagement and its specific enactments. In these fast and optimized exercises, participants and their inputs become resources that need to be methodologically maximized and from which “value” may be extracted for instrumental use, i.e. innovation or policy-making. In this configuration in which, we argue, most participation experiments are stuck, the increasing involvement of publics in either policy-making or innovation will only be likely to produce low risk and high gain for powerful actors, who manage to take the best advantage of unpaid and uncritical labour from participants. Due attention (including self-reflexive critique) will be paid to alternative framings and critical insights, which were methodologically eliminated or ‘tamed’ to avoid threatening the design of the overall participatory exercise. By externalizing critique to favour unconditional compliance with imposed notions of the “greater good”, we scrutinize the risk for participation to become a mere space of experimentation for the sake of innovation and economic growth. Furthermore, we argue that critical scholarly work should help to move beyond this particular division of labour and responsibilities between the spheres of science, society and the state in order to avoid re-enacting traditional conceptions of the policy-making process and innovation pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipatory turn’s legacy and the European ‘Responsible Research and Innovation’ emerging framework
Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference (2016, May 20)

Public participation with science and technology (S&T) have often been criticized for risking to be either romanticized or instrumentalized. We propose to investigate the impacts of Responsible Research ... [more ▼]

Public participation with science and technology (S&T) have often been criticized for risking to be either romanticized or instrumentalized. We propose to investigate the impacts of Responsible Research and Innovation’s emerging discourse on the legacy of the so-called ‘participatory turn’. More specifically, we aim to scrutinize the current promotion of Citizen Science at the European Commission related services. [less ▲]

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