References of "Lafleur, Jean-Michel"
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See detailMigration and State Concerns about the Emigration & Welfare of their Citizens
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Inglis, Christine; Khadria, Binod; Li, Wei (Eds.) Sage Handbook of International Migration (2019)

This chapter discusses sending states’ concerns for the well-being of citizens abroad. Using the concept of transnationalism, I will first discuss the historical evolution of sending’s states involvement ... [more ▼]

This chapter discusses sending states’ concerns for the well-being of citizens abroad. Using the concept of transnationalism, I will first discuss the historical evolution of sending’s states involvement in emigration decisions and their relations with citizens residing abroad members of the diaspora. Second, focusing on a trend of the literature on “diaspora policies”, I will demonstrate that —while sending states most frequently develop economic and political programmes towards citizens— diaspora policies now increasingly include welfare. This, I argue in the third part of the chapter, contributes to transnationalization of welfare. Developing the concept of transnational social protection from below and from above, I show that immigrants’ access to social protection goes beyond welfare policies adopted by receiving states but also include numerous sending states policies as well as informal strategies developed by immigrants together with market, community and family actors. Finally, this chapter concludes with a discussion on the implications of sending states involvements in expatriates’ welfare for future research on migration. [less ▲]

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See detailAvoir un débat raisonné sur l’immigration
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

Article for general public (2018)

Dans leur livre disponible en téléchargement gratuit 1, Jean-Michel Lafleur et Abdeslam Marfouk, chercheurs au Centre d’études de l’ethnicité et des migrations de l’ULg, répondent à 21 questions que ... [more ▼]

Dans leur livre disponible en téléchargement gratuit 1, Jean-Michel Lafleur et Abdeslam Marfouk, chercheurs au Centre d’études de l’ethnicité et des migrations de l’ULg, répondent à 21 questions que se posent les Belges sur les migrations internationales au XXIe siècle. Vulgarisées avec l’utilisation de données scientifiques, leurs réponses font mouche. Loin des stéréotypes et de la stigmatisation. Rencontre avec Jean-Michel Lafleur. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration de retour, genre et remises sociales : le retour des migrantes boliviennes d’Espagne durant la crise économique
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Duchesne, Justine

in Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales (2018), 33(2-3), 183-201

The 2008 economic and financial crisis led many Latin American female migrants living in Spain to return to their home country. With their return, different ideas, norms and practices – known as social ... [more ▼]

The 2008 economic and financial crisis led many Latin American female migrants living in Spain to return to their home country. With their return, different ideas, norms and practices – known as social remittances – are diffused in the home country. Using the existing literature and empirical data collected with Bolivian returnees, this article seeks to identify the variables that determine the content of such remittances and the modalities through which they are transferred. Doing so, we underscore the importance of migrants’ perception on the permeability of the home country on the transmission of social remittances. [less ▲]

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See detailTracing Transnational and intersectional inequalities in immigrants families’ access to social protection: The case of Andean families’ in Brussels
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Vivas Romero, Maria ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, June 29)

Immigrants and family members in the home and host urban spaces often experience inequalities in access to social protection (Faist, 2016, Amelina, 2017). Focusing on healthcare, we demonstrate that ... [more ▼]

Immigrants and family members in the home and host urban spaces often experience inequalities in access to social protection (Faist, 2016, Amelina, 2017). Focusing on healthcare, we demonstrate that immigrant families today respond to healthcare needs of family members here and there through four cross-border strategies. We show that Andean transnational family networks based in Brussels select and articulate these different strategies to assemble transnational health care arrangements. The arrangements we follow are based in the urban area of Brussels but are connected to other urban spaces in southern Europe and Latin America in which migrants have developed networks of informal and formal support. Using an intersectional approach, we argue that heterogeneity markers such as gender, race, class and levels of transnational engagement determine the choice between different types of arrangements (Mahler et al. 2015). We support our argument with multi-sited (Marcus, 1995) ethnographic data collected with 48 members of 10 Andean transnational family members during fieldwork in Belgium, Colombia and Peru. [less ▲]

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See detailRenewing the Social Protection Agenda in Europe
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Konstantinidou, Angeliki ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, April 25)

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See detailSouth-North Labour Migration Within the Crisis-Affected European Union: New Patterns, New Contexts and New Challenges
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Stanek, Mikolaj; Veira, Alberto

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Stanek, Mikolaj (Eds.) South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis (2017)

Drawing on previous chapters and on available statistical data we identify the main features of the South-North migration. Firstly, we indicate that the intensity of the current South-North is relatively ... [more ▼]

Drawing on previous chapters and on available statistical data we identify the main features of the South-North migration. Firstly, we indicate that the intensity of the current South-North is relatively low if we take into account, on the one hand, the scale of the crisis-driven deterioration of the labour markets in southern countries and, on the other, the volume of the previous South-North migration in the post-war period. Secondly we show that new Southern European migrants are predominantly young and highly educated, particularly when compared with their counterparts, who migrated during the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. We argue that, while the asymmetric impact of the economic crisis throughout the European Union and the unique features of the deeply fragmented labour markets of its Southern member countries may be considered primordial factors that triggered a renewed South-North intra-European mobility, its volume and composition are determined by the previous long term structural, demographic, social and economic transformations experienced by both Southern and Northern EU countries. [less ▲]

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See detailLessons from the South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Stanek, Mikolaj

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Stanek, Mikolaj (Eds.) South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis (2017)

In this chapter, we identify five lessons from South-North migration in times of crisis, which we believe should inform future migration debates in the European Union. We draw these lessons from this ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we identify five lessons from South-North migration in times of crisis, which we believe should inform future migration debates in the European Union. We draw these lessons from this volume’s analysis on the transformations of migration flows and policies during the economic crisis. Beyond the role of this crisis, however, we argue that these transformations also need to be understood in relation to long-term processes that preceded the crisis, such as post-accession East-West migration and the increased segmentation of European labour markets. [less ▲]

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See detailRestrictions on Access to Social Protection by New Southern European Migrants in Belgium
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Stanek, Mikolaj

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Stanek, Mikolaj (Eds.) South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis (2017)

Despite the fact that the global financial crisis has affected Belgium’s economic performance, the country has continued to be an attractive destination for migrants. Recently, however, there has been a ... [more ▼]

Despite the fact that the global financial crisis has affected Belgium’s economic performance, the country has continued to be an attractive destination for migrants. Recently, however, there has been a dramatic change in migrant flows to Belgium, as a result of two phenomena. First and foremost, the country has experienced large inflows of post-accession migration from Central and Eastern European citizens. Second, 40 years after the end of the guest worker programmes, the economic crisis reactivated migration from Southern Europe. One important consequence of the economic crisis and the arrival of Central and Eastern European migrants has been the growing scepticism that has developed in Belgium towards the freedom of circulation. This has led the authorities to implement specific policies aimed at discouraging further migration of low-skilled EU migrants, who are deemed undesirable. In this chapter, we analyse a specific policy consisting of the removal of residence permits from EU jobseekers who claim social security benefits in Belgium. This policy has affected both Central and Eastern European as well as new Southern European EU migrants.Examining the mobilization of different organizations, we then show that—while they are numerically fewer—new Southern European immigrants are in a better position than other new immigrants in Belgium to challenge receiving country policies that target them. [less ▲]

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See detailEU Migration and the Economic Crisis: Concepts and Issues
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Stanek, Mikolaj

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel; Stanek, Mikolaj (Eds.) South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis (2017)

In this introductory chapter, we discuss the concept of “crisis migration” and its relevance to understanding the transformation of migratory flows within Europe as well as the transformation of migration ... [more ▼]

In this introductory chapter, we discuss the concept of “crisis migration” and its relevance to understanding the transformation of migratory flows within Europe as well as the transformation of migration and integration policies in the European Union. This introduction also presents the main issues discussed in this book and briefly introduces each of the chapters that compose this volume. In this chapter, we also underscore the different economic and political context in which this new Southern European migration is occurring in comparison with previous waves from the same area. In particular, we point out that successive enlargements of the EU and their associated migration waves have eroded the support of political elites for the principle of free movement within Northern EU Member States. This changing socio-political context has triggered different reactions among political elites towards these new flows in both sending and receiving countries. [less ▲]

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See detailSouth-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Stanek, Mikolaj

Book published by Springer (2017)

This open access book looks at the migration of Southern European EU citizens (from Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece) who move to Northern European Member States (Belgium, France, Germany, United Kingdom ... [more ▼]

This open access book looks at the migration of Southern European EU citizens (from Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece) who move to Northern European Member States (Belgium, France, Germany, United Kingdom) in response to the global economic crisis.Its objective is twofold. First, it identifies the scale and nature of this new Southern European emigration and examines these migrants’ socio-economic integration in Northern European destination countries. This is achieved through an analysis of the most recent data on flows and profiles of this new labour force using sending-country and receiving-country databases. Second, it looks at the politics and policies of immigration, both from the perspective of the sending- and receiving-countries. Analysing the policies and debates about these new flows in the home and host countries’ this book shows how contentious the issue of intra-EU mobility has recently become in the context of the crisis when the right for EU citizens to move within the EU had previously not been questioned for decades. Overall, the strength of this edited volume is that it compiles in a systematic way quantitative and qualitative analysis of these renewed Southern European migration flows and draws the lessons from this changing climate on EU migration. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere and why can expatriates vote in regional elections? A comparative analysis of regional electoral practices in Europe and North America
Arrighi, Jean-Thomas; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (2017)

The article constitutes the first systematic attempt to survey and account for the enfranchisement of non-resident citizens in regional elections. Shifting the focus away from the state to the regional ... [more ▼]

The article constitutes the first systematic attempt to survey and account for the enfranchisement of non-resident citizens in regional elections. Shifting the focus away from the state to the regional demos, it is divided into two parts. First, it examines whether the spectacular horizontal diffusion of external voting legislation widely observed in existing scholarship has also spread vertically to regional elections, through a comparative overview of the conditions of eligibility to the regional franchise in 292 American and European regions. The remarkable diversity of regional electoral arrangements both within and across states calls for a more in-depth explanatory analysis of the ‘micro- foundations of diaspora policy’ in specific regions. The second part thus compares two negative cases, Flanders and Scotland, where expanding the franchise to expatriates has been seriously considered and yet ultimately failed. It goes on to examine the frustrated outcome in the light of three dimensions of the political opportunity structure: whether the region has the power to alter the composition of the demos (self-determination powers), the expected electoral gains and losses among political parties within the regional party system (electoral interests), and the (in)compatibility of extending the suffrage to expatriates with the pursuit of autonomy goals (self-determination aims). [less ▲]

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See detailEmigración de españoles en la UE: pautas, implicaciones y retos futuros
Stanek, Mikolaj; Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege

in Sánchez-Montijano; Arrango, Joaquin; Mahia, Ramon (Eds.) et al La inmigración en el ojo del huracán (2017)

This paper studies the relationships between immigra- tion and the welfare state in Spain from a triple per- spective. First, the role social bene ts may have had on the Spanish immigrant experience as a ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the relationships between immigra- tion and the welfare state in Spain from a triple per- spective. First, the role social bene ts may have had on the Spanish immigrant experience as a pull factor is analysed. The paper goes on to study the way immi- gration can affect the maintenance of the welfare state, investigating both the possible effects of the increased ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity on the support of the national population for the welfare state, as well as its effect on social spending in terms of monetary and health bene ts. Lastly, and changing perspective, the contribution of immigration to the maintenance of the private market for welfare services is assessed, espe- cially in terms of caring for dependents. [less ▲]

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See detailHow did EU Citizens Experience Belgium’s Policy of Expulsion and Removal?
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Mescoli, Elsa ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

The issue of experiencing illegality as EU citizens is here explored through analyzing the case study of Italians in Belgium who saw their residence permit removed by state authorities. This example shows ... [more ▼]

The issue of experiencing illegality as EU citizens is here explored through analyzing the case study of Italians in Belgium who saw their residence permit removed by state authorities. This example shows how becoming undocumented is the result of “a legal production of illegality” and that social policies switch from being instruments of protection for groups at risk of social exclusion to being instruments incentivizing individuals to participate in the labour market and consequently rejecting “unproductive migrants” from the social system. EU citizenship and freedom of movement within member states is thus questioned and conditioned to some other socio-economic issues. The notion of “deservingness” highlights that the restriction of the mobility of the poor in general shapes here in terms of “undeserving” the right to freedom of movement and determines further stratifications among migrants. Strategies are developed within an emerging discourse of a “moral economy of deservingness” and they respond to the individuals’ precarious statuses. [less ▲]

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See detailPourquoi l’immigration? 21 questions que se posent les Belges sur les migrations internationales au XXIe siècle
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Marfouk, Abdeslam

Book published by Academia-L’Harmattan (2017)

How many immigrants are there in Belgium? Do they take jobs away from natives? Are they integrated? Even though many Belgians have some answers to these questions, they often rely on stereotypes or ... [more ▼]

How many immigrants are there in Belgium? Do they take jobs away from natives? Are they integrated? Even though many Belgians have some answers to these questions, they often rely on stereotypes or inaccurate information. This book, on the contrary, uses scientific data to respond to those clichés and stereotypes and encourage, accordingly, constructive debates on the topic of immigration. [less ▲]

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See detailDeserving EU citizenship: The case of undocumented Italian migrants in Belgium
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Mescoli, Elsa ULiege

Conference (2017)

Stemmed from a research conducted in Belgium, this paper aims at exploring the notion of deservingness through the analysis of a specific case study. The increased removal of residence permits from ... [more ▼]

Stemmed from a research conducted in Belgium, this paper aims at exploring the notion of deservingness through the analysis of a specific case study. The increased removal of residence permits from European citizens claiming social security benefits shows that the right of freedom within EU is questioned. We consider in particular Italians migrants who moved to Belgium during the economic crisis that started in 2008. The study of this case lets us highlight that the restriction of the mobility of the poor in general shapes here in terms of “undeserving” the right to freedom of movement and determines further stratifications among migrants. Moreover, migrants finding themselves becoming illegal as result of contextual process, in spite of their non-deportability, need to provide “evidence of deservingness” to re-establish their residence rights. Strategies are developed to this aim within an emerging discourse of a “moral economy of deservingness” and they respond to the individuals’ precarious statuses. Through ethnographic examples, we will analyse these dynamics and propose a conceptualization of citizenship whose actualization is conditioned by further socio-economic issues. [less ▲]

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See detailTransnational Health Insurances as Social Remittances: The Case of Congolese Immigrants in Belgium
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Lizin, Olivier

in Magdalena, Nowicka; Vojin, Šerbedžija (Eds.) Migration and Social Remittances in a Global Europe (2017)

For many years, the migration and development literature has looked at the impact of financial remittances on immigrant relatives’ access to health care. More recent work on social remittances also ... [more ▼]

For many years, the migration and development literature has looked at the impact of financial remittances on immigrant relatives’ access to health care. More recent work on social remittances also examined the circulation of ideas and practices through migration and its impact on behavior and consumption patterns in the home country. Surprisingly, however, migration scholars have neglected the interactions between remittances and local health systems in countries of origin. This is all the more surprising considering the abundant literature on health and development that has documented numerous non-governmental initiatives to improve access to care in the Global South in recent years. Among those initiatives, community-based health insurances (CBHI) have attracted significant attention. CBHI are voluntary risk-pooling schemes run by not-for-profit organizations; they collect fees among users at the local level and organize access to care with providers. While the growing literature on CBHI is shedding light on the potential of civil society organizations to replace or compensate for weak public health systems, it forgets that —in many parts of the world— access to the necessary capital to join those schemes is still very dependent on emigration of some family members. In other words, for many families worldwide, strategies to access health care have become transnational. In this chapter we look at a specific form of CHBI that we call ‘transnational health insurance’ (THI). These insurance schemes are set up by immigrants in cooperation with a multitude of actors including, on the one hand, health insurance companies and development aid agencies in destination countries and, on the other hand, health care providers in countries of origin. THIs offer health coverage to a selected number of non-migrant relatives in the home country based on a premium paid directly by immigrants to the insurance company in their country of residence. Analyzing the creation and implementation of one THI in the Belgian-Congolese postcolonial context allow us in the last part the paper to discuss the concept of hybridity in the study of remittances as well as identify the drivers of immigrant transnational engagement in the area of health. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalytical Challenges in the Study of South-North Intra-EU Mobility
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Stanek, Mikolaj

Conference (2016, November 29)

This presentation discusses the challenges met in measuring the flows of Southern European EU migrants who moved to North Western Europe during the financial and economic crisis that started in 2008. The ... [more ▼]

This presentation discusses the challenges met in measuring the flows of Southern European EU migrants who moved to North Western Europe during the financial and economic crisis that started in 2008. The presentation shows that EU wide and national databases have strenghts and weaknesses and that further improvement in statistical data collection process could help the understanding of complex migratory patterns. More details is available on this research by downloading the free e-bbok at the following address: http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319397610 [less ▲]

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