References of "Gemenne, François"
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See detailA threesome is healthier than a love triangle: connecting planetary health, climate change and migration
Schütte, Stefanie; Gemenne, François ULiege; Depoux, Anneliese et al

in The Lancet Planetary Health (in press)

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See detailDisasters, Evacuations and Democracies: Lessons from the Fukushima Disaster
Gemenne, François ULiege; Kanie, Norichika; Hasegawa, Reiko

Book published by Edward Elgar (in press)

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See detailThe complexity of environmental migration: case of the returned Burkinabe fulani breeders from Bouna Department in Ivory Coast to Noumbiel Province in Burkina Faso
Tomety, Yaovi Djivénou; Puškárovà, Paula; Gemenne, François ULiege et al

in Journal of International Relations (2018), 16(1), 22-38

The issue of environmental migration starts to involve growing number of scholars and policymakers all around the world. Conventionally, environmental degradation is not a sole reason that drives people ... [more ▼]

The issue of environmental migration starts to involve growing number of scholars and policymakers all around the world. Conventionally, environmental degradation is not a sole reason that drives people to move but rather it goes hand-in-hand with other political and socio-economic factors. In March 2016, an inter-communal conflict arose between Lobi farmers and Burkinabe Fulani herders who had settled in Bouna department in the northeast of Ivory Coast after leaving Burkina Faso following the great drought in 1970s. This conflict that appears to be born along a banal fact of pillaging the Lobi farmers' fields by the cattle of Burkinabe Fulani herders had serious consequences: numerous injuries, several casualties, capital destruction, and economic losses. Eventually, the conflict led to displacement of few thousand people to the province of Noumbiel in Burkina Faso. The analysis of the roots of this massive displacement points to the growing local demand for natural resources and to the management of agricultural lands what got aggravated along social issues of chieftaincy among different ethnic groups in the Bouna area. The increase in the area of agricultural land has led to shrinkages in the area of rangelands and the degradation of forest resources, thus reducing pasture acreage of cattle herds. Although clashes between stockbreeders and agriculturists had been taking place in the neighbourhood for many years, the situation appeared to escalate up to the point of prompting people to move for the first time. Even though the displaced people in this case are considered returnees to their home country, the years of staying in Ivory Coast destroyed almost all social and economic linkages in their home country. The situation led to humanitarian crisis marked by limited access to UN support since the status of returnees did not qualify for refugee. The support was provided by local Burkinabe government and NGOs. [less ▲]

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See detailHandbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration
McLeman, Robert; Gemenne, François ULiege

Book published by Routledge (2018)

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See detailPeople moved and will move again
Gemenne, François ULiege; De Longueville, Florence; De Bruyckere, Luka ULiege et al

Conference (2017, December 11)

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See detailPeople moved and will move again
Gemenne, François ULiege; De Longueville, Florence; De Bruyckere, Luka ULiege et al

Conference (2017, November 17)

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See detailGlobal assessment of impacts on migration and security issues
Richardson, Katy; Bradshaw, Catherine; Lewis, Kirsty et al

Report (2017)

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See detailSocial ‘tipping points’ under climate/environmental change
Ozer, Pierre ULiege; Koala, Ouango; Clervil, Luc et al

Conference (2017, October 12)

There is growing recognition that climate change has the potential to trigger social ‘tipping points’, potentially involving abrupt (i.e. non-linear) increases in climate damages, even under smooth (i.e ... [more ▼]

There is growing recognition that climate change has the potential to trigger social ‘tipping points’, potentially involving abrupt (i.e. non-linear) increases in climate damages, even under smooth (i.e. linear) climate change. Whilst the notion of a ‘tipping point’ originated in the social sciences, in the last decade or so it has been widely used by climate scientists, referring in particular to strongly self-amplifying (positive feedback) dynamics in parts of the climate system [sensu Lenton et al. 2008]. We argue that reinvigorating the concept of social tipping points has considerable potential to help researchers understand the social impacts of climate change and consider their human consequences. Whilst feedback dynamics can also be important in social systems, here we review a broader phenomenology of social ‘tipping points’ that could give rise to abrupt changes e.g. in climate damages. We focus in particular on migration dynamics as the original example of ‘social tipping’ which can also be affected by climate change. We include the potential for the perception of climate change (as well as the actual experience of it) to trigger ‘social tipping’. We note how a lack of system resilience can increase the likelihood and magnitude of ‘social tipping’ driven by climate change, and scope out the potential for early warning signals of particular types of social tipping. We argue that in the developing world at least there is potential for social tipping points to be triggered by climate change long before potential climate tipping points unfold. Looking ahead, the application of network theory methods to social data provides a rapidly expanding opportunity to monitor and in some cases forewarn of social tipping. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of health concerns in scientific and policy debates on climate change
Schütte, Stefanie; Depoux, Anneliese; Vigil Diaz Telenti, Sara ULiege et al

in Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health (2017)

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See detailChangement climatique, catastrophes naturelles et déplacements de populations en Afrique de l’Ouest
Gemenne, François ULiege; Blocher, Julia Mc Donald ULiege; De Longueville, Florence et al

in Geo-Eco-Trop : Revue Internationale de Géologie, de Géographie et d'Ecologie Tropicales (2017), 41(3),

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See detailThe Denier-in-Chief: Climate Change, Science and the Election of Donald J. Trump
De Pryck, K.; Gemenne, François ULiege

in Law and Critique (2017), 28(2), 119-126

The election of Donald J. Trump as the 45th President of the United States reminded us that climate deniers are anything but endangered species. In this short paper, we discuss President Trump’s position ... [more ▼]

The election of Donald J. Trump as the 45th President of the United States reminded us that climate deniers are anything but endangered species. In this short paper, we discuss President Trump’s position on climate change in the wider context of climate controversies and denial. In particular, we put it into perspective with other notorious contrarian leaders and their influence on national and international climate politics. Finally, we provide a brief analysis of President Trump discourses on climate change and discuss them in light of reflections about post-truth politics. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. [less ▲]

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See detailHow can migration serve adaptation to climate change? Challenges to fleshing out a policy ideal
Gemenne, François ULiege; Blocher, J.

in Geographical Journal (2017), 183(4), 336-347

Migration continues to be pictured in public debates as a failure to adapt to changes, while policymakers explore adaptation measures as a means to reduce migration pressures, and scholars have contended ... [more ▼]

Migration continues to be pictured in public debates as a failure to adapt to changes, while policymakers explore adaptation measures as a means to reduce migration pressures, and scholars have contended that migration processes exist within a larger framework of strategies for adapting to damaging climate change impacts. So what are the impacts of migration on the adaptive capacities and vulnerabilities of the origin and host communities, as well as of the migrants themselves? The objective of this conceptual and methodological paper is to identify possible different options for research into the consequences of migration for adaptation. The first section reviews how the migration–adaptation nexus has been addressed in the literature, confirming the potential of human mobility to build resilience and to increase adaptive capacities within complex and potentially maladaptive processes. The next section explores the potential impacts of migration that need to be studied, from three main vantage points: the migrants themselves, the community of origin, and the community of destination. A final section weighs the possible approaches and suggests solutions that may exist to advance empirical study of the migration–adaptation area nexus, so that it can address not just the causes, but also the consequences of migration in the context of environmental changes. © 2017 Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) [less ▲]

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See detailConsequences of rapid ice-sheet melting on the Sahelian population vulnerability
Defrance, Dimitri; Ramstein, Gilles; Charbit, Sylvie et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2017), 114(25), 6533-6538

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See detailThe Hugo Conference: Environment, Migration, Politics - Compendium of abstracts
De Bruyckere, Luka ULiege; Gemenne, François ULiege; Ozer, Pierre ULiege et al

Book published by University of Liège (2016)

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See detailImpact of shoreline changes on population in Cotonou, Benin
de Longueville, Florence; Hountondji, Yvon-Carmen; Gemenne, François ULiege et al

Poster (2016, November 04)

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See detailPeople moved and will move again
Gemenne, François ULiege; de Longueville, Florence; De Bruyckere, Luka ULiege et al

Poster (2016, November 04)

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See detailMigration in Extreme Climate Change Scenarios
Gemenne, François ULiege; Blocher, Julia; de Longueville, Florence et al

Conference (2016, October 12)

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See detailImpact de la vulnérabilité et de la résilience aux changements environnementaux sur la mobilité en Afrique de l'Ouest
Zickgraf, Caroline ULiege; Vigil Diaz Telenti, Sara ULiege; de Longueville, Florence et al

in Ginesu, Sergio; Ozer, André; Ozer, Pierre (Eds.) La géographie physique et les risques de pertes et préjudices liés aux changements climatiques (2016, May 19)

Du Sahel à la zone côtière, l’Afrique de l'Ouest connaît une variété de changements environnementaux résultant tant de processus lents que de chocs soudains. Ces changements influencent significativement ... [more ▼]

Du Sahel à la zone côtière, l’Afrique de l'Ouest connaît une variété de changements environnementaux résultant tant de processus lents que de chocs soudains. Ces changements influencent significativement les schémas de migration de populations dans et hors de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Dans cette région où les ressources naturelles constituent la base des moyens de subsistance et de la sécurité alimentaire (pêche et agriculture), la relation entre les changements environnementaux et les vulnérabilités socio-économiques est particulièrement préoccupante. [...] [less ▲]

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See detailAddressing the risk of maladaptation to climate change
Magnan, Alexandre; Schipper, E.L.F.; Burkett, Maxine et al

in WIREs Clim Change (2016)

This paper reviews the current theoretical scholarship on maladaptation and provides some speci!c case studies—in the Maldives, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Bangladesh—to advance the !eld by offering an ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the current theoretical scholarship on maladaptation and provides some speci!c case studies—in the Maldives, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Bangladesh—to advance the !eld by offering an improved conceptual understanding and more practice-oriented insights. It notably highlights four main dimensions to assess the risk of maladaptation, that is, process, multiple drivers, temporal scales, and spatial scales. It also describes three examples of frameworks— the Pathways, the Precautionary, and the Assessment frameworks—that can help capture the risk of maladaptation on the ground. Both these conceptual and practical developments support the need for putting the risk of maladaptation at the top of the planning agenda. The paper argues that starting with the intention to avoid mistakes and not lock-in detrimental effects of adaptation-labeled initiatives is a !rst, key step to the wider process of adapting to climate variability and change. It thus advocates for the anticipation of the risk of maladaptation to become a priority for decision makers and stakeholders at large, from the international to the local levels. Such an ex ante approach, however, supposes to get a clearer understanding of what maladaptation is. Ultimately, the paper af!rms that a challenge for future research consists in developing context-speci!c guidelines that will allow funding bodies to make the best decisions to support adaptation (i.e., by better capturing the risk of maladaptation) and practitioners to design adaptation initiatives with a low risk of maladaptation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Impact of Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Changes on Mobility Patterns in West Africa
Zickgraf, Caroline ULiege; Vigil Diaz Telenti, Sara ULiege; de Longueville, Florence et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously ... [more ▼]

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously suffering from other forms of environmental degradation. Together, these environmental changes are significantly influencing migration patterns in and out of West Africa. This paper seeks to analyze vulnerability and resilience to environmental changes as they affect and are affected by mobility patterns in the region. We assert that the impact of environmental changes cannot be isolated from other political, social, economic, and demographic pressures that together drive human mobility. In a region where natural resources form the foundation of livelihoods and food security (fishing and agriculture), the relationship between environmental changes and socioeconomic vulnerabilities is of particular concern. This paper therefore draws from four distinct case studies to grasp the variegated and cumulative vulnerability and resilience among local populations as they relate to internal and intraregional migration. [less ▲]

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