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See detailAnalyse des systèmes de production des ménages pastoraux et agro-pastoraux de la région de Diffa à l’est du Niger
Laouali, Abdoulkadri; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Annales de l'Université Abdou Moumouni (2018), XXIII - Série A(2), 129-141

Located in the far eastern part of Niger in an mainly pastoral areas, the region of Diffa practice extensive breeding. However, since the great droughts of the 70s and 80s, rainfall and pasture deficits ... [more ▼]

Located in the far eastern part of Niger in an mainly pastoral areas, the region of Diffa practice extensive breeding. However, since the great droughts of the 70s and 80s, rainfall and pasture deficits are recurrent or even structural. These agro-ecological constraints affect all production systems households. Participatory survey of 300 households sampled in a reasoned way was conducted. The analysis allowed to characterize six production systems. Their analysis shows a diversity of production and adaptation strategies in a natural environment characterized by severe climatic constraints. [less ▲]

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See detailLe mode de gestion du service de l’eau d’irrigation : Un déterminant de l’efficacité technique des exploitations agrumicoles du périmètre de Souss-Massa au Maroc
Maatala, Nassreddine ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2017, December 14)

La région du Souss-Massa, connue par la culture agrumicole à haute valeur ajoutée, est confrontée au problème de mobilisation des ressources en eau. Depuis le début de l’année 2000, la nappe du ... [more ▼]

La région du Souss-Massa, connue par la culture agrumicole à haute valeur ajoutée, est confrontée au problème de mobilisation des ressources en eau. Depuis le début de l’année 2000, la nappe du périmètre de la région a atteint la limite de son potentiel renouvelable Cette situation a incité le gouvernement marocain à réaliser un projet de sauvegarde du périmètre El Guerdane situé dans cette région. Ce projet, lancé en 2005, a été réalisé dans le cadre du Partenariat Public-Privé avec un partenaire en charge de la conception et la construction et qui veille à l’exploitation et à la maintenance depuis la mise en eau en 2009. Pour le périmètre d’Issen, situé dans la même région, les agriculteurs souffrent du même problème de mobilisation des ressources en eau et il est toujours géré par l’Office Régional de Mise en Valeur Agricole du Souss-Massa (ORMVASM). L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier l’effet du mode de gestion du service de l’eau d’irrigation (Partenariat public-privé et gestion publique) sur l’efficacité technique des exploitations agrumicoles dans les deux périmètres. L’estimation de la frontière de production et les scores de l’efficacité technique a été réalisée à partir des données collectées sur le terrain d’un échantillon de 121 exploitations agrumicoles situées dans les deux périmètres. La variabilité de ces scores d’efficacité technique est déterminée par plusieurs facteurs notamment la participation au Programme de Partenariat Public-Privé (PPP) et l’adhésion à des coopératives agricoles. L’estimation de la frontière de production et les scores de l’efficacité technique ont été effectués par le logiciel FRONTIER 4.1, l’analyse de l’efficacité a été réalisée à l’aide du logiciel GRETL en utilisant un modèle Tobit. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Economic Development Pole (EDP) approach in Niger: the case of the Niger-IFAD Program
Andres, Ludovic ULiege; Populin, Martha; Bodé, Sambo et al

Poster (2017, August 29)

Since 2012, the Niger-IFAD Programme uses a new non-administrative geographical intervention unit, the Economic Development Pole (EDP). The EDP is described as a space concentrating economic activities ... [more ▼]

Since 2012, the Niger-IFAD Programme uses a new non-administrative geographical intervention unit, the Economic Development Pole (EDP). The EDP is described as a space concentrating economic activities linked to the production and commercialization of the main agro-pastoral products of the neighbouring production basins. This poster aims to describe and analyze the concept of EDP, to show its first results when put into practice and to analyze its risks. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle des petites entreprises du métier artisanal traditionnel dans le développement local: case d'étude dans le périphérie de Hanoi
Nguyen, Thi Thu Hien ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Nguyen, Van Nghien

in Science and Technology Journal of Agriculture & Rural Development (2017), 15

Rural industrial development and new rural development programmes are the main target of Vietnam in the process of industrialization – modernization of the country. To expedite this process, it is ... [more ▼]

Rural industrial development and new rural development programmes are the main target of Vietnam in the process of industrialization – modernization of the country. To expedite this process, it is necessary to promote the development and encourage the contributions of small enterprise in general and small enterprise rural in particular because practices in many countries show the important role of small and micro enterprises in local development. This paper presents the initial results of research to understand the economic–social contributions of rural enterprises to local development through the mobilization of local resources as well as establishment of the economic-social relations in local of rattan’s enterprises in the suburb of Hanoi, and then propose some measures to facilitate the operation of enterprises and promote the contribution of rattan’s enterprises for local development. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial sustainability assessments in the biobased economy: Towards a systemic approach
Rafiaani, Parisa ULiege; Kuppens, Tom; Van Dael, Miet et al

in Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews (2017)

The majority of impact assessments for the biobased economy are primarily focused on the environmental and (techno-)economic aspects, while social aspects are rarely considered. This study proposes a ... [more ▼]

The majority of impact assessments for the biobased economy are primarily focused on the environmental and (techno-)economic aspects, while social aspects are rarely considered. This study proposes a modified systemic approach for a social sustainability impact assessment of the biobased economy, based on a review on the common methodologies for assessing social impacts. Accordingly, the proposed approach follows the four general iterative steps of social life cycle analysis (SLCA) as it considers all life cycle phases of the biobased economy. The systemic approach considers the potential social impacts on local communities, workers, and consumers as the main three groups of the stakeholders. The review showed that the most common social indicators for inventory analysis within the biobased economy include health and safety, food security, income, employment, land- and worker-related concerns, energy security, profitability, and gender issues. Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) was also highlighted as the broadly utilized methodology for aggregating the results of impact assessments within the biobased economy. Taking a life cycle perspective, this study provides a holistic view of the full sustainability of research, design, and innovation in the biobased economy by suggesting the integration of the social aspects with techno-economic and an environmental life cycle assessment. Our proposed systemic approach makes possible to integrate the social impacts that are highly valued by the affected stakeholders into the existing sustainability models that focus only on environmental and techno-economic aspects. We discuss the steps of the proposed systemic approach in order to identify the challenges of applying them within the biobased economy. These challenges refer mainly to the definition of the functional unit and system boundaries, the selection and the analysis of social indicators (inventory analysis), the aggregation of the inventory to impact categories, and the uncertainties associated with the social sustainability evaluation. The result of this review and the proposed systemic approach serve as a foundation for industry and policy makers to gain a better insight into the importance of social sustainability impacts assessment within the biobased economy. [less ▲]

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See detailRemittances: a Loan Funds for Rural Economy? Illustration from the Kayes Area (Western Mali)
Yao Namé, Juste Michel ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2017, June 12)

In addition to have a direct and positive impact on reducing of food insecurity and poverty gaps in more vulnerable countries to shocks on the rainfall, the remittances received by the migrants families ... [more ▼]

In addition to have a direct and positive impact on reducing of food insecurity and poverty gaps in more vulnerable countries to shocks on the rainfall, the remittances received by the migrants families also allow them to have saving. This is what reveals the self-managed village banks of Kayes’ region, the most important emigration basin of Mali and located in strong climate variations area. However, this saving contributes less at agricultural sector finance. [less ▲]

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See detailLand status of agricultural concessions in Kinshasa (D. R. Congo): Legal framework limitations to Production Incentive.
Masiala Bode, Mabu ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Kinkela Savy Sunda, Charles et al

Conference (2017, March 22)

This article clarifies the land status of agricultural concessions of the Mont-Ngafula council in Kinshasa. This council is particular given that it has a hybrid land status which is both urban and rural ... [more ▼]

This article clarifies the land status of agricultural concessions of the Mont-Ngafula council in Kinshasa. This council is particular given that it has a hybrid land status which is both urban and rural. This therefore entails the application of the two land tenure systems depending on whether the area concerned is urban or rural. The results of this analysis highlights that since the enactment of the 1973 Land Act, access to agricultural land in this region rarely comply with legal procedure; most land occupants rather transact with various individuals who have customary rights over lands (traditional chiefs and customary landowners) instead meeting the competent services. As a matter of fact, from a legal standpoint, most of the occupants simply limit themselves to awarding a provisional occupancy contract, which is just a preparatory step to agricultural concession, the issuance of which appears to be less strenuous as per common practice in the constituency. The fact that land owners limit themselves at the stage of the provisional contract, usually far beyond the officially prescribed deadline, without even launching the application for the concession contract justifies the lack and poor level of development of occupied lands. Meanwhile, the value of these lands increases. The great trust gained by owners from the land administration (through the holding of provisional occupancy contract) and the payment of customary rights enables him/her to keep the funds in serenity and to receive yearly appreciation without an actual agricultural production. Thus, lands status obtained on the basis of this double recognition ensures an apparent land tenure security but does not promote agricultural production. In addition, the Land Act does not include any incentive instruments in this domain, and closer still, mechanisms set out in the law pertaining to the fundamental principles relating to agriculture are not at the verge of being instituted soon, much less the land reform policy initiated by the Congolese Government these past years. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of household risk management strategies for coastal aquaculture: The case of clam farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULiege; Azadi, Hossein ULiege; Huu Cuong, Tran et al

in Aquaculture International (2017), (December 2017), 1-18

Clam farmers have experienced different types of risks that have been further exacerbated by the rapid expansion of clam farming areas, increased growing densities, and increased market difficulties in ... [more ▼]

Clam farmers have experienced different types of risks that have been further exacerbated by the rapid expansion of clam farming areas, increased growing densities, and increased market difficulties in recent years in the Thaibinh Province of Vietnam. Most farmers have been seriously affected by production risk, market risk, and financial risk, while a number of others have met with success in almost all of their clam-raising cycles. This study applied a differentiating comparative analysis method and multiple discriminant analysis method to discuss the differences in risk management strategies between and among clam farming households and the impacts of those differences on their success/failure rates. In general, the tactics are related to increase in farm size, the application of technical innovations, diversifying livelihood activities, and accessing secure financial sources all provided better conditions for clam growth, diminished losses, and led to speedier recovery from shocks. To support farmers in managing risks, several government interventions are needed: (1) better re-zoning of clam farming areas in parallel with an increase in the farm size of each household, (2) promoting sustainable linkages between the farmers and the formal financial market and output market, and (3) investing more funding into research and extension related to sustainable clam farming practices and to the improvement of farmers’ skills in cooperative works and management. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhancing farmers’ market power and income in the pig value chain; a case study in Bac Giang province, Vietnam
Le Thi Minh, Chau; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Tran Quang, Trung

in Livestock Research for Rural Development (2017), 29(12), 13

The pig sector annually contributes about 78 % of the total meat production in Vietnam. The government of Vietnam has implemented numerous policies to promote the development of the pig industry. It ... [more ▼]

The pig sector annually contributes about 78 % of the total meat production in Vietnam. The government of Vietnam has implemented numerous policies to promote the development of the pig industry. It strongly emphasizes the production with little attention paid to marketing. Bac Giang is one of the provinces with the highest pig population in Vietnam. Pig production contributes up to 52% of the gross output of the livestock sector of the province. One of emerging problems is the majority of pig farmers are limited in market power and there is low income from pig production. This study aimed to analyse the pig value chain in Bac Giang province, identify main factors affecting farmers‟ market power and income in the chain, and propose relevant policy implications to enhance farmers‟ market power and income. It was found that pig collectors and pork retailers are the dominant players in the chain in terms of their strong influence on prices due to their coordination role in directing supply of pigs and carcass to market. Numerous factors affecting farmer‟s market power and income are weak collective action of farmers in production, lack of collective marketing, volatility of pig price, lack of formal contract farming, consumers‟ food safety concern, high price of feed and animal disease. Enhancing farmers‟ market power depends on farmers and public authority‟s involvement in the various strategies of implementation. Some policy implications focus on the improvement of farmer collective action and government actions related to supporting farmer collective action. [less ▲]

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See detailNeeds of tea growers for participating in tea production insurance: a case study in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Hai Ninh, ULiege; Nguyen Van, Song; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in AGROFOR International Journal (2017), 2(2), 82-91

The research has evaluated the situation of tea production of tea growers in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam. Average tea plantation area among the largest group of households is 0.61 ha. In production, the ... [more ▼]

The research has evaluated the situation of tea production of tea growers in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam. Average tea plantation area among the largest group of households is 0.61 ha. In production, the types of risks that tea growers encounter include: unfavorable weather (33.4%), diseases (13.2%), insects and worms (2.3%), capital (0.3%) and price which is the most major risk (50.8%). The survey of 1,000 tea growers identified that 46.7% of the households are in need to participate in tea production insurance. The average willingness to pay was estimated to be 2,407.07 (thousand VND/ha/year).If the agricultural program is successfully implemented in the province, it is estimated to have a total agricultural insurance fund of 34-35 billion VND/year. The survey results show that gender, education level, tea growing area and location are factors that affect the level of willingness to pay for agricultural insurance for tea trees. There are four solutions which are proposed to enhance the participation of tea growers in agricultural insurance for tea: (1) Development of an insurance product for the production of fresh tea leaves for easier access from farmers; (2) Active communication on agricultural insurance policy to local authorities, farmers' union, agricultural expansion stations and especially the farmers; (3) Close collaboration between local authorities and enterprises in the review on current mechanisms and policies to timely propose adjustments and supplements to meet the needs of farmers on agricultural insurance; (4) Strengthening coordination between the State, insurance companies, credit and financial institutions and farmers. [less ▲]

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See detailCoping Strategies During Drought: The Case of Rangeland Users in Southwest Iran
Moghaddas Farimani, Shahram; Raufirad, Valiollah; Hunter, Richard et al

in Rangelands (2017), 39(5), 133-142

This study assesses the drought coping strategies of rangeland users (RUs) in Fars province in southwest Iran. Our findings reveal that in the RUs’ experience, the most effective drought coping strategies ... [more ▼]

This study assesses the drought coping strategies of rangeland users (RUs) in Fars province in southwest Iran. Our findings reveal that in the RUs’ experience, the most effective drought coping strategies include reducing stocking rates and the gradual reduction of inefficient, old, and sick livestock. The data also indicate that RUs promote rangeland resilience during a drought through range protection/ exclosures, seeding, and broadcast seeding. This study therefore suggests that the indigenous knowledge of RUs could improve existing training and extension programs by providing localized environmental contexts for developing coping strategies before, during, and after drought [less ▲]

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See detailUpgrading opportunities in agricultural value chains: Lessons from the analysis of the consumption of processed pineapple products in southern Benin
Aoudji, Augustin K.N.; Avocevou-Ayisso, Carole; Adégbidi, Anselme et al

in African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (2017), 2017

This study analyzed the consumption of processed pineapple products in southern Benin. The low processing of agricultural products does not enable sub-Saharan Africa to exploit the potential of ... [more ▼]

This study analyzed the consumption of processed pineapple products in southern Benin. The low processing of agricultural products does not enable sub-Saharan Africa to exploit the potential of agriculture for development. The objective of this paper was to identify upgrading opportunities in Benin’s pineapple value chain. A survey was carried out from December 2012 to February 2013 among 250 respondents randomly selected in five cities in southern Benin; and data were collected based on structured interviews. Dried pineapple, jam, syrup, juice, and cocktail were the processed pineapple products available on the market. Beverages, especially the juice, were the main processed pineapple products. The motivations driving the purchase of processed pineapple beverages by consumers were: competitive price and interest in local, natural and therapeutic beverages. The results indicate there is a margin for the value chain to upgrade products and services, and increase the price of pineapple-based products while staying competitive. A strong marketing and advertisement campaign is essential to support wider knowledge of processed pineapple products by consumers. Product traceability is a prerequisite for export in regional and international markets. This makes the certification of the value chain a critical issue. A joint action of value chain stakeholders is needed to exploit these opportunities. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de la main d’œuvre dans la riziculture de la plaine de la Ruzizi des pays de la CEPGL.
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULiege; Mastaki Namegabe, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Revue Cahiers de l'Association Tiers Monde (2017)

Le salariat agricole se développe et les exploitations agricoles y ont de plus en plus recours, notamment dans la riziculture traditionnellement familiale. Jusque-là peu de travaux s’y sont intéressés ... [more ▼]

Le salariat agricole se développe et les exploitations agricoles y ont de plus en plus recours, notamment dans la riziculture traditionnellement familiale. Jusque-là peu de travaux s’y sont intéressés alors qu’il permet de repenser le fonctionnement des exploitations et d’assurer dans certains cas leur reproduction. Dans la plaine de la Ruzizi, partagée entre trois pays (le Burundi, La RDC et le Rwanda), on observe des flux de main d’œuvre agricole vers la partie congolaise. Ainsi, la présente étude s’intéresse à analyser les facteurs explicatifs du recours à la main d’œuvre salariée extérieure à l’exploitation et au pays pour les riziculteurs congolais. L’étude se base sur les données des enquêtes menées auprès de 120 exploitants rizicoles de la plaine de la Ruzizi choisis de manière aléatoire mais sur base de la méthode des quotas, la zone représentative de chaque pays étant considérée comme une strate. Les résultats révèlent que les hommes et les jeunes prédominent dans la riziculture de ces trois pays et que la main d’ouvre familiale y est insuffisante pour réaliser tous les travaux rizicoles. Les différents tests statistiques réalisés ont montré que les facteurs qui influencent le recours à la main d’œuvre étrangère sont liés aux caractéristiques des riziculteurs et aux facteurs économiques. Par rapport aux caractéristiques des riziculteurs, les facteurs comme le nombre d’actifs dans le ménage, l’âge, la superficie cultivée influence le recours à la main d’œuvre extérieure. Pour les facteurs économiques qui semblent être les plus importants, les riziculteurs font appel à la main d’œuvre étrangère car elle est bon marché, a un savoir-faire et relativement des qualifications techniques dont peuvent bénéficier les rizières congolaises et joue le rôle d’intermédiaire dans l’approvisionnement en intrants à moindre coûts. Dans un contexte post conflits, la mobilité de cette main d’œuvre à travers la zone est une preuve de cohésion et renforce les liens sociaux entre les sociétés de ces trois pays [less ▲]

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See detailInternal return migration in rural of Vietnam: reasons and consequences
Ngo Trung Thanh, ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Nguyen Thi, Dien

Conference (2017)

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See detailImpacts of the Hara Biosphere Reserve on Livelihood and Welfare in Persian Gulf
Dehghani Pour, Milad; Motiee, Naser; Akbar Barati, Ali et al

in Ecological Economics (2017), 141(November 2017), 7686

Despite the importance of biosphere reserves in Iran's livelihood and welfare, the economic significance of Hara Biosphere Reserve has never been comprehensively studied. This study examines the current ... [more ▼]

Despite the importance of biosphere reserves in Iran's livelihood and welfare, the economic significance of Hara Biosphere Reserve has never been comprehensively studied. This study examines the current importance of Hara Biosphere Reserve (HBR) in local livelihood and welfare. Using a household survey, data were collected through a questionnaire, key informant interviews and direct observations. Two hundred and forty-four households were randomly selected from 10 villages through proportional sampling. Results showed that non-environmental income was the first driver of the total income, poverty alleviation and narrowing income inequality gap. Park income was the second. The results also showed that excluding park income from total income would significantly increase headcount poverty, widen the poverty gap, and raise the Gini coefficient. Wealthier households had the greatest absolute income from the environment, including forest, fishing and fodder. However, the poorest group had smallest absolute income from these sources. Thus, the study demonstrated that wealthier households are responsible for the overharvesting of environmental resources. Interestingly, the study showed that wealthier households are more dependent on profitable environmental incomes sources while the poorest are more dependent on non-profitable ones. [less ▲]

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See detailLabor Use and Management in Vietnamese Craft Villages: A Case Study in Tu Son Town, Bac Ninh Province
Nguyen Thi Hai Ninh, ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Asian Research Journal of Business Management (2017), 4(4), 54-63

The findings of the research on 150 laborers in three craft villages show that 41.33 percent of labor are concentrated in the age group of 30-45, of these laborers men is accounted for over 57 percent ... [more ▼]

The findings of the research on 150 laborers in three craft villages show that 41.33 percent of labor are concentrated in the age group of 30-45, of these laborers men is accounted for over 57 percent, and only 26 percent are skilled labor. Most of the laborers are working in noisy and unsafe conditions, and less than 30% of them are equipped with labor protection equipment. Moreover, the prevailing salaries of laborers are from 3 to 5 million VND per month whereas the rate of labor contracted is very low (the highest is about 23% at Da Hoi), that makes labourers are less satisfied with work. In order to determine factors effecting laborer’s satisfaction with work, the authors use Exploratory Factor Analysis and the results show that Cronbach Alfa coefficient of each group is more than 0.6. That indicates the use of 30 observation variations belonging to 5 factors in the study is suitable. Additionally, logistic model reports that working conditions, income, welfare policies and gender have a statistically significant effect on job satisfaction of labourers. When the score of the importance of working condition increases 1 point, the probability of workers satisfy with their works increases 1.307 time. When the score of importance of income increases 1 point, the probability of satisfaction increases 1.494 time. When the score of importance of treatment policy increases 1 point, the probability of satisfaction increases 1.329 time. Therefore craft villages need to improve these factors in order to improve the efficiency of labour. [less ▲]

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See detailUn Professeur belge donne son expertise sur l'agriculture high-tech du Vietnam
Kim Chung; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailAnalyse de la rentabilité financière de la production de semence du riz au Bénin
Dossouhoui, François Vihôdé ULiege; Agossou S.M., Désiré; Adégbidi, Anselme et al

in Journal of Applied Biosciences (2017), (May 2017), 11267-11275

Objectif : Cette étude vise, à travers une analyse de la rentabilité financière, à mettre en exergue l’intérêt que peut susciter la production de semences de qualité dans les divers systèmes de production ... [more ▼]

Objectif : Cette étude vise, à travers une analyse de la rentabilité financière, à mettre en exergue l’intérêt que peut susciter la production de semences de qualité dans les divers systèmes de production et la place du secteur privé dans la gestion du système semencier. Méthodologie et résultats : L’étude a été conduite auprès d’un échantillon de 57 producteurs de semences certifiées et de riz de consommation choisis de façon aléatoire dans trois départements : Mono, Zou et Collines où trois systèmes de production se côtoient. Il a été fait recours à la méthode d’analyse de marges et les résultats ont été comparés chaque fois à la production de riz de consommation par système de production : riz pluvial, riz de bas-fonds et riz irrigué. Il en résulte que la production de semences est plus rentable et l’est davantage dans le système d’irrigation. Conclusion et application des résultats : La présente étude a été conduite dans un contexte où l’État est intervenu pour promouvoir l’accès aux semences améliorées suite à la crise alimentaire de 2008. L’État, à travers son dispositif de vulgarisation organise, la collecte de semences auprès des producteurs multiplicateurs accrédités et subventionne la redistribution aux producteurs de riz de consommation. L’intérêt que porte cette étude sur la rentabilité financière de l’activité de production de semences certifiées réside dans la nécessité de disposer de données fiables pour susciter l’implication des entreprises privées dans le système semencier et faciliter l’accès aux crédits pour les multiplicateurs de semences. Pour un système compétitif et adéquat aux besoins des producteurs, il est impérieux de réfléchir sur un partenariat compagnies privées de distribution et producteurs multiplicateurs de semences certifiées. Ce dispositif facilitera la disponibilité et l’accès à un prix abordable aux semences de qualité pour les producteurs du riz. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Partenariats Public-Privé : fondement théorique et analyse économique
Maatala, Nassreddine ULiege; Benabdellah, Majid; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires (2017), 5(2 (Mai 2017)),

The Public-Private Partnership (PPP) is globally recognized as a common style of management, especially in the following sectors: transportation, public services and community facilities. The interests of ... [more ▼]

The Public-Private Partnership (PPP) is globally recognized as a common style of management, especially in the following sectors: transportation, public services and community facilities. The interests of this partnership approach reside in the off-budget financing for the public partner, in the private partners’ high rate of return, in the reduced completion deadlines of the projects, and finally in the availability and quality of the public service provided. The economic theory sees in PPPs many advantages and disadvantages related not only to the partnership, but also to the nature of the public-private relationship that is considered as a particular relationship. In this article, we analyze in the first part the main theoretical foundations in which the Public Private Partnership (PPP) is inserted, then, we present the assumptions and the principles of each theory. In the second part, we present an economic analysis of this partnership approach while going through its advantages, disadvantages, and potential paths to address its limitations. [less ▲]

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See detailVulnerability evaluation of millet and sorghum cropping system to climate change and adoption of new technologies in Mali
Sissoko, Penda ULiege; Aune, Jens B.; Senneväg, Gry et al

in Asian Journal of Science and Technology (2017), 8(1), 4176-4182

This study analyzes the vulnerability of agricultural cropping systems based on millet and sorghum and the adoption of new technologies in Sahelian and Sudano - Sahelian areas in Mali (West Africa). Semi ... [more ▼]

This study analyzes the vulnerability of agricultural cropping systems based on millet and sorghum and the adoption of new technologies in Sahelian and Sudano - Sahelian areas in Mali (West Africa). Semi-structured interviews (ISS) using questionnaires addressed to the chiefs of family farm (FAE) were used for the collection of data. The descriptive statistics and matrices were realized for the data analysis using the following softwares: EXCEL and SPSS20.The results of the surveys conducted in 2014 among 360 farms in Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian areas, shows that agricultural producers are aware of the main factors affecting the productivity of their cropping system and food security of agricultural holdings. Rainfall variability, characterized by failure and irregularity of rains is the main constraint of cropping systems based on millet and sorghum as stated by 97% of surveyed producers, followed by soil poverty 81%, and the lack of agricultural equipment 47%. The impacts of these factors at the farms level are translated by a decrease in the crops yields and on the frequency of the shortages in foodstuffs which are observed by 98% of the farms every year and more than 50% every 3 years. To reduce vulnerabilities, practices and innovations were adopted by farms as strategies. The main concern fertilizer micro dosing technics, seed soaking, improved varieties, organic and mineral fertilization, soils and water management technics, mechanical sowing, and agro forestry were adopted as strategies. [less ▲]

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