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See detailSAFE AND/OR SECURE? DEALING WITH UNCERTAINTIES IN HIGH-RISK INDUSTRIES
Glesner, Colin ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, March 25)

Our societies are facing an increasing number of crises. These may be rooted in non-intentional or intentional and malevolent acts or a mix of both. In order to prevent and mitigate the threats ... [more ▼]

Our societies are facing an increasing number of crises. These may be rooted in non-intentional or intentional and malevolent acts or a mix of both. In order to prevent and mitigate the threats confronting them, high-risk industries, including defense industries, chemical facilities, energy corporations or nuclear power plants, among others, have developed over time measures to enhance first and foremost their safety, and subsequently, their security. In consequence, safety and security policies have been developed separately and in non-mutually informed ways. Yet, both safety and security have an impact on employees’ daily work and the discrepancies between their aims and practices may increase high-risk industries’ vulnerability. To face these tensions, employees of such organizations, already working in uncertain environments, have to balance and articulate contradictory measures and handle the resulting uncertainties. [less ▲]

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See detailAspects éthiques du risque radiologique
Glesner, Colin ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, February 13)

Durant ce cours, j’aimerais avec vous, aborder les question de l’éthique dans le champs de la radioprotection. La volonté n’est certainement pas de donner des réponse toutes faites qui sortes de mon ... [more ▼]

Durant ce cours, j’aimerais avec vous, aborder les question de l’éthique dans le champs de la radioprotection. La volonté n’est certainement pas de donner des réponse toutes faites qui sortes de mon chapeau, mais plutôt de construire, avec vous une réflexion autour des enjeux éthique de la radioprotection ainsi que des enjeux autours d’autre sujets qui pourraient être mis en comparaison avec votre sujet de prédilection, la radioprotection. Au final, j’aimerais qu’on construise ensemble une compréhension de ce qu’est l’éthique et de comment elle s’applique. Le but n’est pas d’aller dans les détail techniques de sa potentielle mise en œuvre, mais bien d’engendrer une réflexion au tour de ce concept  le but est donc d’ouvrir des portes, plutôt que de prescrire une chemin, de fermer le champs des possible vers une solution. En effet, en ééthique, il me selmble qu’i est curcial de mettre en avatnq ue les choses sont complexes [less ▲]

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See detailSAFETY AND SECURITY: TWO CULTURES?
Glesner, Colin ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, November 10)

Research on safety and security in critical infrastructures is typically split into two separate domains: safety culture and security culture. As a consequence, no stabilized and comparable definitions of ... [more ▼]

Research on safety and security in critical infrastructures is typically split into two separate domains: safety culture and security culture. As a consequence, no stabilized and comparable definitions of safety and security have been developed. Nor is it clear how the two concepts relate to one another, and whether they can coexist, as is often assumed by institutional regulatory and policy bodies (e.g. International Atomic Energy Agency, 2016b) and some authors (Gandhi & Kang, 2013; Reniers, Cremer, & Buytaert, 2011). We may hence ask: how do safety and security cultures interact? which synergies and discrepancies do they entail? and can they be articulated together? To address these questions, this paper provides a first-of-its-kind systematic literature review of the concepts of safety culture and security culture in critical infrastructures. It highlights several lacunae, such as the existence of a certain fuzziness among definitions due to ontological contradictions regarding safety and security cultures conceptions. Besides, it stresses the non-integration of technological and procedural elements as active safety and security cultures’ elements. In order to overcome the identified pitfalls, it suggests mutually informed and comparable safety and security cultures definitions that incorporate technological, procedural and human aspects and mobilize vulnerability and resilience approaches. Building on this theoretical endeavor, it proposes an integrated model of safety and security cultures that paves the way for empirical research within critical infrastructures. [less ▲]

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See detailCO-INVENTING A PARTICIPATORY “RETURN OF EXPERIENCE” DIGITAL PLATFORM FOR POST-CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN BELGIUM
Glesner, Colin ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, July 28)

Short abstract In this panel we ask what publics are shaped and enacted by national and transnational surveillance, border and post-crisis management technologies and how can we study them by mobilizing ... [more ▼]

Short abstract In this panel we ask what publics are shaped and enacted by national and transnational surveillance, border and post-crisis management technologies and how can we study them by mobilizing the conceptual and methodological repertoire of STS. Long abstract In Europe, policy decisions dictated by executive powers after 9/11 have enabled new national and transnational surveillance, border and post-crisis management technologies to take shape in the name of controlled migration and preventing and reacting to crime and terror. What publics are shaped and enacted by these technologies and how can we study them by mobilizing the conceptual and methodological repertoire of STS? The modus operandi of pre-emptive security measures builds on decisions calling upon what Gunnarsdóttir and Rommetveit termed "phantom publics" instead of testing such decisions' grounding. How can publics nevertheless engage to hold the management of technologies accountable? An alternative take addresses categories deriving from the social sorting of technologies. Differentiating between trusted and distrusted travelers, low-risk and high-risk groups, documented and undocumented migrants have been regarded as dynamic and contested concepts. Dijstelbloem and Broeders have introduced the notion of "non-publics" to point to heterogeneous publics with ambiguous access to exercise their rights. How can shifted attention from pre-given classifications to ontological modifications of categories provide a perspective on the empowering and disempowering effects on publics? A third perspective focusses on "counter publics". Enacting for instance "subversive mobilities" or "temporary autonomous zones" by destabilizing or subverting routines and scripts of technologies allows actors to claim rights and space that have either not yet been formally granted or cannot be exercised. How can actions with the potential to circumvent borders and surveillance create invigorated possibilities for renegotiating their performative power? [less ▲]

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See detailRearticulating Return of experience: Towards a participatory and flexible REX Information Infrastructure for safety and security management
Glesner, Colin ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, June 18)

Our technological cultures are increasingly confronted with natural catastrophes, industrial disasters, intentional unlawful acts, or a combination of these elements. Information Infrastructures dedicated ... [more ▼]

Our technological cultures are increasingly confronted with natural catastrophes, industrial disasters, intentional unlawful acts, or a combination of these elements. Information Infrastructures dedicated to manage post-crisis are key elements to cope with these new risks and the challenges and threats they pose. A system, called REX (for return of experience), aims, in principles, on the one hand at engaging users (crisis actors) through “collective learning processes” and on the other hand, at drawing teachings from previous crises and getting prepared for future ones. Such information infrastructures have been institutionalized and systematized in various high-risk industries (e.g. aviation industry, hospitals, nuclear research) as well as at the national scale for safety and security-related crises in order to increase reflective practices and stimulate a learning process. In Belgium, as elsewhere, several crisis management actors regularly call for the establishment of such an information infrastructure. But how can this system be implemented and “made to work”? Leaning on literature and existing REX examination, we highlight REX potential pitfalls caused by linear, top-down and technocratic approaches. Thereafter, through interviews and emergency exercises participatory observations we analyze the Belgian potential users’ (police, fire and medical services and political/administrative authorities) representations and practices. Based on this, we suggest and discuss an alternative REX model dealing with such pitfalls. The proposed REX builds on a bottom-up, flexible and non-linear approach that rearticulates the relationship between its designers (REX producers) and users (crisis actors) by engaging crisis actors in its production. Thereby, the project aims to produce robust and reflective conclusions and recommendations in order to improve our technological systems’ resilience. [less ▲]

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See detailConstruction d'un cadre d'analyse de crise pour la province de Liège
Glesner, Colin ULiege

Report (2018)

Ce travail a pour objectif de construire et proposer, sur base d'entretiens avec des acteurs de crise et de participations à des exercices d'urgence, un cadre de retour d'expérience pour la province de ... [more ▼]

Ce travail a pour objectif de construire et proposer, sur base d'entretiens avec des acteurs de crise et de participations à des exercices d'urgence, un cadre de retour d'expérience pour la province de Liège. [less ▲]

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See detailCoping with evolving risks and crises: Producing a REX framework for crisis management in the province of Liège
Glesner, Colin ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, March 26)

Our technological cultures are increasingly confronted with natural catastrophes, industrial disasters, intentional unlawful acts, or a combination of these elements. As such risks, potentially disrupt ... [more ▼]

Our technological cultures are increasingly confronted with natural catastrophes, industrial disasters, intentional unlawful acts, or a combination of these elements. As such risks, potentially disrupt societies, methods analyzing previous events and producing useful lessons and recommendations are developed to improve the capacity to cope with new crises and the risks that accompany them. Such methods are comprised within the concept of Retour d’experience (REX), which is now an indispensable component of safety and security management. For many years, various industries (e.g. aviation industry, hospitals, nuclear research…) have formalized systematic REX practices aiming at analyzing accidents and incidents. Furthermore, standardized and centralized REX methodologies have been institutionalized in countries such as France. In contrast, Belgium does not have a single REX system, even though many Belgian actors involved in crisis management explicitly call for one. Through an examination of REX approaches in France and in industries and through post-crisis Belgian practices analysis (emergency exercises observations and crises protagonists interviews), this paper seeks to produce a REX framework enabling efficient individual and collective learning from crises and the implementation of preventive measures to better manage evolving sociotechnical risks in the face of a crisis. It argues that in order to be appropriated by the field actors and tailored to the Belgian context, the framework has to be developed and rehearsed with them. Keywords: Belgium, crisis, learning, REX, Risks [less ▲]

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See detailAnticiper les changements technologiques pour ne plus les subir
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Chefneux, Luc et al

Article for general public (2018)

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les ... [more ▼]

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les débattre, les questionner et participer de manière concertée à orienter leur trajectoire ? [less ▲]

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