References of "Feyereisen, Marlène"
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See detailInitiatives locales: entre territorialisation et administration des enjeux alimentaires
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2019)

Depuis les années 1980, une série d’évènements remet en question le modèle alimentaire productiviste et sa capacité à construire la durabilité. Ces enjeux stimulent la construction d’initiatives ... [more ▼]

Depuis les années 1980, une série d’évènements remet en question le modèle alimentaire productiviste et sa capacité à construire la durabilité. Ces enjeux stimulent la construction d’initiatives alimentaires qui focalisent sur la qualité des produits (par ex. agriculture biologique, commerce équitable, slow food, circuits courts, local). Parmi ces initiatives alimentaires, l’alimentation locale construit la qualité sur base de la proximité. Mais ces initiatives, si elles tentent de construire un système alimentaire durable, font aussi face à certaines limites. De nombreux travaux montrent notamment comment les initiatives locales reproduisent certaines inégalités qui remettent en question leur capacité à construire des relations entre les acteurs du système alimentaire qui soient à la fois justes pour l’environnement et pour les humains. Dans le sillon de ces travaux, cette thèse tente de mieux comprendre de quelle manière les initiatives de production, commercialisation et distribution alimentaires locales participent à construire la durabilité du système alimentaire. Pour ce faire, deux initiatives locales sont analysées avec une approche de sociologie pragmatique (théorie de l’acteur-réseau et économie des conventions), combinée avec une approche territoriale : les Grosses légumes et la Coopérative fermière de la Gaume. Ces deux initiatives qui évoluent sur le même territoire rendent compte de deux processus de construction du territoire et des enjeux alimentaires : un processus de territorialisation et un processus d’administration. L’analyse rend compte de rapports de force entre ces deux manières de se lier au territoire, et montre que les réseaux qui adoptent un processus d’administration tendent à limiter la capacité d’action de ceux qui adoptent un processus de territorialisation. Le rôle des pouvoirs publics et de leurs instruments est ici déterminant. Ces dynamiques ont pour conséquence de réduire la capacité du territoire à construire un système alimentaire durable et à répondre aux enjeux de justice sociale. Les résultats de cette thèse invitent à déplacer le regard et penser la durabilité non plus au niveau des initiatives locales, mais à celui du territoire. Plusieurs pistes construites sur base des apprentissages de cette thèse sont alors esquissées. [less ▲]

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See detailSystemic ethics and inclusive governance: two key prerequisites for sustainability transitions of agri-food systems
Bui, Sibylle; Costa, Ionara; De Schutter, Olivier et al

in Agriculture and Human Values (2019)

Food retailers are powerful actors of the agro-industrial food system. They exert strong lock-in effects that hinder transi-tions towards more sustainable agri-food systems. Indeed, their marketing ... [more ▼]

Food retailers are powerful actors of the agro-industrial food system. They exert strong lock-in effects that hinder transi-tions towards more sustainable agri-food systems. Indeed, their marketing practices generally result in excluding the most sustainable food products, such as local, low-input, small-scale farmers’ products. Recently in Belgium, several initiatives have been created to enable the introduction of local products on supermarket shelves. In this article, we study three of those initiatives to analyse if the development of local sourcing in supermarkets opens up an opportunity for a transition towards more sustainable agri-food systems. We conceptualise transitions as a shift in governance and ethical values and adopt a pragmatist approach of ethics combined with the systemic perspective of transition studies, to evaluate the impact of these initiatives. Our analysis shows that they mainly contribute to the reproduction of the incumbent agri-food system. It also highlights that first, to be a driver for sustainability transitions, food ethics need to be systemic i.e. relate to a systemic understanding of problems and perspective of sustainability, including social justice. And second, it highlights that govern-ance arrangements involving not only representative organisations of the various agri-food and non-agricultural actors, but also actors upholding ethical values that are currently missing in conventional supply chains and representing excluded and marginalised interests, favour the uptake of such systemic ethics by incumbent actors. Hence, systemic ethics and inclusive governance are key features for initiatives to contribute to a sustainability transition. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom local initiatives to territorial transition project: case study of a grassroots food belt project in Liège (Belgium)
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege; Jonet, Christian

Conference (2017, June 28)

This study analyses a local food initiatives in Liege (Belgium) linked to the Transition Network movement: Ceinture Aliment-Terre Liégeoise (CATL). The study aims to analyse how CATL evolved from a ... [more ▼]

This study analyses a local food initiatives in Liege (Belgium) linked to the Transition Network movement: Ceinture Aliment-Terre Liégeoise (CATL). The study aims to analyse how CATL evolved from a marginal grassroots movement, to a project of transition of the agri-food system which is considered exemplary by Belgian institutional actors. [less ▲]

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See detailLorrAgri: methodology and experience of a territorial transition lab
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege

Conference (2017, April 27)

Many scholars have underlined the potential of spatialized (or territorialized) approaches to analyse and guide the transition of the agrifood system. For example, scale reductions often associated with ... [more ▼]

Many scholars have underlined the potential of spatialized (or territorialized) approaches to analyse and guide the transition of the agrifood system. For example, scale reductions often associated with territorialisation offers the opportunity to modify power relations between actors and permits to improve their ability to act – or empower. While territorialized approaches to transition management are promising, to date only few studies have considered these aspects in unison. This study presents the methodology used to design and guide a transition management experience. We describe the tools used, issues raised, and potential benefits of the experience for transition, as well as challenges and limitations. Furthermore, we investigate how tools from transition theories were able to support the experience (multi-level perspective, transition management and strategic niche management). LorrAgri is a “territorial transition lab” organised from early 2016 until present day, and aims to develop the local agrifood system (in particular vegetables) in the rural area of Belgian Lorraine in the South of Belgium. This area has relatively well-developed non-conventional agriculture compared to the rest of Belgium, and recently developed market gardening. The present work is based on extensive data selection, including semi-structured interviews and participant observations. Strategic analysis sociology was used to identify possible strategies and challenges between actors of the agrifood system in the selected territory. From these diagnostics of the territory and its actors, the LorrAgri group was created in January 2016, initially with market gardeners. Over time, organisations joined also (both from the regime and niches) which work on local agrifood development, culminating today in the active support and involvement of local politics. Analyses were conducted at several of these stages, and fed by inputs from transition theories. Our study shows that the territorialized approach can enable cooperation between actors which oppose each other, in terms of norms and values. Therefore, LorrAgri is an interesting case study to analyse modes of cooperation between actors e.g. from the regime and the niches, and how norms and values from different levels can influence each other (transition in-the-making). This study also details how participants found a common objective for developing the local agrifood system, namely to supply local products to collective catering, e.g. school canteens and restaurants. [less ▲]

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See detailLaboratoire de transition territoriale LorrAgri. Rapport de l'atelier "produits locaux dans les cantines"
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege

Report (2017)

Ce rapport vise à faire le point sur la méthodologie et les apprentissages de l’atelier « Produits locaux dans les cantines » qui a eu lieu le mercredi 22 mars 2017. Par ce travail, ce rapport propose des ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport vise à faire le point sur la méthodologie et les apprentissages de l’atelier « Produits locaux dans les cantines » qui a eu lieu le mercredi 22 mars 2017. Par ce travail, ce rapport propose des perspectives en termes d’action sur le territoire de la province de Luxembourg pour développer les produits locaux dans les cantines. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Ceinture Aliment-Terre Liégeoise : des initiatives locales au projet de transition territoriale
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Depuis une dizaine d’années, des initiatives qui cherchent à territorialiser la production et la consommation de produits alimentaires se développent dans le paysage agroalimentaire wallon. Parmi celles ... [more ▼]

Depuis une dizaine d’années, des initiatives qui cherchent à territorialiser la production et la consommation de produits alimentaires se développent dans le paysage agroalimentaire wallon. Parmi celles-ci, la Ceinture aliment-terre liégeoise (CATL) est une dynamique qui s’est construite autour d’un diagnostic du système agroalimentaire conventionnel et propose des alternatives en région liégeoise. La CATL a pour caractéristique principale de constituer un « mouvement citoyen », c’est-à-dire qu’elle mobilise les citoyens dans la transformation du système agroalimentaire. Pour analyser cette initiative, nous allons retracer la trajectoire de la CATL depuis sa naissance jusqu’à aujourd’hui, ainsi que les dilemmes et questionnements auxquels elle a dû faire face tout au long de son évolution et comment elle propose d’y répondre. Cette analyse permet de comprendre que le potentiel de transformation de la CATL pour la transition réside surtout dans sa capacité à intégrer une série d’initiatives du territoire dans une vision commune pour construire une « niche globale territoriale » plus à même d’influencer le régime et d’engager une transition du système agroalimentaire liégeois et wallon. [less ▲]

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See detailFair Trade Milk Initiative in Belgium: Bricolage as an Empowering Strategy for Change
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege; Melard, François ULiege

in Sociologia Ruralis (2017), 57(3), 297-315

In a context of multiple crises, dairy farmers struggle to receive a fair remuneration for their work. This situation led to the creation of fair milk projects in Europe. But fair trade projects often ... [more ▼]

In a context of multiple crises, dairy farmers struggle to receive a fair remuneration for their work. This situation led to the creation of fair milk projects in Europe. But fair trade projects often suffer from ambiguous interpretations that place them simultaneously in and against the market. This study focuses on a Belgian milk label in order to analyse how dairy farmers developed a particular strategy to create their own fair milk. Based on semi-structured interviews and using the multi-level perspective, we propose that articulating the concepts of lock-ins, bricolage and ambiguity enables us to analyse the potential of this innovation for the transition of the Belgian dairy system. The study shows that fairness is often a matter of divergent interpretations, and its final actualisation is the product of emergent and negotiated relations. By using bricolage practices, the stakeholders reinforced their capacity to gain market power and act within the system they want to change. [less ▲]

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See detailLa coopération dans les systèmes de vente
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Présentation des différentes options pour coopérer entre producteurs-maraichers. Quelles sont les formes juridiques possibles? Quelles sont leurs spécificités? Illustrations par des exemples wallons et ... [more ▼]

Présentation des différentes options pour coopérer entre producteurs-maraichers. Quelles sont les formes juridiques possibles? Quelles sont leurs spécificités? Illustrations par des exemples wallons et identification des atouts pour la coopération ainsi que les questions à se poser. [less ▲]

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See detailNiche-innovations between breaks and continuities with the regime? A case study into the dairy sector in Belgium
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege; Melard, François ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege

Conference (2015, August)

Today, the absolute dichotomy between alternative food networks (AFNs) and the conventional agrofood system tends to be obsolete. Indeed, many AFNs are far from being radical and are more likely to ... [more ▼]

Today, the absolute dichotomy between alternative food networks (AFNs) and the conventional agrofood system tends to be obsolete. Indeed, many AFNs are far from being radical and are more likely to maintain relations with the current socio-technical regime between breaks and continuities. This contribution is a complement to the Transition Theory and the Multi-Level Perspective by underlying the fragile borders between the two levels of the niche-innovations and the socio-technical regime: some imperfect projects, full of contradictions, are participating to the transition of the system. And this is particularly true in the case of highly locked in systems. The dairy sector in Western European countries is one of those highly locked in systems. Our case study, the Belgian fair-trade milk “Fairebel”, is a project built by dairy farmers to react to the 2009 dairy crisis and to the increasingly neoliberal dairy sector; and to get a better price (or fair price) for their activity. However, the concretization of this project brought its share of contradictions regarding the common definition of fair trade milk. As a result, the “Fairebel” project maintains relations between breaks and continuities with the regime. This contribution suggests modes of governance for the stakeholders of these non-radical niches which are precious to engage change in highly locked in system without being picked up by the dominant regime and thus, keep this regime under pressure. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ceinture aliment-terre liégeoise face aux défis de son positionnement théorique, politique et institutionnel
Marcq, Pascal; Jonet, Christian; Verhaegen, Etienne et al

Conference (2015)

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See detailLe Ceinture Aliment-Terre Liégeoise face aux défis de son positionnement théorique, politique et institutionnel
Marcq, Pascal; Jonet, Christian; Verhaegen, Etienne et al

Conference (2015)

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See detailFrom fair milk to fair enterprise: the consequences of an unexpected "bricolage"
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege; Melard, François ULiege

in Outlook on Agriculture (2014), 43(3), 207-211

In recent years, the European Union and the Common Agricultural Policy have made considerable changes in policy related to the dairy sector. After two successive dairy crises in 2009 and 2012, the dairy ... [more ▼]

In recent years, the European Union and the Common Agricultural Policy have made considerable changes in policy related to the dairy sector. After two successive dairy crises in 2009 and 2012, the dairy sector in Belgium was weakened considerably. The Belgian fair-trade milk enterprise, Fairebel, was created by dairy farmers a few months after the 2009 European milk crisis, seeking to develop their alternative, supported, owned by and for traditional dairy farmers. This case study brings into question ‘fair trade’ as a concept and practice in terms of trade between enterprises in Europe, and the surprise effects of interaction when analysed at both European and regional scales. The study concludes that the best innovation processes are not necessarily radical, and that tinkering – or bricolage – is the path taken by many innovations. [less ▲]

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See detail“Fairebel” fair milk: a multi-level innovation
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege; Melard, François ULiege

Conference (2014, April)

The research focuses on the case study of the Belgian fair-trade milk “Fairebel”, which was created by dairy farmers a few months after the 2009 European milk crisis. This innovation is overseen by the ... [more ▼]

The research focuses on the case study of the Belgian fair-trade milk “Fairebel”, which was created by dairy farmers a few months after the 2009 European milk crisis. This innovation is overseen by the “Fair Milk” programme set up by the European Milk Board (EMB), a European organization of dairy farmers, which has established five fair-trade milk labels in European countries (Austria, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France). At the Belgian level, the case study of the “Fairebel” project shows how the dairy system is institutionally, politically, and technically locked in. In such an irreversible system, the developers of “Fairebel” have had to use cunning and espouse some contradictions (even inconsistencies) in order to build their idea of fair-trade milk and to achieve its commercialization in the real world of commodities. Also, the “Fairebel” project is trying to increase the market power of dairy farmers and by-passes entirely the dairy industry in Belgium, which refused to support the project. For example, the developers of “Fairebel” stock up on the spot market and the Fairebel” milk cartons are produced and filled by the Luxembourg co-operative dairy Luxlait. On this level, the “Fairebel” project is more a “reorientation of trajectories” than a radical transition of the system: It uses internal resources of the main system to try to change some of its detrimental consequences, such as the prices paid to dairy farmers, without forcing through associated structural transitions. On the European level of the EMB, in which “Fairebel” participates, the transition of the system is radicalized by changing the character and the structure of the regime itself (e.g. CAP): reversal of the balance of power between dairy farmers and dairy processors, re-appropriation of the means of production by the farmers, and modification of the economic and trade rules of the dairy products (e.g., monitoring agency). Taken together, these two levels of this fair-milk innovation strengthen each other, so that the transition that “Fairebel” has inspired is more radical than it would seem when the Belgian level is considered alone. [less ▲]

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See detailFaiRebel, du lait au projet équitable. Analyse du réseau socio-technique d'une innovation pour une transition à deux échelles
Feyereisen, Marlène ULiege

Master's dissertation (2013)

Étude de cas focalisant sur le label de lait équitable Fairebel qui s'inscrit dans le projet de Lait Equitable chapeauté par l'EMB (European Milk Board). Retrace le contexte, la création et l'évolution de ... [more ▼]

Étude de cas focalisant sur le label de lait équitable Fairebel qui s'inscrit dans le projet de Lait Equitable chapeauté par l'EMB (European Milk Board). Retrace le contexte, la création et l'évolution de ce label de lait depuis ses origines pendant la crise du lait de 2009 jusqu'à aujourd'hui (2013). L'histoire de ce lait démontre comment une innovation, vue comme étant un objet technique, devient un réseau socio-technique. L'étude met également en avant les verrous du système agro-alimentaire qui bloquent toute innovation et explique comment les incohérences d'une innovation peuvent aussi devenir sa force car elles permettent de lui donner sa réalité (concrétisation). [less ▲]

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