References of "Droixhe, Daniel"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes maladies des Antilles et de l’Amérique du Sud dans l’Histoire des deux Indes. Climat, environnement, santé
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Goggi, Gianluigi; Alimento, Antonella (Eds.) Autour de l’abbé Raynal : genèse et enjeux politiques de l’Histoire des deux Indes (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Failure of the Germano-Persian Kinship. Around the Polyglot Bible
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Histoire des langues et représentations linguistiques (2018)

We consider how the idea of a Germano-Persian kinship was rejected particularly in the British circle of scholars centered on Brian Walton’s Polyglot Bible, (1654). We first treat of the context and main ... [more ▼]

We consider how the idea of a Germano-Persian kinship was rejected particularly in the British circle of scholars centered on Brian Walton’s Polyglot Bible, (1654). We first treat of the context and main issues of a discovery which could have opened the road to a precursor of modern Indo-European comparativism. The diversions or disroutings took various forms: comparative parceling (John Greaves, Elementa linguae persicae, 1649), reversion of the parceling (Edward Bernard in Hickes’ Institutiones grammaticae anglo-saxonicae, et moeso-gothica, 1689), war-contact hypothesis (Thomas Hyde, Historia religionis veterum Persarum, 1700), grammatical occultation (Angelo à St. Joseph, Gazophylacium, 1684). However, Marc Zuer Boxhorn’ precursory views about the Scythian origins are kept alive by Brian Walton). We include those diversions in Leibniz’ thinking as reflected in his correspondence, especially with Johan Gabriel Sparfwenfeld (Leibniz Bref till Sparfvenfelt 1695-1700, 1883). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (13 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSéjours linguistiques au Nouveau Monde: les Origines américaines de Georg Horn (1652)
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Pot, Olivier (Ed.) Langues imaginaires et imaginaire de la langue (2018)

Comment la critique de la comparaison des langues a bénéficié des 'Quatre livres d'origines américaines' de Georg Horn (1652), dirigé contre la théorie des origines linguistiques américaines de De Laet.

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (9 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUne frontière incertaine. Empirisme et médecine académique face au cancer dans la Gazette de santé (1773-1778)
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in L. Bala (Ed.) Analyse de discours et d'oeuvres à la croisée des disciplines (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUn amour de Tantale. Madame de Sabran à Spa
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Buzon, Christine de; Pauchet, Odile (Eds.) Littérature et voyages de santé (2017)

De mai 1777 au mois d’avril 1781, Eléonore-Françoise de Mandeville, comtesse de Sabran, née en 1750, entretient avec Stanislas-Jean de Boufflers, de vingt ans son aîné, des rapports que l’éditrice de leur ... [more ▼]

De mai 1777 au mois d’avril 1781, Eléonore-Françoise de Mandeville, comtesse de Sabran, née en 1750, entretient avec Stanislas-Jean de Boufflers, de vingt ans son aîné, des rapports que l’éditrice de leur correspondance, Sue Carrell, qualifie d’ « amitié fraternelle ». Celle-ci eut notamment pour cadre les mondanités de Spa, dépeintes au quotidien dans des lettres qui évoquent certains épisodes culturels privilégiés, comme la visite à la Galerie électorale de Düsseldorf. Les déchirements de la passion et d’une jalousie quasi maladive y sont entrecoupés des nouvelles les plus prosaïques sur la santé de la comtesse. On soupçonnerait chez celle-ci une autre « affection », d’ordre psychologique ou nerveux, sans des intermèdes hésitant entre détachement et légèreté. Dans la dernière lettre de la comtesse, le chevalier est comparé au mouton Carpigna, piètre courtisan du roi lion dans le Discours des animaux d’Agnolo Firenzuola (XVIe siècle). La vie spadoise y est dite « pas brillante cette année », en raison des troubles qu’occasionnent les débuts de la Révolution. La correspondance dessine ainsi, à travers les désordres de la sensibilité préromantique et les fastes d’une sociabilité réservée à un monde clos, le même crépuscule d’un amour et d’un monde finissant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailL'origine lyonnaise de la fausse édition Bassompierre du 'Bélisaire' de Marmontel (1777)
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Histoire et civilisation du livre (2017), 13

Confirmation de la thèse de Claudette Fortuny sur la fausse origine liégeoise du 'Bélisaire' de Marmontel. au moyen de la bibliographie matérielle et de la comparaison du matériel typographique. Projet d ... [more ▼]

Confirmation de la thèse de Claudette Fortuny sur la fausse origine liégeoise du 'Bélisaire' de Marmontel. au moyen de la bibliographie matérielle et de la comparaison du matériel typographique. Projet d'une identification informatique de la provenance réelle des contrefaçons et éditions clandestines sur la base d'un répertoire comparatif général des polices de caractères et de leur combinatoire en "vignettes" et "bandeaux". Avec la participation du Centre Informatique de la Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres de l'Université de Liège. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe charlatan et les pouvoirs. Fleury, thérapeute du cancer, en Brie champenoise au XVIIIe siècle
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Mémoires de la Fédération des Sociétés d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de l'Aisne (2016), 61

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFourcroy et l'Encyclopédie méthodique: article "Anti-cancéreux" (1790)
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2016), 50(4), 477-486

Fourcroy (1755-1809) first dealt with the question of « Cancer », as the word was understood during the XVIIIth century, in the article “Anti-cancéreux” of the l’Encyclopédie méthodique. Médecine, t. III ... [more ▼]

Fourcroy (1755-1809) first dealt with the question of « Cancer », as the word was understood during the XVIIIth century, in the article “Anti-cancéreux” of the l’Encyclopédie méthodique. Médecine, t. III, 1790. He divides the remedies between « external » and « internal ». He distinguishes among the firsts the « actual cauteries » (sometimes called « actual caustics” in another article by Fourcroy) which use fire and the instruments carrying the latter or a strong heat upon the “glands and the parts affected by cancer”. We particularly focus on the Chinese moxa and on the technic of concentration of sun’s rays established by some “Lecomte, surgeon in Arcueil ». We discuss the notion of cancerous “virus” in the prospect of an awakening of the principle of metastasis, notably in Le Dran and from the point if view of a possible crossing from the traditional humoral theory to a sort of “localizer-solidism”. The “external” remedies also consist of “chemical caustics” (nitrate of mercury, muriate of antominy, caustic potassium, nitrate of silver, etc.). Fourcroy mentions three types of “painkillers” or “ narcotic” whose “external applying has been recommended”, but “which are only likely to soothe the pains”: the “swam-skin” (?) , the virous lettuce and the carrot. He deals elsewhere with opium. We distinguish, among the remedies applied externally and internally the hemlock, to which Fourcroy will devote another article in the Méthodique. We point the relationship linking this article to Johan Andreas Murray’s Apparatus medicaminum (1776) and to Christoph Jakob Mellin’s Praktische materia medica (1778). Other internal remedies are quoted, especially from the famous Anton Störck: the aconite, the datura stramonium, the arsenic, the mercury, etc. But all those enemies of the disease have failed, Fourcroy concludes: “How could we admit, after those facts, that exist some anti-cancerous remedies; it is just a word that can give to the ill persons some hope; man needs illusions, even in the greatest misfortune”. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom anti-climatology to pre-industrial pollution. Retz, Ramel and the medical topographies before the French Revolution
Collart, Muriel; Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Ympäristöhistoria Finnish Journal of Environmental History (2016), 1

Noël Retz, member of the Royal Society of Medicine and of the Dijon Academy, and the Bernardin Ramel were the first French authors who questioned the importance attributed to climate and meteorology as ... [more ▼]

Noël Retz, member of the Royal Society of Medicine and of the Dijon Academy, and the Bernardin Ramel were the first French authors who questioned the importance attributed to climate and meteorology as causes of a number of diseases, in the program of medical topographies developed by the Académie de médecine in the last decades of the 18th century. The program shared the “wide-spread consensus on the connection between an individual’s state of health and the state of the air they breathed” (V. Janković, Confronting the Climate. British Airs and the Making of Environmental Medicine, 2010). Retz, in the Nouvelles instructives bibliographiques, historiques et critiques de médecine, chirurgie et pharmacie (1785), immediately depreciated the idées fixes adopted by the “sect of the topographical physicians”, as “idle in itself, humiliating for most of the practitioners, ridiculous in some parts, contradictory in others, and finally very dangerous in its carrying out”. We give a sketch of his arguments concerning the useless of an inquiry about the relationships between epidemics and the “constitutions of the atmosphere”. Ramel published in 1787 his Aperçu et doutes sur la météorologie appliquée à la médecine and afterwards De l’influence des marais et des étangs sur la santé de l’homme. He borrows to authors like Pringle and Mead his remarks over “the stinks of stagnating waters” - especially Thames - corrupted by “putrid exhalations from the earth” and “above all” by “dead Carcasses lying unburied”. But « M. Nosereau », in his “Topographie de la ville et de l’hôtel-dieu de Loudun » (1787), rejects the harmful influence of a cloaca located in the south-west of the city. In the same way, Ramel writes that “the air, this necessary element of our existence, does not exert upon the animal body a methodically tyrannical and destructive empire, a constantly oppressive and poisonous influence”. To prove it, he takes the example of “the dirty workshops” of the “tanners, leather curriers, tallow-founders”, etc., who “spend their whole life in an atmosphere loaded with putrid and mephistic emanations” without any “serious or mortal illness”. The health of the coal-miners is particularly discussed in the history of professional diseases. The French scientist Jean-François Morand reports from 1768 to 1779 an inquiry that he led in the Liège country and he rejects the theory of the coal toxicity - in the phase of extraction but also in its domestic use. By shifting from the producers to the consumers, Morand crossed a second step in the debate concerning the “charbon de terre”. He developed this other aspect of the question in a 1770 volume. A third step will be crossed when some authors extend the problem of nuisance to the extra-domestic world (Philippe de Hurges, 1615). That kind of complaint had of course to increase with the rise of industrial revolution. The environmental concern was more insistent in the article “Workshops (Insalubrity)” by Nicolas- Pierre Gilbert, published in the Encyclopédie méthodique (1821). He writes that “the mines where are executed the metalworks, and especially those concerned by the cast iron, may be YFJEH Ympäristöhistoria Journal of Finnish Environmental History 1/2016 17 harmful to the health of the people living in the neighbouring houses”. Some measures must be taken: “It is important to isolate the factories where those materials are treated on a large scale by fire, and especially the laboratories where are prepared the mercurial salts, the soft mercurial muriate, the over-oxygenated muriate of mercury, the calcination of cobalt for the evaporation of arsenic, etc. etc.” That does not sound so trivial. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailLa Harpe, Menzicoff ou les exilés et la presse
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Droixhe, Daniel (Ed.) Lumières sans frontières. Hommage à Roland Mortier et Raymond Trousson (2016)

The prince Menchicov, of humble origines, has reached the summits of the Russian administration under Peter the Great. How did he received his fall and his banishment in Siberia? A picture of the Russian ... [more ▼]

The prince Menchicov, of humble origines, has reached the summits of the Russian administration under Peter the Great. How did he received his fall and his banishment in Siberia? A picture of the Russian empire during the French Enlightement, as it is decribed by the theater. . [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (6 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes 'Liégeois engagés' de la guerre de Sept Ans (1757). Une mise à l'épreuve de l'identité personnelle
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Genton, François; Niklas, Thomas (Eds.) Soldats et civils au XVIIIe siècle. Echanges épistolaires ett culturels (2016)

The relationships between the men enrolled by the French army and the reactions of their relatives. The loss of their national and linguistic identity. The role of Jacques-Joseph Fabry, author of the ... [more ▼]

The relationships between the men enrolled by the French army and the reactions of their relatives. The loss of their national and linguistic identity. The role of Jacques-Joseph Fabry, author of the 'Liégeois engagé' as an informer for the British army. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (9 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailFer ou ciguë? Récits sur le cancer du sein au 18e siècle
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

Book published by Académie royale de Belgique (2015)

Observations sent to the Journal de médecine from dozens of physicians and surgeons about Doctor Störck's "discovery". His stratégies of accreditation thru Viennese academic spread, international ... [more ▼]

Observations sent to the Journal de médecine from dozens of physicians and surgeons about Doctor Störck's "discovery". His stratégies of accreditation thru Viennese academic spread, international testimonies, academic networks and publishing campaign. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (11 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRaconter le cancer du sein. Le traitement par la ciguë de deux religieuses e Pau en 1759-1761
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Revue de Pau et du Béarn (2015), 42

How two nuns, discovering that they have a breast cancer, were cured by hemlock and quacks.

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (3 ULiège)
See detailSoigner le cancer au XVIIIe siècle. Triomphe et déclin de la thérapie par la ciguë dans le Journal de médecine
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

Book published by Hermann (2015)

En 1761, la Gazette salutaire donnait un article intitulé « De la ciguë ». On y apprenait « que Mr. Storck, célèbre médecin de Vienne (…) avait eu le succès le plus complet de ce remède si nouveau et si ... [more ▼]

En 1761, la Gazette salutaire donnait un article intitulé « De la ciguë ». On y apprenait « que Mr. Storck, célèbre médecin de Vienne (…) avait eu le succès le plus complet de ce remède si nouveau et si inattendu, pour fondre différentes sortes de tumeurs ». Störck « croyait même pouvoir se flatter de triompher, par son moyen, du mal le plus cruel et le plus opiniâtre de tous, du cancer». Il venait de publier un Petit livre qui montre que la ciguë peut non seulement être utilisée en interne, mais aussi qu’elle constitue en même temps un remède très utile dans de nombreuses maladies réputées impossibles à guérir. On inscrit la « découverte » de Störck dans les archives du traitement par la ciguë et dans « l’horizon d’attente » suscité par des expériences de traitement du cancer au moyen de la belladone. On analyse la « machine d’accréditation » mise en oeuvre. On considère les dizaines d’ « Observations » adressées au Journal de médecine, du « temps de la découverte » à l’époque des doutes et des échecs. On s’attache au traitement du cancer du sein, à quelques « oncologues » du 18e siècle, au cas du cancer chez les religieuses, à la circulation du « levain cancéreux » et à la question de la naissance de la clinique selon Michel Foucault. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 196 (12 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailY a-t-il vraiment une ethnologie chez Raynal? L’enfance de l’art américain dans les ‘Deux Indes’
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment (2015), 2015:10

Quelle place occupent les arts et plus généralement l’expression artistique dans le relevé que l’Histoire des deux Indes consacre aux ‘moeurs’ des peuples censés témoigner, d’une manière ou d’une autre ... [more ▼]

Quelle place occupent les arts et plus généralement l’expression artistique dans le relevé que l’Histoire des deux Indes consacre aux ‘moeurs’ des peuples censés témoigner, d’une manière ou d’une autre, de ce que furent les ‘enfances de l’humanité’? Cette question est abordée à propos du continent américain, en examinant trois cas où se mêlent des populations conservant un état culturel supposé ‘originel’: Indiens d’Amérique du Sud ou du Canada, et Africains dont la condition d’esclave a fixé à l’étape d’une certaine ‘sauvagerie’ le degré de civilisation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe théâtre allemand dans les limbes de la reconnaissance. La chronique du Journal encyclopédique, du Hanswurst à Klopstock (1756-1762)
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Etudes Germaniques (2014), 69(3), 337-362

The study follows the various stages through which the Journal encyclopédique records the claims and reforms having allowed the XVIIIth century German theatre to shake off the « great barbary » weighing ... [more ▼]

The study follows the various stages through which the Journal encyclopédique records the claims and reforms having allowed the XVIIIth century German theatre to shake off the « great barbary » weighing on the traditional style of Haupt- und Staatsaktion and popular theatre. The first reviews bring out a brilliant Vienna stage mainly devoted to opera and danse, with an attempt by F.W. Weiskern to upgrade them. The care for a « Germanizing » of the repertoire highlights the Swedish model. A Lettre sur le théâtre allemand describes in 1756 the great poverty of the German theatre, due to its practical organization as well as to a pervasive presence of the pantaloon Hanswurst. The sanitation brought by Gottsched and Karoline Neuber, primarily under the influence of the French theater, is emphasized. But the Journal encyclopédique, two years later, does not appear insensible to the burlesque charms of J. Kurz’s « Bernardoniade » (1758). It does not give room to Gellert’s theatre, for reasons probably linked with his dramatic style and his criticism of French fashion : the author is chiefly praised as a fabulist. The Journal thus extolls Haller’s and Gesner’s Swiss genre, which introduces a « schism » in the literary German world, between Zurich and Leipzig. But it draws a shattering picture of the production of the Helvetian Bodmer, for the benefit of the supporters of the other town. The good reception granted to Klopstock and his Adam’s Death marks the accession of the German theatre to the circle of European literatures and Vienna’s final deletion as a candidate to the status of German « literary capital ». However, the « encyclopedic Journal », related to the national spirit of Diderot’s and d’Alembert’s enterprise, cannot accept that Klopstock’s drama would be put to the rank of the French classical tragedies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (5 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUn essai de topographie et d’économie du livre prohibé La rafle des colporteuses parisiennes de 1766
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Beaurepaire, Pierre-Yves (Ed.) La communication en Europe. De l'âge classique au siècle des Lumières (avec 72 cartes) (2014)

Clémentine Dubois et Louis Michelin : itinéraires d’un couple d’aventuriers - Au centre du réseau : la femme Saint-Germain - Autre chaînon : la femme Lescuyer - Les femmes Amaulry : le silence des têtes ... [more ▼]

Clémentine Dubois et Louis Michelin : itinéraires d’un couple d’aventuriers - Au centre du réseau : la femme Saint-Germain - Autre chaînon : la femme Lescuyer - Les femmes Amaulry : le silence des têtes de mule - Les secrets du ministère : les Cliquet, de la Gazette de France au Palais-Royal - On fait les comptes… [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailC’est à Dusseldorp ou à Dresde que j’ai vu... : Le souvenir de la Galerie électorale chez Diderot
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie (2014), 41

In 1773 Diderot visited the famous artistic collections of the Palatine Elector’s Gallery in Düsseldorf and the Royal Gallery in Dresden. In his Pensées détachées sur la peinture (1776) and in a list ... [more ▼]

In 1773 Diderot visited the famous artistic collections of the Palatine Elector’s Gallery in Düsseldorf and the Royal Gallery in Dresden. In his Pensées détachées sur la peinture (1776) and in a list called Noms des peintres et leur genre, he mentions some of the works found there. Although he correctly placed Gerrit Dou’s The Quack Doctor in ‘Düsseldorp’, he hesitated over which gallery contained Synders’s The Wild Boar Hunt. Critics have supposed that he saw the painting in Dresden but we believe that he was in fact referring to a version of Snyders’s work mentioned in the Düssedorf Gallery’s catalogue published in 1778. This gallery also owned Godfried Schalcken’s picture The Wise and Foolish Virgins, which Diderot thought he had seen in Dresden. He however correctly located Gaspard de Crayer’s The Virgin and Child with various Saints in Adoration and, like Joshua Reynolds, made a comparison with Rubens. Rubens also appears in the execution of The Peasants turned into Frogs for insulting Latona, part of the Palatine collections, which Diderot mentioned in Pensées détachées sur la peinture, but without saying where it was. Finally the article discusses the visits to Düsseldorf by Diderot and Fragonard, at almost the same time. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLittérature féminine, esprit national. Découverte et traductions de la poésie allemande des Lumières dans le Journal encyclopédique
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Studies in Literature and Language (2014), 8(2), 1-10

Women and German poetry of 18th century in the Journal encyclopédique: Anna Luisa Karsch, Auserlesene Gedichte (J.E., Dec.1763); Christian Felix Weisse, Amazonen-Lieder (J.E., June 1763) – The fable, a ... [more ▼]

Women and German poetry of 18th century in the Journal encyclopédique: Anna Luisa Karsch, Auserlesene Gedichte (J.E., Dec.1763); Christian Felix Weisse, Amazonen-Lieder (J.E., June 1763) – The fable, a typical national genre: Magnus Gottfried Lichtwer, Vier Bücher Aesopischer Fabeln (J.E., Sept. 1758) – Comparison between pre-original French translations of a Lichtwer’s fable: Das aus der Erde wachsende Lamm (1762, I, XIV); L’Agneau né de la terre, trad. J.E. (1760); L’Animal-plante, in Fables nouvelles, trad. Conrad-Th. Pfeffel (1764, I, XV) - Comparison between pre-original French translations of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing’s Fabeln (1759), especially Der Löwe und der Hase: Le lion et le lièvre, trad. J.E. (Febr. 1760); Le lion et le lièvre in Fables, trad. Thomas Antelmy (1764 and J.E., 1765); Le lion et le lièvre. Imitation in Choix des plus belles fables qui ont paru en Allemagne, imitées en vers français, ed. Binninger (1782). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (8 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailDu Grand Monarque au Mouton Blanc. Souvenirs d'écrivains
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Droixhe, Daniel (Ed.) Spa, carrefour de l'Europe des Lumières. Les hôtes de la cité thermale au XVIIIe siècle, sous la dir. de Daniel Droixhe, avec la collaboration de Muriel Collart (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (3 ULiège)