References of "Etienne, Anne-Marie"
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See detailDes thérapies 3D pour les phobies : quelles conséquences pour l’usager ?
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege

Scientific conference (2021, March 08)

Les phobies spécifiques (araignée, avion, …) sont probablement les peurs les plus connues et les mieux identifiées par le grand public. De façon générale, elles sont définies comme provoquant une peur ... [more ▼]

Les phobies spécifiques (araignée, avion, …) sont probablement les peurs les plus connues et les mieux identifiées par le grand public. De façon générale, elles sont définies comme provoquant une peur intense et persistante, excessive ou irrationnelle, activée par la présence ou l’anticipation d’un objet (ou d’une situation) spécifique. Issue initialement des sciences comportementales, la thérapie par exposition et désensibilisation systématique (TEDS), sous une forme ou une autre, est la technique la plus largement employée dans le traitement des phobies. Elle comporte une part comportementale dans laquelle on expose le sujet à son objet ou sa situation phobique de façon contrôlée et une part cognitive où on apprend au sujet à prendre conscience de ses pensées automatiques et à les relativiser. Pour désensibiliser la personne souffrant de phobie spécifique via le mécanisme d’inhibition réciproque, il existe différents types d’exposition et différentes méthodes de relaxation : les expositions en imaginaire, en réalité virtuelle ou encore in-vivo. Les thérapies par exposition en réalité virtuelle (TERV) sont aussi efficaces que les thérapies dites classiques (TEDS). La réalité virtuelle présente différents avantages dont par exemple un accès facilité à des stimuli ou des situations anxiogènes difficilement accessibles ou contrôlables dans le monde réel (Exemple : la phobie des avions). Nous discuterons ensemble de son efficacité à long terme dans la prise en charge de l’usager. [less ▲]

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See detailA virtual classroom can elicit teachers’ speech characteristics: Evidence from acoustic measurements during in vivo and in virtuo lessons, compared to a free speech control situation
Remacle, Angélique ULiege; Bouchard, Stéphane; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege et al

in Virtual Reality (2021)

To achieve pedagogic goals and deal with environmental constraints such as noise when lecturing, teachers adapt their speech production in terms of frequency, intensity, and temporal aspects. The mastery ... [more ▼]

To achieve pedagogic goals and deal with environmental constraints such as noise when lecturing, teachers adapt their speech production in terms of frequency, intensity, and temporal aspects. The mastery of appropriate vocal skills is key to teachers’ speech intelligibility, health, and educational effectiveness. This project tests the relevance of virtual reality (VR) for training teachers’ vocal skills by simulating a lesson in a realistic VR environment characterized by adjustable constraints such as background noise and fidgety children. The VR environment depicts an elementary school classroom with 16 pupils aged 9 to 12 years old animated with typical childlike actions. To validate this virtual classroom in terms of speech characteristics, we conducted acoustic analyses on the speech productions of 30 female teachers in three conditions: (1) giving a free speech while facing the experimenter (control), (2) teaching in their usual classroom (in vivo), and (3) teaching the same lesson in a virtual classroom (in virtuo). The background noise in the VR setting was adjusted for each talker so it was similar to the level measured in vivo. Repeated measures ANOVAs showed that teachers significantly increased their voice frequency, intensity, and intonation, and made longer pauses while speaking in vivo and in virtuo, compared to the control condition (p < .001). These voice and speech adaptations (partly related to background noise), the strong feeling of presence and the lack of side effects suggest that the virtual classroom may facilitate voice training and rehabilitation for teachers. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Virtual Reality on Stress Level and Sense of Competence in Ambulance Workers
Chaabane, Sourour ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege; Schyns, Michael ULiege et al

in Journal of Traumatic Stress (2021)

Virtual reality (VR) exposure is one of the tools used in clinical psychology to treat anxiety dis-orders. It is also used to enhance the resilience of soldiers by confronting them with virtual combat ... [more ▼]

Virtual reality (VR) exposure is one of the tools used in clinical psychology to treat anxiety dis-orders. It is also used to enhance the resilience of soldiers by confronting them with virtual combat environments. Increasing their resilience could strengthen them against the negative consequences of trauma exposure or the suffering experienced by people they rescued. Most studies focused on military and emergency medical staff but none has so far investigated ambu-lance workers’ experience (AW) while they are daily confronted with traumatic situations. The current study aims to assess the impact of a single VR exposure session on AW’ competence and stress. Forty participants were randomly assigned to either a VR immersion (experimental group, N = 20) or an audio immersion (control group, N = 20) of a shooting attack situation. The main hypotheses were that VR would lead to a decrease of anxiety, as measured by visual analogue scales, as well as an increase in the sense of competence compared to the control situa-tion. Results showed a significant reduction in the fear in both groups. Besides, results revealed an increase of the sense of competence after the VR immersion, and a reduction of the tension in the control group, even if these differences did not reach statistical significance’s level (p = 0.06). Although our hypotheses were only partially confirmed, since beneficial effects of either VR and the audio description on stress were observed, findings suggested that VR exposure could be a useful way to increase the resilience of the AW. [less ▲]

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See detailAcceptabilité du dépistage néonatal de la drépanocytose au cours de la pandémie au COVID-19 à Kisangani, en République Démocratique du Congo
TEBANDITE KASAI, Emmanuel; ALWORONG'A OPARA, Jean-Pierre; BATINA AGASA, Salomon et al

in Pan African Medical Journal (2020)

Introduction: the implementation of neonatal screening to identify infants with sickle cell disease during the COVID-19 pandemic is a major challenge in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The ... [more ▼]

Introduction: the implementation of neonatal screening to identify infants with sickle cell disease during the COVID-19 pandemic is a major challenge in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The purpose of this study is to determine whether socio-economic factors are associated with acceptability of newborn screening to identify infants with sickle cell disease during the COVID-19 pandemic in Kisangani, DRC. Methods: we conducted an observational study of mothers sensitized to neonatal screening to detect sickle cell disease in their newborns with hemotypeSCTM (HT401RUO-USA). The study was carried out at the maternity wards in Kisangani from March 21st to June 30th 2020. Collected data were parity, educational level, age, socio-economic level, occupation, awareness and the reason for the denial of screening. Results: out of 55,5% (273/492) of sensitized mothers, 107 (39,19%) accepted and 166 (60,80%) refused neonatal screening to detect sickle cell disease in their newborn. The reasons for refusal were lack of information (67,5%; 95% CI [59,8-74,5]), lack of money due to confinement (66,3%; 95% CI [58,5-73,4]), blood test to develop a vaccine for protection against COVID-19 (63,2%; 95% CI = [55,4-70,6]). Factors associated with the acceptability of screening were age > 35 years (p = 0.0009; ORa = 3.04; 95% CI = 1.57-5.87) and low socio-economic level (p = 0.0016; ORa = 2.29; 95% CI = 1.37-3.85). Conclusion: the acceptability of neonatal screening to detect sickle cell disease during COVID-19 is low in Kisangani. The government should identify effective communication channels to promote health care initiatives. [less ▲]

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See detailFavoriser l’adoption de comportements actifs en simulation virtuelle.
Ruffault, Alexis ULiege; Wynants, Julie; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege

in Muller, Laurent; Laguette, Vanessa; Dany, Lionel (Eds.) Pratiques et interventions en psychologie de la santé. (2020)

L'activité physique (AP) est définie par l'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS; 2014) comme «toute dépense énergétique résultant d'un mouvement produit par la contraction d'au moins un muscle ... [more ▼]

L'activité physique (AP) est définie par l'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS; 2014) comme «toute dépense énergétique résultant d'un mouvement produit par la contraction d'au moins un muscle squelettique» (e.g., marcher, les tâches ménagères, monter les marches d'escalier). L'AP se distingue d'une part, de l'exercice physique qui réfère à une sous-catégorie incluant des activités plus structurées, répétitives et qui vise à améliorer ou à entretenir la condition physique et d'autre part, de la sédentarité qui fait référence à des comportements caractérisés par peu d'efforts physiques et par une dépense énergétique faible (Hallal et al., 2012). Lorsqu'une personne est allongée ou assise devant un écran, dans les transports en commun ou encore en train de lire un livre, cette personne est en réalité dans un comportement sédentaire. Par conséquent, il est possible d'avoir un rythme de vie actif tout en ayant un niveau élevé de sédentarité (Chaput, Olds, and Tremblay, 2018). [less ▲]

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See detailLes MOOCies...Agir pour sa santé
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege; Stassart, Céline ULiege; Martinez Perez, Trecy ULiege et al

Book published by SQR Books (2020)

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See detailAlcohol craving in heavy and occasional alcohol drinkers after cue exposure in a virtual environment: The role of the sense of presence
Simon, Jessica ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege; Bouchard, Stéphane et al

in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2020)

The development of new technologies, and more specifically the opportunity to immerse participants in virtual controlled environments, provides a new ecological framework for researchers to study complex ... [more ▼]

The development of new technologies, and more specifically the opportunity to immerse participants in virtual controlled environments, provides a new ecological framework for researchers to study complex behaviors. The aim of this experiment was to compare post-immersion craving in occasional and heavy alcohol drinkers. Twenty-two occasional drinkers and eighteen heavy drinkers were recruited and immersed in a virtual bar, including alcoholic beverages. After the exposure, heavy drinkers reported a significantly higher craving than occasional drinkers. Post-immersion alcohol craving was significantly related to the levels of perceived ecological validity of the virtual environment. Finally, a moderation analysis suggested that the levels of craving more strongly increased with perceived ecological validity in heavy drinkers than in occasional drinkers. Therefore, the perceived ecological validity was an important experimental parameter to study craving in a virtual environment. These results further suggested that virtual reality might be a useful tool for both the scientific study of alcohol addiction and the treatment of alcohol dependence and relapse. [less ▲]

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See detailLe modèle des 7 regards
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, May 27)

Nous présentons un modèle de supervision « a-disciplines ». Celui-ci permet de travailler différemment sa pratique réflexive, notamment dans les cas complexes (patient, stagiaire, client, …) et ce à ... [more ▼]

Nous présentons un modèle de supervision « a-disciplines ». Celui-ci permet de travailler différemment sa pratique réflexive, notamment dans les cas complexes (patient, stagiaire, client, …) et ce à l’aide de différentes modalités issu du raisonnement et pratiquées en individuel ou en groupe. [less ▲]

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See detailS’inscrire à un MOOC : Indice d’une bonne qualité de vie ?
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege

Scientific conference (2019, May 20)

L’Inventaire Systémique de Qualité de vie (ISQV) peut-il être un outil de référence dans la détection de la détresse psychologique en prévention primaire? Dans le cadre de la loi belge sur la réforme des ... [more ▼]

L’Inventaire Systémique de Qualité de vie (ISQV) peut-il être un outil de référence dans la détection de la détresse psychologique en prévention primaire? Dans le cadre de la loi belge sur la réforme des soins de santé mentale, les psychologues cliniciens seront en charge d’activités de prévention.Une piste! Passer par la santé numérique et un de ses vecteurs, le Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Un fil conducteur! La bienveillance envers soi-même lorsque je veux mettre en place un comportement de santé et le maintenir dans le temps. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding identity and its associated factors in cancer survivorship: A scoping review
Tilkin, Caroline ULiege; Vander Haegen, Marie ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege et al

Poster (2019, May 14)

Purpose. According to recent studies, the “survivor identity” is potentially a key factor for the psychological well-being of cancer survivors. But what exactly lay behind this concept remains unclear ... [more ▼]

Purpose. According to recent studies, the “survivor identity” is potentially a key factor for the psychological well-being of cancer survivors. But what exactly lay behind this concept remains unclear. The current review aimed to identify existing conceptualizations of the identity and its associated factors in adult cancer survivors. Methods. A scoping review was conducted following PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Three core databases (MEDLINE/Ovid, PsycINFO/Ovid and Scopus) were searched. Relevant studies from January 1985* to July 2018 were screened through a multi-step process guided by two independent reviewers. Results. Fifty-one articles were preliminary included for data extraction: 43% were quantitative studies, 47% were qualitative studies and 10% were mixed-methods design studies. Only 30% of the studies were related to the identification to the survivor’s identity. About 70% of the studies concerned other conceptualizations such as global self-concept (28%) or body image (23%). Quality of life was the most frequently associated factor (more than 26% of the studies). Conclusions. Several clinical (e.g. self-image, quality of life) but also psychosocial (e.g. socialization) factors related to the identity were found. Our results highlighted that identity in cancer survivorship is a complex issue where the survivor identity remains solely one piece of the puzzle. [less ▲]

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See detailVirtual reality: A tool in the treatment of anxiety in stereotaxic radiotherapy?
Gamin, Nicolas ULiege; JANSEN, Nicolas ULiege; COUCKE, Philippe ULiege et al

Poster (2019, May 14)

Stereotaxic radiotherapy (SR) is an effective treatment for many types ofcancer but seems to cause anxiety. The purpose of this study is to determine whether experiencing the medical procedure by using ... [more ▼]

Stereotaxic radiotherapy (SR) is an effective treatment for many types ofcancer but seems to cause anxiety. The purpose of this study is to determine whether experiencing the medical procedure by using immersive virtual video can reduce preoperative anxiety. The experimental group (n=10) received information about the intervention and was exposed three times to the procedure before the SR. Two immersions took place in the days precedingthe intervention and the third took place just before the SR. The control group (n=10) only received information about the intervention. The STAI Y-A scale was used to measure state anxiety before and after each virtual immersion in the experimental group and just before and after the SR in both groups. We observed a similar decrease in anxiety across groups, which did not differ between them. Despite this result, it is important to point out that the experimental group reported a significant decrease in anxiety after the two immersions of day 1. The third immersion was not accompanied by a decrease of it. In conclusion, virtual reality seems useful in the treatment of preoperative anxiety, but its use is not enough to neutralize patient’s anxiety when approaching treatment [less ▲]

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See detailSome novel applications of VR in the domain of health
Grogna, David ULiege; Stassart, Céline ULiege; Servotte, Jean-Christophe ULiege et al

in Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (2019), 827

Recent progress in virtual reality (VR) technologies make immersion more accessible to everyone, and, in particular, developments aimed at the entertainment industry are being brought into to the domain ... [more ▼]

Recent progress in virtual reality (VR) technologies make immersion more accessible to everyone, and, in particular, developments aimed at the entertainment industry are being brought into to the domain of health. The main uses of VR in health are of two forms. First, it is a new method to diagnose and to treat patients; second, it is a new method to train and/or teach healthcare and emergency-response professionals. There are several reasons for using VR in healthcare. First, virtual environments (VE) are fully under control, so that the user (patient or professional) is then safe from any harm and the session can be interrupted if necessary. Second, there are many instances where placing the user in a real environment would be very hard to do and/or very costly. A major advantage of VR is that this user can instead be immerged in an equivalent artificial/virtual environment through the use of immersive technologies. Third, with regard to teaching, a significant advantage of VR is that it allows one “to bring the body to learning”, thereby effectively embedding new knowledge into the muscles. Below, we describe several uses of VR at our university in the domain of health. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019. [less ▲]

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See detailTo combine a MOOC to a regular face-to-face course – A study of three blended pedagogical patterns
Defaweux, Valérie ULiege; Delbrassine, Daniel ULiege; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULiege et al

in Calise, Mauro; Delgado-Kloos, Carlos; Mongenet, Catherine (Eds.) et al Proceedings of Work in Progress Papers of the Research, Experience and Business Tracks at EMOOCs 2019 (2019)

Since 2016, the University of Liege (Belgium) has been developing MOOCs. To be funded, faculty willing to design a MOOC must commit to making their own local students benefit from this MOOC. The paper ... [more ▼]

Since 2016, the University of Liege (Belgium) has been developing MOOCs. To be funded, faculty willing to design a MOOC must commit to making their own local students benefit from this MOOC. The paper describes 3 ways teachers used to fulfil their obligation. In all cases, it went through the set-up of new blended instructional designs, whose variations are documented as “pedagogical patterns” candidates. This orderly, visual and comparative presentation of MOOC/on-campus-course junctions is relevant to lecturers in search for renewed teaching/learning practice and to staff development units supporting this pedagogical effort. [less ▲]

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See detailDévelopper des environnements virtuels pour l'enseignement. Teaching with VR
Billen, Roland ULiege; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege et al

Scientific conference (2018, December 19)

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See detailLa Réalité Virtuelle : quel enjeu dans les soins psychologiques en oncologie?
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, November 22)

Que(s) enjeu(x) dans les soins psychologique en oncologie?

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