References of "Draidia, Salah"
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See detailLandslides' mechanism and evolution in the western Rwanda
Draidia, Salah ULiege; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULiege; Dewitte, Olivier et al

Scientific conference (2016, January 27)

Landslides' mechanism and evolution in the western Rwanda Salah DRAIDIA1,*, Meriam EL OUAHABI1, Olivier DEWITTE2, Nathalie Fagel1, Hans Balder HAVENITH1 1 Institution 1 University of Liège Department of ... [more ▼]

Landslides' mechanism and evolution in the western Rwanda Salah DRAIDIA1,*, Meriam EL OUAHABI1, Olivier DEWITTE2, Nathalie Fagel1, Hans Balder HAVENITH1 1 Institution 1 University of Liège Department of Geology Street, n° 4000 Liège Belgium 2 Institution 2 Royal Museum of Central Africa Department of Geomogy Tervuren Belgium *Corresponding author: sdraidia@gmail.com, Département de Géologie, Quartier Agora, Allée du six Août, 14, B- 4000 LIEGE (Sart Tilman) Tel +32 0497351617 Keywords: mass movement, landslides, landscape evolution, geohazard,. Abstract The mass movement, and especially the instability of the soil and rocks, play a significant role in the changing aspect and the evolution of the landscape worldwide and particularly in tropical region. In Central Africa the landslides and others kind of instabilities are very frequent, important and represent a real threat for both population and economy. The case of Rwanda is remarkable, this country which is known as the country of thousand hills, is rich of various and very complex morphology caracterized by very steep slopes crossed by a dense network of watercourse, powered by a considerable amount of precipitation distributed in two wet seasons. The growing economy of the country brings a lot of project of infrastructures and mines and quarries exploitation (embankments and cuttings) which have a strong impact on the triggering of huge instabilities and so the modification of landscape. These instabilities and the intense activity of the rivers and streams could be considered as the engine who control the shaping and the remodeling of the landform. To understand the evolution process of these instabilities, and then the landscape change we started by the mapping of the instabilities using satellite images and then we went on the field to validate the inventory to identify the morphological aspect of the terrain, to refine our knowledge of the geological nature of the materials by sedimentological analyses on selected samples, and of course to try to better know the impact of the rock's weathering process leading to the constant modification of the landform. The computer-based quantitative analyses using GIS's data processing, were carried out to help to understand the distribution of the instabilities and the geomorphological phenomena observed to better connect and explain the whole information collected. The aim of the study is to bring in more than the mapping of instabilities a response about the process and the evolution of the instabilities and the factors impacting the phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrences and genesis of palygorskite/ sepiolite and associated minerals in the Barzaman formation, United Arab Emirates
Draidia, Salah ULiege; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULiege; Daoudi, Lahcen et al

in Clay Minerals (2016), 51(763–779),

: The Barzaman Formation exposed in the United Arab Emirates was deposited as a series of fluvial sediment sequences lying along the western margin of the Hajar Mountains, part of the Oman–UAE ophiolite ... [more ▼]

: The Barzaman Formation exposed in the United Arab Emirates was deposited as a series of fluvial sediment sequences lying along the western margin of the Hajar Mountains, part of the Oman–UAE ophiolite. This formation consists of a sequence of rocks dominated by variably cemented and altered conglomerates comprising calcareous siltstones and calcareous clays deposited during the Miocene to Pliocene undera humid climate. The conglomerates are composed largelyof ultramafic and lesser-mafic clasts. The present study was undertaken in order to understand the occurrence and genesis of palygorskite and sepiolite in relation to the environmental changes including evaporitic and sabkha environments. Sediments were collected from two trenches and a drill hole of ∼22 m depth. Samples were analysed by optical petrograpy, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Pedogenesis occurred at the deeper level in well cemented conglomerate which constitutes the hard crust. Post-depositional erosion started in marine phreatic or vadose zones as shown by the neoformation of serpentine from the weathering of olivine as well as of calcite and dolomite. Neoformation of palygorskite, sepiolite, dolomite and halite occurred under evaporitic conditions on calcareous silty clay facies. Relatively hot, vadose and oxidizing environmental conditions affected the calcareous siltstone facies leading to the genesisof dolomite andpalygorskite by directprecipitation fromsolution rich inCa, Mg, Al,Feand Si ions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 219 (7 ULiège)
See detailLANDSLIDES IN CENTRAL AFRICA: FROM DEFORMATION MECHANISMS TO EVOLUTION PROCESSES – CASES STUDIES FROM RWANDA AND BURUNDI
Draidia, Salah ULiege; Ndahimana, Hamuli; Habimana, Christophe et al

Scientific conference (2015, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (13 ULiège)
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See detailGIS-Based Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in the Great Lakes Region of Africa, Case Study of Bujumbura Burundi
Nibigira, Léonidas ULiege; Draidia, Salah ULiege; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULiege

in Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 2: Landslide Processes (2015)

Abstract: Landslides in Central Africa represent a constant threat to the population. The present work took its motivation from the increasing number of recorded incidents in recent times. It is focused ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Landslides in Central Africa represent a constant threat to the population. The present work took its motivation from the increasing number of recorded incidents in recent times. It is focused on the analysis of mass movements in a regional context. Remote sensing based on the use of satellite images (Pleiades images of 2011) and aerial photographs (1957, 1958 and 1981) allowed us to identify instabilities at different scales. The study of these mass movements and the characterization of the processes governing ... [less ▲]

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See detailSlope instabilities in the north-eastern Algeria: Triggering factors and evolution's mecahnisms
Draidia, Salah ULiege; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULiege; Ahcene, Bourefis et al

Scientific conference (2014, June)

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See detailTECTONIQUE ACTIVE ET EVOLUTION DU RELIEF STRUCTURAL DE L’AURES SEPTENTRIONAL
Benabbas, Chaouki; Draidia, Salah ULiege; GRECU, Florina

Conference (2014, May 26)

La masse sédimentaire de l’Aurès septentrional (Atlas saharien oriental) a une épaisseur qui dépasse 7000 mètres. Cette masse imposante présente une série à peu près concordante du Jurassique supérieur à ... [more ▼]

La masse sédimentaire de l’Aurès septentrional (Atlas saharien oriental) a une épaisseur qui dépasse 7000 mètres. Cette masse imposante présente une série à peu près concordante du Jurassique supérieur à l’Eocène moyen, par des alternances de roches cohérentes : de calcaires et dolomies du Portlandien et du Berriasien, calcaires, grès et dolomies de l’Hauterivien, grès du Barrémien, dolomies de l’Aptien, grès de l’Albien, calcaires du Cénomanien, du Turonien, du Maastrichtien et de l’Eocène et des roches meubles; marnes cénomaniennes, santoniennes, campaniennes et éocènes. Ces alternances favorisent le développement d’un relief structural par érosion différentielle. La majorité des éléments de ce relief structural sont conformes à la structure tels que les chaînons et les dépressions orientés NE- SW et qui correspondent à des anticlinaux et des synclinaux pluri kilométriques de direction N 60° E. Par ailleurs, cette diversité est liée aussi à la complexité de l’histoire géologique (héritage morpho structural) d’une part et une évolution Plio Quaternaire très active, caractérisée essentiellement par des mouvements verticaux d’autre part. En fait, le contexte géodynamique en général et la tectonique active en particulier semble jouer un rôle essentiel dans la mise en place de ce relief structural ainsi que son évolution. Cette étude se donne comme objectifs, l’identification et la caractérisation des morpho structures qui favorisent l’évolution et le démembrement de ce relief, jeune et vigoureux. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (2 ULiège)
See detailAnalysis of mass movements affecting the region of Constantine
Draidia, Salah ULiege; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULiege; Benabbas, C.

in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (2014)

Abstract: Mass movements are a very frequent phenomenon in the North-Eastern Algeria, causing a lot of damages among the population and on the infrastructures and representing the most important geohazard ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Mass movements are a very frequent phenomenon in the North-Eastern Algeria, causing a lot of damages among the population and on the infrastructures and representing the most important geohazard. This paper presents some results of the analysis of slope instabilities in many places in the region and especially along the East-West highway. The work show many types of failures characterized by a high degree of heterogeneity. It is clear that the landslides in this area are very complex, in the most cases a combination of ... [less ▲]

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See detailLandslide hazard in the North Tanganyika - kivu rift zones: current knowledge and research perspective
Dewitte, Olivier; Albino, F; Delvaux, D et al

Poster (2013, November)

The North tanganyika – Kivu rift zones are areas naturally prone to landsliding where triggering and environmental factors that favour the occurrence of mass movement concentrate. In many places landslide ... [more ▼]

The North tanganyika – Kivu rift zones are areas naturally prone to landsliding where triggering and environmental factors that favour the occurrence of mass movement concentrate. In many places landslide hazard is very high, and anthropogenic factors such as land use change and urban expansion increase the sensibility to slope instability. From seismic to rainfall-induced mass movements we review the current knowledge of the various slope precesses and associated hazards that are present in these equatorial environments. A particular attention is given to urban areas such as Bukavu and Bujumbura where lanslide threat is particularly acute. Research perspectives on landslide inventorying, monitoring, and susceptibility and hazard assesment are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailMouvements de masses et analyse morphostructurale dans le Constantinois - Algérie nord-orientale
Draidia, Salah ULiege; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULiege; benabbas, Chaouki

Poster (2013, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (7 ULiège)
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See detailMorpho-structural analysis and mass movements Case study of Oued El Kaïm reservoir dam Nort-East Algeria
Draidia, Salah ULiege; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULiege; Benabbas, Chaouki

in Annual International Conference on Geological & Earth sciences_GEOS-2013 (2012, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (5 ULiège)
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See detailGRANDS TRAVAUX D’AMENAGEMENT ET MOUVEMENTS DE VERSANT. LE CAS DE TAFFRENT( CONSTANTINOIS, ALGERIE)
Benabbas, Chaouki; Chabour, Nabil; Bourefis, Ahcéne et al

Conference (2010, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (2 ULiège)