References of "Halleux, Jean-Marie"
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See detailFirm productivity and territorial resources: Evidence from Wallonia (Belgium)
Wilmotte, Pierre-François ULiege; Dejardin, Marcus; Van Caillie, Didier ULiege et al

Conference (2019, May 17)

The aim of our presentation is to expose some territorial evidence from a model explaining the firm productivity in Wallonia, the Southern region of Belgium. This model is a part of our PhD-thesis project ... [more ▼]

The aim of our presentation is to expose some territorial evidence from a model explaining the firm productivity in Wallonia, the Southern region of Belgium. This model is a part of our PhD-thesis project aiming to estimate the impact of the territorial resources on the firm performance in Wallonia. Like many other European regions, Wallonia faces up to some challenges related to the regional development: firm location is largely structured by agglomeration economies, generating some economic disparities across the region, but public policies in the regional development field are more focused on infrastructure and inexpensive land supply for some decades (Gouvernement wallon, 2014; Vandermeer, 2016; Wilmotte & Halleux, 2018). We have developed an econometric model in order to explain the productivity of Walloon SMEs by the intern feature of the firm provided thanks to accounting data and by the access to the territorial resources. By territorial resources, we mean the specific features of the territories that affect the ability of companies to develop their business. Our model illustrates the impact of several territorial resources with a multi-scale effects: the importance of location at European market scale, the effect of proximity to the first-rank cities (and not to the second-rank cities in the Walloon study case) et the lower impact of local infrastructures for the firm productivity. These results provide some contributions to the debate for regional development with the key role of agglomeration economies for the SMEs performance. [less ▲]

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See detailModélisation de la productivité par les ressources territoriales : application à la Wallonie
Wilmotte, Pierre-François ULiege; Dejardin, Marcus; Van Caillie, Didier ULiege et al

Conference (2019, February 06)

La proposition de communication s’inscrit dans une recherche doctorale visant à mesurer l’impact des ressources territoriales sur la performance des entreprises situées en Wallonie (Belgique). La ... [more ▼]

La proposition de communication s’inscrit dans une recherche doctorale visant à mesurer l’impact des ressources territoriales sur la performance des entreprises situées en Wallonie (Belgique). La recherche part de trois constats : tout d’abord, toutes choses étant égales par ailleurs, les entreprises situées dans la province belge du Brabant wallon, correspondant schématiquement à l’aire d’influence de la métropole bruxelloise, dégageaient 20 % de valeur ajoutée supplémentaire par rapport aux autres entreprises wallonnes (Vandermeer, 2016). Ensuite, des recherches menées aux Pays-Bas ont mis en exergue l’impact de ressources territoriales spécifiques à certains parcs d’activités économiques dans leur vitalité et la performance des entreprises installées (Beekmans, 2016). Enfin, il existe déjà de nombreuses actions publiques visant à « mobiliser le territoire à destination du développement économique » (Gouvernement wallon, 2014) alors qu’il subsiste de nombreux points aveugles concernant la relation entre les entreprises et le territoire. La recherche doctorale est structurée en trois parties : exploitation de données comptables des entreprises, modélisation des prix de l’immobilier à vocation économique et réalisation d’enquêtes auprès des entreprises, dans une perspective de comparaison des résultats issus des trois sources de données. La proposition de communication se concentre sur l’exploitation des données comptables des entreprises. L’objectif est d’expliquer la création de valeur ajoutée par les entreprises mono-établissement situées en Wallonie par des variables décrivant l’entreprise elle-même, c’est-à-dire des données de comptabilité des entreprises déposées annuellement à Banque Nationale de Belgique, mais aussi des variables traduisant les ressources territoriales auxquelles l’entreprise peut accéder par sa localisation. Par ressource territoriale, nous entendons les caractéristiques du territoire en mesure d’affecter la capacité des entreprises à développer leurs activités. Nous postulons que ces ressources sont structurées à trois échelles : l’échelle du site, l’échelle du bassin de population et l’échelle régionale. Ces ressources couvrent divers domaines : marché du travail, dynamique urbaine, accessibilité locale et régionale, dynamique locale d’innovation, aménités, dynamique entrepreneuriale… L’objectif est de mettre en avant les ressources du territoire, ses potentialités valorisées par les entreprises en questionnant les stratégies actuelles de développement régional (Nijkamp, 2016). D’un point de vue méthodologique, un modèle de régression linéaire multiple,permet d’exploiter les données de comptabilité des entreprises, avec des spécificités de type "log-log" et "log-niveau", permettant d’analyser les ressources territoriales. Les données proviennent d’une base de données des entreprises dont le siège social est situé en Wallonie. L’objectif de la communication est de pouvoir exposer les premiers résultats provenant de ces modélisations, mais aussi d’exposer les enjeux liés à la méthodologie adoptée et de discuter des données mises à disposition. [less ▲]

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See detailAncrage territorial de l'économie de la connaissance : ébauche d'un état des lieux en Wallonie
Wilmotte, Pierre-François ULiege; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

Présentation des recherches menées depuis quelques années dans le cadre de la CPDT et de la thèse de doctorat concernant le développement économique et territorial en Wallonie. Cette présentation s ... [more ▼]

Présentation des recherches menées depuis quelques années dans le cadre de la CPDT et de la thèse de doctorat concernant le développement économique et territorial en Wallonie. Cette présentation s'inscrivait dans un cycle de séminaires concernant l'ancrage des activités économiques dans le territoire wallon au regard du projet de Schéma de Développement Territorial en cours de révision. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring and Comparing Planning Cultures: Risk, Trust and Co-operative Attitudes in Experimental Games
Li, Keyang; Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Eika, Anders et al

in European Planning Studies (2019)

Cultural impacts in planning increasingly receive attention from both academics and practitioners around Europe. However, comparative planning cultures studies face the challenges of lacking systematic ... [more ▼]

Cultural impacts in planning increasingly receive attention from both academics and practitioners around Europe. However, comparative planning cultures studies face the challenges of lacking systematic comparison and empirical evidence, especially at the micro level of planning actors’ behaviour in interaction. This article aims to fill these gaps by (1) operationalizing the concept of planning culture; and (2) measuring and comparing it. We base our operationalization on the culturized planning model (Knieling & Othengrafen, 2009). We complement its explanatory power by building a link between planning culture and planning outcome through attitudes of planning actors. This article focuses on three attitudes: risk, trust and co-operation. To measure and compare these attitudes, we adopt three experimental economic games and conduct an experiment with public and private planning practitioners in three European countries: Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. Both crosscountry and public-private differences in these attitudes are tested in the experiment. Our experimental findings suggest that Dutch planning actors value risk aversion and trust; Norwegian planning actors value co-operation; while (French-speaking) Belgian planning actors do not value these variables that much. This empirical evidence is largely in line with more general evidence of differences in societal cultures in these countries [less ▲]

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See detailHabitat groupé et autopromotion collective : quel accompagnement pour favoriser l'auto-organisation ?
Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2019), 72

Co-housing is a formula which allows to produce housing avoiding certain costs. These costs are avoided thanks to a logic of collective self-provision where individuals act in network in order to develop ... [more ▼]

Co-housing is a formula which allows to produce housing avoiding certain costs. These costs are avoided thanks to a logic of collective self-provision where individuals act in network in order to develop a real-estate project. Through three case studies in Wallonia and in Brussels, we study the institutional factors that explain why this housing development formula remains uncommon despite its many advantages. The analysis, based on the principles highlighted by Elinor Ostrom for the appropriate self-organization of the management of common pool resources, highlights the need to put in place institutional and organizational engineering in order to support potential co-owners. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring planning cultures for co-housing development
Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

Conference (2018, September 28)

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See detailMeasuring and comparing planning cultures: risk, trust and co-operative attitudes
Li, Keyang; Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Eika, Anders et al

Conference (2018, September 28)

[en] Cultural impacts in planning increasingly receive attention from both academics and practitioners around Europe. However, comparative planning cultures studies face the challenges of lacking ... [more ▼]

[en] Cultural impacts in planning increasingly receive attention from both academics and practitioners around Europe. However, comparative planning cultures studies face the challenges of lacking systematic comparison and empirical evidence, especially on the micro level of planning actors’ behavior in interaction. This article aims to fill these gaps by (1) operationalizing the concept of planning culture; and (2) measuring and comparing it. We base our operationalization on the culturized planning model (Knieling & Othengrafen, 2009). We complement its explanatory power by building a link between planning culture and planning outcome through attitudes of planning actors. Three attitudes are focused in this article: attitudes of risk, trust and co-operation. To measure and compare these attitudes, we adopt three experimental economic games and conduct an experiment with public and private planning practitioners in three European countries: Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. Both cross-country and public-private differences in these attitudes are tested in the experiment. Our experimental findings suggest that Dutch planning actors value risk aversion and trust; Norwegian planning actors value co-operation; while (French-speaking) Belgian planning actors do not value these variables that much. This empirical evidence is largely in line with more general evidence of differences in societal cultures in these countries. [less ▲]

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See detailFirm performance and multi-scale territorial resources in Wallonia (Belgium): towards a model using business accounting
Wilmotte, Pierre-François ULiege; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

Poster (2018, July 26)

The research project aims to explore the relationships between firm performance and their territorial and/or location specific resources. By territorial resource, we mean the specific features of the ... [more ▼]

The research project aims to explore the relationships between firm performance and their territorial and/or location specific resources. By territorial resource, we mean the specific features of the territories that affect the ability of companies to develop their business. Our ambition is to compare different categories of territorial resources: accessibility at both, the micro and the macro level; the “prestige” of place; the economic environment; the size and the quality of workforce… The main goal is to measure the differences in terms of scales and intensity of these territorial resources. We postulate the existence of three structuring scales around the firm internal perimeter: the Walloon [regional] scale, the sub-regional scale and the scale of the site where the firm is located. This proposal presents the first model of our PhD project, using the business accounting data. First, we expose the State of Art related to the territorial resources to select variables. These variables are linked with the available data from European, Belgian and Walloon sources. Then, we lay out the methodology of this model, explaining the added value created by the Walloon firms thanks to internal factors of the Walloon firms (measured by accounting data) and to the territorial resources. Finally, we expose the data used as well as our first results. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring planning cultures for co-housing development
Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

Conference (2018, July 11)

We define co-housing development as the self-provided development of a new housing supply through the cooperation between individuals. Co-housing development provides interesting solutions to many of the ... [more ▼]

We define co-housing development as the self-provided development of a new housing supply through the cooperation between individuals. Co-housing development provides interesting solutions to many of the current problems of housing production and this phenomenon is therefore increasing all over Europe since the 2000s. We also see this trend in French-speaking Belgium (Wallonia and Brussels), although the evolution there remains limited. Many general obstacles are pointed out in both, the academic research and outreach handbook, to explain the limited development of co-housing development: land acquisition, planning permission, time investment... Besides those general reasons, we consider that the culture can also be a major barrier, specially in environments such as French-speaking Belgium where the trust level among the population is weak, as showed by the European Social Survey. In order to test this hypothesis, we aim to measure culture by using experimental economics. Experimental economics are experiments motivated by economics questions. Those experiments are notably used to measure the impact of culture on beliefs and preferences as well as on economic outcomes. With this method inspired by studies in economics, we build a link between planning culture and planning outcome through attitudes. Our work is based on experiments measuring two attitudes that are critical for co-housing development: trust and cooperation. We conduct those experiments with students in several European countries: Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, France and England. The objective of those experiments is to check that the propensity for co-operation is lower in French- speaking Belgium than in other countries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (8 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMeasuring and comparing planning cultures: risk, trust and co-operative attitudes
Li, Keyang; Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Eika, Anders et al

Conference (2018, July 11)

Cultural impacts in planning increasingly receive attention from both academics and practitioners around Europe. However, comparative planning cultures studies face the challenges of lacking systematic ... [more ▼]

Cultural impacts in planning increasingly receive attention from both academics and practitioners around Europe. However, comparative planning cultures studies face the challenges of lacking systematic comparison and empirical evidence, especially on the micro level of planning actors’ behavior in interaction. This article aims to fill these gaps by (1) operationalizing the concept of planning culture; and (2) measuring and comparing it. We base our operationalization on the culturized planning model (Knieling & Othengrafen, 2009). We complement its explanatory power by building a link between planning culture and planning outcome through attitudes of planning actors. Three attitudes are focused in this article: attitudes of risk, trust and co-operation. To measure and compare these attitudes, we adopt three experimental economic games and conduct an experiment with public and private planning practitioners in three European countries: Belgium, the Netherlands and Norway. Both cross-country and public-private differences in these attitudes are tested in the experiment. Our experimental findings suggest that Dutch planning actors value risk aversion and trust; Norwegian planning actors value co-operation; while (French-speaking) Belgian planning actors do not value these variables that much. This empirical evidence is largely in line with more general evidence of differences in societal cultures in these countries. [less ▲]

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See detailMesure et comparaison des cultures d’aménagement du territoire : risques, confiance et coopération
Li, Keyang; Dethier, Perrine ULiege; Eika, Anders et al

Conference (2018, June 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULiège)
See detailNew education programmes for new practices in land uses
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

Conference (2018, June 07)

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See detailLa structure spatiale des systèmes régionaux d'innovation : qu'en est-il de la proximité géographique au sein des pôles de compétitivité wallons ?
Wilmotte, Pierre-François ULiege; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

in Espace Géographique (2018), 47(1), 51-70

Research on regional innovation systems suffers from a lack of clarity concerning the spatial structure of these systems. In order to clarify this issue, we test empirically, through data on R&D projects ... [more ▼]

Research on regional innovation systems suffers from a lack of clarity concerning the spatial structure of these systems. In order to clarify this issue, we test empirically, through data on R&D projects developed by the Walloon competitiveness clusters, the theoretical assumption according to which the probability that two actors collaborate to innovate is correlated to the spatial distance separating them. Our analyses use the differentiation between the logics of “local buzz” and “global pipelines” formulated by the model of H. Bathelt et al. (2004). As our results highlight the structuring character of the regional level, we propose an improvement of this model by supplementing it with a reference to the “regional pipelines” logic. It also appears from our results that the relations between partners of R&D projects are particularly intense when the spatial distance between them is below 10 km, which is a mark of a significant “local buzz” dynamic. [less ▲]

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See detailModélisation multiniveaux des prix fonciers et immobiliers sur le territoire belge
Kasapov, Nicolas; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

Conference (2018, May 25)

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