References of "Lafleur, Jean-Michel"
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See detailProtecting the diaspora? COVID 19 and the emergency policy measures of European countries for their citizens abroad
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Konstantinidou, Angeliki ULiege et al

Scientific conference (2020, June 24)

In a context of increased migration and overexposure of mobile individuals to social risks, the social protection of diaspora populations has become an area of concern across Europe. However, there is ... [more ▼]

In a context of increased migration and overexposure of mobile individuals to social risks, the social protection of diaspora populations has become an area of concern across Europe. However, there is still substantial variation in how EU Member States respond to the needs of their nationals residing abroad. Such variation is also observed in the emergency measures that European countries have adopted for their non-resident nationals in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. This presentation focuses on EU states’ policy (re)actions affecting the diaspora, from travel restrictions and repatriation initiatives to consular assistance in host countries and specific measures adopted for returnees. [less ▲]

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See detailLeaving Europe: New Crises, Entrenched Inequalities and Alternative Routes of Social Mobility
Arnaut, Karel; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Fadil, Nadia et al

in Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies (2020), 18(3), 261-269

This article addresses conceptual issues around contemporary forms of out-of-Europe migrations of various European publics. In particular, we ask how such moves contribute to both the decentring of Europe ... [more ▼]

This article addresses conceptual issues around contemporary forms of out-of-Europe migrations of various European publics. In particular, we ask how such moves contribute to both the decentring of Europe in migration debates, and to the ‘de-migranticization' (Dahinden, 2016) of the social scientific study of migration. This article also serves as the introduction to this special issue entitled “Leaving Europe: Alternative routes of up/outward mobility” that aims to document ethnographically new forms of European emigration and shed light on an imaginary of Europe which is not conceived as a place of prosperity and success but rather as a locus of disempowerment. [less ▲]

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See detailDiaspora Policies, Consular Services and Social Protection for French Citizens Abroad
Arrighi, Jean-Thomas; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela (Eds.) Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 2)comparing Consular Services and Diaspora Policies (2020)

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See detailMigration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 3) A Focus on Non-EU Sending States
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege

Book published by Springer - IMISCOE Research Series (2020)

This third and last open access volume in the series takes the perspective of non-EU countries on immigrant social protection. By focusing on 12 of the largest sending countries to the EU, the book ... [more ▼]

This third and last open access volume in the series takes the perspective of non-EU countries on immigrant social protection. By focusing on 12 of the largest sending countries to the EU, the book tackles the issue of the multiple areas of sending state intervention towards migrant populations. Two “mirroring” chapters are dedicated to each of the 12 non-EU states analysed (Argentina, China, Ecuador, India, Lebanon, Morocco, Russia, Senegal, Serbia, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey). One chapter focuses on access to social benefits across five core policy areas (health care, unemployment, old-age pensions, family benefits, guaranteed minimum resources) by discussing the social protection policies that non-EU countries offer to national residents, non-national residents, and non-resident nationals. The second chapter examines the role of key actors (consulates, diaspora institutions and home country ministries and agencies) through which non-EU sending countries respond to the needs of nationals abroad. The volume additionally includes two chapters focusing on the peculiar case of the United Kingdom after the Brexit referendum. Overall, this volume contributes to ongoing debates on migration and the welfare state in Europe by showing how non-EU sending states continue to play a role in third country nationals’ ability to deal with social risks. As such this book is a valuable read to researchers, policy makers, government employees and NGO’s. [less ▲]

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See detailDo EU Member States Care About their Diasporas’ Access to Social Protection? A Comparison of Consular and Diaspora Policies across EU27
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela (Eds.) Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 2): Comparing Consular Services and Diaspora Policies (2020)

Despite the growing literature on sending states’ engagement with their populations abroad, little is known so far about their role in helping the diaspora deal with social risks. As argued in this ... [more ▼]

Despite the growing literature on sending states’ engagement with their populations abroad, little is known so far about their role in helping the diaspora deal with social risks. As argued in this chapter, this is mainly because past studies on sending states’ policies and institutions for the diaspora have failed to systematically focus on social protection, while also ignoring that regional integration dynamics often constrain domestic responses to the welfare needs of nationals residing abroad. This volume aims to fill this research gap by comparatively examining the type of diaspora infrastructure through which EU Member States address the vulnerabilities faced by populations abroad in five core areas of social protection: health care, pensions, family, unemployment, and economic hardship. Drawing on data from two original surveys with national experts, we operationalize the concepts of descriptive infrastructure for non-residents (i.e. the presence of diaspora-related institutions) and substantive infrastructure (i.e. policies that provide and facilitate access to welfare for nationals abroad) in order to propose a new typology of states’ engagement with their diaspora in the area of social protection. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 2) Comparing Consular Services and Diaspora Policies
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege

Book published by Springer - IMISCOE Research Series (2020)

This second open access book in a series of three volumes examines the repertoire of policies and programmes led by EU Member States to engage with their nationals residing abroad. Focusing on sending ... [more ▼]

This second open access book in a series of three volumes examines the repertoire of policies and programmes led by EU Member States to engage with their nationals residing abroad. Focusing on sending states’ engagement in the area of social protection, this book shows how a series of emigration-related policies that go beyond the realm of social security address the needs of nationals abroad in the area of health care, unemployment, family benefits, pensions and economic hardship. In addition, this volume highlights the variety of sending states’ institutions that are involved in these policies (consulates, diaspora institutions, ministries, agencies…) and their engagement with citizens abroad in other policy areas such as electoral rights, citizenship, language, culture, education, business or religion. As such this book is a valuable read to researchers, policy makers, government employees and NGO’s. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 1) Comparing Access to Welfare Entitlements
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege

Book published by Springer - IMISCOE Research Series (2020)

This first open access book in a series of three volumes provides an in-depth analysis of social protection policies that EU Member States make accessible to resident nationals, non-resident nationals and ... [more ▼]

This first open access book in a series of three volumes provides an in-depth analysis of social protection policies that EU Member States make accessible to resident nationals, non-resident nationals and non-national residents. In doing so, it discusses different scenarios in which the interplay between nationality and residence could lead to inequalities of access to welfare. Each chapter maps the eligibility conditions for accessing social benefits, by paying particular attention to the social entitlements that migrants can claim in host countries and/or export from home countries. The book also identifies and compares recent trends of access to welfare entitlements across five policy areas: health care, unemployment, family benefits, pensions, and guaranteed minimum resources. As such this book is a valuable read to researchers, policy makers, government employees and NGO’s. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration and Access to Welfare Benefits in the EU: The Interplay between Residence and Nationality
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela (Eds.) Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 1): Comparing Access to Welfare Entitlements (2020)

Increasing mobility to and from European Union (EU) countries has started to challenge the principles of territoriality and national citizenship through which European democracies traditionally ... [more ▼]

Increasing mobility to and from European Union (EU) countries has started to challenge the principles of territoriality and national citizenship through which European democracies traditionally conditioned access to social benefits. Existing typologies of immigrant social protection regimes do not seem to adequately capture (nor explain) the diverse repertoire of policy configurations through which European welfare regimes adapt to migration-driven societal dynamics. This introductory chapter provides a critical reflection on the link between migration and access to welfare in the EU. In doing so, it aims to propose a comprehensive analytical framework that allows for a systematic comparison of the inclusiveness of social protection systems towards mobile individuals. We argue that states’ responsiveness towards the social protection needs of their immigrant and emigrant populations has to be examined through a combination of factors, including the characteristics of these populations, the migration history of these countries, as well as the main features of their welfare state. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Immigration-Emigration Nexus in Non-EU Sending States: A Focus on Welfare Entitlements, Consular Services, and Diaspora Policies
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Vintila, Cristina-Daniela (Eds.) M Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 3): A Focus on Non-EU Sending States (2020)

Migrants’ access to social benefits has been intensively studied in the European Union, but less scholarly attention has been dedicated to the way in which non-EU welfare regimes adapt to international ... [more ▼]

Migrants’ access to social benefits has been intensively studied in the European Union, but less scholarly attention has been dedicated to the way in which non-EU welfare regimes adapt to international mobility. This chapter introduces a volume that aims to address this research gap by taking the perspective of non-EU states on migrant social protection. To do so, our analysis focuses on 13 countries: Argentina, China, Ecuador, India, Lebanon, Morocco, Serbia, Senegal, Switzerland, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, Tunisia, and Turkey. These countries represent relevant sending states for migrants coming to the EU, with some of them also hosting sizeable immigrant populations. We argue that their different migration characteristics (including the size and main features of their immigrant and diaspora populations) as well as the peculiarity of their welfare regimes (which often followed a quite distinctive historical path of development compared to their EU counterparts) may shape their responsiveness in terms of ensuring migrants’ access to domestic welfare systems. [less ▲]

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See detailLeaving Europe: New Crises, Entrenched Inequalities and Alternative Routes of Social Mobility
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Arnaut, Karel; Fadil, Nadia et al

in Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies (2020), 18(3), 261-340

This special issue tries to map, describe, and understand the aspirations and strategies, the hopes and anxieties of people leaving behind Europe in order to settle, work, and live in other parts of the ... [more ▼]

This special issue tries to map, describe, and understand the aspirations and strategies, the hopes and anxieties of people leaving behind Europe in order to settle, work, and live in other parts of the world – while some do not consider a future return to Europe as a desired option. Such out-of-Europe resoluteness appears to be in complex ways related to a sense of crisis which the people under consideration experience and seek to defy. [less ▲]

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See detailDiaspora Policies and Social Protection in Italy
Caldarini, Carlo; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel (Ed.) Migration and social protection in Europe and beyond: comparing consular services and diaspora policies (Volume 2) (2020)

According to some estimates, about 60 million people of Italian origin live outside of Italy today. To manage and, at first, encourage emigration, Italy has historically built a composite diaspora ... [more ▼]

According to some estimates, about 60 million people of Italian origin live outside of Italy today. To manage and, at first, encourage emigration, Italy has historically built a composite diaspora infrastructure which is discussed in the first part of this chapter. Doing so, we demonstrate that instruments to consult and represent politically citizens abroad are core features of Italy’s diaspora engagement policies. In the second part of this chapter, we examine the social protection dimension of diaspora more closely and highlight the central role played by the Patronati (welfare advice agencies). We show that Patronati are to this day a unique institution at international level, by which Italians abroad can be helped, free of charge, to gain access to social protection in Italy and abroad. [less ▲]

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See detailEU Migrants & the Welfare State Control or Protection? (keynote speech)
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

Conference (2019, November 27)

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See detailComparing social entitlements for immigrants and emigrants across the EU
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

Conference (2019, June 27)

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See detailTransformaciones en el acceso de los inmigrantes a la protección social
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

Conference (2019, March 21)

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See detailProtection Sociale: droit acquis?
Legast, Eve ULiege; Matagne, Geoffroy ULiege; Kéfer, Fabienne ULiege et al

Learning material (2019)

Solidarité organisée au niveau de la société, la protection sociale a été érigée en droit universel inscrit dans la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’Homme. Pourtant, selon l’OIT, 55% de la ... [more ▼]

Solidarité organisée au niveau de la société, la protection sociale a été érigée en droit universel inscrit dans la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’Homme. Pourtant, selon l’OIT, 55% de la population mondiale en est encore privée. En Belgique, le modèle de protection subit de nombreuses transformations au point d’être menacé. Décrypter ces évolutions et ces enjeux nous permettra de dessiner le modèle de protection que nous voulons pour aujourd’hui et demain. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere and why can expatriates vote in regional elections? A comparative analysis of regional electoral practices in Europe and North America
Arrighi, Jean-Thomas; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (2019)

The article constitutes the first systematic attempt to survey and account for the enfranchisement of non-resident citizens in regional elections. Shifting the focus away from the state to the regional ... [more ▼]

The article constitutes the first systematic attempt to survey and account for the enfranchisement of non-resident citizens in regional elections. Shifting the focus away from the state to the regional demos, it is divided into two parts. First, it examines whether the spectacular horizontal diffusion of external voting legislation widely observed in existing scholarship has also spread vertically to regional elections, through a comparative overview of the conditions of eligibility to the regional franchise in 292 American and European regions. The remarkable diversity of regional electoral arrangements both within and across states calls for a more in-depth explanatory analysis of the ‘micro- foundations of diaspora policy’ in specific regions. The second part thus compares two negative cases, Flanders and Scotland, where expanding the franchise to expatriates has been seriously considered and yet ultimately failed. It goes on to examine the frustrated outcome in the light of three dimensions of the political opportunity structure: whether the region has the power to alter the composition of the demos (self-determination powers), the expected electoral gains and losses among political parties within the regional party system (electoral interests), and the (in)compatibility of extending the suffrage to expatriates with the pursuit of autonomy goals (self-determination aims). [less ▲]

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See detailThe Value of Citizenship in Access to Social Protection: Conceptual and Methodological Challenge
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

Conference (2019)

Increasing mobility to and from EU countries has started to challenge the principles of nationality and territorial membership through which European democracies traditionally conditioned access to social ... [more ▼]

Increasing mobility to and from EU countries has started to challenge the principles of nationality and territorial membership through which European democracies traditionally conditioned access to social benefits. In the classic understanding of welfare regimes, resident citizens have always been an uncontested category of recipients of welfare entitlements. However, the magnitude of the migration phenomenon has gradually started to alter this traditional definition of social protection beneficiaries in different ways. First, by posing increasing pressures on host countries to extend access to social benefits beyond the closed group of nationality holders, thus granting residence-based social entitlements also to foreigners. Secondly, drawing on efficiency and fairness considerations, sending countries also started to witness increasing demands to ensure the (ex)portability of social benefits for non-resident individuals. This includes not only their nationals residing abroad (under the rationale of a nationality-driven obligation for protecting the diaspora), but also foreigners who accumulated social security rights in these countries and later decided to return to their countries of origin or to continue their migration trajectory elsewhere. Existing typologies of immigrant social protection regimes that aimed to classify the immigrant population worldwide based on their access to welfare do not seem to adequately capture (nor explain) the diverse repertoire of policy configurations through which European welfare regimes adapt to migration-driven societal dynamics. This paper provides a critical reflection regarding the value of citizenship and residence in access to welfare benefits across the EU. We argue that the observed differences between states and migrant groups that emerge from the comparison of immigrants and emigrants’ social entitlements across welfare regimes of different characteristics can be explained by a combination of factors. This includes not only migrants’ characteristics (demographic shares in home/host countries, general migration patterns and history, or their economic and political leverage), but also contextual factors related to their countries of origin and destination (such as the overall policy philosophy towards migration or the nature of the welfare state). [less ▲]

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See detailMigration and social protection in Europe: comparing consular services and diaspora policies
Vintila, Cristina-Daniela ULiege; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

Conference (2019)

In spite of the growing literature on sending states’ engagement with their populations abroad, little is known so far about their role in helping the diaspora deal with social risks. As argued in this ... [more ▼]

In spite of the growing literature on sending states’ engagement with their populations abroad, little is known so far about their role in helping the diaspora deal with social risks. As argued in this introductory chapter, this is mainly because past studies on sending states’ policies and institutions for the diaspora fail to systematically focus on social protection, while also ignoring that regional integration dynamics often constrain domestic responses towards the welfare-related needs of nationals residing abroad. This volume aims to fill this research gap by comparatively examining the type of diaspora infrastructure through which EU Member States address the vulnerability faced by populations abroad in five core areas of welfare: healthcare, pensions, family, unemployment and economic hardship. Drawing on data from two original surveys with national experts, we operationalize the concepts of hard infrastructure for non-residents (i.e. the presence of diaspora-related institutions) and soft infrastructure (i.e. policies that provide and facilitate access to welfare for nationals abroad) in order to propose a new typology of states’ engagement with their diaspora in the area of social protection. [less ▲]

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