References of "GUIOT, Julien"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSputum IL-25, IL-33 and TSLP, IL-23 and IL-36 in airway obstructive diseases. Reduced levels of IL-36 in eosinophilic phenotype.
Moermans, Catherine ULiege; Damas, K.; Guiot, Julien ULiege et al

in Cytokine (2021), 140

INTRODUCTION: Alarmins ((IL-25, IL-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP)) are known to promote Th2 inflammation and could be associated with eosinophilic airway infiltration. They may also play a ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Alarmins ((IL-25, IL-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP)) are known to promote Th2 inflammation and could be associated with eosinophilic airway infiltration. They may also play a role in airway remodeling in chronic airway obstructive diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). IL-23 and IL-36 were shown to mediate the neutrophilic airway inflammation as seen in chronic airway obstructive diseases. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to determine the expression and the production of these cytokines from induced sputum (IS) in patients with chronic airway obstructive diseases including asthmatics and COPD. The relationship of the mediators with sputum inflammatory cellular profile and the severity of airway obstruction was assessed. METHODS: The alarmins (IL-25, IL-33 and TSLP) as well as IL-23 and IL-36 concentrations were measured in IS from 24 asthmatics and 20 COPD patients compared to 25 healthy volunteers. The cytokines were assessed by ELISA in the IS supernatant and by RT-qPCR in the IS cells. RESULTS: At protein level, no difference was observed between controls and patients suffering from airway obstructive diseases regarding the different mediators. IL-36 protein level was negatively correlated with sputum eosinophil and appeared significantly decreased in patients with an eosinophilic airway inflammation compared to those with a neutrophilic profile and controls. At gene level, only IL-36, IL-23 and TSLP were measurable but none differed between controls and patients with airway obstructive diseases. IL-36 and IL-23 were significantly increased in patients with an neutrophilic inflammatory profile compared to those with an eosinophilic inflammation and were correlated with sputum neutrophil proportions. None of the mediators were linked to airway obstruction. CONCLUSIONS: The main finding of our study is that patients with eosinophilic airway inflammation exhibited a reduced IL-36 level which could make them more susceptible to airway infections as IL-36 is implicated in antimicrobial defense. This study showed also an implication of IL-36 and IL-23 in airway neutrophilic inflammation in chronic airway obstructive diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBreathomics to diagnose systemic sclerosis using thermal desorption and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry
Zanella, Delphine ULiege; GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULiege et al

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2021)

Systemic sclerosis is a rare autoimmune disease associated with rapidly evolving interstitial lung disease, responsible for the disease severity and mortality. Specific biomarkers enabling the early ... [more ▼]

Systemic sclerosis is a rare autoimmune disease associated with rapidly evolving interstitial lung disease, responsible for the disease severity and mortality. Specific biomarkers enabling the early diagnosis and prognosis associated with the disease progression are highly needed. Volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath are widely available and non-invasive and have the potential to reflect metabolic processes occurring within the body. Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to investigate the potential of exhaled breath to diagnose systemic sclerosis. The exhaled breath of 32 patients and 30 healthy subjects was analyzed. The high resolving power of this approach enabled the detection of 356 compounds in the breath of systemic sclerosis patients, which was characterized by an increase of mainly terpenoids and hydrocarbons. In addition, the use of 4 complementary statistical approaches (two-tailed equal variance ttest, fold change, partial least squares discriminant analysis, and random forest) resulted in the identification of 16 compounds that can be used to discriminate systemic sclerosis patients from healthy subjects. Receiver operating curves were generated that provided an accuracy of 90%, a sensitivity of 92%, and a specificity of 89%. The chemical identification of eight compounds predictive of systemic sclerosis was validated using commercially available standards. The analytical variations together with the volatile composition of room air were carefully monitored during the timeframe of the study to ensure the robustness of the technique. This study represents the first reported evaluation of exhaled breath analysis for systemic sclerosis diagnosis and provides surrogate markers for such disease. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCirculating Nucleosomes as Potential Markers to Monitor COVID-19 Disease Progression.
Cavalier, Etienne ULiege; Guiot, Julien ULiege; Lechner, Katharina et al

in Frontiers in molecular biosciences (2021), 8

The severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) varies significantly with cases spanning from asymptomatic to lethal with a subset of individuals developing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS ... [more ▼]

The severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) varies significantly with cases spanning from asymptomatic to lethal with a subset of individuals developing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and death from respiratory failure. To determine whether global nucleosome and citrullinated nucleosome levels were elevated in COVID-19 patients, we tested two independent cohorts of COVID-19 positive patients with quantitative nucleosome immunoassays and found that nucleosomes were highly elevated in plasma of COVID-19 patients with a severe course of the disease relative to healthy controls and that both histone 3.1 variant and citrullinated nucleosomes increase with disease severity. Elevated citrullination of circulating nucleosomes is indicative of neutrophil extracellular trap formation, neutrophil activation and NETosis in severely affected individuals. Importantly, using hospital setting (outpatient, inpatient or ICU) as a proxy for disease severity, nucleosome levels increased with disease severity and may serve as a guiding biomarker for treatment. Owing to the limited availability of mechanical ventilators and extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) equipment, there is an urgent need for effective tools to rapidly assess disease severity and guide treatment selection. Based on our studies of two independent cohorts of COVID-19 patients from Belgium and Germany, we suggest further investigation of circulating nucleosomes and citrullination as biomarkers for clinical triage, treatment allocation and clinical drug discovery. [less ▲]

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailYKL-40 as a new promising prognostic marker of severity in COVID infection.
Schoneveld, Lauranne ULiege; LADANG, Aurélie ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege et al

in Critical care (London, England) (2021), 25(1), 66

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (6 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCan predicting COVID-19 mortality in a European cohort using only demographic and comorbidity data surpass age-based prediction: An externally validated study.
Chatterjee, Avishek; Wu, Guangyao; Primakov, Sergey et al

in PLoS ONE (2021), 16(4), 0249920

OBJECTIVE: To establish whether one can build a mortality prediction model for COVID-19 patients based solely on demographics and comorbidity data that outperforms age alone. Such a model could be a ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To establish whether one can build a mortality prediction model for COVID-19 patients based solely on demographics and comorbidity data that outperforms age alone. Such a model could be a precursor to implementing smart lockdowns and vaccine distribution strategies. METHODS: The training cohort comprised 2337 COVID-19 inpatients from nine hospitals in The Netherlands. The clinical outcome was death within 21 days of being discharged. The features were derived from electronic health records collected during admission. Three feature selection methods were used: LASSO, univariate using a novel metric, and pairwise (age being half of each pair). 478 patients from Belgium were used to test the model. All modeling attempts were compared against an age-only model. RESULTS: In the training cohort, the mortality group's median age was 77 years (interquartile range = 70-83), higher than the non-mortality group (median = 65, IQR = 55-75). The incidence of former/active smokers, male gender, hypertension, diabetes, dementia, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic cardiac disease, chronic neurological disease, and chronic kidney disease was higher in the mortality group. All stated differences were statistically significant after Bonferroni correction. LASSO selected eight features, novel univariate chose five, and pairwise chose none. No model was able to surpass an age-only model in the external validation set, where age had an AUC of 0.85 and a balanced accuracy of 0.77. CONCLUSION: When applied to an external validation set, we found that an age-only mortality model outperformed all modeling attempts (curated on www.covid19risk.ai) using three feature selection methods on 22 demographic and comorbid features. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAsthma and COPD Are Not Risk Factors for ICU Stay and Death in Case of SARS-CoV2 Infection
CALMES, Doriane ULiege; Graff, Sophie ULiege; MAES, Nathalie ULiege et al

in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice (2021), 9(1), 160-169

BACKGROUND: Asthmatics and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have more severe outcomes with viral infections than people without obstructive disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Asthmatics and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have more severe outcomes with viral infections than people without obstructive disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if obstructive diseases are risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19). METHODS: We collected data from the electronic medical record from 596 adult patients hospitalized in University Hospital of Liege between March 18 and April 17, 2020, for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) infection. We classified patients into 3 groups according to the underlying respiratory disease, present before the COVID19 pandemic. RESULTS: Among patients requiring hospitalization for COVID19, asthma and COPD accounted for 9.6% and 7.7%, respectively. The proportions of asthmatics, patients with COPD, and patients without obstructive airway disease hospitalized in the ICU were 17.5%, 19.6%, and 14%, respectively. One-third of patients with COPD died during hospitalization, whereas only 7.0% of asthmatics and 13.6% of patients without airway obstruction died due to SARS-CoV2. The multivariate analysis showed that asthma, COPD, inhaled corticosteroid treatment, and oral corticosteroid treatment were not independent risk factors for ICU admission or death. Male gender (odds ratio [OR]: 1.9; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-3.2) and obesity (OR: 8.5; 95% CI: 5.1-14.1) were predictors of ICU admission, whereas male gender (OR 1.9; 95% CI: 1.1-3.2), older age (OR: 1.9; 95% CI: 1.6-2.3), cardiopathy (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-3.1), and immunosuppressive diseases (OR: 3.6; 95% CI: 1.5-8.4) were independent predictors of death. CONCLUSION: Asthma and COPD are not risk factors for ICU admission and death related to SARS-CoV2 infection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 132 (26 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailGC×GC-HRTOFMS for untargeted screening of exhaled breath
Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULiege; Zanella, Delphine ULiege; Franchina, Flavio ULiege et al

Conference (2020, November)

In the galaxy of Omics Science, breathomics (i.e., exhaled breath analysis) knows an exponential growth. The full characterization of the breath composition and the understanding of the origin of these ... [more ▼]

In the galaxy of Omics Science, breathomics (i.e., exhaled breath analysis) knows an exponential growth. The full characterization of the breath composition and the understanding of the origin of these chemicals could have a gigantic impact for clinical research. Indeed, the potential of using non-invasive breath testing for patient status evaluation could be a game changer in disease monitoring and personalized medicine. Following that goal, there are numerous applications under development from cancer detection to diet adjustment. However, the complete characterization of the exhaled breath composition represents a complex analytical quest. From the exhaustive and reliable sampling, through robust untargeted analysis, to validated markers identification, the playground is large and require the development of new analytical workflows. To ensure the robustness of the entire process, every step must be carefully optimized and controlled with a robust QA/QC system. In order to resolve the complex composition of such samples, a powerful analytical technique is required. To obtain an untargeted screening of exhaled breath sample comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC×GC-MS) is a go to analytical solution. GC×GC-MS provides high separation resolution and orthogonal compounds identification metrics. Indeed, the retention times combined to the MS fragmentogram and potentially to the high-resolution MS provide strong identification confidence, which can reach level 2 MSI (metabolomics standard initiative) classification in a single analysis. The organic and biological analytical chemistry group (OBiAChem) from Liège University has been dedicating a lot of effort to tackle the challenges on the road of robust breath test. In this webinar, we will cover the different technological aspects of exhaled breath research including sampling, analysis, data processing, and QA/QC. In addition, we will cover some clinical applications and discuss the transferability of breath testing for large scale population screening. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (8 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCould KL-6 levels in COVID-19 help to predict lung disease?
Frix, Anne-Noëlle ULiege; Schoneveld, Lauranne ULiege; LADANG, Aurélie ULiege et al

in Respiratory Research (2020), 21(309),

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease COVID-19 has become a public health emergency of international concern. Together with the quest for an effective treatment, the question of the post-infectious evolution of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease COVID-19 has become a public health emergency of international concern. Together with the quest for an effective treatment, the question of the post-infectious evolution of affected patients in healing process remains uncertain. Krebs von den Lungen 6 (KL-6) is a high molecular weight mucin-like glycoprotein produced by type II pneumocytes and bronchial epithelial cells. Its production is raised during epithelial lesions and cellular regeneration. In COVID-19 infection, KL-6 serum levels could therefore be of interest for diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic response evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study retrospectively compared KL-6 levels between a cohort of 83 COVID-19 infected patients and two other groups: healthy subjects (n = 70) on one hand, and a heterogenous group of patients suffering from interstitial lung diseases (n = 31; composed of 16 IPF, 4 sarcoidosis, 11 others) on the other hand. Demographical, clinical and laboratory indexes were collected. Our study aims to compare KL-6 levels between a COVID-19 population and healthy subjects or patients suffering from interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). Ultimately, we ought to determine whether KL-6 could be a marker of disease severity and bad prognosis. RESULTS: Our results showed that serum KL-6 levels in COVID-19 patients were increased compared to healthy subjects, but to a lesser extent than in patients suffering from ILD. Increased levels of KL-6 in COVID-19 patients were associated with a more severe lung disease. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that KL-6 could be a good biomarker to assess ILD severity in COVID-19 infection. Concerning the therapeutic response prediction, more studies are necessary. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (20 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeutrophil extracellular traps infiltrate the lung airway, interstitial, and vascular compartments in severe COVID-19
Radermecker, Coraline ULiege; Detrembleur, Nancy ULiege; Guiot, Julien ULiege et al

in Journal of Experimental Medicine (2020), 217(12),

Infection with SARS-CoV-2 is causing a deadly and pandemic disease called coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). While SARS-CoV-2-triggered hyperinflammatory tissue-damaging and immunothrombotic responses are ... [more ▼]

Infection with SARS-CoV-2 is causing a deadly and pandemic disease called coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). While SARS-CoV-2-triggered hyperinflammatory tissue-damaging and immunothrombotic responses are thought to be major causes of respiratory failure and death, how they relate to lung immunopathological changes remains unclear. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) can contribute to inflammation-associated lung damage, thrombosis, and fibrosis. However, whether NETs infiltrate particular compartments in severe COVID-19 lungs remains to be clarified. Here we analyzed postmortem lung specimens from four patients who succumbed to COVID-19 and four patients who died from a COVID-19-unrelated cause. We report the presence of NETs in the lungs of each COVID-19 patient. NETs were found in the airway compartment and neutrophil-rich inflammatory areas of the interstitium, while NET-prone primed neutrophils were present in arteriolar microthrombi. Our results support the hypothesis that NETs may represent drivers of severe pulmonary complications of COVID-19 and suggest that NET-targeting approaches could be considered for the treatment of uncontrolled tissue-damaging and thrombotic responses in COVID-19. © 2020 Radermecker et al. This article is distributed under the terms of an Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike-No Mirror Sites license for the first six months after the publication date (see http://www.rupress.org/terms/). After six months it is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International license, as described at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (16 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEfficacy and safety of sildenafil added to pirfenidone in patients with advanced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and risk of pulmonary hypertension: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 2b trial
Behr, J.; Nathan, S. D.; Wuyts, W. A. et al

in Lancet Respiratory Medicine (2020)

Background: The benefit of sildenafil in patients with advanced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) at risk of poor outcomes from pulmonary hypertension, whether already present or likely to develop, is ... [more ▼]

Background: The benefit of sildenafil in patients with advanced idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) at risk of poor outcomes from pulmonary hypertension, whether already present or likely to develop, is uncertain. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of sildenafil added to pirfenidone versus placebo added to pirfenidone for 52 weeks in patients with advanced IPF and at risk of group 3 pulmonary hypertension. Methods: We did a multicentre, international, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 2b study at 56 university clinics, research hospitals, and tertiary sites in Canada, Europe (Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and Turkey), Israel, and Africa (Egypt and South Africa). Eligible patients (aged 40–80 years) had advanced IPF (carbon monoxide diffusing capacity ≤40% predicted at screening), and were at risk of group 3 pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥20 mm Hg with pulmonary artery wedge pressure of ≤15 mm Hg on previous right-heart catheterisation, or intermediate or high probability of group 3 pulmonary hypertension on echocardiography as defined by the 2015 European Society of Cardiology and European Respiratory Society guidelines). Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to oral sildenafil tablets (20 mg three times daily) or placebo, both in addition to oral pirfenidone capsules (801 mg three times daily), using a validated interactive voice-based or web-based response system with permuted block randomisation, stratified by previous right-heart catheterisation (yes or no) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s to forced vital capacity ratio (<0·8 or ≥0·8). The composite primary endpoint was disease progression, defined as either a relevant decline in 6-min walk distance, respiratory-related admission to hospital, or all-cause mortality, after 52 weeks and was assessed in the intention-to-treat population; safety was assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of the study drug. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02951429, and is no longer recruiting. The 11-month safety follow-up is ongoing. Findings: Between Jan 13, 2017, and Aug 30, 2018, 247 patients were screened for eligibility, 177 of whom were randomly assigned to a treatment group (n=88 sildenafil; n=89 placebo) and were assessed for the primary outcome. There was no difference in the proportion of patients with disease progression over 52 weeks between the sildenafil (64 [73%] of 88 patients) and placebo groups (62 [70%] of 89 patients; between-group difference 3·06% [95% CI −11·30 to 17·97]; p=0·65). Serious treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 54 (61%) patients in the sildenafil group and 55 (62%) patients in the placebo group. Treatment-emergent adverse events leading to mortality occurred in 22 (25%) patients in the sildenafil group and 26 (29%) in the placebo group. Interpretation: Addition of sildenafil to pirfenidone did not provide a treatment benefit versus pirfenidone plus placebo up to 52 weeks in patients with advanced IPF and risk of pulmonary hypertension. No new safety signals were identified with either treatment. Although the absence of a beneficial treatment effect suggests that sildenafil is not an appropriate treatment in the overall population, further research is required to establish if specific subgroups of patients with IPF might benefit from sildenafil. Funding: F Hoffmann-La Roche. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMacrophage-derived exosomes attenuate fibrosis in airway epithelial cells through delivery of antifibrotic miR-142-3p
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Cambier, Maureen ULiege; Boeckx, Amandine ULiege et al

in Thorax (2020), 75(10), 870-881

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease of unknown aetiology and cure. Recent studies have reported a dysregulation of exosomal microRNAs ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease of unknown aetiology and cure. Recent studies have reported a dysregulation of exosomal microRNAs (miRs) in the IPF context. However, the impact of IPF-related exosomal miRs on the progression of pulmonary fibrosis is unknown. Methods: Two independent cohorts were enrolled at the ambulatory care polyclinic of Liège University. Exosomes from sputum were obtained from 19 patients with IPF and 23 healthy subjects (HSs) (cohort 1), and the ones from plasma derived from 14 patients with IPF and 14 HSs (cohort 2). Exosomal miR expression was performed by quantitative reverse transcription–PCR. The functional role of exosomal miRs was assessed in vitro by transfecting miR mimics in human alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts. Results: Exosomal miR analysis showed that miR-142-3p was significantly upregulated in sputum and plasma of patients with IPF (8.06-fold, p<0.0001; 1.64 fold, p=0.008, respectively). Correlation analysis revealed a positive association between exosomal miR-142-3p and the percentage of macrophages from sputum of patients with IPF (r=0.576, p=0.012), suggesting macrophage origin of exosomal miR-142-3p upregulation. The overexpression of miR-142-3p in alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts was able to reduce the expression of transforming growth factor β receptor 1 (TGFβ-R1) and profibrotic genes. Furthermore, exosomes isolated from macrophages present antifibrotic properties due in part to the repression of TGFβ-R1 by miR-142-3p transfer in target cells. Discussion: Our results suggest that macrophage-derived exosomes may fight against pulmonary fibrosis progression via the delivery of antifibrotic miR-142–3 p to alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (34 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDiagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers for Chronic Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Diseases With a Progressive Phenotype
Inoue, Y.; Kaner, R. J.; Guiot, Julien ULiege et al

in CHEST (2020), 158(2), 646-659

Biomarkers have the potential to become central to the clinical evaluation and monitoring of patients with chronic fibrosing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) with a progressive phenotype. Here we ... [more ▼]

Biomarkers have the potential to become central to the clinical evaluation and monitoring of patients with chronic fibrosing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) with a progressive phenotype. Here we summarize the current understanding of putative serum, BAL fluid, and genetic biomarkers in this setting, according to their hypothesized pathobiologic mechanisms: evidence of epithelial cell dysfunction (eg, Krebs von den Lungen-6 antigen), fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix production or turnover (eg, matrix metalloproteinase-1), or immune dysregulation (eg, CC chemokine ligand 18). While most of the available data come from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), the prototypic progressive fibrosing ILD, data are available in the broader patient population of chronic fibrosing ILDs. A number of these biomarkers show promise, however, none have been validated. In this review article, we assess both the status of proposed biomarkers for chronic fibrosing lung diseases with a progressive phenotype in predicting disease risk or predisposition, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment response and provide a direct comparison between IPF and other chronic fibrotic ILDs. We also reflect on the current clinical usefulness and future direction of research for biomarkers in the setting of chronic fibrosing ILDs with a progressive phenotype. © 2020 The Authors [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExosomal Long Non-Coding RNAs in Lung Diseases
Poulet, Christophe ULiege; NJOCK, Makon-Sébastien ULiege; MOERMANS, Catherine ULiege et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2020), 21(10), 3580

Within the non-coding genome landscape, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their secretion within exosomes are a window that could further explain the regulation, the sustaining, and the spread of lung ... [more ▼]

Within the non-coding genome landscape, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their secretion within exosomes are a window that could further explain the regulation, the sustaining, and the spread of lung diseases. We present here a compilation of the current knowledge on lncRNAs commonly found in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), or lung cancers. We built interaction networks describing the mechanisms of action for COPD, asthma, and IPF, as well as private networks for H19, MALAT1, MEG3, FENDRR, CDKN2B-AS1, TUG1, HOTAIR, and GAS5 lncRNAs in lung cancers. We identified five signaling pathways targeted by these eight lncRNAs over the lung diseases mentioned above. These lncRNAs were involved in ten treatment resistances in lung cancers, with HOTAIR being itself described in seven resistances. Besides, five of them were previously described as promising biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of asthma, COPD, and lung cancers. Additionally, we describe the exosomal-based studies on H19, MALAT1, HOTAIR, GAS5, UCA1, lnc-MMP2-2, GAPLINC, TBILA, AGAP2-AS1, and SOX2-OT. This review concludes on the need for additional studies describing the lncRNA mechanisms of action and confirming their potential as biomarkers, as well as their involvement in resistance to treatment, especially in non-cancerous lung diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (13 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNintedanib in patients with progressive fibrosing interstitial lung diseases—subgroup analyses by interstitial lung disease diagnosis in the INBUILD trial: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial
Wells, A. U.; Flaherty, K. R.; Brown, K. K. et al

in Lancet Respiratory Medicine (2020), 8(5), 453-460

Background: The INBUILD trial investigated the efficacy and safety of nintedanib versus placebo in patients with progressive fibrosing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) other than idiopathic pulmonary ... [more ▼]

Background: The INBUILD trial investigated the efficacy and safety of nintedanib versus placebo in patients with progressive fibrosing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) other than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We aimed to establish the effects of nintedanib in subgroups based on ILD diagnosis. Methods: The INBUILD trial was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group trial done at 153 sites in 15 countries. Participants had an investigator-diagnosed fibrosing ILD other than IPF, with chest imaging features of fibrosis of more than 10% extent on high resolution CT (HRCT), forced vital capacity (FVC) of 45% or more predicted, and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLco) of at least 30% and less than 80% predicted. Participants fulfilled protocol-defined criteria for ILD progression in the 24 months before screening, despite management considered appropriate in clinical practice for the individual ILD. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 by means of a pseudo-random number generator to receive nintedanib 150 mg twice daily or placebo for at least 52 weeks. Participants, investigators, and other personnel involved in the trial and analysis were masked to treatment assignment until after database lock. In this subgroup analysis, we assessed the rate of decline in FVC (mL/year) over 52 weeks in patients who received at least one dose of nintedanib or placebo in five prespecified subgroups based on the ILD diagnoses documented by the investigators: hypersensitivity pneumonitis, autoimmune ILDs, idiopathic non-specific interstitial pneumonia, unclassifiable idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, and other ILDs. The trial has been completed and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02999178. Findings: Participants were recruited between Feb 23, 2017, and April 27, 2018. Of 663 participants who received at least one dose of nintedanib or placebo, 173 (26%) had chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis, 170 (26%) an autoimmune ILD, 125 (19%) idiopathic non-specific interstitial pneumonia, 114 (17%) unclassifiable idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, and 81 (12%) other ILDs. The effect of nintedanib versus placebo on reducing the rate of FVC decline (mL/year) was consistent across the five subgroups by ILD diagnosis in the overall population (hypersensitivity pneumonitis 73·1 [95% CI −8·6 to 154·8]; autoimmune ILDs 104·0 [21·1 to 186·9]; idiopathic non-specific interstitial pneumonia 141·6 [46·0 to 237·2]; unclassifiable idiopathic interstitial pneumonia 68·3 [−31·4 to 168·1]; and other ILDs 197·1 [77·6 to 316·7]; p=0·41 for treatment by subgroup by time interaction). Adverse events reported in the subgroups were consistent with those reported in the overall population. Interpretation: The INBUILD trial was not designed or powered to provide evidence for a benefit of nintedanib in specific diagnostic subgroups. However, its results suggest that nintedanib reduces the rate of ILD progression, as measured by FVC decline, in patients who have a chronic fibrosing ILD and progressive phenotype, irrespective of the underlying ILD diagnosis. Funding: Boehringer Ingelheim. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSingle-center experience of patients with interstitial lung diseases during the early days of te COVID-19 pandemic.
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege; Frix, Anne-Noëlle ULiege et al

in Respiratory Investigation (2020), 58(6), 437-9

Introduction: Patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) can be suspected to be at risk of experiencing a rapid flare-up due to COVID-19. However, no specific data are currently available for these ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) can be suspected to be at risk of experiencing a rapid flare-up due to COVID-19. However, no specific data are currently available for these patients. <br /> <br />Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 401 patients with ILD and determined the proportion of patients hospitalized for proven severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and specific symptoms of COVID-19. <br /> <br />Results: We found that 1% of patients (n = 4) were hospitalized (1 in ICU) for COVID-19. In total, 310 of the 401 patients answered the phone call. Only 33 patients (0.08%) experienced specific symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection. <br /> <br />Conclusion: Our study did not demonstrate any increased occurrence of severe COVID-19 in ILD patients compared to the global population. Based on our findings, we could not make any conclusion on the incidence rate of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with ILDs, or on the overall outcome of immunocompromised patients affected by COVID-19. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (13 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA new nucleosomic-based model to identify and diagnose SSc-ILD
Guiot, Julien ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege; André, Béatrice ULiege et al

in Clinical Epigenetics (2020), 12(1), 124

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare connective tissue disease associated with rapid evolving interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), driving its mortality. Specific biomarkers associated with the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare connective tissue disease associated with rapid evolving interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), driving its mortality. Specific biomarkers associated with the evolution of the lung disease are highly needed. We aimed to identify specific biomarkers of SSc-ILD to predict the evolution of the disease. Nucleosomes are stable DNA/protein complexes that are shed into the blood stream making them ideal candidates for biomarkers. METHODS: We studied circulating cell-free nucleosomes (cf-nucleosomes) in SSc patients, 31 with ILD (SSc-ILD) and 67 without ILD. We analyzed plasma levels for cf-nucleosomes and investigated whether global circulating nucleosome levels in association with or without other biomarkers of interest for systemic sclerosis or lung fibrosis (e.g., serum growth factors: IGFBP-1 and the MMP enzyme: MMP-9), could be suitable potential biomarkers for the correct identification of SSc-ILD disease. RESULTS: We found that H3.1 nucleosome levels were significantly higher in patients with SSc-ILD compared SSc patients without ILD (p < 0.05) and levels of MMP-9 were significantly increased in patients with SSc-ILD compared to SSc patients without ILD (p < 0.05). Conversely, IGFBP-1 was significantly reduced in patients with SSc-ILD compared to SSc without ILD (p < 0.001). The combination of cf-nucleosomes H3.1 coupled to MMP-9 and IGFBP-1 increased the sensitivity for the differential detection of SSc-ILD. High levels of accuracy were reached with this combined model: its performances are strong with 68.4% of positive predictive value and 77.2% of negative predictive value for 90% of specificity. With our model, we identified a significant negative correlation with FVC % pred (r = -0.22) and TLC % pred (r = -0.31). The value of our model at T1 (baseline) has a predictive power over the Rodnan score at T2 (after 6-18 months), showed by a significant linear regression with R2 = 19% (p = 0.013). We identified in the sole group of SSc-ILD patients a significant linear regression with a R2 = 54.4% with the variation of DLCO between T1 and T2 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In our study, we identified a new blood-based model with nucleosomic biomarker in order to diagnose SSc-ILD in a SSc cohort. This model is correlated with TLC and FVC at baseline and predictive of the skin evolution and the DLCO. Further longitudinal exploration studies should be performed in order to evaluate the potential of such diagnostic and predictive model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (8 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’hypertension (artérielle) pulmonaire : l’apport des nouveaux vasodilatateurs artériels pulmonaires
Guiot, Julien ULiege; CORNIA, Olivia ULiege; Louis, Renaud ULiege

in Revue medicale de Liege (2020), 75(5-6), 344-349

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease, characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary arterial pressure. The therapeutic management of PAH patients has evolved significantly over ... [more ▼]

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease, characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary arterial pressure. The therapeutic management of PAH patients has evolved significantly over the past decades following the appearance of new specific therapies, but also the performance of multiple clinical studies in an otherwise rare pathology. As a result, the care is very well codified and makes it possible to treat all patients at best. To date, we can cite four therapeutic families: endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA), drugs that interfere with the cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway such as phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i) or the stimulator of soluble guanylate cyclase, prostacyclin analogues, and, finally, calcium antagonists. The therapeutic approach, formerly sequential, has proven to be insufficient in favor of an aggressive and rapidly progressive upfront therapeutic approach, making it possible to greatly improve the morbidity and mortality of patients. In this context, early management remains the most appropriate attitude and justifies recourse, from the first symptoms, to a competence center. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDevelopment and Validation of an Automated Radiomic CT Signature for Detecting COVID-19.
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Vaidyanathan, Akshayaa; DEPREZ, Louis ULiege et al

in Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland) (2020), 11(1),

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has reached pandemic status. Drastic measures of social distancing are enforced in society and healthcare systems are being pushed to and beyond their ... [more ▼]

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has reached pandemic status. Drastic measures of social distancing are enforced in society and healthcare systems are being pushed to and beyond their limits. To help in the fight against this threat on human health, a fully automated AI framework was developed to extract radiomics features from volumetric chest computed tomography (CT) exams. The detection model was developed on a dataset of 1381 patients (181 COVID-19 patients plus 1200 non COVID control patients). A second, independent dataset of 197 RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients and 500 control patients was used to assess the performance of the model. Diagnostic performance was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The model had an AUC of 0.882 (95% CI: 0.851-0.913) in the independent test dataset (641 patients). The optimal decision threshold, considering the cost of false negatives twice as high as the cost of false positives, resulted in an accuracy of 85.18%, a sensitivity of 69.52%, a specificity of 91.63%, a negative predictive value (NPV) of 94.46% and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 59.44%. Benchmarked against RT-PCR confirmed cases of COVID-19, our AI framework can accurately differentiate COVID-19 from routine clinical conditions in a fully automated fashion. Thus, providing rapid accurate diagnosis in patients suspected of COVID-19 infection, facilitating the timely implementation of isolation procedures and early intervention. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (7 ULiège)