References of "Lebailly, Philippe"
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See detailLes déterminants des rendements du mil et du sorgho avec la technique de microdosage d’engrais
Sissoko, Penda ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Veterinaires (in press), 7(2),

La technique de microdosage d’engrais a été développée par l’Institut International de recherche sur les cultures des zones tropicales et semi-arides (ICRISAT) en partenariat avec les instituts nationaux ... [more ▼]

La technique de microdosage d’engrais a été développée par l’Institut International de recherche sur les cultures des zones tropicales et semi-arides (ICRISAT) en partenariat avec les instituts nationaux de recherche au Sahel pour répondre aux contraintes de productivité des céréales sèches, en l’occurrence les cultures de mil et de sorgho. Cette étude vise à l’identification des déterminants de la productivité du mil et du sorgho avec l’application de la technique du microdosage d’engrais par les producteurs. Des enquêtes agronomiques ont été réalisées pour collecter des données auprès de 108 producteurs agricoles dans les régions sahélienne et soudano-sahélienne du Mali. Les statistiques descriptives et les méthodes analytiques ont été utilisées pour analyser les données avec le logiciel STATA. Les résultats ont montré que le microdosage d’engrais, les variétés améliorées, la fumure organique, les techniques de conservation du sol et de l’eau, le semoir à disque et l’utilisation de la subvention d’engrais par les producteurs sont des variables positifs et significatifs dans le rendement du mil et du sorgho. [less ▲]

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See detailRemittances: A loan funds for rural economy? Evidence from the Kayes District (Western Mali)
Yao Namé, Juste Michel ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in O’Connor, Michael; Afonso, Joana Silva (Eds.) Emerging Challenges and Innovations in Microfinance and Financial Inclusion (2019, July)

In addition to have a direct and positive impact on reducing of food insecurity and poverty gaps in more vulnerable countries to shocks on the rainfall, the remittances received by the migrants families ... [more ▼]

In addition to have a direct and positive impact on reducing of food insecurity and poverty gaps in more vulnerable countries to shocks on the rainfall, the remittances received by the migrants families also allow them to have saving. This is what reveals the self-managed village banks of Kayes’ region, the most important emigration basin of Mali and located in strong climate variations area. However, this saving contributes less at agricultural sector finance. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainable and innovative agriculture in Vietnam: past, present and future
Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2019, April 12)

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See detailInternal Return Migration in Rural of Vietnam: Reasons and Consequences
Ngo Trung Thanh, ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Dien, Nguyen Thi

in Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences (2019), 10(1), 17

Many researchers have tried to explain the motivation behind out and return migration. However, few bodies of literature focus on selection of destinations of out migration, motives to return according to ... [more ▼]

Many researchers have tried to explain the motivation behind out and return migration. However, few bodies of literature focus on selection of destinations of out migration, motives to return according to marriage status of migrants before the return and gender perspective of employments on the return. By surveying 68 returnees and applying participatory rural appraisal, this study shows that the personal and household characteristics of returnees before the migration create an effect on destination selections On the return, both single and married migrants are motivated by filial obligations to their parents. Single migrants’ motive associates to the potential failures that can be a burden on their livings after getting married. Married migrants’ motive to return results from living away from their children. This study also demonstrates that women play an important role in the development of agriculture. Additionaly, agriculture acts as a buffer to the negative impacts of return migration. [less ▲]

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See detailLabor Division in Pig Farming Households: An Analysis of Gender and Economic Perspectives in the Red River Delta Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Hai Ninh, ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Nguyen Mau Dung,

in International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues (2019), 9(1), 183-192

This paper attemps to understand about gender division of labor in pig farming households and to identify factors affecting that division. Using primary data collected from 40 pig farming, we find that ... [more ▼]

This paper attemps to understand about gender division of labor in pig farming households and to identify factors affecting that division. Using primary data collected from 40 pig farming, we find that female laborers play more important role in pig production. More than 60% of women participating in making decision regarding to many stages of pig farming. Especially, in small scale households women are observed to take main responsibility for almost all activities as many men do off-farm jobs far from home. Compared to wives, husbands are more likely to make decision regarding pig farming. Nevertheless, in households with higher-educated and younger couples, we identify a higher probability of husband and wife making decision together. Therefore, to improve the role of women in pig farming, it is necessary for local authority to train them knowledge relating to pig farming and to change their husbands’ perception on gender equality. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentifying Social Indicators for Sustainability Assessment of CCU Technologies: A Modified Multi-criteria Decision Making
Rafiaani, Parisa ULiege; Dikopoulou, Zoumpolia; Van Dael, Miet et al

in Social Indicators Research (2019)

Carbon capture and utilization (CCU) technologies capture CO2 waste emissions and utilize them to generate new products (such as fuels, chemicals, and materials) with various environmental, economic, and ... [more ▼]

Carbon capture and utilization (CCU) technologies capture CO2 waste emissions and utilize them to generate new products (such as fuels, chemicals, and materials) with various environmental, economic, and social opportunities. As most of these CCU technologies are in the R&D stage, their technical and economic viability are examined with less attention to the social aspect which is an important pillar for a holistic sustainability assessment. The lack of systematic social impact research is mainly due to the difficulty of identifying and quantifying social aspects through the entire life cycle of products. We will fill this gap for CCU technologies and identify the main social indicators. A multi-criteria decision making tool: technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) was applied to empirically determine which indicators are more relevant for assessing the social impact of a company operating CCU activities within a European context. First, seeing that social impact categories are linked to key stakeholder groups, we considered workers, consumers, and local communities as relevant stakeholders. Second, the main social impact categories and their potential performance indicators associated to each group of stakeholders were listed using the United Nations Environment Program/Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (UNEP/SETAC) guidelines. In the third step, an online questionnaire was distributed to identify the main social categories and indicators for CCU, to which 33 European CCU experts responded. Finally, a modified TOPSIS was applied to rank the indicators based on their relevance. We found that the indicators related to “end of life responsibility” and “transparency” within a CCU company achieved the highest rank affecting the consumers group, whereas “fair salary” and “equal opportunities/discriminations” were determined as the most relevant impact categories for the workers. For the local community group, “secure living conditions” and “local employment” received the highest priority from the experts’ point of view. Furthermore, “health and safety” considerations were identified as one of the most important criteria affecting all three groups of stakeholders. The ranking list of the main social indicators identified in our study provides the basis for the next steps in the social sustainability assessment of CCU technologies; that is, data collection and impact assessment. Our outcomes can also be used to inform the producers regarding the most and least relevant social aspects of CCU so that the potential social impacts caused by their production activities can be improved or prevented. [less ▲]

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See detailMobile money for financial inclusion in Rwanda: what drives the user's behaviour ?
Maniriho, Aristide ULiege; Musabanganji, Edouard; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2019)

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See detailAn analysis of savings among rural poor households in Rwanda
Maniriho, Aristide ULiege; Musabanganji, Edouard; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2019)

The household’s savings are considered the primary source of the investment, which is in turn the driver of economic growth and development. This study attempted to identify the determinants of private ... [more ▼]

The household’s savings are considered the primary source of the investment, which is in turn the driver of economic growth and development. This study attempted to identify the determinants of private savings among the rural poor households in Rwanda. We used the 5th round of the Integrated Household Living Conditions survey data conducted in Rwanda every four years. A simultaneous-equations model was specified and estimated using the 2SLS method to account for endogeneity and simultaneity bias, complemented with t test and correlation analysis. The results from the t test show that savings among rural poor households is significantly positive. The econometric estimates showed farm income is not among the determinants of saving while consumption is among the most significant drivers of saving of the rural poor in Rwanda. We recommend that socioeconomic development programs, projects and/or policy that aim at improving the level of income and thus affecting the savings among rural poor households should be enhanced. [less ▲]

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See detailNew Urban Consumption Patterns and Local Agriculture : Application to the Bukavu HORECA Sector (RDC)
Neema Ciza, Angélique ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

Conference (2019)

The rapid urbanization experienced by all developing countries is recognized as the key factor in the current evolution of food consumption. In the city of Bukavu, the consumption pattern is evolving and ... [more ▼]

The rapid urbanization experienced by all developing countries is recognized as the key factor in the current evolution of food consumption. In the city of Bukavu, the consumption pattern is evolving and diversifying towards an of out-of-home catering as a new restauration mode.The purpose of this article is to analyze whether this new consumption pattern gives in consumption can constitute an opportunity for local agricultural products. To achieves this goal a survey was conducted on 45 restaurants sampled in the Bukavu city. A survey questionnaire based on food types, offer to consummers, frequency of consumption and income was submitted to the restaurateurs. Two main types of restaurants were identified, of which 71% were "MALEWA" and 29% were modern restaurants. In these two types of restaurants both local and imported products are genaraly used. The survey results also showed that 58 % of sales income is used to purchase local products and only 18 % is used to purchase imported products in the « MALEWA » restaurant. On the other hand, 38% of sales income used to purchase local products versus 31% purchased imported products in the modern restaurant. There is therefore an opportunity to be seized for the local agriculture which can find in these new modes of consumption new and remunerative outlets. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Participation of Rural Youth in Smallholder Farming in Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULiege; Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Youth Voice Journal (2019)

Smallholder farming which is the important source of employment as well as food security, has become a priority on the development agenda, focusing attention on the next generation of farmers. However ... [more ▼]

Smallholder farming which is the important source of employment as well as food security, has become a priority on the development agenda, focusing attention on the next generation of farmers. However, emerging researches show that even though youth have potential qualities to promote agriculture, most of them appear reluctant to enter farming. The study aimed at finding out the determinants which influence rural youth participation in agriculture, and identified conditions under which capable youth being interested in agriculture. Based on the empirical findings in Red River Delta of Vietnam, the study revealed that that age, sex, marital status, education level, family background, as well as the ability of rural credit facilities and land access are important factors associated with rural youth’s participation in agricultural activities. Furthermore, the perception on agriculture as a heavy work, low income and low status made farming unattractive prospect for many. The analysis suggests that factors new information communication technologies and associates desire for consumption have influence on decisions about farming choice. Moreover, majority of the respondents were attracted to invest independent in their own farms rather than being employed as agricultural labour or involved in family farms. [less ▲]

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See detailL’imbrication entre l’aide d’urgence et l’aide au développement agricole : synergie entre deux modèles
Andres, Ludocvic; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l’Association Tiers-Monde n°34-2019 : XXXIVes Journées sur le développement "L'émergence en question : marqueurs et dynamiques du développement" (2019)

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See detailEtude de l’analyse de la compétitivité du riz local et des options de son amélioration
Michel, Baudouin ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Mpanzu Balomba, Patience et al

Report (2019)

L’Etude de l’analyse de la compétitivité du riz local et des options de son amélioration s’inscrit dans le cadre de la Stratégie Nationale de Développement de la Riziculture en République Démocratique du ... [more ▼]

L’Etude de l’analyse de la compétitivité du riz local et des options de son amélioration s’inscrit dans le cadre de la Stratégie Nationale de Développement de la Riziculture en République Démocratique du Congo. Son objectif est d’analyser la chaîne de production du riz local dans les différentes provinces en adoptant une approche chaîne de valeur pour comprendre les goulots d’étranglement au niveau de chaque maillon analysé, le mécanisme des prix pratiqués et le coût final au niveau du consommateur et l’approche filière qui a permis de réaliser les différentes analyses : analyse technique, analyse économique, analyse financière et analyse organisationnelle et institutionnelle. Le but final visé de l’étude est d’identifier et d’évaluer les options stratégiques, les options politiques et les options techniques qui peuvent être mises en place afin d’améliorer la compétitivité de la production du riz local, mais aussi de déterminer le rôle de l’Etat et du secteur privé dans la mise en œuvre de la stratégie proposée. La réalisation de cette étude a été confiée au Groupement AGRER – EARTH dans le cadre du Contrat DP N° 007/UNCP_PARRSA/JNE/02/2015. L’étude a été initiée par la Direction des Etudes et de la Planification du Secrétariat Général à l’Agriculture et financée par la Banque mondiale à travers le Projet d’Appui à la Réhabilitation et à la Relance du Secteur Agricole, PARRSA. Au terme du diagnostic effectué dans les huit (8) provinces ciblées, de l’exploitation des données secondaires disponibles et des études réalisées sur la filière rizicole par le passé, la mission a pu établir une matrice AFOM. Pour relancer la filière riz locale en RDC et améliorer la compétitivité du riz produit localement face au riz importé, il importe de lever les principaux goulots d’étranglement qui se situent sur tous les maillons de la chaîne avec un accent particulier sur les maillons de la production et de la transformation du paddy. Le maillon de la production accuse un déficit de productivité physique par rapport aux autres pays voisins de la RDC qui ont pourtant moins d’atouts naturels tandis que le maillon de la transformation est à la base de la faible qualité du riz congolais. Ces actions reposent autour de cinq (5) axes complémentaires suivants : aménager, intensifier, organiser – structurer, transformer, fédérer. Une fois mises en œuvre, elles devraient permettre à la riziculture congolaise de devenir compétitive, de satisfaire les besoins des Congolais en riz, d’augmenter les revenus des différents acteurs de la filière et de contribuer à la réduction de la pauvreté. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the Impact of Partnership Program on the Technical and Economic Efficiency of Irrigation Water Use for Moroccan Citrus Farms
Maatala, Nassreddine; Fadloui, Aziz; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (2019), 4(2), 70-79

A public-private partnership (PPP) in irrigated area is a mode of collaboration and governance that allows the Moroccan Government to entrust the design, financing, construction, operation and maintenance ... [more ▼]

A public-private partnership (PPP) in irrigated area is a mode of collaboration and governance that allows the Moroccan Government to entrust the design, financing, construction, operation and maintenance of irrigation equipment to a private enterprise. In this research, we want to estimate technical efficiency of farms, the technical and economic efficiency of irrigation water use, analyzing the determinants of each of these aspects. The sampling was undertaken using the propensity score matching. The estimation of the farms’ technical efficiency was carried out using FRONTIER 4.1 software and a stochastic parametric method with the functional form Translog. The transition from an output orientation to an input orientation in order to estimate the technical and economic efficiency scores of the irrigation water was carried out through the use of the Reinhard derivative. The determinants of these aspects were analyzed with the Gnu Regression, Econometrics and Time series Library (Gretl) software using the Tobit model. A survey was carried out among 130 citrus growers (65 pairs). The average of the technical efficiency increased from 62% in 2009 to 72% in 2016. This improvement is explained by the presence of highly qualified employed who assure the management and the technical supervision of the workers on the farms. Conversely, the analysis shows that the PPP irrigation program has had no impact on the farms’ technical efficiency scores. On the basis of the results, it is appropriate to focus on several aspects in order to improve the different types of efficiencies. Indeed, the Moroccan Government must ensure the aspect of the technical supervision of farmers in the two perimeters, which will better help to control the technical conduct of citrus farms. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing the adaptive capacity of households to climate change: a case study in Quang Dien District, Thua Thien Hue Province
Tran Cong Dung; Dao Duy Minh; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Hue University Journal of Science (2019), 128(5C), 97-111

This study aims to identify the adaptation capacity undertaken by households in response to natural disasters and climate changes (CC). A total of 100 households in two communes including Quang Phuoc and ... [more ▼]

This study aims to identify the adaptation capacity undertaken by households in response to natural disasters and climate changes (CC). A total of 100 households in two communes including Quang Phuoc and Quang Cong, Quang Dien district were interviewed. The findings indicate that in the last few years, these communes have been badly affected by various types of natural hazards, including typhoons, floods, droughts and, and extremely cold weather. The study demonstrates that the adaptive capacity index in Quang Cong is significantly lower than that in Quang Phuoc (0.50 and 0.52). Also, the current adaptation actions of local households in response to natural disasters and CC have focused on short-term actions only. On the basis of the findings, the study proposes key recommendations to local households in Quang Dien district to effectively mitigate and adapt to natural disasters and CC. The recommendations encompass three groups, namely (i) raising awareness and understanding about CC; (ii) improving the infrastructure system; and (iii) diversifying livelihood strategies to increase income. [less ▲]

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See detailAccess to Rural Credit Markets in Developing Countries, the Case of Vietnam: A Literature Review
Ta Nhat Linh, ULiege; Hoang Thanh Long, ULiege; Le Van Chi et al

in Sustainability (2019), 11(5), 18

Agricultural sectors play an important role in the process of economic development of a country, especially in developing ones. Vietnam is known as an emerging market, which depends directly on ... [more ▼]

Agricultural sectors play an important role in the process of economic development of a country, especially in developing ones. Vietnam is known as an emerging market, which depends directly on agriculture-related activities for their livelihood, in which the issue of rural credit access still remains a confounding problem. The paper focuses on the characteristics of rural credit markets, the determinants of farmer access to the markets, the socio-economic impacts of credit access in Vietnam and briefly comparing with those of some developing countries. This question is addressed by reviewing existing literature and empirical evidence, followed by a comprehensive case study in Vietnam. Comprehensive literature review with secondary data collection and key informant interviews are methods that are applied in this research. The results of this analysis indicate the features of Vietnam markets as participated constraints, government intervention, and segmentation. Other results reveal the significant determinants of credit accessibility. Impacts of credit access on output production, household income, and poverty reduction are highlighted in this paper. Some managerial implications are recommended for households through participation in lending networks; for financial institutions relating to expand target clients as well as capital allocation; and, for policy-makers via ensuring market competitiveness and sustainable development in the long run. [less ▲]

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See detailCoffee cooperatives and women empowerment in Rwanda’s rural areas - A case study of Karaba coffee cooperative
Gisaro M., Ya-Bititi; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Orjuela, Camilla et al

in Roelants, Bruno; Eum, Hyungsik; Esim, Simel (Eds.) et al Cooperatives and the World of Work (2019)

Cooperatives bring socio-economic benefits to their members through combining forces with others. Worldwide, it is estimated that there are around 800,000 cooperatives which provide affordable products ... [more ▼]

Cooperatives bring socio-economic benefits to their members through combining forces with others. Worldwide, it is estimated that there are around 800,000 cooperatives which provide affordable products and services and access to resources (UNDESA, 2014). Cooperatives create opportunities and promote income generating activities for many communities by providing goods and services through their daily activities. They provide medical care, access to markets, and job creation. Apart from enabling their members to access economies of scale, cooperatives help to enhance the status of their members to voice their needs and challenges in the community. Access to resources helps cooperative members to improve the quality of life by enhancing social and economic empowerment of women. It is in this context that Karaba coffee farmers joined their organization in order to address their social and economic problems. Cooperatives have empowered their members by creating jobs and other advantages. The potential contribution of women empowerment in development and poverty reduction is supported by global institutions such as the World Bank and other development practitioners. Cooperatives are used as engines of development in homesteads and agricultural activities (Gibson, 2005; UNDESA, 2012). Rwanda’s paid labour force employed as casual workers in agriculture sector and other informal sector constitute 97.3 per cent of active persons with very low salaries (Ansoms, 2008; Birchall, 2003). In addition to housework, most of the women in Rwanda’s coffee producing zones are involved in coffee production. The major concern of this study is to assess the role of cooperatives in empowering rural women in Karaba. The study aims at answering the following questions: (i) To what extent has Karaba coffee cooperative contributed to social and economic empowerment of women? (ii) What is the impact of women empowerment on Rwanda’s rural households? [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Land Use Changes on Soil and Vegetation Characteristics in Fereydan, Iran
Eghdami, Hanieh; Azhdari, Ghanimat; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege et al

in Agriculture (2019), 9(3), 58

To understand and manage ecosystem complexity, it is important to determine the relationships between soil characteristics, human activities, and biodiversity. This study analyzes the relationships ... [more ▼]

To understand and manage ecosystem complexity, it is important to determine the relationships between soil characteristics, human activities, and biodiversity. This study analyzes the relationships between vegetation, soil, and man-made damage with regards to land use change in the Fereydan region, Iran. Soil physical properties such as sand and silt content, clay, saturated soil’s moisture content, and gravel percentage as well as chemical properties such as lime content, pH, electro conductivity (EC), and organic matter content were measured. In order to trace these variables, the principle component analysis (PCA) was applied. The study area was divided into three states of conditions; i.e., good condition rangelands, poor condition rangelands, and abandoned rain-fed area. Based on the results there was a significant difference between species diversity in good condition rangelands compared with two other sites. The results further revealed that among soil chemical and physical characteristics, only soil organic matter had a significant difference between different rangeland sites. According to the results, the rangelands with good conditions had the highest amount of organic matter (1.43–1.50%) compared with two other studied rangelands (poor conditions: 1.02–1.09%; abandoned rain-fed: 1.2–1.46%). The most influential factor on the species diversity index was the distance to village parameter that revealed the important role of humans in degrading rangelands and reducing species diversity. [less ▲]

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See detailProductivity and competitiveness of Rwandan agriculture: a case study of the maize sector
Musabanganji, Edouard; Ruranga, Charles; Nzabanita, Joseph et al

in AGROFOR International Journal (2019), 4(1), 32-40

This study investigated the level of productivity and competitiveness of Rwandanagriculture by focusing on the case study of the maize sector. The data werecollected through close monitoring of maize ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the level of productivity and competitiveness of Rwandanagriculture by focusing on the case study of the maize sector. The data werecollected through close monitoring of maize production activities on a sample of 50producers from five maize producers’ cooperatives selected in the districts ofHuye, Rusizi, Gasabo, Burera and Bugesera (Rwanda) during two agriculturalseasons of 2013/2014 and 2014/2015. They were supplemented by directobservation, interviews with targeted resource persons and secondary data onmaize imports and exports retrieved from FAOSTAT website. The analysis wasconducted using the comparative analysis, the farm-level economic performanceindicators, the Net Export Index (NEI) and theGrubel-Lloyd (GL) measure. Theresults revealed that the yield was very low compared to theoretical expected yieldsfor about 80% of producers. The analysis showed that the rational use of improvedseeds, chemical and organic fertilizersimproved the yield. The analysis of the NEIand the GL measures for maize flour and maize grain revealed that Rwanda was anet importer. For these staple foods, the results revealed that if Rwanda managed,through policy and institutional actions, to remove or alleviate the bottlenecks thatprevent farmers from producing enough for export, it could have had a competitiveadvantage on regional markets. [less ▲]

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