References of "Gommeren, Kris"
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See detailChapter 41: POCUS: Cardiovascular
Gommeren, Kris ULiege; Darnis, Elodie ULiege; Merveille, Anne-Christine ULiege

in Lisciandro, Greg (Ed.) Point-of-Care Veterinary Ultrasound Techniques for the Small Animal Practitioner (in press)

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See detailA questionnaire-based survey of owner-reported environment and care of West Highland white Terrier with or without idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Roels, Elodie ULiege; Fastrès, Aline ULiege; McGeown et al

Poster (2018, October 12)

Canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (CIPF) is a progressive parenchymal lung disease of unknown origin and poorly understood pathophysiology that mainly occurs in old West Highland white terriers (WHWTs ... [more ▼]

Canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (CIPF) is a progressive parenchymal lung disease of unknown origin and poorly understood pathophysiology that mainly occurs in old West Highland white terriers (WHWTs). Not all dogs from the WHWT breed develop CIPF, which suggests the involvement of triggering factors in the onset and/or progression of the disease. To assess potential triggers, an online questionnaire–based survey was submitted to WHWTs owners. The questionnaire was accessible during a 3-month period in 3 different languages (English, French, and Dutch) and was distributed to WHWTs owners and breeders through social medial and emails. Questions were divided into sections regarding owner, dog (clinical and diagnostic data for CIPF), environment (house and surroundings, compost, ventilation, air conditioning, humidification, asbestosis, smoking, and household maintenance), grooming, and veterinary care (vaccination, deworming, and comorbidities). Completed questionnaires were received from 458 WHWTs owners from various countries including principally USA (n=193), Australia (n=62), France (n=56), UK (n=39), and Belgium (n=30). Thirty-eight questionnaires were discarded due to lack of essential data resulting in a total amount of 420 exploitable responses, 138 of which concerning a CIPF affected WHWT. Median age reported at CIPF diagnosis was 11.5 years (range 2– 6.8). Inspiratory crackles were noticed in 82.3% of dogs. Seventy-three out of 138 (52.9%) CIPF WHWTs were dead at the time of questionnaire completion. The overall survival time after diagnosis was 1.4 years (0–8.5). Cause of death was CIPF-related in 76.7% of cases. In order to assess potential triggers associated with CIPF, each CIPF dog was matched to one unaffected WHWT by age. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used for group comparison (CIPF vs. CTRL). Statistical significance was set at a P-value ≤ 0.05. Parameters significantly associated with CIPF included genetic relationship with another dog affected with CIPF (P=0.025), living in an old house (P=0.012), absence of a ventilation system (P<0.0001), and frequent grooming in dedicated facilities (P=0.001). CIPF dogs were at increased risk of cardiac disease (P=0.001), most likely due to the development of secondary pulmonary hypertension, and at decreased risk of endocrine disease (P=0.01) compared with CTRL. The preliminary results of this survey suggest an association between CIPF, genetic background and environmental factors such as old nonventilated houses or grooming habits. Further analysis of the results of the questionnaire are ongoing [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of reference values of the caudal vena cava by fast-ultrasonography through different views in healthy dogs
Darnis, Elodie ULiege; Boysen, Soren; Merveille, Anne-Christine ULiege et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2018), 32

BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment of intravascular volume status is challenging. In humans, ultrasonographic assessment of the inferior vena cava diameter, directly or as a ratio to the aortic diameter is ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment of intravascular volume status is challenging. In humans, ultrasonographic assessment of the inferior vena cava diameter, directly or as a ratio to the aortic diameter is used to estimate intravascular volume status. OBJECTIVES: To ultrasonographically obtain reference values (RV) for caudal vena cava diameter (CVCD ), area (CVCa ) and aortic ratios using 3 views in awake healthy dogs. ANIMALS: One hundred and twenty-six healthy adult dogs from clients, students, faculty, or staff. METHODS: Prospective, multicenter, observational study. Two observer pairs evaluated CVCD by a longitudinal subxiphoid view (SV), a transverse 11th-13th right hepatic intercostal view (HV), and a longitudinal right paralumbar view (PV). Inter-rater agreements were estimated using concordance correlation coefficients (CCC). For body weight (BW)-dependent variables, RVs were calculated using allometric scaling for variables with a CCC ≥ 0.7. RESULTS: The CCC was ≤0.43 for the CVC/aorta ratio at the PV and ≤0.43 in both inspiration and expiration for CVC at the SV. The RVs using allometric scaling for CVCa at the HV for inspiration, expiration, and for CVCD at the PV were 6.16 × BW0.762 , 7.24 × BW0.787 , 2.79 × BW0.390 , respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The CVCD , measured at the HV and PV in healthy awake dogs of various breeds has good inter-rater agreement suggesting these sites are reliable in measuring CVCD . Established RVs for CVCD for these sites need further comparison to results obtained in hypovolemic and hypervolemic dogs to determine their usefulness to evaluate volume status in dogs. [less ▲]

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See detailThymic haemorrhage due to ingestion of human anticoagulant medication in a puppy
Vangrinsven, Emilie ULiege; Girod, Maud; Etienne, Anne-Laure ULiege et al

in Veterinary Record Case Reports (2017)

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See detailCAUDAL VENA CAVA ASSESSMENT IN DOGS WITH RIGHT-SIDED CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE: A PILOT STUDY
Merveille, Anne-Christine ULiege; Darnis, Elodie ULiege; Boysen, Soren et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2017)

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See detailCytology of reactional spleen may be misleading
Ramery, Eve ULiege; Vangrinsven, Emilie ULiege; Gommeren, Kris ULiege et al

Poster (2016, October)

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See detailRetrospective study on current blood product use in dogs at a veterinary teaching hospital
Gautier, Anaïs; Terradas Crespo, Emilia; Vangrinsven, Emilie ULiege et al

in EVECC Congress (2016, June)

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See detailRETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON SYMPTOMATIC ANTICOAGULANT RODENTICIDE INTOXICATIONS IN COMPANION ANIMALS: EMPHASIS ON INDEX OF SUSPICION AND INITIAL THERAPY PRIOR TO REFERRAL
Terradas Crespo, Emilia; Gautier, Anaïs; Kroonen, Jérémy et al

in EVECC Congress (2016, June)

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See detailEvaluation of the effect of oral omeprazole on canine cerebrospinal fluid production: A pilot study.
Girod, Maud ULiege; Allerton, F.; Gommeren, Kris ULiege et al

in Veterinary Journal (2016), 209

Administration of omeprazole by ventriculo-cisternal perfusion or intravenously has been shown to decrease cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production in dogs and rabbits. Oral omeprazole has consequently been ... [more ▼]

Administration of omeprazole by ventriculo-cisternal perfusion or intravenously has been shown to decrease cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production in dogs and rabbits. Oral omeprazole has consequently been recommended to reduce CSF production in dogs with conditions in which clinical signs may be attributable to an accumulation of CSF in the central nervous system (e.g. hydrocephalus, syringomyelia). The albumin quotient (QAlb), the ratio between CSF and serum albumin concentration, has been proposed as a reliable means to evaluate CSF production; decreasing CSF production should cause an increase in QAlb. The aims of this study were to assess the effect of oral administration of omeprazole on QAlb in dogs and to compare two methods to assess CSF albumin concentration. Fifteen healthy Beagle dogs received omeprazole (1.2 mg/kg/day) orally for 14 days; CSF and blood were obtained before and after treatment. CSF albumin concentrations were evaluated by nephelometry and high-resolution protein electrophoresis. Regardless of the method used for measuring albumin, QAlb did not change significantly following oral omeprazole administration, suggesting that CSF production in healthy dogs may not be affected by chronic oral therapy with omeprazole. [less ▲]

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See detailAxillary temperature measurement: a less stressful alternative for hospitalised cats?
Girod, Maud ULiege; Vandenheede, Marc ULiege; Farnir, Frédéric ULiege et al

in Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2016), 178(8), 192

Rectal temperature measurement (RTM) can promote stress and defensive behaviour in hospitalised cats. The aim of this study was to assess if axillary temperature measurement (ATM) could be a reliable and ... [more ▼]

Rectal temperature measurement (RTM) can promote stress and defensive behaviour in hospitalised cats. The aim of this study was to assess if axillary temperature measurement (ATM) could be a reliable and less stressful alternative for these animals. In this prospective study, paired rectal and axillary temperatures were measured in 42 cats, either by a veterinarian or a student. To assess the impact of these procedures on the cat's stress state, their heart rate was checked and a cat stress score (CSS) was defined and graded from 1 (relaxed) to 5 (terrified). A moderate correlation was found between RTM and ATM (r=0.52; P<0.0001). RTM was on average 0.9°C (1.6°F) higher than ATM (P<0.0001), although a wide variation was found in the difference between these two measurements (−2.1°C to 3.6°C (−3.8°F to 6.5°F)). ATM failed to identify hypothermia in 25 per cent of the cases and hyperthermia in 19 per cent of the cases but may be considered less stressful than RTM. Indeed, RTM induced a mildly greater increase in heart rate (+6 bpm; P=0.01) and in CSS (+0.2; P=0.001) than ATM. The results were not affected by operator type. In conclusion, RTM should remain the standard method to obtain accurate temperatures in cats. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of 4 point-of-care blood gas analyzers for arterial blood gas analysis in healthy dogs and dogs with cardiopulmonary disease
Roels, Elodie ULiege; Gommeren, Kris ULiege; Farnir, Frédéric ULiege et al

in Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (2016), 00(0), 1-8

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See detailFeline panleukopenia virus in cerebral neurons of young and adult cats.
Garigliany, Mutien-Marie ULiege; Gilliaux, Gautier ULiege; Jolly, Sandra et al

in BMC Veterinary Research (2016), 12(1), 28

BACKGROUND: Perinatal infections with feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) have long been known to be associated with cerebellar hypoplasia in kittens due to productive infection of dividing neuroblasts. FPV ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Perinatal infections with feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) have long been known to be associated with cerebellar hypoplasia in kittens due to productive infection of dividing neuroblasts. FPV, like other parvoviruses, requires dividing cells to replicate which explains the usual tropism of the virus for the digestive tract, lymphoid tissues and bone marrow in older animals. RESULTS: In this study, the necropsy and histopathological analyses of a series of 28 cats which died from parvovirus infection in 2013 were performed. Infections were confirmed by real time PCR and immunohistochemistry in several organs. Strikingly, while none of these cats showed cerebellar atrophy or cerebellar positive immunostaining, some of them, including one adult, showed a bright positive immunostaining for viral antigens in cerebral neurons (diencephalon). Furthermore, infected neurons were negative by immunostaining for p27(Kip1), a cell cycle regulatory protein, while neighboring, uninfected, neurons were positive, suggesting a possible re-entry of infected neurons into the mitotic cycle. Next-Generation Sequencing and PCR analyses showed that the virus infecting cat brains was FPV and presented a unique substitution in NS1 protein sequence. Given the role played by this protein in the control of cell cycle and apoptosis in other parvoviral species, it is tempting to hypothesize that a cause-to-effect between this NS1 mutation and the capacity of this FPV strain to infect neurons in adult cats might exist. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first evidence of infection of cerebral neurons by feline panleukopenia virus in cats, including an adult. A possible re-entry into the cell cycle by infected neurons has been observed. A mutation in the NS1 protein sequence of the FPV strain involved could be related to its unusual cellular tropism. Further research is needed to clarify this point. [less ▲]

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See detailLa "nuit étoilée" et le "triangle hyperéchogène péri-veineux hilaire", signes de torsion splénique à l'échographie?
Terradas Crespo, Emilia; Barthelemy, Nicolas ULiege; Gommeren, Kris ULiege et al

in Monde Vétérinaire (2014), 147

Une splénomégalie avec des plages hypoéchogènes diffuses et de multiples lignes hyperéchogènes parallèles dans le parenchyme, appelé lacy pattern ou stary sky = nuit étoilée, est un signe ayant une haute ... [more ▼]

Une splénomégalie avec des plages hypoéchogènes diffuses et de multiples lignes hyperéchogènes parallèles dans le parenchyme, appelé lacy pattern ou stary sky = nuit étoilée, est un signe ayant une haute probabilité de torsion splénique à l’échographie. Un autre signe échographique a été décrit comme étant un signe encore plus fiable de torsion splénique aigue. Il s’agit du triangle hyperéchogène péri-veineux hilaire. Cependant, ces signes ne sont pas des signes pathognomoniques de torsion splénique à l’échographie. [less ▲]

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See detailOvariectomie par laparoscopie de 2 chiennes atteintes de la maladie de Von Willebrand
Vangrinsven, Emilie ULiege; Zaratin, Maurine; Claeys, Stéphanie ULiege et al

in Monde Vétérinaire (2014), 145

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