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See detailExploring the autonomy of independent professionals: towards an analytical framework
Florin, Louis ULiege

Conference (2018, November 23)

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See detailExploring the autonomy/control paradox of independent professionals: towards an analytical framework
Florin, Louis ULiege; Pichault, François ULiege

Conference (2018, June 05)

Research has highlighted that professionals, usually seen as workers with high autonomy, can be controlled through distributed forms of power and perceive themselves as autonomous as they are in fact ... [more ▼]

Research has highlighted that professionals, usually seen as workers with high autonomy, can be controlled through distributed forms of power and perceive themselves as autonomous as they are in fact highly controlled. Reacting to the high levels of control and overwork in professional organizations, a growing number of “independent professionals” (Ipros) provide various forms of intellectual work in the service sector through self-employment. The term Ipros covers activities such as copywriting, translating, IT, marketing, consulting, creative activities, etc. Ipros are acknowledged as the fastest growing sector in the Western economies workforce. Over the last decade, they have been growing by 45% in the EU (Eurofound, 2015). They also experience paradoxical configurations of autonomy and control due to the supervision sharing and the results-based control that arises from the atypical work arrangements in which they are engaged. The purpose of this paper is to build an analytical framework for studying the multiple dimensions of autonomy experienced by Ipros as well as the risks and opportunities they can face. Through the application of this analytical framework on the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) 2015 data, we discovered that the IPros’ experiences of autonomy are multi-faceted and that the concept of autonomy is composed of multiple dimensions that are mainly independent from each other. We will also explore the kind of managerial solutions that can be developed to answer the needs of these workers in a more sustainable way. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the various dimensions of autonomy in project-based work
Florin, Louis ULiege; Pichault, François ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, February 21)

Work that falls outside of what has been seen as ‘standard’ or ‘typical’ employment arrangements is a well acknowledged feature of modern labour markets with the growing virtualization of the workplace ... [more ▼]

Work that falls outside of what has been seen as ‘standard’ or ‘typical’ employment arrangements is a well acknowledged feature of modern labour markets with the growing virtualization of the workplace. What remains inconclusive is the ability to capture the common elements of these work arrangements. Our paper examines the notion of autonomy at work as one common element that may allow us to unravel the various components intertwined behind this taken-for-granted concept. Building on four contrasted case studies of autonomous workers in Belgium and in the US, we suggest at least three underlying dimensions must be distinguished: autonomy in work status, in work content and in working conditions. Combining these three dimensions provides the basis for an original analytical matrix that may assist policy makers, practitioners and autonomous workers themselves understand the specificities they face when either employing or working as nonstandard workers. A first quantitative test of the matrix is proposed using relevant data from the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). [less ▲]

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See detailFocus Report : Evolution des formes atypiques d'emploi en Belgique
Pichault, François ULiege; Naedenoen, Frédéric ULiege; Florin, Louis ULiege

Report (2017)

Dans notre économie de réseau actuelle, des formes atypiques d’emploi dépassant le cadre classique du travail « salarié » ou « indépendant » se développent. La notion de ‘travail au projet’ (Marsden, 2004 ... [more ▼]

Dans notre économie de réseau actuelle, des formes atypiques d’emploi dépassant le cadre classique du travail « salarié » ou « indépendant » se développent. La notion de ‘travail au projet’ (Marsden, 2004), souvent de nature temporaire, devient une référence. Les organisations modernes font de plus en plus souvent appel à des consultants externes, des free-lances et des contractants au lieu de conclure des contrats de travail classiques à durée indéterminée. Dans ce Focus report, nous nous penchons sur cette évolution en apportant également une réponse aux questions suivantes: - Comment pouvons-nous définir les formes de travail atypiques et comment peut-on en mesurer l’importance en Belgique? - Quelles sont les tendances explicatives du phénomène ? - Quels sont les risques et les opportunités pour votre organisation et comment y faire face? [less ▲]

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