References of "Haurez, Barbara"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailPeople, Planet and Cocoa - Présentation du projet
Haurez, Barbara ULiege

Diverse speeche and writing (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPangolins in global camera trap data: Implications for ecological monitoring
Khwaja, Hannah; Buchan, Claire; Wearn, Olivier et al

in Global Ecology and Conservation (2019), e00769

Despite being heavily exploited, pangolins (Pholidota: Manidae) have been subject to limited research, resulting in a lack of reliable population estimates and standardised survey methods for the eight ... [more ▼]

Despite being heavily exploited, pangolins (Pholidota: Manidae) have been subject to limited research, resulting in a lack of reliable population estimates and standardised survey methods for the eight extant species. Camera trapping represents a unique opportunity for broad-scale collaborative species monitoring due to its largely nondiscriminatory nature, which creates considerable volumes of data on a relatively wide range of species. This has the potential to shed light on the ecology of rare, cryptic and understudied taxa, with implications for conservation decision-making. We undertook a global analysis of available pangolin data from camera trapping studies across their range in Africa and Asia. Our aims were (1) to assess the utility of existing camera trapping efforts as a method for monitoring pangolin populations, and (2) to gain insights into the distribution and ecology of pangolins. We analysed data collated from 103 camera trap surveys undertaken across 22 countries that fell within the range of seven of the eight pangolin species, which yielded more than half a million trap nights and 888 pangolin encounters. We ran occupancy analyses on three species (Sunda pangolin Manis javanica, white-bellied pangolin Phataginus tricuspis and giant pangolin Smutsia gigantea). Detection probabilities varied with forest cover and levels of human influence for P. tricuspis, but were low (<0.05) for all species. Occupancy was associated with distance from rivers for M. javanica and S. gigantea, elevation for P. tricuspis and S. gigantea, forest cover for P. tricuspis and protected area status for M. javanica and P. tricuspis.We conclude that camera traps are suitable for the detection of pangolins and large-scale assessment of their distributions. However, the trapping effort required to monitor populations at any given study site using existing methods appears prohibitively high. This may change in the future should anticipated technological and methodological advances in camera trapping facilitate greater sampling efforts and/or higher probabilities of detection. In particular, targeted camera placement for pangolins is likely to make pangolin monitoring more feasible with moderate sampling efforts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailGorilla @ work! Why should loggers take care of their gorillas?
Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Petre, Charles-Albert; Vermeulen, Cédric ULiege et al

Scientific conference (2018, November 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailFeuille de route de Brazzaville
Nguinguiri, Jean-Claude; Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Bracke, Charles et al

Book published by FAO - Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO (2018)

La feuille de route de Brazzaville propose un ensemble de résolutions pour relancer la foresterie sociale, participative et communautaire en Afrique centrale.

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailCampus Vert - Partenaires et objectifs du projet
Haurez, Barbara ULiege

Diverse speeche and writing (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailEssences agroforestières de la République Démocratique du Congo
Tosso, Dji-ndé Félicien ULiege; Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Lonpi-Tipi, Ernestine et al

Learning material (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (13 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailItinéraire technique du système agroforestier taungya en rdc
Tosso, Dji-ndé Félicien ULiege; Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Bracke, Charles et al

Learning material (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 193 (15 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailProjet « Synthèse sur les Intact Forest Landscapes adaptée aux pays d’Afrique centrale » Rapport final du projet
Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Mortier, Frédéric et al

Report (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe rôle des rongeurs dans la dispersion des diaspores en milieu forestier (synthèse bibliographique)
Evrard, Quentin ULiege; Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULiege

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement (2017)

Introduction. Seed dispersal is a key interaction that influences a number of ecological processes that are important to the maintenance of diversity in forest ecosystems. Rodents, mainly considered as ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Seed dispersal is a key interaction that influences a number of ecological processes that are important to the maintenance of diversity in forest ecosystems. Rodents, mainly considered as seed predators, can carry, hide and discard seeds, often transporting them over considerable distances from the parent tree and thus leading to an enhanced germination rate. The role of rodents on forest regeneration therefore depends upon several environmental variables influencing their behavior. Literature. Many publications demonstrate that rodents are mostly seed predators for many species. Nevertheless, because it is hard to define their movement pattern, the role of rodents on regeneration could be underestimated. Through scatter-hoarding, rodents may play a crucial role, particularly in those forests where anthropogenic pressures have led to a reduction in the density of large mammals. However, very few studies have been conducted in African moist forests where defaunation can be high, and the role of rodents has been very poorly studied. Conclusions. To understand the phenomenon, we suggest to further investigate the interactions between seeds and rodents by employing methods that have been commonly used on other continents. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 154 (26 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailA look at Intact Forest Landscapes and their relevance to Central African forest policy
Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Daïnou, Kasso ULiege; Vermeulen, Cédric ULiege et al

Conference (2017, February)

Tropical forests are important providers of natural resources and ecosystem services but their ecological functions are facing increasing human pressure, linked to economic development. The preservation ... [more ▼]

Tropical forests are important providers of natural resources and ecosystem services but their ecological functions are facing increasing human pressure, linked to economic development. The preservation of tropical forest ecosystems is interrelated with effective land use planning and identification of priority areas for conservation. Initially defined by Greenpeace and the World Resources Institute (WRI) in 2000, Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) are large areas of forest minimally impacted by human activities. IFLs were identified by mapping industrial activities, road networks and infrastructure using remote sensing. Since 2014, when IFLs were recognized and adopted by the certification scheme Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), the IFLs have become integrated into forest management policies. In order to trace the history and evaluate the applicability of IFLs for forest management policy in the Central African context, we searched for documents related to the IFL method, and previous similar concepts. The IFL method is simple and cost-effective and enables the monitoring of forest degradation at a global scale. However, the approach mainly considers forest cover and is imprecise at the local scale. For example, hunting, one of the main threats faced by Central African ecosystems, cannot be detected by satellite imagery and is therefore disregarded in IFL identification processes. In contrast, there are other considered anthropogenic activities, such as reduced-impact selective logging, which may be compatible with forest ecosystem conservation. To better tailor the IFL approach to Central African forests, we recommend (i) the consideration of wildlife communities distribution in the analysis of disturbance, (ii) a thorough evaluation of the impacts of different human activities on forest ecosystems, and (iii) the integration of local stakeholders and governments in the design of land management strategies devised to address social, economic and environmental needs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (11 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacterization of animal communities involved in seed dispersal and predation of Guibourtia tessmannii (Harms) J.Léonard, a species newly listed on Appendix II of CITES
Tosso, Dji-ndé Félicien ULiege; Cherchye, G.; Hardy, O. J. et al

in African Journal of Ecology (2017), 00

Characterization of the ecology of endangered timber species is a crucial step in any forest management strategy. In this study, we described the animal communities involved in seed dispersal and ... [more ▼]

Characterization of the ecology of endangered timber species is a crucial step in any forest management strategy. In this study, we described the animal communities involved in seed dispersal and predation of a high-value timber species Guibourtia tessmannii (Fabaceae; Detarioideae), which is newly listed on Appendix II of CITES. We compared the animal communities between two forest sites (Bambidie in Gabon and Ma'an in Cameroon). A total of 101 hr of direct observations and 355 days of camera trapping revealed that a primate (Cercopithecus nictitans nictitans) and a hornbill (Ceratogymna atrata) were important seed dispersers in Gabon. Conversely, a greater presence of a rodent (Cricetomys emini), which could act both as predator and disperser, was observed in Cameroon. This study suggests that animal communities involved in seed dispersal of G. tessmannii may vary depending on environmental conditions and anthropogenic impacts. However, further studies are needed to properly identify the factors involved in seed dispersal and predation of G. tessmannii. 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSeed dispersal effectiveness of the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Gabon
Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Tagg, Nikki; Petre, Charles-Albert ULiege et al

in African Journal of Ecology (2017)

The quantitative and qualitative aspects of seed dispersal by the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) were investigated in Gabon. Fresh faeces were collected and washed to identify and count ... [more ▼]

The quantitative and qualitative aspects of seed dispersal by the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) were investigated in Gabon. Fresh faeces were collected and washed to identify and count the seeds. Seed germinability after gut passage was estimated with trials in a nursery at the study site. To assess the impact of gut passage on germination success and delay, comparative trials were run with four treatments: (i) gut passed seeds cleaned of faeces, (ii) gut passed seeds within a faecal matrix, (iii) seeds from fresh fruits surrounded by pulp, and (iv) seeds from fresh fruits cleaned of pulp. The analysis of 180 faecal units resulted in the identification of 58 species of seed. Germination trials were realized for 55 species and the mean germination success reached 46%. The impact of gut passage was investigated for Santiria trimera and Chrysophyllum lacourtianum; both species displayed higher germination success after ingestion. This study shows that gorillas effectively disperse seeds of numerous plant species, many of which provide timber or nontimber forest products or are typical of Gabonese forests. Considering the high-quality of gorilla deposition sites, gorillas is thought to play a unique role in the dynamics of Central African forest. 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (15 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA look at Intact Forest Landscapes and their relevance in Central African forest policy
Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Daïnou, Kasso ULiege; Vermeulen, Cédric ULiege et al

in Forest Policy and Economics (2017), 80

Tropical forests are major providers of natural resources and ecosystem services but their ecological functions are at threat, due to increasing human pressure linked to economic development. The ... [more ▼]

Tropical forests are major providers of natural resources and ecosystem services but their ecological functions are at threat, due to increasing human pressure linked to economic development. The identification of priority areas for conservation is crucial for land use planning to ensure the protection of biodiversity and ecological function. Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs), as defined by Greenpeace and World Resources Institute (WRI), are areas of the forest ecosystems not subjected to human activities. They have beenidentified by mapping human disturbances through remote sensing. Contrary to similar global-scale concepts, IFLs have been integrated into the standards of the certification body Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and therefore have practical implications for forest management policies. The Motion 65, approved in the general assembly of FSC in 2014, mandates the protection of IFLs located in FSC certified logging concessions. Until the implementation of national standards, forestry operations are banished from 80% of the IFL area within each forest management unit. To trace the history and evaluate the suitability of IFLs in the Central African context, we searched for documents related to the IFL method, and related approaches focusing on the identification of areas devoid of human disturbances. The IFL method is simple and cost-effective and allows for a global assessment of the influence of human infrastructures and industrial exploitation on forests However, the method does not consider the situation below the canopy and those forest components not visible by satellites. For example, hunting, one of the main threats faced by wildlife in Central African forests today, cannot be detected with satellite imagery. On the other hand, other anthropogenic activities which remote sensing may detect may be compatible with forest ecosystem conservation. To better tailor the IFL approach to Central African forests, we recommend (i) the consideration of wildlife communities in the intactness analysis, (ii) a thorough evaluation of the impacts of human activities on forest ecosystems, and (iii) the integration of local stakeholders and governments in the design of land management strategies to respond to social, economic and environmental needs [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (26 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailHautes Valeurs de Conservation (HVC) dans les Unités Forestières d'Aménagement du Cameroun : concepts, choix et pratiques
Daïnou, Kasso ULiege; Bracke, Charles; Vermeulen, Cédric ULiege et al

Book published by Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux (2016)

Le système de certification FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) vise à promouvoir la gestion durable des forêts. Il repose sur un ensemble de normes dont une est particulièrement complexe à mettre en oeuvre ... [more ▼]

Le système de certification FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) vise à promouvoir la gestion durable des forêts. Il repose sur un ensemble de normes dont une est particulièrement complexe à mettre en oeuvre en Afrique Centrale, le principe 9 traitant des Hautes Valeurs de Conservation (HVC). Ce principe devrait être interprété aux échelons nationaux afin de prendre en compte les spécificités de chaque pays. Bien que des ouvrages aient déjà été élaborés par diverses organisations, aucun ne cible particulièrement les grandes concessions forestières. Au Cameroun, ces concessions ou Unités Forestières d’Aménagement (UFA), représentent pourtant 40 % du domaine forestier national. Le présent guide ambitionne de fournir aux acteurs de la gestion forestière au Cameroun les connaissances les plus pertinentes afin de leur permettre d’identifier, de gérer et de suivre les Hautes Valeurs de Conservation dans les UFA. Il se démarque des précédents guides par plusieurs points : (i) une revue bibliographique détaillée est fournie sur le sujet épineux de l’identification de chaque HVC, et l’opinion des auteurs y est mise en exergue; (ii) la démarche d’identification est appuyée par les références les plus pertinentes, évitant au gestionnaire de se disperser dans sa quête de documentation; (iii) sur la base de leur expérience, les auteurs proposent une série de menaces pouvant affecter les HVC, de mesures de gestion et d’indicateurs de suivi. L’approche développée se base sur des méthodes empiriques et pragmatiques d’une part et, d’autre part, sur des études scientifiques. Cet ouvrage devrait constituer une base intéressante pour une interprétation solide des HVC au Cameroun. De plus, bien que ciblant les UFA camerounaises, il pourrait inspirer d’autres acteurs forestiers œuvrant dans le Bassin du Congo. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 683 (100 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailSeed Dispersal by Western Lowland Gorillas: from Fruits to Seedlings
Haurez, Barbara ULiege

in Gorilla journal : journal de Berggorilla-& Regenwald-Direkthilfe (2016), 52

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (6 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailWestern lowland gorilla an logging companies A winning duo ?
Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Petre, Charles-Albert ULiege; Brostaux, Yves ULiege et al

Conference (2016)

The critically endangered western lowland gorilla (WLG) disperses the seeds of many fruits. These seeds are often deposited at gorilla nest sites, in open-canopy habitats favorable for seedling growth and ... [more ▼]

The critically endangered western lowland gorilla (WLG) disperses the seeds of many fruits. These seeds are often deposited at gorilla nest sites, in open-canopy habitats favorable for seedling growth and recruitment. However, considering anthropogenic disturbances, such as logging, gorillas and the directed seed dispersal services they provide are at risk. On the other hand, sustainably managed logging concessions are reported to harbor viable gorilla populations. If WLG provide effective dispersal of timber species, it would be of benefit to loggers for these ecological services to be preserved. In order to explore such interactions between the WLG and the timber industry, we (1) assessed the status of a WLG population in a logging concession, and (2) investigated their seed dispersal effectiveness for timber species. We inferred the long-term viability of a gorilla population in a Gabonese logged forest, and the short-term impact of timber harvesting on this population. Gorilla density was estimated through three successive censuses: (1) 25 years after the first felling cycle, (2) six months and (3) one year after the second felling cycle. Seed dispersal effectiveness for timber species was estimated through gorilla fecal analysis and germination trials in a nursery. The results suggested that a viable population of WLG could be maintained in selectively logged forests (< 2 cut trees ha-1). Indeed, although gorillas tend to flee areas being actively exploited for timber, their densities in logged forests can regain their initial levels, or even a higher one, within one year post-logging. Over a period of 20 months, the seeds of 59 plant species were found in gorilla feces. Nearly 20 % of the identified species (N=35) are of economic value because of their exploitation for timber. Analyzed fecal units contained on average 81.0 ± 107.8 intact seeds (0-566). Specific germination success varied from 0 to 100 %, with an average of 46 ± 36 %. Sustainably-managed logging concessions may host viable populations of WLG. Considering the seed dispersal services provided for timber species and the unique directed-dispersal to open-canopy habitats, gorillas are implicated in the regeneration and maintenance of logged forests. Therefore, the generalization of sustainable logging would be beneficial both to the economical and the environmental value of tropical forests, thus providing an incentive for loggers and governments to prevent illegal hunting in concessions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (5 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShort term impact of selective logging on a western lowland gorilla population
Haurez, Barbara ULiege; Tagg, Nikki; Petre, Charles-Albert ULiege et al

in Forest Ecology and Management (2016), 364

Selective timber production is implemented over a large proportion of the world’s tropical forests. Within these forest ecosystems, the frugivore community contributes important ecological services ... [more ▼]

Selective timber production is implemented over a large proportion of the world’s tropical forests. Within these forest ecosystems, the frugivore community contributes important ecological services through animal-mediated seed dispersal. However, there is no clear understanding of the impacts of logging on wildlife or of the extent to which seed dispersal is preserved in logged forests. Given its tendency for nesting in light gaps, the western lowland gorilla is likely to provide directed-dispersal services to a wide range of tree species. Production forests preserved from poaching have been reported to harbor high densities of gorillas, but the monitoring of gorilla populations subjected to logging is poorly documented. This study investigated gorilla density and nesting behavior after timber exploitation in a logging concession in southeast Gabon. Nest count censuses were performed on line transects, before and after the second felling cycle. Gorilla density dropped from 1.5 (116.7 nests km 2, 95% CI = 83.4–163.5) to 1.0 (64.9 nests km 2, % CI = 32.6–129.5) weaned gorilla km 2 4–6 months after logging, then rose to 2.6 (176.3 nests km 2, 95% CI = 113.5–274.1) gorillas km 2 9–11 months after logging. A consistent preference for nesting in open canopy terra firma forest was observed during all censuses. This study demonstrates the short-term resilience of the western lowland gorilla to selective timber harvesting, and argues that they offer a continued contribution to directed-dispersal services within months after logging. Although a long-term monitoring of gorillas in a logged forest should be undertaken, the role of this species in logged forest recovery is thought to be important. The preservation of gorilla should receive particular consideration by forest managers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (16 ULiège)