References of "Kreusch, Fanny"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’auto-observation des activités quotidiennes s’accompagne-t-elle d’une amélioration de la symptomatologie dépressive ?
Dethier, Marie ULiege; Kreusch, Fanny ULiege; Krings, Audrey ULiege et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2020)

Le premier objectif de l’étude était de déterminer si l’auto-observation des activités quotidiennes accompagnée d’une évaluation des affects associés a un impact sur la symptomatologie dépressive ... [more ▼]

Le premier objectif de l’étude était de déterminer si l’auto-observation des activités quotidiennes accompagnée d’une évaluation des affects associés a un impact sur la symptomatologie dépressive, l’activation comportementale et le ressassement. Le deuxième objectif était de comprendre le rôle de la conscience émotionnelle dans ces effets. Trente huit participants de la population générale ont été répartis aléatoirement entre le groupe contrôle (protocole d’activation comportementale) et le groupe expérimental (protocole d’activation comportementale accompagné d’un relevé des affects). L’ensemble des participants a rempli avant et après une intervention d’activation comportementale (relever ses activités quotidiennes durant deux semaines) des questionnaires évaluant la symptomatologie dépressive, l’activation comportementale, le ressassement et la conscience émotionnelle. Seuls les participants du groupe expérimental évaluaient les niveaux d’importance, de plaisir et de maitrise ressentis pour chaque activité. Les participants du groupe expérimental, mais pas ceux du groupe contrôle, ont amélioré leur niveau de conscience émotionnelle. De plus, ils ont rapporté ressentir plus de plaisir dans leurs activités à la fin de l’intervention. Aucune différence n’a émergé entre les deux groupes pour les autres variables. Indépendamment du groupe, les participants ont rapporté moins de symptômes dépressifs, plus d’activation et moins de ressassement après l’intervention. Les résultats suggèrent que l’auto-observation des activités quotidiennes a des effets bénéfiques. L’utilisation de cet outil en psychothérapie est discutée. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (13 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlcohol-cue exposure decreases response inhibition towards alcohol-related stimuli in detoxified alcohol-dependent patients
Kreusch, Fanny ULiege; Billieux, Joël; Quertemont, Etienne ULiege

in Psychiatry Research (2017), 249

The induction of alcohol craving and the cognitive processing of alcohol-related stimuli in alcohol-dependent patients have been reported to compete with inhibitory control and contribute to alcohol ... [more ▼]

The induction of alcohol craving and the cognitive processing of alcohol-related stimuli in alcohol-dependent patients have been reported to compete with inhibitory control and contribute to alcohol relapse. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether the induction of a craving state, using an alcohol cue exposure paradigm, influences response inhibition towards both neutral stimuli and alcohol-related stimuli in alcohol-dependent patients. Thirty-one detoxified alcohol-dependent patients were exposed to either their preferred alcoholic beverage or to a glass of water. They then performed a modified stop signal task, which used alcohol-related words, neutral words and non-words, and a lexical decision as the Go response. The alcohol-cue exposure group reported significantly higher alcohol craving and showed higher percentages of commission errors towards alcohol-related words than the control group. All participants, but especially those of the alcohol-cue exposure group, showed also shorter reaction times when alcohol words were used as targets in go trials. The induction of alcohol craving in detoxified alcohol-dependent patients increases the motivational salience value of alcohol stimuli, leading them to automatically approach alcohol-related cues and therefore impairing response inhibition towards those stimuli. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlcohol abuse and ERP components in Go/No-go tasks using alcohol-related stimuli: Impact of alcohol avoidance.
Kreusch, Fanny ULiege; Quertemont, Etienne ULiege; Vilenne, Aurélie ULiege et al

in International Journal of Psychophysiology (2014), 94(1), 92-9

Alcohol addictive behaviors are associated with a combination of deficits in executive functions, such as a weak response inhibition, and potent automatic appetitive responses to alcohol-related cues. The ... [more ▼]

Alcohol addictive behaviors are associated with a combination of deficits in executive functions, such as a weak response inhibition, and potent automatic appetitive responses to alcohol-related cues. The aim of the present study was to investigate behavioral responses and event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with specific response inhibition for alcohol-related cues. Thirty participants (15 heavy drinkers and 15 light drinkers) took part in the study. Response inhibition was assessed by a classical letter Go/No-go task and by a modified alcohol Go/No-go task. Participants were also classified as high and low alcohol avoiders. Results showed that heavy drinkers made more false alarms in the letter Go/No-go task. In the alcohol Go/No-go task, an absence of N200 amplitude anteriorization was found in heavy drinkers as compared to light drinkers. Participants with a high level of alcohol avoidance exhibited more false alarms, and higher N200 amplitude for the No-go trials as compared to the Go trials for alcohol-related cues. Higher P300 amplitude was observed in low alcohol avoiders for No-go as compared to Go trials. Therefore, a context involving alcohol-related cues disturbed inhibition capacities of high alcohol avoiders. These results suggest that the level of alcohol avoidance must be taken into account in studies investigating alcohol-related cognitive biases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 165 (18 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessing the stimulant and sedative effects of alcohol with explicit and implicit measures in a balanced placebo design
Kreusch, Fanny ULiege; Vilenne, Aurélie ULiege; Quertemont, Etienne ULiege

in Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (2013), 74(6), 923-930

Objective: Alcohol consumption is characterized by biphasic stimulant and sedative effects. In previous studies, various tools were used to assess these effects, including expectancy questionnaires ... [more ▼]

Objective: Alcohol consumption is characterized by biphasic stimulant and sedative effects. In previous studies, various tools were used to assess these effects, including expectancy questionnaires, implicit association tests, and self-report scales. The present study was aimed at clarifying the relationships between these measures. Method: Three different measures were used to directly or indirectly assess the stimulant and sedative effects of alcohol in 61 undergraduate students. The participants completed the Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (AEQ) and performed two unipolar Implicit Association Tasks to assess implicit associations between alcohol and the concepts of “stimulation” and “sedation.” The levels of alcohol consumption also were recorded by means of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identifi cation Test. An alcohol (0.4 g/kg) or placebo challenge was then administered using a balanced placebo design. After alcohol/placebo administration, the participants completed the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES). Results: Alcohol consumption signifi cantly correlated with AEQ alcohol explicit expectancies of arousal and relaxation, whereas no signifi cant correlations were obtained with the implicit associations. There were positive correlations between AEQ and BAES subscales, especially for the arousal subscale of the AEQ. Self-reported sedation recorded with the BAES was signifi cantly affected by what the participants believed that they had drunk but not by the actual consumption of alcohol. Conclusions: These fi ndings indicate that alcohol explicit expectancies of arousal measured with the AEQ best predict current alcohol consumption. Regarding explicit measures of alcohol-induced stimulation and sedation, BAES subscales seem to be more affected by alcohol drinking expectations than by actual alcohol consumption. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (19 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailResponse inhibition toward alcohol cues in heavy drinkers and alcohol dependent patients
Kreusch, Fanny ULiege; Quertemont, Etienne ULiege

Poster (2010)

Alcohol addictive behaviors have been recently associated with a combination of deficits in executive function, such as a weak response inhibition, and potent automatic appetitive responses for alcohol ... [more ▼]

Alcohol addictive behaviors have been recently associated with a combination of deficits in executive function, such as a weak response inhibition, and potent automatic appetitive responses for alcohol-related cues. The aim of the present studies was to investigate response inhibition for alcohol and neutral or soft drink cues in alcohol abusers and alcohol dependent patients. Response inhibition was assessed in a go/nogo task with pictures of alcohols, soft drinks or neutrals objects. In this task, participants had to respond to specific stimuli (go trial) and inhibit that action under a different set of stimuli (nogo trial). Faster responses for alcohol in go trials reflect approach tendency for alcohol cues while false alarm responses for alcohol in nogo trials reflect a deficit in response inhibition toward alcohol-related cues. Moreover, since standard alcohol cues are not equally appreciated across participants, the preference for the different alcoholic drinks presented were measured and analyzed in reference to task responses. Both light and heavy drinkers showed faster responses to alcohol cues in go trial relative to soft/neutral cues. Preliminary results indicate a negative relationship between the preference scores for alcohols and the reaction times to those stimuli in go trials. The present study also demonstrated that the presence of brands logo significantly altered the discrimination and reactions time patterns of response to alcohol and soft cues. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (33 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailEffects of brand presence and stimulus of comparison on response inhibition toward alcohol cues in male and female heavy drinkers
Kreusch, Fanny ULiege; Quertemont, Etienne ULiege

in 2010 annual meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (18 ULiège)