References of "Folville, Adrien"
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See detailDo Alzheimer’s disease patients benefit from prior-knowledge in associative recognition memory?
Delhaye, Emma ULiege; Folville, Adrien ULiege; Simoes Loureiro, Isabelle et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (in press)

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See detailThe impact of age on the temporal compression of daily-life events in episodic memory
Folville, Adrien ULiege; Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege et al

Poster (2019, May 14)

Recent evidence suggests that the dynamic flow of information that constitutes daily-life events is remembered as moments of prior experience separated by temporal gaps. To date, however, how aging ... [more ▼]

Recent evidence suggests that the dynamic flow of information that constitutes daily-life events is remembered as moments of prior experience separated by temporal gaps. To date, however, how aging impacts this process of compression of past experience in episodic memory has received little attention. To examine this question, young and older adults incidentally engaged in daily-life activities while wearing a camera. Subsequently, participants were cued with pictures taken by the wearable camera and were asked to mentally relive corresponding events in as much detail as possible. Results revealed that rates of temporal compression of events when remembering were similar in young and older adults. In both groups, these rates of compression were higher when remembering goal-directed actions compared to spatial displacements. Furthermore, the amount of detail within recalled moments did not differ between age-groups. Taken together, these results support the view that episodic memories represent the unfolding of events as compressed short-time slices of past experience. Our findings also suggest that these mechanisms of compression remain stable with increasing age which highlights the importance of using ecological approaches that capture the complexity of real-life events to examine age-related changes in episodic memory. [less ▲]

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See detailOlder adults do not always rely on the amount of episodic details when judging the subjective quality of their memories
Folville, Adrien ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege

Poster (2019, May 14)

Although healthy aging is related to a decline in recollection asindexed by objective measures, the subjective experience of recollection remains stable.To date, however, studies have only examined these ... [more ▼]

Although healthy aging is related to a decline in recollection asindexed by objective measures, the subjective experience of recollection remains stable.To date, however, studies have only examined these age-related effects using aggregated data across trials, such that the relationship between subjective and objective measures of recollection on a trial-by-trial basis remains unknown. To address this question, young and older adults performed a cued recollection task of pictures that wereassociated with descriptive labels at encoding. At retrieval, participants were cued with the labels and were asked to rate the vividness of their memory of the picture and to recall as many details of the picture as they could.Multilevelanalyses revealed that, across trials, the relationship between subjective (vividness) and objective (free recall) recollection was stronger in young than inolder participants.However, when requested to recall the content of the picture before assessing vividness, older adults calibrated their subjective judgements on the amount of retrieved details to the same extent as young adults. These results provide evidence that older adults not only retrieve fewer episodic details but also rely on these details to a lesser extent than young adults for judging the subjective quality of their memories. [less ▲]

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See detailOlder adults do not always rely on the amount of episodic details when considering the subjective vividness of their memories
Folville, Adrien ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege

Conference (2018, September 28)

Although healthy aging has been related to a decline in recollection as indexed by objective measures (e.g., source memory or free-recall), the subjective experience of recollection (e.g., vividness of ... [more ▼]

Although healthy aging has been related to a decline in recollection as indexed by objective measures (e.g., source memory or free-recall), the subjective experience of recollection (e.g., vividness of memory) seems to remain stable. To date, however, behavioral studies have only examined these agerelated effects using aggregated data across trials, such that the relationship between subjective and objective measures of recollection on a trial-by-trial basis remains unknown. In this study, we conducted two experiments in which young and older adults performed a cued recollection task with pictures associated with descriptive labels at encoding. At retrieval, participants were cued with the labels and were asked to rate the vividness of their memory of the associated picture and to recall as many details of the picture as they could. In Experiment 1, multilevel analyses revealed that, across trials, the relationship between subjective (global vividness) and objective (free recall) recollection was greater in young than in older participants. Experiment 2’s results replicated and extended this finding by showing that, when requested to rate the vividness of more specific memory dimensions (e.g., persons and objects), older adults still did not calibrate their subjective judgements on the amount of retrieved episodic details to the same extent as young adults. These results provide direct evidence that, compared to young individuals, older adults rely to a lesser extent on the amount of retrieved episodic details to judge their subjective experiences while remembering. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for a dissociation between objective and subjective recollection in healthy aging: a multi-level analysis approach
Folville, Adrien ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege

Poster (2018, May 05)

Although healthy aging has been related to a decline in recollection as indexed by objective measures, the subjective experience of recollection seems to remain stable, leading to a so-called recollection ... [more ▼]

Although healthy aging has been related to a decline in recollection as indexed by objective measures, the subjective experience of recollection seems to remain stable, leading to a so-called recollection dissociation. To date, however, behavioral studies have only examined these age-related effects using aggregated data across trials, such that the relationship between subjective and objective measures of recollection on a trial-by-trial basis remains unknown. In this study, young and older adults performed a cued recollection task with pictures associated with descriptive labels at encoding. At retrieval, participants were cued with the labels and were asked to answer a source memory question, rate the vividness of their memory of the associated picture, and recall as many details of the picture as they could. Results revealed that older adults showed poorer temporal source memory but produced higher vividness ratings than young adults. Moreover, older adults recalled fewer details - perceptual components - in the free recall task, even when the effects of narrative style and executive functioning were controlled, suggesting that their deficit is episodic in nature. Multilevel analyses revealed that, across trials, the relationship between subjective (vividness) and objective (free recall) recollection was greater in young than in older participants. These results provide direct evidence that, compared to young individuals, older adults rely less on the amount of retrieved episodic details to judge their subjective experiences while remembering. [less ▲]

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See detailL'apport de l'imagerie à la neuropsychologie
Folville, Adrien ULiege; Fortier, Jonathan

in Revue de Neuropsychologie, Neurosciences Cognitives et Cliniques (2018), 10(1), 28-32

La neuro-imagerie (IRM, TEP, EEG et MEG) est utilisée au sein de la communauté scientifique depuis plusieurs décennies. Outre son aspect purement médical, elle est devenue une approche complémentaire à ... [more ▼]

La neuro-imagerie (IRM, TEP, EEG et MEG) est utilisée au sein de la communauté scientifique depuis plusieurs décennies. Outre son aspect purement médical, elle est devenue une approche complémentaire à bien des domaines, comme c’est le cas pour la neuropsychologie. Toutefois, depuis son apparition, l’apport réel de l’imagerie à la compréhension du comportement humain fait débat dans notre domaine. Afin de pouvoir permettre une réflexion commune sur la thématique, la Société de neuropsychologie de langue franc¸aise (SNLF) a organisé un débat entre les professeurs Bernard Laurent (Saint-Étienne) et Martial Van der Linden (Liège et Genève). Chacun à leur tour, les deux orateurs ont exposé leur vision de l’apport de l’imagerie à la recherche ainsi qu’à la clinique en neuropsychologie avant de laisser place à une interaction avec le public. Cet article reprend les différents points abordés tout au long de ce débat ainsi que les diverses interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailDissociation entre recollection objective et subjective dans le vieillissement normal : une approche par analyses multiniveaux
Folville, Adrien ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege

Poster (2017, December 01)

Bien que le vieillissement normal soit associé à un déclin en recollection lorsque ce processus est mesuré de façon objective (mémoire de source ou rappel libre), l’expérience subjective de recollection ... [more ▼]

Bien que le vieillissement normal soit associé à un déclin en recollection lorsque ce processus est mesuré de façon objective (mémoire de source ou rappel libre), l’expérience subjective de recollection (vivacité du souvenir) demeure stable au cours du vieillissement, suggérant l’existence d’une dissociation entre ces deux processus (Mcdonough et al. 2014). A ce jour, les recherches ont toujours comparé ces deux aspects de la recollection séparément en mesurant les scores moyens de chaque participant, si bien que la relation entre mesures objective et subjective de recollection avec une approche essai-par-essai reste inconnue. Afin d’examiner cette question, nous avons recruté 34 participants jeunes et 34 participants âgés. Ils ont pris part à une tâche de recollection indicée au cours de laquelle ils mémorisaient des images complexes associées des titres descriptifs, chaque image étant présentée à gauche ou à droite de l’écran et avant ou après une pause. A la récupération, pour chaque essai, les participants devaient répondre à une question de mémoire de source spatiale ou temporelle et émettre un jugement de vivacité concernant leur souvenir de l’image associé au titre. Ensuite, les participants étaient invités à rappeler oralement autant d’éléments que possible concernant l’image. Des analyses multiniveaux ont été utilisées pour évaluer la relation entre les mesures de recollection subjective (vivacité) et objective (rappel libre) à travers les essais dans les deux groupes. Les résultats ont mis en évidence une différence significative entre les groupes en mémoire de source. Les participants âgés ont émis des jugements de vivacité plus élevés que les participants jeunes bien que leurs rappels libres soient moins détaillés, mettant ainsi en évidence une dissociation entre ces mesures. Les analyses multiniveaux ont révélé que la quantité de détail rappelé était un prédicteur significatif du jugement de vivacité dans les deux groupes, bien que cette relation soit plus importante chez les sujets jeunes par rapport aux âgés. Nos mesures de recollection objective suggèrent que le vieillissement normal diminue notre capacité à récupérer des informations contextuelles et des détails visuels associés à des souvenirs complexes. Les analyses multiniveaux suggèrent que les participants âgés ajusteraient moins bien leurs jugements subjectifs de vivacité vis-à-vis de la quantité d’information qu’ils récupèrent en mémoire comparé aux jeunes. Nous émettons l’hypothèse que des changements métacognitifs liés à l’âge ou qu’une utilisation d’informations différentes pour émettre un jugement de vivacité puisse expliquer cette faible correspondance entre recollection objective et subjective dans le vieillissement normal. [less ▲]

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See detailTemporal compression in episodic memory for real-life events
Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; Folville, Adrien ULiege; Stawarczyk, David ULiege et al

Poster (2017, March 23)

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See detailTemporal compression in episodic memory for real-life events
Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; Folville, Adrien ULiege; Stawarczyk, David ULiege et al

Poster (2017, March 23)

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See detailAging and Recollection: a context story
Folville, Adrien ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

Poster (2017, March)

Although aging is related to decline in recollection as measured by so-called objective measures, older adults’ subjective experience of recollection remains sometimes stable. Such dissociation could ... [more ▼]

Although aging is related to decline in recollection as measured by so-called objective measures, older adults’ subjective experience of recollection remains sometimes stable. Such dissociation could suggest that younger and older adults use details with different diagnosticity to make subjective recollection judgments. However, the type of details that are reported as bases for recollective experiences by younger adults can also vary as a function of context. Here, we directly investigated age-related changes in recollection and familiarity in different memorability context. Participants studied one set of words in a medium level of processing (LOP) task, and another set of words with either a shallow or deep LOP task (i.e., low vs. high memorability context, respectively). At test, participants discriminated between old and new words and provided information about the basis of their recollective experiences. In both age groups, medium items received more recollection judgments in low (vs. high) memorability context. These recollections seem to be associated with internal information (thought, image, emotion). In contrast, external details (list source, appearance, list position) more often accompanied recollection of medium items in high (vs. low) memorability context. We discuss this effect in terms of Gruppuso et al.’s (1997) functional account. Like younger adults, what older adults deem to be an experience of remembering arises from the functional utility of the recollected information for accomplishing the task. In the low (vs. high) memorability context, the information recollected for medium items more easily met the functional definition of remembering established by participants during the test. [less ▲]

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See detailL’impact des connaissances sémantiques préexistantes en mémoire associative dans le vieillissement normal
Folville, Adrien ULiege; Delhaye, Emma ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege

in Revue de Neuropsychologie, Neurosciences Cognitives et Cliniques (2016), 8(4), 253-260

The formation of a global and complex episodic memory requires memory for single units of information of the target event but also binding these elements together. This binding capacity diminishes in ... [more ▼]

The formation of a global and complex episodic memory requires memory for single units of information of the target event but also binding these elements together. This binding capacity diminishes in healthy aging leading to a so-called associative memory deficit. Interestingly, when support is provided during encoding thanks to semantic prior-knowledge (e.g., semantically related word pairs), this associative deficit can be alleviated. The aim of the present review is to summarize the current literature about the influence of prior-knowledge on associative memory performance in healthy aging. Through an analysis of the procedures that have been used in associative memory studies, we suggest two factors that appear to modulate the impact of prior knowledge on older adults’ associative memory. First, the way word pairs are recombined from the encoding to the retrieval phase is the main factor that has to be taken into account. Conditions that promote recall-to-reject discrimination processes lead to similar performance in older compared to younger adults, whereas conditions that require recollection discrimination lead to an age-related decline. Second, the nature of the semantic relations involved in the prior-knowledge support may influence older adults’ performance by modulating the contribution of recollection and familiarity to recognition. Indeed, categorical semantic relations engage both recollection and familiarity-based discrimination, whereas thematic relations allow participants to rely on familiarity-based discrimination only. This latest observation is crucial when one considers recollection as a declining process, in contrast to familiarity, which remains spared in healthy aging. Therefore, future studies should explore the propensity of other semantic relations to alleviate the age-related associative memory decline. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (15 ULiège)